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Ludwig van Beethoven ( ( listen); German: [ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːthoːfn̩] ( listen); baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Classical music, he remains one of the most recognised and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies; 5 piano concertos; 1 violin concerto; 32 piano sonatas; 16 string quartets; a mass, the Missa solemnis; and an opera, Fidelio.

Beethoven was born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire. He displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe. At the age of 21 Beethoven moved to Vienna, where he began studying composition with Joseph Haydn and gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. By his late 20s his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost completely deaf. In 1811 he gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from these last 15 years of his life.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1998 Symphony no. 9 in D minor Ludwig van Beethoven; Orquesta Sinfónica del Estado de México, Enrique Bátiz 2
1998 Symphony No. 9 in D minor (Rene Leibowitz, RPO) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1998 Three String Trios, op. 9 Beethoven; The Leopold Trio 1
1998 Violinkonzert / Klavierkonzert Nr. 5 Ludwig van Beethoven; Vera Beths, Jos van Immerseel, Tafelmusik, Bruno Weil 2
1998 Von Karajan inédito 6 Ludwig van Beethoven, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; Herbert von Karajan 1
1999 Classical Baby Beethoven Collection Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 Bach-Busoni: Chaconne / Beethoven: Rondo, op. 51 no. 2 / Rondo a capriccio, op. 129 / Schumann: Kreisleriana, op. 16 Bach/Busoni, Beethoven, Schumann; Evgeny Kissin 1
1999 "Pathétique" / "Mondschein" / "Waldstein" Ludwig van Beethoven; Alexeï Lubimov 1
1999 Beethoven: Concerto for Violin / Bernstein: Serenade Beethoven, Bernstein; Hilary Hahn, David Zinman, Baltimore Symphony Orchestra 1
1999 Bernstein Century: Beethoven Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 7 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 Symphony no. 7 / plus encores and speeches by Sir Thomas Beecham Beethoven; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham 1
1999 String Quartets Op. 74, Op. 95, Op. 135 Beethoven; Eroica Quartet 1
1999 Symphonies Nos. 1, 2 Beethoven; Tonhalle‐Orchester Zürich, David Zinman 1
1999 Symphony No. 9 Beethoven; Tonhalle‐Orchester Zürich, David Zinman 3 1
1999 The Piano Sonatas: Op. 27 no. 1 / Op. 27 no. 2 "Moonlight" / Op. 28 "Pastoral" Ludwig van Beethoven; Louis Lortie 2
1999 Diabelli Variations Ludwig van Beethoven; Olli Mustonen 1
1999 Symphony 7, Overtures 'Egmont' & 'Leonore 3' & 'Consecration of the House' Ludwig van Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
1999 The Complete Violin Sonatas: Volume 2 Ludwig van Beethoven; Wilhelm Kempff, Yehudi Menuhin 1
1999 Fidelio Ludwig van Beethoven; Chor der Staatsoper Dresden, Staatskapelle Dresden, Karl Böhm 1
1999 Symphonie Nr. 9 Ludwig van Beethoven; Gundula Janowitz, Hilde Rössel-Majdan, Waldemar Kmentt, Walter Berry, Wiener Singverein & Berliner Philharmoniker & Karajan 1
1999 Die 5 Klavierkonzerte Ludwig van Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda, Wiener Philharmoniker, Horst Stein 2
1999 String Quartets, Volume 1: Op. 18 Nos. 1 & 5 (Alexander String Quartet) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 String Quartets, Volume 6: Op. 95 & Op. 127 (Alexander String Quartet) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 Bagatelles and Dances, Volume 1 Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 1
1999 String Quartets, Volume 5: Quartet, op. 59 no. 2 "Razumovsky" / Quartet, op. 74 "Harp" Ludwig van Beethoven; Kodály Quartet 1
