Christoph Willibald (Ritter von) Gluck (German: [ˈkʁɪstɔf ˈvɪlɪbalt ˈɡlʊk]; 2 July 1714 – 15 November 1787) was a composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period. Born in the Upper Palatinate (now part of Germany) and raised in Bohemia, he gained prominence at the Habsburg court at Vienna, where he brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices that many intellectuals had been campaigning for over the years. With a series of radical new works in the 1760s, among them Orfeo ed Euridice and Alceste, he broke the stranglehold that Metastasian opera seria had enjoyed for much of the century.

The strong influence of French opera in these works encouraged Gluck to move to Paris, which he did in November 1773. Fusing the traditions of Italian opera and the French national genre into a new synthesis, Gluck wrote eight operas for the Parisian stages. One of the last of these, Iphigénie en Tauride, was a great success and is generally acknowledged to be his finest work. Though he was extremely popular and widely credited with bringing about a revolution in French opera, Gluck's mastery of the Parisian operatic scene was never absolute, and after the poor reception of his Echo et Narcisse he left Paris in disgust and returned to Vienna to live out the remainder of his life.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1986 Iphigénie en Tauride (Monteverdi Choir & Orchestre de l'Opéra de Lyon feat. conductor: John Eliot Gardiner) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1989 Orfeo ed Euridice (Rundfunkchor Berlin & Kammerorchester Carl Philip Emanuel Bach, feat. conductor: Hartmut Haenchen, singers: Kowalski, Schellenberger-Ernst) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1990 Armide (Les musiciens du Louvre feat. conductor: Mark Minkowski) Christoph Willibald Gluck 2
1990 Iphigénie en Aulide (Monteverdi Choir & Orchestre de l'Opéra de Lyon feat. conductor: John Eliot Gardiner) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1990 Orfeo ed Euridice Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1992 Orfeo ed Euridice Christoph Willibald Gluck, Dame Janet Baker, Elizabeth Gale, Elisabeth Speiser, Raymond Leppard & London Philharmonic Orchestra 1
1993 Orfeo e Euridice (The Glyndebourne Chorus & The London Philharmonic Orchestra, feat. conductor: Raymond Leppard, singers: Bake, Speiser, Gale) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1993 Don Juan : Le Festin de Pierre Christoph Willibald Von Gluck; English Baroque Soloists, Sir John Eliot Gardiner 1
1993 Don Juan / Semiramis (Tafelmusik On Period Instruments feat. conductor: Bruno Weil) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1993 Orfeo ed Euridice (Monteverdi Choir & English Baroque Soloists feat. conductor: John Eliot Gardiner) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1994 Ifigenia in Tauride (Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala, feat. conductor: Nino Sanzogno, singers: Callas, Cossotto, Albanese, Dondi, Colzani) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1995 Paride ed Elena (ORF Symphonieorchester, feat. conductor: Lothar Zagrosek, singers: Cotrubas, Bonisolli, Greenberg, Fontana) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1996 Orphée et Eurydice (San Francisco Opera Orchestra feat. conductor: Donald Runnicles, soprano: Dawn Upshaw, mezzo-soprano: Jennifer Larmore, soprano: Alison Hagley) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1997 Opera Arias Mozart, Haydn, Gluck; The English Concert, Trevor Pinnock; Anne Sofie von Otter 1
1998 Orfeo ed Euridice Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1998 Orfeo ed Euridice Gluck 1
1999 Orphée et Eurydice (Choer et Orchestre de la Radiodiffusion de Moscou, feat conductor: Samouïl Samossoud, singers: Kozlovsky, Choumskya, Sakharova, Talakhadze) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1999 Orphée et Eurydice, Berlioz version (Monteverdi Choir, Orchestre de l'Opéra de Lyon feat. conductor: John Eliot Gardiner) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
1999 Alceste Gluck; Drottningholm Theatre Chorus & Orchestra, Arnold Östman 1
