Pierre Boulez

~ Person

Wikipedia

Pierre Boulez CBE (French: [pjɛʁ bu.lɛːz]; 26 March 1925 – 5 January 2016) was a French composer, conductor, writer and organiser of institutions. He was one of the dominant figures of the post-war classical music world.

Born in Montbrison in the Loire district of France, the son of an engineer, Boulez studied at the Paris Conservatoire with Olivier Messiaen, and privately with Andrée Vaurabourg and René Leibowitz. He began his professional career in the late 1940s as Music Director of the Renaud-Barrault theatre company in Paris. As a young composer in the 1950s he quickly became a leading figure in the musical avant-garde, playing an important role in the development of integral serialism and controlled chance music. From the 1970s onwards he pioneered the electronic transformation of instrumental music in real time. His tendency to revise pieces meant that his body of completed works was relatively small—but it included pieces widely regarded as landmarks of twentieth-century music, such as Le marteau sans maître, Pli selon pli and Répons. His commitment to the modernist project and the trenchant, polemical tone in which he expressed his views on music led some to criticise him as a dogmatist, a reputation which softened in later years.

In parallel with his activities as a composer Boulez became one of the leading conductors of his generation. In a career lasting more than sixty years he conducted most of the world's great orchestras and held the positions of Chief Conductor of the New York Philharmonic and the BBC Symphony Orchestra, Music Director of the Ensemble Intercontemporain and Principal Guest Conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Cleveland Orchestra. He made frequent guest appearances with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra and the London Symphony Orchestra. He was particularly known for his performances of the music of the first half of the twentieth-century, including that of Debussy and Ravel, Stravinsky and Bartok, and the Second Viennese School. He also gave authoritative performances of works by his contemporaries, such as Luciano Berio and Elliott Carter. His work in the opera house included major productions such as the Jahrhundertring—the production of Wagner's Ring cycle for the centenary of the Bayreuth Festival—and the world premiere of the complete, three-act version of Alban Berg's Lulu. His recorded legacy is extensive and he received 26 Grammy Awards.

He founded a number of musical institutions in Paris, including the Domaine musical, the Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique (IRCAM), the Ensemble Intercontemporain and the Cité de la musique, as well as the Lucerne Festival Academy in Switzerland.

