Hector Berlioz (composer)

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Louis-Hector Berlioz (11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer and conductor. His output includes orchestral works such as the Symphonie fantastique and Harold in Italy, choral pieces including the Requiem and L'Enfance du Christ, his three operas Benvenuto Cellini, Les Troyens and Béatrice et Bénédict, and works of hybrid genres such as the "dramatic symphony" Roméo et Juliette and the "dramatic legend" La Damnation de Faust.

The elder son of a provincial doctor, Berlioz was expected to follow his father into medicine, and he attended a Parisian medical college before defying his family by taking up music as a profession. His independence of mind and refusal to follow traditional rules and formulas put him at odds with the conservative musical establishment of Paris. He briefly moderated his style sufficiently to win France's premier music prize – the Prix de Rome – in 1830, but he learned little from the academics of the Paris Conservatoire. Opinion was divided for many years between those who thought him an original genius and those who viewed his music as lacking in form and coherence.

At the age of twenty-four Berlioz fell in love with the Irish Shakespearean actress Harriet Smithson, and he pursued her obsessively until she finally accepted him seven years later. Their marriage was happy at first but eventually foundered. Harriet inspired his first major success, the Symphonie fantastique, in which an idealised depiction of her occurs throughout.

Berlioz completed three operas, the first of which, Benvenuto Cellini, was an outright failure. The second, the huge epic Les Troyens (The Trojans), was so large in scale that it was never staged in its entirety during his lifetime. His last opera, Béatrice et Bénédict – based on Shakespeare's comedy Much Ado About Nothing – was a success at its premiere but did not enter the regular operatic repertoire. Meeting only occasional success in France as a composer, Berlioz increasingly turned to conducting, in which he gained an international reputation. He was highly regarded in Germany, Britain and Russia both as a composer and as a conductor. To supplement his earnings he wrote musical journalism throughout much of his career; some of it has been preserved in book form, including his Treatise on Instrumentation (1844), which was influential in the 19th and 20th centuries. Berlioz died in Paris at the age of 65.

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1979Roméo et JulietteBerlioz; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa1
1990Symphonie Fantastique, Carneval Romain & Le Corsaire (Boston Symphony Orchestra: Prêtre, Munch)Hector Berlioz1
1991Harold en ItalieHector Berlioz, Michel Plasson, Orchestre National Du Capitole De Toulouse & Gérard Caussé1
1992Symphonie FantastiqueHector Berlioz, Jean‐Claude Casadesus, Orchestre National de Lille1
1997Le Carnaval RomainBerlioz; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit1
1998Roméo & JulietteBerlioz; Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique, Monteverdi Choir, John Eliot Gardiner1
2000Symphonie fantastique / Le Carnaval romainHector Berlioz; London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis2
2005Collection les grands Compositeurs 18: Hector BerliozHector Berlioz; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra1
2005OverturesBerlioz;Sir Colin Davis, Staatskapelle Dresden1
2007Symphonie Fantastique / Overture "Les Francs Juges"Berlioz; Arnhem Philharmonic Orchestra, Kenichuro Kobayashi1
2010Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique / César Franck / Arthur Honegger / Albert RousselHector Berlioz / César Franck / Arthur Honegger; Herbert von Karajan1
Berlioz: Roméo et Juliette / Franck: Le Chasseur maudit / Rédemption / NocturneBerlioz, Franck; Yvonne Minton, Francisco Araiza, Jules Bastin, Christa Ludwig, Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboim1
Lélio op.14bHector Berlioz1
Messe SolennelleHector Berlioz; Washington National Cathedral Choral Society1
Romeo et Juliette (London Symphony Orchestra)Hector Berlioz1
Symphonie Fantastique / Carnaval RomainBerlioz; Sergiu Celibidache1
Symphonie fantastiqueBerlioz; San Francisco Symphony, Pierre Monteux1
Symphonie fantastique (Op. 14)Hector Berlioz1
Symphonie FantastiqueHector Berlioz; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Boulez1


