Robert Schumann (German classical composer)

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Robert Schumann (8 June 1810 – 29 July 1856) was a German composer and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. He had been assured by his teacher Friedrich Wieck that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

Schumann's published compositions were written exclusively for the piano until 1840; he later composed works for piano and orchestra; many Lieder (songs for voice and piano); four symphonies; an opera; and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. Works such as Carnaval, Symphonic Studies, Kinderszenen, Kreisleriana, and the Fantasie in C are among his most famous. His writings about music appeared mostly in the Neue Zeitschrift für Musik (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication which he jointly founded.

In 1840, Schumann married Friedrich Wieck's daughter Clara, against the wishes of her father, following a long and acrimonious legal battle, which found in favor of Clara and Robert. Clara also composed music and had a considerable concert career as a pianist, the earnings from which formed a substantial part of her father's fortune.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder, first manifesting itself in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode, which recurred several times alternating with phases of ‘exaltation’ and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted to a mental asylum, at his own request, in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with "psychotic melancholia", Schumann died two years later in 1856 without having recovered from his mental illness.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1966 Schumann: Dichterliebe / Schubert, Beethoven: Lieder Schumann, Schubert, Beethoven; Fritz Wunderlich, Hubert Giesen 3
1968 Sämtliche Streichquartette Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; Quartetto Italiano 1
1972 Liszt: Sonate h-Moll / Schumann: Sonate g-Moll Liszt, Schumann; Martha Argerich 1
1973 Piano Concertos Schumann, Grieg; Radu Lupu, LSO, André Previn 3
1974 Cellokonzert / Rokoko Variationen Schumann, Tchaikowsky; Mstislav Rostropowitsch 1
1976 Сен-Санс: Концерт но. 2 для фортепиано с оркестром соль минор, соч. 22 / Шуман: Карнавал, соч. 9 К. Сен-Санс, Р. Шуман; Григорий Соколов 1
1977 Fantasie C-dur / Kreisleriana Robert Schumann; Wilhelm Kempff 1
1979 Sonates pour violon et piano - Raphaël Oleg - Yves Rault Robert Schumann 1
1980 Piano Trios in D minor Mendelssohn, Schumann; André Previn, Kyung-Wha Chung, Paul Tortelier 2
1981 Klaviertrios no. 1 – 3 Robert Schumann; Haydn-Trio, Wien 1
1982 Symphonie No. 3 / »Manfred«-Ouvertüre Robert Schumann; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1982 Beethoven / Schumann Ludwig van Beethoven & Robert Schumann 1
1982 Beethoven: Klaviersonate, op. 111 / Schumann: Symphonische Etüden / Toccata Ludwig van Beethoven, Robert Schumann; Ivo Pogorelich 2
1982 Klavierkonzerte Schumann, Grieg; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan, Krystian Zimerman 3
1982 Symphonie No. 1 / Manfred-Ouvertüre Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1983 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Schumann; Gidon Kremer, Philharmonia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti 1
1984 Kinderszenen / Kreisleriana Robert Schumann; Martha Argerich 2
1984 Fantasiestücke - Fantasie Schumann; Alfred Brendel 1
1985 Schubert: Sonate für Arpeggione / Schumann: Fantasiestücke Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann; Martha Argerich, Mischa Maisky 1
1985 Dichterliebe / Liederkreis / Myrten Schumann; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Christoph Eschenbach 1
1985 Frauenliebe und Leben / Liederkreis / Tragödie I-III / 3 Lieder Schumann; Brigitte Fassbänder, Irwin Gage 1
1985 Kinderszenen / Waldszenen Schumann; Maria João Pires 1
1985 Symphonie Nr. 1 "Frühling" / Klavierkonzert Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Justus Frantz 1
1985 Symphony no. 1 "Frühlingssymphonie" / Symphony no. 4 Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1986 Violinsonaten Nos. 1 & 2 Robert Schumann; Gidon Kremer, Martha Argerich 1