Boulez died at his home in Baden-Baden on 5 January 2016, aged 90.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1969 Le Sacre de Printemps Stravinsky; The Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 2
1971 Boulez dirigiert Mahler: Das Klagende Lied (Erste Gesamtaufnahme) / Adagio aus der Sinfonie Nr. 10 Gustav Mahler; Pierre Boulez 1
1971 Pierre Boulez Conducts Berlioz: Lélio (The Return to Life) Berlioz; London Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Pierre Boulez, Jean-Louis Barrault, John Mitchinson, John Shirley-Quirk, John Alldis 1
1971 Schoenberg: Pierrot Lunaire / Webern: Zwei Lieder, op. 8 / Fünf Canon, op. 16 / Boulez: Improvisation sur Mallarmé Arnold Schönberg, Anton Webern, Pierre Boulez; Erika Sziklay, Orchestre de Chambre de Budapest, András Mihály 2
1985 La Mer / Prélude à l'après-midi d'une faune / Jeux Debussy; New Philharmonia Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 3
1986 Lulu Alban Berg; Orchestre de l'Opéra de Paris, Pierre Boulez 3 2
1986 Trois sonates pour piano Pierre Boulez; Claude Helffer 1
1988 Chamber Concerto / 4 Pieces for Clarinet and Piano / Piano Sonata Berg; Ensemble InterContemporain, Pierre Boulez, Pinchas Zukerman, Daniel Barenboim, Antony Pay 1
1988 Wozzeck Alban Berg; Walter Berry, Isabel Strauss, Fritz Uhl, Carl Doench, Orchestre & Chœur de l’Opéra, Paris, Pierre Boulez 1
1989 Le Marteau sans maître / Notations for Piano / Structures pour deux pianos, livre II Pierre Boulez 2
1990 Arcana / Amériques / Ionisation / Offrandes / Density 21,5 / Octandre / Intégrales Varèse; New York Philharmonic, Ensemble InterContemporain, Pierre Boulez 2
1990 Corale / Chemins II & IV / Ritorno degli snovidenia / Points on the Curve to Find Luciano Berio; Ensemble intercontemporain, Pierre Boulez 1
1990 Lulu-Suite / Der Wein / Lyric Suite Alban Berg; New York Philharmonic, Pierre Boulez 1
1991 Violin Concerto no. 1 / Viola Concerto / 2 Rhapsodies Bartók; Yehudi Menuhin, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Antal Dorati, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1991 Das klagende Lied Gustav Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez, 1
1991 Rituel / Éclat / Multiples Pierre Boulez; Ensemble InterContemporain, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1991 Sonate pour piano n°1 - Sonatine (BBC Singers, Ensemble InterContemporain feat. director: Pierre Boulez) Pierre Boulez 2
1991 The Miraculous Mandarin / Four Orchestral Pieces / Three Village Scenes Bartók; New York Philharmonic, Pierre Boulez 1
1992 Phlegra / Jalons / Keren / Nomos Alpha / Thalleïn Iannis Xenakis; Ensemble intercontemporain, Pierre Boulez, Michel Tabachnik 1
1992 Images / Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune / Printemps Debussy; The Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1992 The Wooden Prince / Cantata Profana Bartók; Chicago Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Pierre Boulez 1
1992 Götterdämmerung Richard Wagner; Orchester der Bayreuther Festspiele, Pierre Boulez 1
1992 Pétrouchka / Le Sacre du Printemps Stravinsky; The Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1993 Pierrot Lunaire / Lied der Waldtaube / Erwartung Schoenberg; Pierre Boulez 1
1993 Concerto for Orchestra / Four Orchestral Pieces Bartók; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 2
1993 Klavierkonzerte Nr. 1 und Nr. 3 Bartók; Daniel Barenboim, New Philharmonia Orchestra of London, Pierre Boulez 2
1993 L'Oiseau de feu / Feu d'artifice / Quatre Etudes pour orchestre Stravinsky; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1994 Boléro / Ma mère l’oye / Rapsodie espagnole / Alborada del Gracioso Ravel; Berliner Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 3
1994 Boulez Conducts Ligeti: Concertos for Cello / Violin / Piano Ligeti; Ensemble InterContemporain, Jean-Guihen Queyras, Saschko Gawriloff, Pierre-Laurent Aimard & Pierre Boulez 1
1994 Concerto pour Flûte / Concerto pour Violoncelle C.P.E. Bach; Jean-Pierre Rampal, Robert Bex, Pierre Boulez 1
1995 La Mer / Nocturnes / Jeux / Rhapsodie pour clarinette et orchestre Claude Debussy; The Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1995 Et exspecto resurrectionem mortuorum / Chronochromie / La Ville d'en Haut Olivier Messiaen; The Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 2
