Johann Sebastian Bach (German Baroque period composer & musician)

~ Person

Annotation

For the BWV catalogue of Bach's works, see Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis.

Major series / box sets

  • The Masterworks (Brilliant Classics, 2004/2008) (ext ref: 1 / 2)
  • Premium Edition (Am@do Classics, 2007?) (ext ref: 1; 2.1 or 2.2) (wiki tracklist dump)

There seems to have been another major series (or set) (69xCD; + 2xCD sampler) by "harmonia mundi", evidence of which is rare.

Annotation last modified on 2016-05-05 08:30 .

Wikipedia

Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March [O.S. 21 March] 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and musician of the Baroque period. He is known for instrumental compositions such as the Brandenburg Concertos and the Goldberg Variations as well as for vocal music such as the St Matthew Passion and the Mass in B minor. Since the 19th-century Bach Revival he has been generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time.

The Bach family already counted several composers when Johann Sebastian was born as the last child of a city musician in Eisenach. After becoming an orphan at age 10, he lived for five years with his eldest brother, after which he continued his musical development in Lüneburg. From 1703 he was back in Thuringia, working as a musician for Protestant churches in Arnstadt and Mühlhausen and, for longer stretches of time, at courts in Weimar—where he expanded his repertoire for the organ—and Köthen—where he was mostly engaged with chamber music. From 1723 he was employed as Thomaskantor (cantor at St. Thomas) in Leipzig. He composed music for the principal Lutheran churches of the city, and for its university's student ensemble Collegium Musicum. From 1726 he published some of his keyboard and organ music. In Leipzig, as had happened in some of his earlier positions, he had a difficult relation with his employer, a situation that was little remedied when he was granted the title of court composer by the Elector of Saxony and King of Poland in 1736. In the last decades of his life he reworked and extended many of his earlier compositions. He died of complications after eye surgery in 1750.

Bach enriched established German styles through his mastery of counterpoint, harmonic and motivic organisation, and his adaptation of rhythms, forms, and textures from abroad, particularly from Italy and France. Bach's compositions include hundreds of cantatas, both sacred and secular. He composed Latin church music, Passions, oratorios, and motets. He often adopted Lutheran hymns, not only in his larger vocal works, but for instance also in his four-part chorales and his sacred songs. He wrote extensively for organ and for other keyboard instruments. He composed concertos, for instance for violin and for harpsichord, and suites, as chamber music as well as for orchestra. Many of his works employ the genres of canon and fugue.