1986 Schumann: Fantasie, Op. 17 / Schubert: "Wanderer" Fantasie Robert Schumann, Franz Schubert; Murray Perahia 1
1986 Symphonies Nos. 1 & 2 (Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Jerzy Semkow Simon) Robert Schumann 1
1986 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 4 (Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Jerzy Semkow Simon) Robert Schumann 1
1987 Klavierkonzerte Schumann, Grieg; Berliner Philharmoniker, Rafael Kubelík, Géza Anda 1
1987 Fantasie, op. 17 / Sonate, op. 11 Robert Schumann; Maurizio Pollini 1
1987 Brahms: Sonatas for Viola and Piano / Schumann: Märchenbilder Brahms, Schumann; Nobuko Imai; Roger Vignoles 1
1987 Carnaval / Papillons / Scenes from Childhood (1987 recordings) Robert Schumann; Jenő Jandó 1
1987 Chamber music: Romanzen op. 94 / Fantasiestücke op. 73 / Märchenbilder op. 113 / Märchenerzählungen op. 132 Robert Schumann; Ingo Goritzki, Thomas Friedli, Hirofumi Fukai, Ricardo Requejo 1
1987 Nachtstücke / Moments Musicaux Robert Schumann, Franz Schubert; Эмиль Григорьевич Гилельс 1
1987 Requiem, Requiem für Mignon (Miklos Forrai - Hungarian State Orchestra) Robert Schumann 1
1987 Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata / Schumann: Fünf Stücke im Volkston / Debussy: Cello Sonata Schubert, Schumann, Debussy; Rostropovich, Britten 2
1987 Violinsonaten Robert Schumann; Cyprien Katsaris, Thomas Zehetmair 1
1987 Vladimir Horowitz: Schumann Robert Schumann; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1988 Piano Concerto in A minor / Kinderszenen / Waldszenen / ABEGG-Variationen Schumann; Clara Haskil, The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra, Willem van Otterloo 1
1988 Symphonic Etudes / Albumblaetter / Arabesque (piano: Stefan Vladar) Robert Schumann 3
1988 Piano Concertos Grieg, Schumann; Jenő Jandó, Budapest Symphony Orchestra, András Ligeti 2
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 1, op. 68 / Schumann: Manfred Overture, op. 115 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 2, op. 73 / Schumann: Julius Caesar Overture, op. 128 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 3, op. 90 / Schumann: Overture, Scherzo & Finale, op. 52 Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1988 Brahms: Symphony no. 4, op. 98 / Schumann: Genoveva Overture Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1988 Davidsbündlertänze, Humoreske Robert Schumann 1
1988 Mozart: Sonata in D major, K. 576 / Sonata in F major, K. 332 / Chopin: Nocturne in B flat minor / Two Mazurkas / Schumann: Arabeske / Kinderszenen Mozart, Chopin, Schumann; Mieczysław Horszowski 1
1988 Piano Concerto / Symphonic Variations Schumann, Franck; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann, Ivan Moravec 1
1988 Piano Music Schumann; Cristina Ortiz 1
1988 Piano Works, vol. 2 Schumann; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1988 Piano Works, vol. 3 Robert Schumann; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1988 Schumann: Piano Trio, op. 63 / Schubert: Piano Trio, D. 898, op. 99 Robert Schumann, Franz Schubert; Arthur Rubinstein, Henryk Szeryng, Pierre Fournier 1
1988 Sibelius: String Quartet "Voces intimae" / Schumann: String Quartet no. 3 in A major Jean Sibelius, Robert Schumann; Voces Intimae Quartet 1
1988 Symphonies 1 & 4 Schumann; Staatskapelle Dresden, Wolfgang Sawallisch 1
1988 Works for Piano and Orchestra (Royal Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Enrique Bátiz, piano: Jorge Federico Osorio) Schumann, Saint-Saëns, Franck 1
1989 Chopin: Cello Sonata, op. 65 / Polonaise, op. 3 / Schumann: Adagio & Allegro, op. 70 Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann; Mstislav Rostropovich, Martha Argerich 1
1989 Album pour la jeunesse Robert Schumann, Alexis Weissenberg 1
1989 Album pour la jeunesse, Op. 68 Robert Schumann; Daniel Blumenthal 1
1989 Brahms: Symphony no. 3 / Schumann: Symphony no. 4 Brahms, Schumann; Philharmonia Orchestra, Guido Cantelli 1
1989 Symphonies Nos. 2 & 3 Schumann; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 2
1989 Symphony No. 1 (Spring) / Konzertstück for Four Horns / Overture, Scherzo and Finale Robert Schumann 1
1990 Album für die Jugend, op. 68 Robert Schumann; Angela Brownridge 2