1995 Divertimento / Dance Suite / Hungarian Sketches / Deux Images Bartók; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1995 Symphony no. 6 Gustav Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 3
1995 Secret Theatre / Tragoedia / Five Distances / Three Settings of Celan Birtwistle; Ensemble intercontemporain, Pierre Boulez 1
1995 Daphnis et Chloé / La Valse Ravel; Berliner Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 1
1995 Dukas: La Péri / De Falla: El sombrero de tres picos / Concerto for Harpsichord, Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Violin and Violoncello Paul Dukas, Manuel de Falla; New York Philharmonic, Pierre Boulez, Jan DeGaetani, Igor Kipnis 1
1995 Boulez Conducts Pierre Boulez 1
1995 Boulez Conducts Webern Webern; Ensemble intercontemporain, Pierre Boulez 1
1995 Boulez Conducts Webern II Webern; Berliner Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 1
1995 Messiaen: Et exspecto resurrectionem mortuorum / Couleurs de la cité céleste / Stravinsky: Symphonies of Wind Instruments Messiaen, Stravinsky; Pierre Boulez 1
1995 Piano Sonatas nos. 1 - 3 Pierre Boulez; İdil Biret 1
1995 Pulcinella / The Song of the Nightingale / The Nightingale / L'Histoire du Soldat Stravinsky; Pierre Boulez 1
1996 The Miraculous Mandarin / Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta Béla Bartók; Pierre Boulez, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Chorus 5 2
1996 Symphony no. 7 Gustav Mahler; The Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1996 Boulez Conducts Webern III Webern; Berliner Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 1
1996 Moses und Aron Arnold Schönberg; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Pierre Boulez, David Pittman-Jennings, Chris Merritt 1
1996 Répons / Dialogue de l’ombre double Pierre Boulez; Ensemble intercontemporain, Alain Damiens 1
1997 Symphonie Fantastique / Tristia Hector Berlioz; The Cleveland Orchestra & Chorus, Pierre Boulez 1
1997 Poèmes pour Mi / Sept Haïkaï / Le Réveil des oiseaux Olivier Messiaen; The Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1997 Boulez: Troisième sonate / Douze Notations / Barraqué : Sonate pour piano Boulez, Barraqué; Chen Pi-hsien 1
1998 Bluebeard's Castle Béla Bartók; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez, Jessye Norman, László Polgár 1
1998 The Piano Concertos / Valses nobles et sentimentales Maurice Ravel; Pierre Boulez, Krystian Zimerman 1
1998 Pelleas and Melisande, op. 5 / Variations, op. 31/ Violin Concerto, op. 36 / Piano Concerto, op. 42 Schoenberg; Amoyal, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Boulez 1
1998 Pierrot Lunaire / Herzgewächse / Ode to Napoleon Schoenberg; Christine Schäfer, David Pittman-Jennings, Ensemble intercontemporain, Pierre Boulez 1
1998 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1999 Le Poème de l’extase / Piano Concerto / Prométhée Alexander Scriabin; Anatol Ugorski, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1999 Symphony No. 1 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
1999 Symphony of Psalms / Symphony in Three Movements / Symphonies of Wind Instruments Stravinsky; Berliner Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 1
1999 Violin Concerto no. 2 / Rhapsodies nos. 1 & 2 Bartók; Gil Shaham, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
2000 Symphony No. 4 Mahler; Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez, Juliane Banse 3
2000 Sur Incises / Messagesquisse / Anthèmes 2 (Ensemble Intercontemporain feat. conductor Pierre Boulez) Pierre Boulez 1
2001 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Violeta Urmana, Michael Schade, Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 3
2001 Boulez conducts Stravinsky: Le Chant du Rossignol L'Histoire du Soldat (Suite) · Scherzo fantastique · Le Roi des Étoiles Stravinsky; The Cleveland Orchestra, Boulez 1
2001 Boulez conducts Varèse: Amériques / Arcana / Déserts / Ionisation Varèse; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