Throughout the 18th century Bach was mostly renowned as an organist, while his keyboard music, such as The Well-Tempered Clavier, was appreciated for its didactic qualities. The 19th century saw the publication of some major Bach biographies, and by the end of that century all of his known music had been printed. Dissemination of scholarship on the composer continued through periodicals and websites exclusively devoted to him, and other publications such as the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis (BWV, a numbered catalogue of his works) and new critical editions of his compositions. His music was further popularised through a multitude of arrangements, including for instance the Air on the G String, and of recordings, for instance three different box sets with complete performances of the composer's works marking the 250th anniversary of his death.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1985 Goldberg Variations Bach; Scott Ross 1
1985 Great Organ Works J. S. Bach; Robert Noehren 1
1985 Johannes-Passion, BWV 245 Johann Sebastian Bach; Bach‐Collegium Stuttgart, Helmuth Rilling 1
1985 Lute Music Bach; Nigel North 1
1985 Magnificat BWV 243, Schemelli Song Book Johann Sebastian Bach; Helmuth Rilling, Gächinger Kantorei Stuttgart 1
1985 Mass in B minor Johann Sebastian Bach; Taverner Consort and Players, Andrew Parrott 3
1985 Matthäus-Passion Johann Sebastian Bach; Peter Schreier, Staatskapelle Dresden, Rundfunkchor Leipzig 1
1985 Matthäus-Passion Johann Sebastian Bach; Arleen Augér, Julia Hamari, Aldo Baldin, Siegmund Nimsgern, Philippe Huttenlocher, Gächinger Kantorei Stuttgart, Bach‐Collegium Stuttgart & Helmuth Rilling 1
1985 Matthäus-Passion, BWV 244 (1984 recording) Johann Sebastian Bach; Collegium Vocale Gent, La Chapelle Royale, Philippe Herreweghe 5 1
1985 Matthäus-Passion, BWV 244: Ausschnitte Johann Sebastian Bach; Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Peter Schreier, Lucia Popp, Marjana Lipovšek, Eberhard Büchner, Robert Holl 1
1985 MESSE H-MOLL, BWV 232 Johann Sebastian Bach; Arleen Augér, Julia Hamari, Adalbert Kraus, Wolfgang Schöne, Siegmund Nimsgern, Gächinger Kantorei Stuttgart, Bach‐Collegium Stuttgart & Helmuth Rilling 1
1985 Messe in h-Moll J.S. Bach; Hansmann, Iiyama, Watts, Equiluz, Van Egmond, Wiener Sängerknaben, Chorus Viennensis, Concentus Musicus Wien, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 3
1985 Orchestral Suites nos. 2-4 Johann Sebastian Bach; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Sir Neville Marriner 1
1985 Partitas and Sonatas for Flute J.S. Bach; Jean-Pierre Rampal, Trevor Pinnock, Roland Pidoux 2
1985 Partiten / Partitas (Clavierübung I) Johann Sebastian Bach; Kenneth Gilbert 1
1985 Six Partitas for Harpsichord Johann Sebastian Bach; Huguette Dreyfus 1
1985 Sonatas for Flute Johann Sebastian Bach 1
1985 String Masterpieces Albinoni, Bach, Pachelbel; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Jaime Laredo 3
1985 Suite BWV 996 / Toccata BWV 914 / Capriccio BWV 992 / Fantasia & Fugue BWV 904 / Prelude, Allegro, and Fugue BWV 998 Johann Sebastian Bach; Gustav Leonhardt 1
1985 Suites for Violoncello Solo Arranged for Flute Solo Johann Sebastian Bach; Aurèle Nicolet 1
1985 The Six Partitas BWV 825-830 (1984 recordings) Bach; Trevor Pinnock 1
1985 Two-Part and Three-Part Inventions Johann Sebastian Bach; Kenneth Gilbert 1
1985 Variations Goldberg Bach; Yannick Le Gaillard 5 1
1985 Violin and Oboe Concertos Johann Sebastian Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, Alessandro Marcello; Josef Suk, Jan Adamus, Suk Chamber Orchestra, Josef Vlach 4 2
1985 Violin Concertos Bach; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Jaime Laredo 1
1985 Violin Concertos nos. 1 & 2 / Double Concerto Johann Sebastian Bach; Salvatore Accardo, Margaret Batjer, The Chamber Orchestra of Europe 2
1985 Weihnachtsoratorium, BWV 248 (1st recording, 1984) Johann Sebastian Bach; Helmuth Rilling 4
