Robert Schumann (German classical composer)

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Robert Schumann (8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Works such as Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C are among his most famous. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication which he jointly founded.

In 1840, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara, against the wishes of her father, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. Clara also composed music and had a considerable concert career as a pianist, the earnings from which, before her marriage, formed a substantial part of her father's fortune.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder, first manifesting itself in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode, which recurred several times alternating with phases of ‘exaltation’ and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1993 Kreisleriana / Kinderszenen / Fantasiestücke, Op. 12 Schumann; Alfred Brendel 1
1993 Schubert: Symphony no. 5 / Schumann: Cello Concerto Schubert, Schumann; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, Leonard Rose 1
1993 The Classical Collection 15: Schumann: Romantic Legends Robert Schumann 4
1993 The Royal Edition, Volume 74: Symphony no. 3 "Rhenish" / Symphony no. 4 / "Manfred" Overture Schumann; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1994 The Symphonies Schumann; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1994 Lieder (Christoph Eschenbach, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau) Robert Schumann 1
1994 Die Klassiksammlung 59: Schumann: Romantische Phantastik Robert Schumann 2
1994 Klavierkonzert / Kinderszenen / Carnaval Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff, Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 2
1994 Schumann: Violin Concerto in D minor / Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto in E minor / Other solo pieces Schumann, Mendelssohn; Henryk Szeryng, Antal Doráti, London Symphony Orchestra 1
1995 Peer Gynt / Piano Concerto etc. Grieg, Schumann, Franck; John Ogdon, Paavo Berglund, Sir John Barbirolli 1
1995 Die Klassiksammlung 79: Schumann: Romantische Orchesterwerke Robert Schumann 2
1995 Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor op. 54 / Grieg: Piano Concerto in A minor op. 16 / Piano Sonata in E minor op. 7 Schumann, Grieg 5 1
1996 The Symphonies Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 2
1996 Violin Concertos Brahms, Sibelius, Schumann; Gidon Kremer, Herbert von Karajan, Riccardo Muti, Andrei Gavrilov 1
1996 Heinrich Neuhaus — Russian Piano School: J. Brahms / R. Schumann J. Brahms, R. Schumann; Heinrich Neuhaus 1
1996 Schumann: Symphony no. 3 "Rhenish" / Beethoven: Leonore Overture no. 2 / Egmont Overture Schumann, Beethoven; Bruno Walter, NY Philharmonic, Columbia Symphony Orchestra 1
1996 Sinfonie Classiche, Volume 3 Schubert; Schumann; Orchestra Sinfonica di Amburgo, Gunter von Trifch, Orchestra Sinfonia di Baden Baden, Zoltan Pesko 1
1997 The Best of Schumann Robert Schumann 1
1997 BBC Music, Piano Special Issue: The Piano Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin & Robert Schumann/Sviatoslav Richter 1
1997 Die Klassiksammlung 115: Romantische Kammermusik: Melodische Meisterwerke Schubert, Schumann, Brahms 1
1997 Piano Concerto Grieg, Schumann; Cécile Ousset 1
1998 Schumann: Symphonie No. 4 / Furtwängler: Symphonie No. 2 Robert Schumann, Wilhelm Furtwängler; Berliner Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler 1
1998 Brahms: Vier ernste Gesänge / Schumann: Dichterliebe / Wolf: Italienisches Liederbuch (selection) Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann, Hugo Wolf; Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Hertha Klust, Jörg Demus 1
1998 Complete Symphonies Robert Schumann; Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique, John Eliot Gardiner 1
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 55: Wilhelm Kempff I Brahms, Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff 1
1998 Strauss: Don Quixote / Schumann: Cello Concerto Strauss, Schumann; Mstislav Rostropovich, Herbert von Karajan, Leonard Bernstein 4 1