1990 Schumann: Symphonies Nos. 1 & 4 (London Philharmonic Orchestra, c. Kurt Mazur) Robert Schumann 1
1990 Romantic Song Cycles Schumann, Brahms, Wagner; Tamara Takács, Jenő Jandó 1
1990 Schubert / Schumann / Bruch / Enesco Schubert, Schumann, Bruch, Enesco; Yuri Bashmet, Mikhail Muntian 1
1990 Symphony No. 2 / Cellokonzert Robert Schumann; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Mischa Maisky 1
1990 Piano Quintets Schumann, Brahms; Kodály Quartet, Jenő Jandó 2
1990 German Romantic Partsongs Schubert, Schumann, Cornelius, Reger, R. Strauss; The Hilliard Ensemble 1
1990 Mozart: Trio no. 4, K498 "Kegelstatt-Trio" / Schumann: Märchenerzählungen, op. 132 / Bruch: 8 Pieces, op. 83 Mozart, Schumann, Bruch; Nobuko Imai, Janet Hilton, Roger Vignoles 1
1990 Œuvres pour piano Robert Schumann; Yves Nat 1
1990 Piano Concertos Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann; Vienna Symphony Orchestra, Guiomar Novaes 1
1990 Piano Quintet op. 44 / Piano Trio no. 1 op. 63 Robert Schumann; Budapest String Quartet 1
1990 Presenting Jian Wang Chopin, Barber, Schumann; Jian Wang, Carol Rosenberger 1
1990 Sonata for Piano / Songs for an Early Hour Robert Schumann; Edith Picht-Axenfeld 1
1990 Streichquartett Nr. 1 & 2 / Klaviertrio Nr. 2 Schumann; Kreuzberger Streichquartett, Haydn Trio Wien 1
1990 Symphonien 1-4 (New Philharmonia Orchestra cond. Otto Klemperer) Robert Schumann 1
1990 Symphonien 3 & 4 Robert Schumann 1
1991 Kinderszenen, Carnaval, Faschingsschwank aus Wien Robert Schumann; Daniel Barenboim 1
1991 Piano Quartets Robert Schumann 1
1991 Music for the Millions, Vol. 16: Schumann Robert Schumann 1
1991 Piano Concerti Grieg, Schumann; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis, Claudio Arrau 1
1991 Schumann / Brahms / Bach Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms, Johann Sebastian Bach; Heinrich Neuhaus 1
1991 Schumann: Phantasie in C / Liszt: Sonata in B minor Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt; Vlado Perlemuter 2
1991 Symphonien Nos. 2 & 3 "Rheinische" (London Philharmonic Orchestra, feat. conductor: Kurt Masur) Robert Schumann, London Philharmonic Orchestra & Kurt Masur 5 2
1991 Symphonies No. 1 "Spring" - No. 3 "Rhenish" Schumann; BRT Philharmonic Orchestra, Brussels, Alexander Rahbari 1
1991 Symphonies Nos. 2 & 3 "Rhenish" (Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, feat. conductor: David Zinman) Robert Schumann 1
1992 Sonatas op. 105 and 121, Romances nos 1–3 op. 94 Robert Schumann; Charles Neidich, Leonard Hokanson 1
1992 Brahms/Schumann Soirée Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; David Shifrin, Carol Rosenberger 1
1992 Carnaval, Op. 9 / Kinderszenen, Op. 15 Robert Schumann; Pavel Egorov 1
1992 Fantasiestücke / Symphonische Etüden / u.a. (piano: Peter Schmalfuss & Bianca Sitzius, clarinet: Elisabeth Ganter) Robert Schumann 1
1992 Kathleen Ferrier, Volume 9: Schubert / Brahms / Schumann Schubert, Brahms, Schumann; Kathleen Ferrier, Bruno Walter 1
1992 Overture to Genoveva and Overture, Scherzo and Finale Robert Schumann: Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra, Raymond Leppard 1
1992 Piano Concertos Robert Schumann, Edvard Grieg; Philharmonia Cassovia 1
1992 Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor / Chopin: Piano Concerto no. 2 in F minor Robert Schumann, Frédéric Chopin; The Philharmonia, Neeme Järvi, Louis Lortie 2
1992 Symphonies no. 1 "Spring" / Symphony no. 3 "Rhenish" Schumann; Silesian Philharmonic, Karol Stryja 2
1992 The Four Symphonies / Overtures: Genoveva, Manfred Schumann; Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Rafael Kubelík 1
1993 Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata / Schumann: Fantasiestücke / Stücke im Volkston / Adagio and Allegro Franz Schubert, Robert Schumann; Maria Kliegel, Kristin Merscher 1
1993 Overtures Robert Schumann;Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Johannes Wildner 1
1993 Piano Concerto no. 2 / Introduction and Allegro appassionato, op. 92 Brahms, Schumann; BRT Philharmonic (Brussels), Alexander Rahbari, Jenő Jandó 1
1993 Piano Works: Kinderszenen / Papillons / Carnaval (1992 recordings) Robert Schumann; Jenő Jandó 2

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