1986 Bach In Hildesheim Johann Sebastian Bach; Michael Murray 1
1986 Preludes and Fugues Johann Sebastian Bach; Daniel Chorzempa 1
1986 The Complete Organ Music, Volume 1: 18 Choräle / Schübler-Choräle Johann Sebastian Bach; Hans Fagius 1
1986 The Complete Organ Music, Volume 2 Johann Sebastian Bach; Hans Fagius 1
1986 Mass in B minor Johann Sebastian Bach; Sir Neville Marriner, Academy of St. Martin in the Fields Chorus, Academy of St Martin in the Fields 1
1986 Das wohltemperierte Klavier, Buch I Johann Sebastian Bach; András Schiff 2
1986 Motets J.S. Bach; La Chapelle Royale, Collegium Vocale Gent, Philippe Herreweghe 1
1986 Goldberg Variations (1982 recording) Johann Sebastian Bach; András Schiff 2
1986 Hunt Cantata, BWV 208 "Was mir behagt" Johann Sebastian Bach; Roy Goodman, The Parley of Instruments 1
1986 3 Sonate e 3 Partite per violino solo BWV 1001–1006 (1980 recordings) Bach; Gidon Kremer 5 2
1986 Awake the Trumpet's Lofty Sound: Music for Trumpets and Organ J. S. Bach, Buxtehude, Charpentier, Handel, Mouret, Purcell, A. Scarlatti; Hannes, Wolfgang, Bernard Läubin, Simon Preston 1
1986 St. John Passion Johann Sebastian Bach; English Baroque Soloists, Monteverdi Choir, Sir John Eliot Gardiner 2
1986 The Well-Tempered Clavier, Book II J. S. Bach; András Schiff 1
1986 Partitas nos. 3, 4 & 5 Johann Sebastian Bach; Wolf Harden 4
1986 A Bach Festival Johann Sebastian Bach; Douglas Major, Empire Brass 1
1986 Ausgewählte Orgelwerke Johann Sebastian Bach; Ton Koopman 1
1986 Brandenburg Concerti nos. 4, 5 & 6 Johann Sebastian Bach; Mainz Chamber Orchestra, Günter Kehr 1
1986 Brandenburgische Konzerte 5-6-2 J.S. Bach; The Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra, Ton Koopman 2
1986 Die Solokonzerte Vol. 1 (Rekonstruktionen) Johann Sebastian Bach; Neues Bachisches Collegium Musicum, Max Pommer 1
1986 Die Solokonzerte Vol. 2 (Rekonstruktionen) Johann Sebastian Bach; Neues Bachisches Collegium Musicum, Max Pommer 1
1986 Die Solokonzerte Vol. 3 (Rekonstruktionen) Johann Sebastian Bach; Neues Bachisches Collegium Musicum, Max Pommer 1
1986 English Suites, Nos. 2 & 3 (feat. piano: Ivo Pogorelich) Johann Sebastian Bach; Ivo Pogorelich 1
1986 Klavierkonzerte, BWV 1052, 1054, 1056, 1057 Johann Sebastian Bach; Cyprien Katsaris, Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra 4
1986 Kleine Präludien Johann Sebastian Bach; Kenneth Gilbert 1
1986 Préludes & Fugues / Chorals Pour Orgue J.S. Bach; Marie‐Claire Alain 1
1986 Preludes and Fugues for Organ, Volume I Johann Sebastian Bach; Anthony Newman 1
1986 Six Suites for Solo Cello Johann Sebastian Bach; Pierre Fournier 1
1986 Sonatas for Viola da gamba and Harpsichord, BWV 1027-1029 Johann Sebastian Bach; Laurence Dreyfus, Ketil Haugsand 1
1986 St. John Passion Johann Sebastian Bach; Brandenburg Collegium Orchestra, The Brandenburg Collegium Chorus, Anthony Newman 1
1986 The English Suites / Overture in the French Style Johann Sebastian Bach; Glenn Gould 1
1986 The Four Lute Suites Johann Sebastian Bach; John Williams 3
1986 The French Suites Johann Sebastian Bach; Glenn Gould 3
1986 The French Suites J.S. Bach; Christopher Hogwood 2
1986 The Well-Tempered Clavier Johann Sebastian Bach; Glenn Gould 1
1986 Variations Goldberg Johann Sebastian Bach; Kenneth Gilbert 2
1986 Variations Goldberg Johann Sebastian Bach; Maria Tipo 1
1986 Violin Concerti Bach, Vivaldi; St. Paul Chamber Orchestra, Pinchas Zuckerman, Midori 1
1987 Piccolo Concertos Antonio Vivaldi, Johann Sebastian Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach; Gunilla von Bahr 2
1987 Toccata & Fugue in D minor, BWV 565 / Prelude & Fugue in F minor, BWV 534 / Fantasia & Fugue in G minor, BWV 542 / Toccata, Adagio & Fugue in C major, BWV 564 / Trio Sonata No. 1 in E flat major, BWV 525 Johann Sebastian Bach; Helmut Walcha 1
1987 Kantate "Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme" / Magnificat Johann Sebastian Bach; Karl Richter, Münchener Bach‐Chor, Münchener Bach‐Orchester 2
