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The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO), founded in 1904, is the oldest of London's symphony orchestras. It was set up by a group of players who left Henry Wood's Queen's Hall Orchestra because of a new rule requiring players to give the orchestra their exclusive services. The LSO itself later introduced a similar rule for its members. From the outset the LSO was organised on co-operative lines, with all players sharing the profits at the end of each season. This practice continued for the orchestra's first four decades.

The LSO underwent periods of eclipse in the 1930s and 1950s when it was regarded as inferior in quality to new London orchestras, to which it lost players and bookings: the BBC Symphony Orchestra and the London Philharmonic in the 1930s and the Philharmonia and Royal Philharmonic after the Second World War. The profit-sharing principle was abandoned in the post-war era as a condition of receiving public subsidy for the first time. In the 1950s the orchestra debated whether to concentrate on film work at the expense of symphony concerts; many senior players left when the majority of players rejected the idea. By the 1960s the LSO had recovered its leading position, which it has retained subsequently. In 1966, to perform alongside it in choral works, the orchestra established the LSO Chorus, originally a mix of professional and amateur singers, later a wholly amateur ensemble.

As a self-governing body, the orchestra selects the conductors with whom it works. At some stages in its history it has dispensed with a principal conductor and worked only with guests. Among conductors with whom it is most associated are, in its early days, Hans Richter, Sir Edward Elgar, and Sir Thomas Beecham, and in more recent decades Pierre Monteux, André Previn, Claudio Abbado, Sir Colin Davis, and Valery Gergiev.

Since 1982 the LSO has been based in the Barbican Centre in the City of London. Among its programmes there have been large-scale festivals celebrating composers as diverse as Berlioz, Mahler and Bernstein. The LSO claims to be the world's most recorded orchestra; it has made gramophone recordings since 1912 and has played on more than 200 soundtrack recordings for the cinema, of which the best known include the Star Wars series.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Stabat Mater Rossini; Lorengar, Minton, Pavarotti, Sotin, London Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, István Kertész 1
1988 Symphony no. 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Gilbert Kaplan 3
1988 Symphony no. 2 in E minor Сергей Васильевич Рахманинов; London Symphony Orchestra, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky 1
1988 Symphony no. 2, "Resurrection" Gustav Mahler; Sheila Armstrong, Janet Baker, Edinburgh Festival Chorus, London Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Bernstein 1
1988 Symphony no. 3 / Rückert-Lieder Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas, Dame Janet Baker 1
1988 Symphony no. 4 in F minor / Concerto Accademico Ralph Vaughan Williams; The London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Kenneth Sillito 1
1988 Symphony no. 6 in F “Pastoral” op. 68 / “Egmont” Overture for Orchestra, op. 84 Ludwig van Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Wyn Morris 1
1988 Symphony no. 10 Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Wyn Morris 3 3
1988 The Planets: Suite for Orchestra Gustav Holst; London Symphony Orchestra, Richard Hickox 2
1988 The Rossini Tenor Rockwell Blake, London Symphony Orchestra, John McCarthy,The Ambrosian Choir 1
1988 Violin Concertos nos. 1 & 2 Prokofiev; Dmitry Sitkovetsky, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
1989 Ravel: Bolero - Rapsodie Espagnole London Symphony Orchestra & Michael Tilson Thomas 1
1989 Dvořák: Requiem / Kodály: Psalmus hungaricus Dvořák, Kodály; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 2
1989 Symphonien: No. 3 »Schottische · Scottish · Écossaise« / No. 4 »Italienische · Italian · Italienne« Felix Mendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1989 A Sea Symphony (No. 1) Ralph Vaughan Williams; Bryden Thomson, London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus 1
1989 Stravinsky: The Firebird / Lyadov: Baba-Yaga / Rimsky-Korsakov: Dubinushka Stravinsky, Lyadov, Rimsky-Korsakov; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1989 Salome Strauss; Montserrat Caballé, Sherrill Milnes, Richard Lewis, Regina Resnik, James King, London Symphony Orchestra, Erich Leinsdorf 1
1989 Daphnis et Chloé (Gesamtaufnahme) / Valses nobles et sentimentales Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1989 A Festival of Christmas Carols London Symphony Orchestra, John Alldis Choir, Sir Colin Davis 1
1989 A London Symphony (no. 2) / Concerto Grosso Ralph Vaughan Williams; The London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson 1
1989 Brahms: Concerto for Violin, Cello & Orchestra, op. 102 / Bruch: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra no. 1, op. 26 Brahms, Bruch; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Raphael Wallfisch, Lydia Mordkovitch 2