1999 Kinderszenen / Faschingsschwank aus Wien / Arabeske (Stanislav Bunin) Robert Schumann 1
1999 Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem / Schumann: Requiem, Requiem Pour Mignon Brahms, Schumann 1
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Chopin: Cello Sonata / Polonaise / Schumann: Adagio and Allegro / Scenes From Childhood Fryderyk Chopin, Robert Schumann; Мстислав Ростропович, Martha Argerich 1
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Schubert: Symphony no. 9 "The Great" / Schumann: "Manfred" Ouverture Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann; Berliner Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler 1
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Symphony no. 2 / "Manfred" Overture / Overture, Scherzo & Finale Robert Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden, Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
1999 Klassische Kostbarkeiten: Robert Schumann Robert Schumann 1
1999 Schubert: Piano Trio no. 1 in B-flat, op. 99 / Schumann: Piano Trio no. 1 in D minor, op. 63 Schubert, Schumann; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2000 Tchaikovsky: Symphony no. 6 / Schumann: Symphony no. 4 Tchaikovsky, Schumann; Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
2001 Schumann: Piano Concerto / Grieg: Piano Concerto / Franck: Variations symphoniques Robert Schumann, Edvard Grieg, César Franck; Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan, Walter Gieseking 1
2001 Piano Works (4-CD release) Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff 2
2001 The Complete Symphonies Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Riccardo Muti 1
2001 Piano Concertos Edvard Grieg, Robert Schumann; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis, Stephen Kovacevich 1
2001 The Rubenstein Collection, Vol. 20: Robert Schumann: Carnaval / Fantasiestücke / Romance / Novellette / Nachtstück Robert Schumann; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2002 Symphonies nos. 1 - 4 / Overture, Scherzo & Finale Schumann; Staatskapelle Dresden, Wolfgang Sawallisch 2
2003 Violin Concertos Dvořák, Schumann; Thomas Zehetmair, Philharmonia Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal, Christoph Eschenbach 1
2003 Arrau Heritage: Schumann Schumann; Claudio Arrau 1
2004 Sinfonien 2 & 4 Robert Schumann 1
2004 Liszt: Piano Concerto no. 1 in E-flat major / Schumann: Carnaval op. 9, Arabesque op. 18 F. Liszt, R. Schumann; Claudio Arrau 1
2004 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1; Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor Пётр Ильич Чайковский, Robert Schumann; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2004 Complete Piano Works Robert Schumann; Jörg Demus 1
2004 Piano Works Robert Schumann; Michael Endres 1
2004 Schubert: 'Wanderer' Fantasy - Schumann: Fantasy & Papillons Schubert, Schumann; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2005 Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon Schubert, Mendelssohn, Schumann; Leonard Bernstein 1
2005 Forgotten Genius, Volume 3 - Ernst Levy Plays Beethoven, Schumann, and Brahms Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms; Ernst Levy 1
2006 Piano Concerto / Symphony no.1 Robert Schumann; Martha Argerich 1
2006 Deutsche Romantik Schubert, Schumann, Brahms 1
2006 DIE ZEIT Klassik-Edition 19: Mstislaw Rostropowitsch spielt Dvořák und Schumann Antonín Dvořák, Robert Schumann; Mstislaw Rostropowitsch 1
2006 Hélène Grimaud Plays Beethoven, Brahms, Gershwin and Others Beethoven, Brahms, Gershwin, Ravel, Rachmaninov, Schumann, R. Strauss; Hélène Grimaud 1
2007 Schumann, Schubert, Schoenberg, R. Strauss Schumann, Schubert, Schoenberg, R. Strauss; Arleen Augér, Dalton Baldwin 1
2009 Solo Piano Recordings 1: Chopin: Piano Sonata no. 2 / Ballade no. 3 / Schumann: Carnaval Fryderyk Chopin, Robert Schumann; Sergey Rachmaninov 1
2009 Schumann: Piano Concerto / Debussy: Images Schumann, Debussy; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboim 1
2009 Grandes compositores da música clássica, Volume 25: Schumann Robert Schumann 1
2009 Robert Schumann 1810-1856 (Ian Holtham piano) Robert Schumann 1
2009 The Classic Composers Series: Schumann Robert Schumann; Philharmonic Festival Orchestra 1