1987 Christmas Oratorio Johann Sebastian Bach; John Eliot Gardiner 2
1987 Weihnachts-Oratorium Johann Sebastian Bach; Concentus Musicus Wien, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1
1987 Concerto for harpsichord and strings Johann Sebastian Bach; Ivor Bolton 1
1987 Cantatas 82 & 202 Johann Sebastian Bach; Taverner Players, Andrew Parrott 1
1987 6 Sonatas for Violin & Harpsichord / 3 Sonatas for Viola da Gamba & Keyboard Bach; Glenn Gould, Jaime Laredo, Leonard Rose 1
1987 Bach Recital (Glenn Gould) Johann Sebastian Bach 1
1987 Baroque Oboe Concertos Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, Biscogli; Emilia Csanky, Gábor Dienes, Liszt Ferenc Chamber Orchestra 1
1987 Bauern- und Kaffee-Kantate Johann Sebastian Bach; Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1
1987 Brandenburg Concertos Nos. 1, 2, & 3 Johann Sebastian Bach; Capella Istropolitana, Bohdan Warchal 5
1987 Cantatas BWV 106 "Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit" (Actus tragicus), 131 "Aus den Tiefen rufe ich, Herr, zu dir" Johann Sebastian Bach; The Bach Ensemble, Joshua Rifkin 1
1987 Cantatas BWV 140 "Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme", 51 "Jauchzet Gott in allen Landen" Johann Sebastian Bach; The Bach Ensemble, Joshua Rifkin 2
1987 Cantatas BWV 147 "Herz und Mund und Tat und Leben", 80 "Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott" Johann Sebastian Bach; The Bach Ensemble, Joshua Rifkin 1
1987 Cello and Oboe Works Holliger, Bach; Thomas Demenga, Catrin Demenga, Heinz Holliger 1
1987 Cello Suites no. 1 in G BWV 1007 / no. 4 in E-flat BV 1010 / no. 5 in C minor BWV 1011 Bach; Paul Tortelier 1
1987 Clavier Übung III. Teil Johann Sebastian Bach; Zuzana Růžičková, Alena Veselá 3
1987 Coffee Cantata BWV 211 / Peasant Cantata BWV 212 Johann Sebastian Bach; Christopher Hogwood, Academy of Ancient Music 2
1987 Die Bach-Kantate, Volume 10: BWV 137, 129, 78 Johann Sebastian Bach; Bach-Ensemble, Helmuth Rilling 1
1987 Goldberg Variations (1965 recordings) Johann Sebastian Bach; Gustav Leonhardt 1
1987 Goldberg Variations / Italian Concerto / Chromatic Fantasy and Fugue Johann Sebastian Bach; Wanda Landowska 1
1987 Goldberg Variations BWV 988 Johann Sebastian Bach; Anthony Newman 1
1987 Goldberg-Variationen, BWV 988 Johann Sebastian Bach; Gustav Leonhardt 1
1987 Harpsichord Concertos Johann Sebastian Bach; Concentus Musicus Wien, Gustav Leonhardt, Herbert Tachezi 6
1987 Italian Concerto in F / Partita No. 1 / Toccata in D Johann Sebastian Bach; Dubravka Tomšič 5
1987 J.S. Bach: Concertos for One and Two Harpsichords Johann Sebastian Bach; Mary Jane Newman, Anthony Newman, Brandenburg Collegium Orchestra 1
1987 Johann Sebastian Bach, 3 Fantasias, Toccata, Capriccio, Italian Concerto Johann Sebastian Bach; Andrew Appel 1
1987 Johannes-Passion BWV 245 Johann Sebastian Bach; Kór Langholtskirkju, Jón Stefánsson 1
1987 Keyboard Concertos Bach; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Sir Neville Marriner, Andrei Gavrilov 1
1987 Les six suites pour violoncelle Johann Sebastian Bach; André Navarra 2
1987 Matthäus-Passion Johann Sebastian Bach; Gundula Janowitz, Christa Ludwig, Peter Schreier, Horst Laubenthal, Dietrich Fischer‐Dieskau, Walter Berry, Anton Diakov, Wiener Singverein, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 5 1
1987 Musikalisches Opfer Johann Sebastian Bach; Davitt Moroney 2
1987 Osteroratorium BWV 249 / Bleib bei uns BWV 6 Johann Sebastian Bach; Gächinger Kantorei Stuttgart, Bach‐Collegium Stuttgart & Helmuth Rilling 1
1987 Ouvertüren Nr. 1 & 2 Johann Sebastian Bach; Concentus Musicus Wien & Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1
1987 Ouvertüren Nr. 3 & 4 Johann Sebastian Bach; Concentus Musicus Wien, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1

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