Robert Schumann (German classical composer)

~ Person


Robert Schumann (8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Works such as Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C are among his most famous. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication which he jointly founded.

In 1840, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara, against the wishes of her father, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. Clara also composed music and had a considerable concert career as a pianist, the earnings from which, before her marriage, formed a substantial part of her father's fortune.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder, first manifesting itself in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode, which recurred several times alternating with phases of ‘exaltation’ and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness.

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Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2003 Violin Concertos Dvořák, Schumann; Thomas Zehetmair, Philharmonia Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal, Christoph Eschenbach 1
2003 Arrau Heritage: Schumann Schumann; Claudio Arrau 1
2004 Sinfonien 2 & 4 Robert Schumann 1
2004 Liszt: Piano Concerto no. 1 in E-flat major / Schumann: Carnaval op. 9, Arabesque op. 18 F. Liszt, R. Schumann; Claudio Arrau 1
2004 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1; Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor Пётр Ильич Чайковский, Robert Schumann; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2004 Complete Piano Works Robert Schumann; Jörg Demus 1
2004 Schubert: 'Wanderer' Fantasy - Schumann: Fantasy & Papillons Schubert, Schumann; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2005 Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon Schubert, Mendelssohn, Schumann; Leonard Bernstein 1
2005 Forgotten Genius, Volume 3 - Ernst Levy Plays Beethoven, Schumann, and Brahms Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms; Ernst Levy 1
2006 Piano Concerto / Symphony no.1 Robert Schumann; Martha Argerich 1
2006 Deutsche Romantik Schubert, Schumann, Brahms 1
2006 DIE ZEIT Klassik-Edition 19: Mstislaw Rostropowitsch spielt Dvořák und Schumann Antonín Dvořák, Robert Schumann; Mstislaw Rostropowitsch 1
2006 Hélène Grimaud Plays Beethoven, Brahms, Gershwin and Others Beethoven, Brahms, Gershwin, Ravel, Rachmaninov, Schumann, R. Strauss; Hélène Grimaud 1
2007 Schumann, Schubert, Schoenberg, R. Strauss Schumann, Schubert, Schoenberg, R. Strauss; Arleen Augér, Dalton Baldwin 1
2009 Solo Piano Recordings 1: Chopin: Piano Sonata no. 2 / Ballade no. 3 / Schumann: Carnaval Fryderyk Chopin, Robert Schumann; Sergey Rachmaninov 1
2009 Grandes compositores da música clássica, Volume 25: Schumann Robert Schumann 1
2009 Robert Schumann 1810-1856 (Ian Holtham piano) Robert Schumann 1
2009 The Classic Composers Series: Schumann Robert Schumann; Philharmonic Festival Orchestra 1
2010 Le Monde du piano Beethoven, Schumann, Schubert; Maurizio Pollini 1
2010 Le Monde du piano Mozart, Bach, Beethoven, Schumann; Clara Haskil 1
2010 Schumann (NDR Sinfonieorchester feat. piano: T. Barto, piano: C. Eschenbach) Robert Schumann 1
2010 Schumann: The Masterworks Robert Schumann 1
2010 The 99 Most Essential Schumann Masterpieces Robert Schumann 1
2010 Grandes Compositores de la Música Clásica: Schumann Robert Schumann; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2010 Piano Music Robert Schumann 1
2010 Piano Works (5-CD release) Robert Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff 1
2010 Schumann: Highlights Robert Schumann 1
2012 Great Piano Concertos Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Liszt, Grieg, Schumann, Chopin, Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, Ravel, Prokofiev, Gershwin 1
2012 Great Romantic Symphonies Schubert, Brahms, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Berlioz, Mahler, Bruckner, Saint-Saëns, Franck, Dvořák, Strauss 1
2012 Piano Concertos Dvořák, Grieg, Schumann; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2012 Romantic Symphonies & Overtures Berlioz, Dvořák, Franck, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann, J.S. Straus II, Tchaikovsky, Weber; Philharmonia Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
2012 Symphonies, Volume I: No. 2 & No. 4 Schumann; Christian Zacharias, Orchestre de Chambre de Lausanne 1
2013 G minor Sonata / Waldszenen / Gesänge der Frühe Schumann; Mitsuko Uchida 2
2014 The Symphony Edition Beethoven, Schumann, Dvořák, Mahler; Rafael Kubelík 1
2016 BBC Music, Volume 24, Number 8: Schumann: Rückert Songs Clara Schumann, Robert Schumann, Mary Bevan, Katie Bray, Robert Murray, Roderick Williams, Sholto Kynoch 1
Chamber Music (complete) Schumann 1
Chopin: Piano Concerto no. 2 in F minor / Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor Fryderyk Chopin, Robert Schumann; András Schiff, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