2001 Schoenberg: Piano Concerto / Piano Pieces, opp. 11 & 19 / Berg: Piano Sonata Schönberg, Webern, Berg; Cleveland Orchestra, Pierre Boulez, Mitsuko Uchida 1
2002 Pli selon Pli (Ensemble Intercontemporain feat. conductor: Pierre Boulez, soprano: Christine Schäfer) Pierre Boulez 1
2002 Ravel: Shéhérazade / Le Tombeau de Couperin / Debussy: Trois ballades de François Villon Maurice Ravel, Claude Debussy; Pierre Boulez 1
2002 Scenes From Goethe's Faust Robert Schumann; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Edith Mathis, Stuart Burrows, Richard van Allan, Pierre Boulez 1
2002 Symphony No. 3 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez, Anne Sofie von Otter 2
2003 Roméo et Juliette / Les Nuits d'été Berlioz; The Cleveland Orchestra and Chorus, Melanie Diener, Kenneth Tarver, Denis Sedov, Pierre Boulez 1
2003 Notations / Figures-Doubles-Prismes / Rituel Pierre Boulez; Orchestre National de Lyon, David Robertson 1
2005 ...explosante-fixe... (Ensemble Intercontemporain feat. conductor: Pierre Boulez) Pierre Boulez 1
2005 Lieder Gustav Mahler; Quasthoff, Urmana, von Otter, Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 2
2005 The Three Piano Sonatas Pierre Boulez; Paavali Jumppanen 1
2005 Bach: Partita, BWV 828 / French Suite, BWV 812 / Boulez: Notations / Incises Bach, Boulez; David Fray 2
2005 Le marteau sans maître / Dérive 1 & 2 Boulez; Ensemble intercontemporain 1
2005 Notations & Piano Sonatas Pierre Boulez; Pi-Hsien Chen 1
2005 Pli Selon Pli / Le Visage Nuptial / Le Soleil des eaux / Figures, Doubles, Prismes (BBC Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Pierre Boulez) Pierre Boulez 1
2006 Symphony no. 2 in C minor Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Boulez 1
2008 Concertos Bartók; Aimard, Stefanovich, Kremer, Bashmet, London Symphony Orchestra, Berliner Philharmoniker, Boulez 1
2008 Mozart: "Gran Partita" / Berg: Kammerkonzert Mozart, Berg; Ensemble InterContemporain, Pierre Boulez, Christian Tetzlaff, Mitsuko Uchida 1
2009 Wozzeck Alban Berg; Pierre Boulez, Orchestre de l'Opéra de Paris, Chœur de l’Opéra de Paris, Walter Berry, Isabel Strauss, Fritz Uhl, Carl Doench 1
2009 Pelléas et Mélisande Debussy; Elisabeth Söderström, George Shirley, Donald McIntyre, David Ward, Yvonne Minton, Orchestra and Chorus of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Pierre Boulez 1
2010 Boulez Conducts Stravinsky Stravinsky; Pierre Boulez 1
2011 Boulez: Structures / Cage: Music for Piano Pierre Boulez, John Cage; Pi-Hsien Chen, Ian Pace 1
2012 Solo Violin Works Berio, Schnittke, Boulez; Mari Poll 1
Boulez: Le marteau sans Maître / Sonatine / Messiaen: 7 Haïkaï Pierre Boulez, Olivier Messiaen; Pierre Boulez 1
Cantata Profana / The Wooden Prince Béla Bartók; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez 1
Complete Works opp. 1-31 Webern; Pierre Boulez 0
Concerto for Orchestra / Music for Strings, Percussions & Celesta Béla Bartók; Pierre Boulez 1
Domaines Pierre Boulez 1
Messiaen: 7 Haïkaï / Eloy: Équivalences / Pousseur: Madrigal III Messiaen, Eloy, Pousseur; Les Percussions de Strasbourg, Pierre Boulez 1
Pierrot Lunaire / Melodrama, Op. 21 Arnold Schoenberg; Domaine Musical Ensemble, Pierre Boulez 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1986 Stravinsky: Pétrouchka / Prokofiev: Sonate No. 7 / Webern: Variationen, Op. 27 / Boulez: Sonate No. 2 Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Webern, Boulez; Maurizio Pollini 2
1987 Le Sacre du printemps / Petrushka Stravinsky; Boulez, The Cleveland Orchestra, New York Philharmonic 4
1988 Chamber Concerto / Ramifications / String Quartet No. 2 / Aventures / Lux aeterna György Ligeti; Ensemble InterContemporain, Pierre Boulez, LaSalle Quartet 1
1990 Wien Modern Ligeti, Nono, Boulez, Rihm; Wiener Philharmoniker, Wiener Jeunesse-Chor, Claudio Abbado 1
1990 Gershwin: Piano Concerto in F / Ravel: The 2 Piano Concertos Gershwin, Ravel; Philippe Entremont, Eugene Ormandy, Pierre Boulez 1
1991 Koechlin: Les Bandar-Log / Boulez: Le Soleil des Eaux / Messiaen: Chronochromie / Et expecto resurectionem mortuorum Charles Koechlin, Pierre Boulez, Olivier Messiaen 1

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