2019RequiemHector Berlioz1


1941Symphonie Fantastique, op. 14Hector Berlioz; The Cleveland Orchestra, Artur Rodziński1
1952Overtures: "Le Corsair" / "Benvenuto Cellini" / "Beatrice et Benedict" / "Les Francs Juges"Hector Berlioz; Philharmonia Orchestra, Paul Kletzki1
1954The Damnation Of FaustBoston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch, Hector Berlioz1
1955Debussy: The Blessed Damozel / Berlioz: Summer NightsClaude Debussy, Hector Berlioz; Victoria de los Ángeles, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch1
1955Symphonie fantastique (1954 recording)Berlioz; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch5
1957Symphonie Fantastique, op. 14Berlioz; New York Philharmonic, Dimitri Mitropoulos1
1958Harold in ItalyBerlioz; Boston Symphony, Munch, Primrose6
1961Symphonie fantastiqueBerlioz; Orchestre Lamoureux, Igor Markevitch3
1962Symphonie fantastique (1962 recording)Berlioz; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch6
1962Harold in ItalyBerlioz; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein1
1963Harold in ItalyBerlioz; Yehudi Menuhin, Philharmonia Orchestra, Colin Davis2
1964Shéhérazade / Nuits d'étéRavel / Berlioz - Régine Crespin, L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Ernest Ansermet3
1965Symphonie fantastique, op. 14Berlioz; Paris Conservatoire Orchestra, Ataúlfo Argenta2
1966RequiemBerlioz; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Temple University Chorus, Cesare Valletti3
1967Harold in italyBerlioz; Rudolf Barshai, Moscow Philharmonic, David Oistrakh1
1969Symphonie FantastiqueBerlioz; New Philharmonia Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski1
1969Te DeumBerlioz; London Symphony Orchestra, Chorus, Sir Colin Davis3
1970Les TroyensBerlioz; Jon Vickers, Josephine Veasey, Berit Lindholm, Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Chorus of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Sir Colin Davis3
1970Requiem, Op.5 (Grande Messe Des Morts)Hector Berlioz; London Symphony Orchestra & London Symphony Chorus, Sir Colin Davis2
1971Pierre Boulez Conducts Berlioz: Lélio (The Return to Life)Berlioz; London Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Pierre Boulez, Jean‐Louis Barrault, John Mitchinson, John Shirley‐Quirk, John Alldis1
1973La damnation de FaustBerlioz; Veasey, Gedda, Bastin, Van Allan, London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus & Sir Colin Davis2
1973Symphonie FantastiqueBerlioz; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa2
1974Symphonie fantastique, op. 14Berlioz; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis49
1976OverturesBerlioz; Hallé Orchestra, James Loughran1
1976OverturesBerlioz; André Previn, London Symphony Orchestra5
1977L'enfance du ChristBerlioz; Janet Baker, Eric Tappy, Thomas Allen, Jules Bastin, The John Alldis Choir, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis1
1977Romeo & JulietBerlioz; Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Lorin Maazel1
1978Béatrice et BénédictBerlioz; Baker, Eda‐Pierre, Watts, Tear, Allen, Lloyd, Bastin, John Alldis Choir, London Symphony Orchestra, Colin Davis1
1978Harold in Italy Op. 16Berlioz; Lorin Maazel, The Cleveland Orchestra, Robert Vernon1
1978Symphony FantastiqueBerlioz; London Symphony Orchestra, Carlos Païta53
1978Symphonie fantastiqueBerlioz; Hallé Orchestra, James Loughran1
1980Berlioz: Les nuits d'été / Ravel: ShéhérazadeBerlioz, Ravel; Jessye Norman, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis2
1980Cléopâtre / HerminieBerlioz; Janet Baker, London Symphony Orchestra, Colin Davis1
1980Requiem (Grande Messe des Morts)Berlioz; Robert Tear, London Philharmonic Choir, London Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn1
1982Symphonie FantastiqueBerlioz; The Cleveland Orchestra, Lorin Maazel2
1982Lalo: Symphonie espagnole / Berlioz: Rêverie et capriceLalo, Berlioz; Itzhak Perlman, Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboim1
1982Symphony FantastiqueHector Berlioz; New York Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta1
1982Symphonie fantastiqueBerlioz; Utah Symphony Orchestra, Varujan Kojian2
1982Te DeumHector Berlioz; Claudio Abbado, London Symphony Chorus, London Philharmonic Choir, Wooburn Singers, Francisco Araiza, European Community Youth Orchestra3