1999 Beethoven: Violinkonzert / Haydn: Sinfonia concertante Ludwig van Beethoven, Joseph Haydn 1
1999 Klaviersonaten Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 String Quartets, Volume 8: Op. 131 & Op. 135 (Alexander String Quartet) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 Beethoven: Piano Trio in B-flat, op. 97 "Archduke" / Schubert: Piano Trio no. 1 in B-flat, D 898 Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert; Alfred Cortot, Jacques Thibaud, Pablo Casals 2
1999 The Violin Sonatas: "Kreutzer" / "Spring" Beethoven; Itzhak Perlman, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1999 Piano Concerto no. 4 / Piano Sonatas opp. 109 & 110 Beethoven; New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur, Hélène Grimaud 2
1999 Fidelio Beethoven; Hungarian Radio Chorus, Nicolaus Esterházy Sinfonia, Michael Halász 1
1999 Symphonies Nos. 5, 7 Beethoven; Philharmonia Orchestra, Benjamin Zander 1
1999 Symphonien 3 "Eroica" & 8 Ludwig van Beethoven; Leonard Bernstein 1
1999 Bernstein in Vienna: Symphonies Nos. 4, 6, 9 Beethoven; Leonard Bernstein 1
1999 String Quartets, Volume 6: Quartet, op. 59 no. 3 "Razumovsky" / Quartet in E-flat major, op. 127 Ludwig van Beethoven; Kodály Quartet 1
1999 Bagatelles and Dances, Volume 2 Ludwig van Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 1
1999 Symphonies Nos. 7, 8 & 9 (Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Rafael Kubelik) Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1999 Complete Piano Music, Volume 15: Symphonies nos. 2 & 5 (Piano Transcriptions) Beethoven / Franz Liszt; Konstantin Scherbakov 1
1999 Piano Concerto No. 5 / Piano Sonata No. 23 (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor: Bernard Haitink, piano: András Schiff) Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1999 Piano Concertos Nos. 3, 4 Ludwig van Beethoven; Staatskapelle Dresden, Bernard Haitink, András Schiff 2
1999 String Quartets, Volume 7: Quartet in A minor, op. 132 / Quartet in F major, H. 34 Ludwig van Beethoven; Kodály Quartet 1
1999 8 sonates pour flûte et piano Ludwig van Beethoven; Alain Marion, Denis Pascal 1
1999 Beethoven / Nordal / Dvorák Beethoven, Nordal, Dvořák; Tríó Reykjavíkur 1
1999 Beethoven for RELAXation Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Symphony no. 7 / Mozart: Symphony no. 35 Beethoven, Mozart; Zinka Milanov, Kerstin Thorborg, Koloman von Pataky, Nicola Moscona, BBC Choral Society, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Arturo Toscanini 1
1999 Beethoven: Symphony No. 6 / Schubert: Symphony No. 4 Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1999 Beethoven: Violin Concerto / Mozart: Symphony no. 40 Beethoven, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; Richard Tognetti, Australian Chamber Orchestra, Anthony Halstead 1
1999 Classical Trios for Flute & Strings Haydn, Beethoven, Stamitz, Devienne; Andre-Gilles Duchemin, Andor Toth, Andor Toth, Jr., Mario Duchemin 1
1999 Complete Piano Sonatas, Vol. 2 Beethoven; Gerard Willems 1
1999 Concerto no. 4 in G major, op. 58 / Sonata in E♭ major, op. 31 no. 3 Beethoven; Aldo Mancinelli, Czech National Symphony Orchestra, Paul Freeman 1
1999 Concerto no. 5 Beethoven; Vienna Philharmonic, Simon Rattle, Alfred Brendel 1
1999 Concertos pour Piano nos. 4 et 5 Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda, Horst Stein 1
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Brahms: 4 Ballades, op. 10 / Schubert: Piano Sonata D. 537 / Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 4, op. 7 Brahms, Schubert, Beethoven; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 1
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Symphony no. 2 / Symphony no. 4 Ludwig van Beethoven; Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Rafael Kubelík 1