2010 Le Monde du piano Beethoven, Schumann, Schubert; Maurizio Pollini 1
2010 Le Monde du piano Mozart, Bach, Beethoven, Schumann; Clara Haskil 1
2010 Schumann (NDR Sinfonieorchester feat. piano: T. Barto, piano: C. Eschenbach) Robert Schumann 1
2010 Schumann: The Masterworks Robert Schumann 1
2010 The 99 Most Essential Schumann Masterpieces Robert Schumann 1
2010 Grandes Compositores de la Música Clásica: Schumann Robert Schumann; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2010 Piano Music Robert Schumann 1
2010 Piano Works (5-CD release) Robert Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff 1
2010 Schumann: Highlights Robert Schumann 1
2011 Franck: Symphony in D minor / Schumann: Symphony No. 4 Franck, Schumann; Otto Klemperer, The New Philharmonia Orchestra 1
2012 Great Piano Concertos Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Liszt, Grieg, Schumann, Chopin, Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, Ravel, Prokofiev, Gershwin 1
2012 Great Romantic Symphonies Schubert, Brahms, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Berlioz, Mahler, Bruckner, Saint‐Saëns, Franck, Dvořák, Strauss 1
2012 Piano Concertos Dvořák, Grieg, Schumann; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2012 Romantic Symphonies & Overtures Berlioz, Dvořák, Franck, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann, J.S. Straus II, Tchaikovsky, Weber; Philharmonia Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
2012 Symphonies, Volume I: No. 2 & No. 4 Schumann; Christian Zacharias, Orchestre de Chambre de Lausanne 1
2013 G minor Sonata / Waldszenen / Gesänge der Frühe Schumann; Mitsuko Uchida 2
2014 The Symphony Edition Beethoven, Schumann, Dvořák, Mahler; Rafael Kubelík 1
2016 BBC Music, Volume 24, Number 8: Schumann: Rückert Songs Clara Schumann, Robert Schumann, Mary Bevan, Katie Bray, Robert Murray, Roderick Williams, Sholto Kynoch 1
Chamber Music (complete) Schumann 1
Chopin: Piano Concerto no. 2 in F minor / Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor Fryderyk Chopin, Robert Schumann; András Schiff, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
Chopin: Waltzes / Schumann: Scenes from Childhood Chopin, Schumann; Maria João Pires 1
Concerti op. 54 & op. 129 Robert Schumann 1
Für Elise: The Magic of the Piano Beethoven, Schumann, Mozart, Liszt, Chopin, Schubert & Gershwin 1
Horowitz plays Schumann Robert Schumann; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
Les amours du poète Robert Schumann 1
Piano Concertos Edvard Grieg, Robert Schumann; Radio Symphony Orchestra Berlin, Riccardo Chailly, Jorge Bolet 1
Piano Concertos Schumann, Grieg; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sir Colin Davis, Murray Perahia 1
Piano Trios, Volume 2 Robert Schumann 1
Romantische Klavierwerke Liszt, Brahms, Schumann, Schubert, Grieg 1
Symphonies No 3" Renish" & No. 4 (NRD Sinfonieorchester feat. conductor: Guenter Wand) Robert Schumann 1

Album + Compilation + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2012 Claudio Arrau in Recital 1969—1977: Beethoven Schumann & Brahms sonatas Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms; Claudio Arrau 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1990 Horowitz in London Chopin, Schumann, Scriabin; Horowitz 1
1992 Carnegie Hall Debut Concert Robert Schumann; Evgeny Kissin 1
1992 Symphony No. 4 / Symphony No. 8 "Unfinished" Schumann / Schubert 1
1994 Piano Concerto / Violin Concerto Schumann; Argerich, Kremer, Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Harnoncourt 2
1996 Brahms: 4 Ballades / Intermezzos / Schumann: Piano Sonata no. 2 / Schubert: Piano Sonata D. 566 / Impromptu D. 935 no. 2 Brahms, Schumann, Schubert; Wilhelm Kempff 1
1997 Brahms: Violinkonzert / Schumann: Fantasie Op. 131 Brahms, Schumann; Anne‐Sophie Mutter, New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur 2
1998 Laureate Series - Cello Schumann, Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Popper; Hai-Ye Ni, Hélène Jeanney 1
2000 Live from the Concertgebouw 1978/1979 Schumann, Ravel; Martha Argerich 3
2001 Brahms: Piano Sonata No. 3 in F Minor / Schumann: Papillons / Fantasie in C Brahms, Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff 1

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