1989 Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, op. 35 / Concerto for Piano and Orchestra no. 1 in B-flat minor, op. 23 Peter Tchaïkovski; Augustin Dumay, Andrei Gavrilov, Emil Tchakarov, Vladimir Ashkenazy, London Symphony Orchestra, Berliner Philharmoniker 1
1989 Dvořák: Cello Concerto, op. 104 / Dohnányi: Konzertstück for Cello & Orchestra Dvořák, Dohnányi; Raphael Wallfisch, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 2
1989 Elijah (Oratorio), op. 70 Felix Mendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Richard Hickox 2
1989 Hamlet / Romeo & Juliet / Festival Overture / Serenade / Mazeppa Tchaikovsky; London Symphony Orchestra, Geoffrey Simon 2
1989 La Mer / Nocturnes / Prélude à l'après-midi d'un Faune Claude Debussy; London Symphony Orchestra, Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos 2
1989 Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition / Ravel: Rapsodie Espagnole / La Valse Mussorgsky, Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1989 Piano Concertos no. 21, K. 467 & no. 25, K. 503 Mozart; Stephen Bishop Kovacevich, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
1989 Pictures at an Exhibition / St John’s Night on the Bare Mountain / Khovanshchina Prelude Modest Mussorgsky; London Symphony Orchestra, Jacek Kaspszyk 1
1989 Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky / Rachmaninov: The Bells Prokofiev, Rachmaninov; London Symphony Chorus, London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1989 Rachmaninov: Symphony no. 3 in A minor, op. 44 / Kalinnikov: Two Intermezzi for Orchestra Sergey Rachmaninov, Vasily Kalinnikov; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1989 Sinfonia Antarctica / Toward the Unknown Region Ralph Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Bryden Thomson, Catherine Bott 1
1989 Symphonie Fantastique Hector Berlioz; London Symphony Orchestra, Louis Frémaux 1
1989 Symphony No. 5 in E minor Peter Tschaikowsky; London Symphony Orchestra, Karl Böhm 1
1989 Symphony no. 9 in D minor, op. 125 Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Wyn Morris 1
1989 The 5 Piano Concertos Prokofiev; Vladimir Ashkenazy, London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 2
1989 The Flute Concertos (K. 313, 314) / Andante in C (K. 315) / Rondo in D / K. 184 Anh.) Mozart; Ransom Wilson, London Symphony Orchestra, Raymond Leppard 1
1989 The Mozart Tenor Mozart; Rockwell Blake, London Symphony Orchestra, Nicholas McGegan 1
1989 The Swan of Tuonela (Legends, Op. 22 No. 2) / Symphony No.2 in D, Op. 43 Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Charles Mackerras 1
1989 Tzigane / Sheherazade Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1990 THE ALFEE CLASSICS THE ALFEE with London Symphony Orchestra 4
1990 Piano Concertos Nos. 1, 3 Sergei Rachmaninov; Tamás Vásáry, London Symphony Orchestra, Yuri Ahronovitch 1
1990 The Four Sections / Music for Mallet Instruments, Voices and Organ Steve Reich; The London Symphony Orchestra, Steve Reich and Musicians 1
1990 Symphony No. 2 "A London Symphony" / Concerto Accademico in D minor / The Wasps: Overture Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 2
1990 Les Nuits d'Été Berlioz; London Symphony Orchestra, Colin Davis 1
1990 Soft Rock Symphonies London Symphony Orchestra 1
1990 "Emperor" Concerto Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis, Stephen Bishop Kovacevich 1
1990 Cello Concertos Joseph Haydn, Luigi Boccherini; Maurice Gendron, London Symphony Orchestra, Raymond Leppard 2
1990 Classic Rock 5 - Rock Symphonies London Symphony Orchestra 1
1990 Classic Rock Classics London Symphony Orchestra 5 1
1990 Joyous Music for Christmas London Symphony Orchestra 1
1990 Lieder / Konzertarien Mozart; Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Walter Gieseking, London Symphony Orchestra, George Szell, Alfred Brendel 4 2
1990 Love Classics The London Symphony Orchestra 1
1990 Piano Concerto No. 1 / Violin Concerto Tchaikovsky; John Browning, Erick Friedman, London Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 2
1990 Piano Concertos Béla Bartók; Stephen Kovacevich, London Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 5 3
1990 Piano Concertos Nos. 21 & 27 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Rudolf Serkin, London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 2
1990 Piano Quartet in G minor, op. 25 / Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Handel, op. 24 Johannes Brahms; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1990 Scheherazade / Capriccio espagnol Rimsky-Korsakov; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1990 Scheherazade / Tsar Saltan (excerpts) / Russian Easter Overture Rimsky-Korsakov; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1990 Schumann Klavier Klavierkonzert Op. 54 / Konzertstück Op. 79 (CD, Album) album cover Schumann* / Weber* - Alfred Brendel, London Symphony Orchestra*, Claudio Abbado – Klavierkonzert Op. 54 / Konzertstück Op. 79 konzert / Piano concerto op. 54 London Symphony Orchestra 1
1990 Symphony no. 3 "Eroica" / Overture "Fidelio" Ludwig van Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos 1