Chopin: Waltzes / Schumann: Scenes from Childhood Chopin, Schumann; Maria João Pires 1
Concerti op. 54 & op. 129 Robert Schumann 1
Concierto para Piano / Escenas de Niños / Carnaval Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff 1
Horowitz plays Schumann Robert Schumann; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
Les amours du poète Robert Schumann 1
Piano Concertos Edvard Grieg, Robert Schumann; Radio Symphony Orchestra Berlin, Riccardo Chailly, Jorge Bolet 1
Piano Concertos Schumann, Grieg; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sir Colin Davis, Murray Perahia 1
Piano Trios, Volume 2 Robert Schumann 1
Romantische Klavierwerke Liszt, Brahms, Schumann, Schubert, Grieg 1
Symphonies No 3" Renish" & No. 4 (NRD Sinfonieorchester feat. conductor: Guenter Wand) Robert Schumann 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1990 Horowitz in London Chopin, Schumann, Scriabin; Horowitz 1
1992 Carnegie Hall Debut Concert Robert Schumann; Evgeny Kissin 1
1992 Symphony No. 4 / Symphony No. 8 "Unfinished" Schumann / Schubert 1
1994 Piano Concerto / Violin Concerto Schumann; Argerich, Kremer, Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Harnoncourt 2
1996 Brahms: 4 Ballades / Intermezzos / Schumann: Piano Sonata no. 2 / Schubert: Piano Sonata D. 566 / Impromptu D. 935 no. 2 Brahms, Schumann, Schubert; Wilhelm Kempff 1
1997 Brahms: Violinkonzert / Schumann: Fantasie Op. 131 Brahms, Schumann; Anne-Sophie Mutter, New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur 2
1998 Laureate Series - Cello Schumann, Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Popper; Hai-Ye Ni, Hélène Jeanney 1
2000 Live from the Concertgebouw 1978/1979 Schumann, Ravel; Martha Argerich 3
2001 Brahms: Piano Sonata No. 3 in F Minor / Schumann: Papillons / Fantasie in C Brahms, Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff 1
2001 Brahms: Symphony no. 3 / Schumann: Symphony no. 4 Brahms, Schumann; BBC Northern Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
2002 Haydn: Piano Sonata no. 37 / Chopin: Nocturne op. 72 no. 1 / Nocturne op. 15 no. 1 / Beethoven: Piano Sonata no. 11 / Eroica Variations / Schumann: Études symphoniques / Rachmaninov: 12 Preludes Haydn, Chopin, Beethoven, Schumann, Rachmaninov; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2002 Klavierquintett / Andante und Variationen / Fantasiestücke / Märchenbilder Robert Schumann; Martha Argerich 1
2002 Spanish Songs / Berlioz: Excerpts from Les nuits d'été Scarlatti, Handel, Schubert, Schumann, Stravinsky, Ravel, Duparc, Brahms, Berlioz; Victoria de los Ángeles, Gerald Moore, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Rudolf Schwarz 1
2003 Bach: French Suite no. 6 / Beethoven: Piano Sonata no. 6 / Chopin: Nocturne in E-flat / Waltz in C-sharp minor / Schumann: Träumerei Bach, Beethoven, Chopin, Schumann; Mieczysław Horszowski 1
2008 Schumann: Frauenliebe und -leben / Brahms: 8 Songs, Op. 57 Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms; Lorraine Hunt Lieberson, Julius Drake 1
2009 The Berlin Recital Schumann, Bartók; Gidon Kremer, Martha Argerich 1
2010 BBC Music, Volume 18, Number 5: Symphony No. 4 / Konzertstück for Four Horns (BBC Philharmonic) Robert Schumann; BBC Philharmonic, David Pyatt, Michael Thompson, Martin Owen, Cormac Ó hAodaín, Sir Charles Mackerras, Gianandrea Noseda 1
2010 Symphonie Nr. 3 "Rheinische" Robert Schumann; Düsseldorfer Symphoniker, Mario Venzago 1
2011 Violin Concertos Mendelssohn, Schumann; Christian Tetzlaff, Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Järvi 1
2013 Symphony no. 2 / Overtures Robert Schumann; Orchestra Mozart, Claudio Abbado 1
2014 The Symphonies Schumann; The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Yannick Nézet-Séguin 2
2014 Schumann, Janáček Robert Schumann, Leoš Janáček; Jonathan Biss 1
Schumann: Piano Quintet, op. 44 / Mozart: String Quartet, KV 465 "Dissonance" Schumann, Mozart; Philippe Entremont, Alban Berg Quartett 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1993 Musique de chambre (Michaïl Rudy, Michel Portal, Boris Pergamenschikow & Gérard Caussé) Robert Schumann 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2001 Album für die Jugend, op. 68 Schumann; Rico Gulda 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2006 Cello Concerto in A minor, Op.129 (Bavarian Chamber Philharmonic, feat. cello: Natalia Gutman, conductor: W. Albert) Robert Schumann 1
2006 Kreisleriana Op. 16 (Pavel Gintov) Robert Schumann 1
2006 Märchenbilder, for viola and piano, Op. 113 Schumann; Ilya Hoffman, Sergey Koudirakov 1
2006 Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 54 (St. Petersburg New Philharmony Orchestra, feat. conductor: Alexander Titov, piano: T. Min) Robert Schumann 1
2006 Piano Sonata no. 1 in F-sharp minor, op. 11 Robert Schumann; Elisso Virsaladze 1
Der Rose Pilgerfahrt Robert Schumann 1
Landscape Classics Series, No. 60 Robert Schumann 1
Landscape Classics Series, No. 68 Robert Schumann 1