1999 Die Hochzeit von Herkules und Hebe (Gesamtaufnahme) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2000 Orfeo ed Euridice (Rome Opera Orchestra & Chorus, feat. conductor Pierre Monteux, singers: Stevens, Della Casa, Peters) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2000 Iphigénie en Tauride Christoph Willibald Gluck; Boston Baroque, Martin Pearlman 1
2001 Iphigenie en Tauride Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2001 Dreams and Fables: Italian Arias Gluck; Cecilia Bartoli 2
2001 Orfeo & Euridice Gluck; René Jacobs, Bernarda Fink, Veronica Cangemi, María Cristina Kiehr, Freiburger Barockorchester, RIAS Kammerchor 1
2002 Iphigénie in Aulis (Rias Kammerchor und Sinfonieorchester, feat conductor: Arthur Rother, Musial, Krebs, Blatter, Fischer-Dieskau, Greindl) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2003 Bruckner: Symphony No. 6 / Gluck / Humperdinck Anton Bruckner; Otto Klemperer; Philharmonia Orchestra; Christoph Willibald Gluck; Engelbert Humperdinck 1
2004 L'innocenza giustificata (Cappella Coloniensis, feat. conductor: Christopher Moulds, singers: Bayo, Karasiak, De Liso, Cangemi) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2004 Opera Arias Gluck; Janet Baker, English Chamber Orchestra, Raymond Leppard 1
2004 Il Parnaso confuso Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2005 Paride ed Elena (Gabrieli Consort & Players feat. conductor: Paul McCreesh) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2007 Armida Gluck, Händel, Jommelli, Haydn; Annette Dasch 2
2008 Orfeo ed Euridice (Orquesta Sinfónica de Galicia, feat. conductor: Peter Maag, singers: Podles, Rodrigo, de la Merced) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2009 Orfeo ed Euridice Christoph Willibald Gluck; Giulietta Simionato, Sena Jurinac, Graziella Sciutti, Wiener Philharmoniker, Chor der Wiener Staatsoper, Herbert von Karajan 1
2010 Orphée et Eurydice (vocals: Juan Diego Florez, Ainhoa Garmendia, Alessandra Marianelli; cond: Jesus Lopez-Cobos; orch: Coro y Orquesta Titular del Teatro Real) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2011 Ezio Gluck; Alan Curtis, Il Complesso Barocco 1
Alceste Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
Antonio Vivaldi: As quatro estações, Il Cardellino / C. W. Gluck: Minueto e dança dos espíritos bem-aventurados A. Vivaldi, C.W. Gluck; Camerata Fukuda 1
Bauci e Filemone (Les Talens Lyriques) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
Piano Works J.S. Bach, Handel, Gluck; Wilhelm Kempff 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Moonlight Sonata Gluck - Beethoven - Berlioz - Chopin - Liszt - Tchaikovsky 1
1989 Meditation, Volume 1 Albinoni, Vivaldi, Bach, Gluck, Mozart, Schumann, Handel, Liszt 1
1994 Le temps des castrats Georg Friedrich Händel, Henry Purcell, Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Adolf Hasse, Nicola Porpora, Antonio Caldara, Christoph Willibald Gluck, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Gioachino Rossini 1
1996 Die Klassiksammlung 99: Gluck: Musikalische Reform Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2007 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 9: Orfeo ed Euridice (La Petite Bande feat. conductor: Sigiswald Kuijken) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
Orpheus und Eurydike (Hermann Prey, Pilar Lorengar, Erika Köth) (Highlights) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2002 Orfeo ed Euridice Christoph Willibald Gluck; Drottningholm Theatre Chorus and Orchestra, Arnold Östman, Ann-Christin Biel, Maya Boog, Kerstin Avemo 1
2004 Orphée et Eurydice (2002 Paris cast, 1774 French version) Christoph Willibald Gluck; Richard Croft, Mireille Delunsch, Marion Harousseau, Les Musiciens du Louvre, Marc Minkowski 2

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1989 Le Cinesi Christoph Willibald Gluck 1
2011 Iphigenie auf Tauris (deutsch) (Chor & Orchester des Kölner Rundfunks, feat. conductor: Joseph Keilberth, singers: Zadek, Prey, Gedda, Cordes, Wallenstein) Christoph Willibald Gluck 1

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