1990 Symphony no. 5 / Festive Overture Dmitri Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Maxim Shostakovich 1
1990 Symphony no. 5 / Three Portraits from "The England of Elizabeth" / Concerto in F minor for Bass Tuba Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1990 Symphony no. 8 in D minor / Partita / Fantasia on Greensleeves / Two Hymn-Tune Preludes Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson 1
1990 The Cloud Messenger, Op. 30 / The Hymn of Jesus, Op. 37 Gustav Holst; London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Richard Hickox 1
1990 The Great Composers, Volume 45: Enigma Variations, op. 36 / Pomp and Circumstance, op. 39 no. 1 Sir Edward Elgar; London Symphony Orchestra, Eduardo Mata, Cincinnati Pops Orchestra, Erich Kunzel 1
1990 The Love for Three Oranges / Lieutenant Kijé / Classical Symphony Prokofiev; London Symphony Orchestra, Neville Marriner 1
1990 The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra / Simple Symphony / Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge Britten; London Symphony Orchestra, English Chamber Orchestra, Benjamin Britten 1
1990 Twenty-One Hungarian Dances Johannes Brahms; London Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 3
1990 Water Music (Suite in F major) / Concerto Grosso, op. 6 nos. 1 & 2 Handel; London Symphony Orchestra, Alfredo Bernardini 1
1991 The Firebird Stravinsky; Antal Doráti, London Symphony Orchestra 1
1991 Shostakovich: Symphony No 10 London Symphony Orchestra 1
1991 Musik für Violine & Orchester Beethoven, Schubert; Gidon Kremer, London Symphony Orchestra, Emil Tchakarov 1
1991 Symphony no. 9 “From the New World” / Serenade for Strings Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1991 Wieniawski: Violin Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Sarasate: Zigeunerweisen Wieniawski, Sarasate; London Symphony Orchestra, Lawrence Foster, Gil Shaham 1
1991 Music from Giselle: Ballet Music Adolphe Adam; London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas 4 2
1991 Das klagende Lied Mahler; Evelyn Lear, Elisabeth Söderström, Grace Hoffman, Stuart Burrows, Ernst Haefliger, Gerd Nienstedt, London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Pierre Boulez 2
1991 Enesco: Roumanian Rhapsody No. 1 / Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsodies Enesco, Liszt; London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti 2
1991 Music by Ernest Bloch Ernest Bloch; Micah Yui, London Symphony Orchestra, David Amos 1
1991 Piano Concerto no. 2 / Piano Concerto no. 3 / Prelude in C-sharp minor / Prelude in E-flat major Rachmaninoff; Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti, Byron Janis 3
1991 Romeo und Julia / Der Schut Prokofjew; Claudio Abbado, London Symphony Orchestra 1
1991 Swan Lake (Complete Ballet) Tchaikovsky; London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
1991 Swan Lake / Sleeping Beauty Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky; London Symphony Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski 1
1991 Symphony no. 9 in E minor / Piano Concerto Vaughan Williams; London Symphony Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Howard Shelley 1
1991 Symphony No. 15 in A major, op. 141 Dmitri Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1991 Symphony No.1 / Cockaigne Overture Elgar; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
1991 This Is My Life Shirley Bassey with The London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Carl Davis 2
1991 Viola Concerto / Trio Sonata Alfred Schnittke; Yuri Bashmet, Moscow Soloists, London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1991 War Requiem / Sinfonia da Requiem / Ballad of Heroes Benjamin Britten; London Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Richard Hickox 1
1991 Werke für Violine: Konzertstück / Rondo / Duo / Fantasie Franz Schubert; Gidon Kremer, London Symphony Orchestra; Emil Tchakarov 1
1991 Wind of Change London Symphony Orchestra & The Royal Choral Society 1
1992 Brahms: Serenade Nr. 2 / Variationen über ein Thema von Joseph Haydn / Ungarische Tänze Brahms; London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
1992 Tavener: The Protecting Veil / Britten: Cello Suite No 3 / Tavener: Thrinos John Tavener, Britten; Steven Isserlis, London Symphony Orchestra, Gennadi Rozhdestvenski 2
1992 Cello Concerto no. 2 / In memoriam... Schnittke; London Symphony Orchestra, Ozawa, Rostropovich 1
1992 Sibelius: Violinkonzert / Schnittke: Concerto Grosso Sibelius, Schnittke; Gidon Kremer, London Symphony Orchestra, Gennadi Roshdestvensky 2
1992 Cinderella Prokofiev; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1992 Glagolitic Mass / Sinfonietta Leoš Janáček; London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
1992 La traviata (1992 London recording) Giuseppe Verdi; Edita Gruberová, Neil Shicoff, Giorgio Zancanaro, London Symphony Orchestra, Carlo Rizzi 2
1992 A Child of Our Time Michael Tippett; London Symphony Orchestra, Richard Hickox 2
1992 Alcina / Giulio Cesare: Highlights Handel; Sutherland, Berganza, Freni, Sinclair, London Symphony Orchestra, Richard Bonynge 1

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