Other + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2003 Beethoven: Piano Concerto no. 4 / Schuman: Piano Concerto Beethoven, Schumann; Hélène Grimaud, Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, David Zinman, New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Kurt Masur 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1990 Symphonies 1 & 4 (London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Kurt Masur) Robert Schumann 1
1991 Symphonische Etuden, Arabeske Robert Schumann; Maurizio Pollini 1
1991 Das Grosse Klassikerlebnis / Die Grossen Komponisten Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Antonio Vivaldi, Peter Tschaikowsky, Robert Schumann, Johann Sebastian Bach 1
1993 Genoveva (Gewandhausorchester Leipzing, feat. conductor: Kurt Masur, singers: Moser, Fischer-Dieskau, Schreier, Schröter) Robert Schumann 1
1997 Schumann: Song Cycles: Op. 24, 42, & 48 Schumann; Leon Fleisher, Phyllis Bryn-Julson, John Shirley-Quirk 1
1999 Schumann: Piano Sonata no. 1 / Scarlatti: 5 Keyboard Sonatas / Bach / Tchaikovsky / Prokofiev Schumann, Scarlatti, Bach, Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev; Emil Gilels 1
1999 Kerner Lieder, op. 35; Liederkreis, op. 39 Robert Schumann; Margaret Price, Graham Johnson 1
2002 Fantasie in C-Dur, Op. 17 / Faschingsschwank aus Wien, Op. 26 / Papillions, Op. 2 Schumann; Swjatoslaw Richter 1
2006 Ses enregistrements 1930-1956 Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, Brahms, Schumann, Franck, Liszt, Стравинский; Yves Nat 1
2007 An Clara Robert Schumann; Éric Le Sage 1
2007 Davidsbundlertanze Op.6 - Intermezzi Op.4 Robert Schumann; Claire Désert 1
2011 Piano Sonata no. 1, op. 11 / Fantasia op. 17 Robert Schumann; Jin Ju 1
Alfred Cortot plays Schumann 1950's Robert Schumann; Alfred Cortot 1
Coll. radio classique Vol. 18 Mendelssohn - Schumann Robert Schumann & Felix Mendelssohn 1
Dichterliebe, Liederkreis op. 24 Robert Schumann 1
Frauenliebe und -leben Schumann; Lucia Popp, Geoffrey Parsons 1
Für Elise: The Magic of the Piano Beethoven, Schumann, Mozart, Liszt, Chopin, Schubert & Gershwin 1
Klavierkonzert a-Moll / Symphonie No. 4 Robert Schumann 1
Piano Music (Leon McCawley) Robert Schumann 1

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