1984Berlioz: Les nuits d’été / Debussy: La damoiselle élueBerlioz, Debussy; Frederica von Stade, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa1
1984La damnation de Faust (Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti)Hector Berlioz1
1984Symphonie FantastiqueHector Berlioz; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado1
1985Harold en Italie / Le Carnaval Romain – OuvertureBerlioz; Wolfram Christ, Berliner Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel1
1985Requiem / Symphonie funèbre et triomphaleBerlioz; London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Colin Davis3
1985Symphonie fantastique (1975 recording)Hector Berlioz; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan2
1985Roméo et JulietteBerlioz; Kern, Tear, Shirley‐Quirk, John Alldis Choir, London Symphony Orchestra, Chorus, Sir Colin Davis1
1985Requiem (Grand Messe des Morts)Berlioz; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, John Aler, Robert Shaw1
1985Symphonie FantastiqueHector Berlioz; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit1
1985Symphonie FantastiqueHector Berlioz; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti3
1985Symphonie FantastiqueBerlioz; Berliner Philharmoniker, Daniel Barenboim2
1985Symphonie FantastiqueBerlioz; The Royal Philharmonic, Massimo Freccia2
1986Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique / Mussorgsky: A Night on the Bare MountainBerlioz, Mussorgsky; Wiener Symphoniker, Georges Prêtre, Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi1
1986La Damnation de FaustBerlioz; Frederica von Stade, Kenneth Riegel, José van Dam, Malcolm King, Chicago Symphony Chorus, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti1
1986Symphonie fantastiqueHector Berlioz; Wiener Symphoniker, Georges Prêtre2
1987Symphonie FantastiqueHector Berlioz1
1987OuverturesBerlioz; Orchestre du Théâtre National de l’Opéra, André Cluytens1
1987Symphonie fantastique, Op. 14Berlioz; Orchestre National de France, Leonard Bernstein1
1987Symphonie fantastiqueHector Berlioz; Berlin Symphony Orchestra, Eugen Riedel1
1987Symphonie Fantastique, op. 14Hector Berlioz; Radio-Sinfonie-Orchester Frankfurt, Eliahu Inbal2
1987Symphonie fantastiqueBerlioz; Orchestre de Paris, Charles Münch3
1988RequiemBerlioz, Keith Lewis, Chor des NDR Hamburg, ORF-Chor, Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal1
1988Berlioz: Les nuits d'été / Ravel: Shéhérazade / Debussy / PoulencBerlioz, Ravel, Debussy, Poulenc; Régine Crespin3
1988Benvenuto CelliniBerlioz; Gedda, Eda‐Pierre, Bastin, Berbié, Soyer, Massard, Chorus of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, BBC Symphony Orchestra. Sir Colin Davis1
1988Harold in Italy / Rob Roy / Le CorsaireBerlioz; Zukerman, Dutoit, Montréal2
1988L’Enfance du Christ, op. 25Hector Berlioz; Monteverdi Choir, Orchestre de l'Opéra de Lyon, Sir John Eliot Gardiner2
1988Les Nuits d'été / La Mort de Cléopâtre / Les Troyens: Mort de DidonHector Berlioz; Janet Baker1
1988Révolution FrançaiseRouget de l’Isle/Berlioz, Paisiello, Méhul, Gossec; Michel Plasson1
1988Symphonie fantastiqueHector Berlioz; CSR Symphony Orchestra (Bratislava), Pinchas Steinberg2
1989Berlioz Requiem opus 5Hector Berlioz1
1989Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphaleBerlioz; The Wallace Collection, John Wallace2
1989Harold en Italie, op. 16Hector Berlioz; Radio-Sinfonie-Orchester Frankfurt, Eliahu Inbal, Yuri Bashmet1
1989Harold en Italie / Rêverie et capriceHector Berlioz; Josef Suk, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Prague Symphony Orchestra, Václav Smetáček1
1989La Damnation de FaustBerlioz; Anne Sofie von Otter, Michael Myers, Jean‐Philippe Lafont, René Schirrer, Orchestre de l’Opéra de Lyon, Edinburgh Festival Chorus, John Eliot Gardiner1
1989OverturesHector Berlioz; Polish State Philharmonic, Kenneth Jean2
1989Symphonie Fantastique / LélioBerlioz; Orchestre national de l'ORTF, Jean Martinon1
1989Symphonie FantastiqueBerlioz; Hungarian Radio and Television Orchestra, Charles Munch1
1989Symphonie fantastique, op. 14Hector Berlioz; The London Classical Players, Roger Norrington52
1989Symphonie FantastiqueHector Berlioz; London Symphony Orchestra, Louis Frémaux1
1989Symphonie fantastiqueBerlioz; Vladimir Golschmann, Vienna State Opera Orchestra1
1990Berlioz: Symphonie FantastiqueHector Berlioz; Модест Петрович Мусоргский1

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