1999 Frühe Bläsermusik (Bläser der Berliner Philharmoniker) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 Haydn, Beethoven, Reger Haydn, Beethoven, Reger; Sviatoslav Richter, Andreas Lucewicz 1
1999 Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven; Hans Knappertsbusch 1
1999 Ludwig Van Beethoven Symphony No. 5 Masters of the Millenium Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 Michelangeli Vol.4: Beethoven Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Beethoven 1
1999 Piano Concerto no. 5 / Piano Sonata no. 23 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle, Alfred Brendel 2
1999 Piano Sonatas Op. 10 & Op. 28 Beethoven; Stephen Kovacevich 1
1999 Quintets for Fortepiano & Wind Instruments Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven; Robert Levin, Academy of Ancient Music Chamber Ensemble 1
1999 Sinfonie Nr. 9 Beethoven; Anima Eterna Brugge, Jos van Immerseel 1
1999 Sonatas No. 5 "Spring" & No. 9 "Kreutzer Sonata" Ludwig van Beethoven; Yehudi Menuhin, Wilhelm Kempff 1
1999 Streichquartette Op. 18 Nr. 4 & Op. 131 Beethoven; Hagen Quartett 1
1999 String Quartet in E flat Op. 127 / String Quartet in C sharp Op. 131 Ludwig van Beethoven; Melos Quartet 1
1999 String Quartets Nos. 1-3 Beethoven; Alban Berg Quartett 1
1999 Symphonie no. 9 Beethoven; Melanie Diener, Petra Lang, Endrik Wottrich, Dietrich Henschel, La Chapelle Royale, Collegium Vocale, Orchestre des Champs‐Élysées, Philippe Herreweghe 5 1
1999 Symphonies nos. 7 & 8 Beethoven; Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Karl Böhm 1
1999 Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" Beethoven; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1999 The Complete String Quartets, Volume VI Ludwig van Beethoven; Pražák Quartet 1
1999 World's Greatest Masterpieces: Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2000 Gloriosas melodias de beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2000 Symphony No. 9 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 5 5
2000 Die Sonaten für Klavier und Violine Ludwig van Beethoven; Wilhelm Kempff, Wolfgang Schneiderhan 1
2000 BBC Music, Volume 8, Number 7: Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Liszt, and Schubert Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Liszt, Schubert; Paul Lewis 1
2000 Symphonie No 5 et 6 (Kletzki) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2000 The Rubinstein Collection, Volume 77: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 Beethoven; Arthur Rubinstein, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 1
2000 Sonatas Beethoven; Peter Serkin 1
2000 Symphony no. 5 / Symphony no. 7 Beethoven; Berlin State Opera Orchestra, Richard Strauss 1
2000 Beethoven: Symphonien 5 & 8 / Mozart: Adagio & Fugue / Divertimento 17: Adagio Beethoven, Mozart; Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
2000 Symphonies Nos. 4, 7 Beethoven; The London Classical Players, Roger Norrington 1
2000 Lettre à Élise; Sonate Op. 110 Ludwig van Beethoven; Brigitte Engerer 1
2000 Piano Sonatas, op. 31 nos. 1-3 Beethoven; Louis Lortie 2
2000 Diabelli Variationen Beethoven; Maurizio Pollini 1
2000 Klavierkonzerte 2 & 3 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Horst Stein, Friedrich Gulda 2
2000 Piano Concertos Nos. 4 & 5 "Emperor" Ludwig van Beethoven; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, Bernard Haitink, Claudio Arrau 2
2000 Complete String Quartets, Volume 8: op. 130 in B-flat major / Grosse Fuge, op. 133 Ludwig van Beethoven; Kodály Quartet 3
2000 Missa Solemnis Beethoven; Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Leonard Bernstein 1
2000 Piano Concerto No.1 / Meerestille und glückliche Fahrt / Choral Fantasy Beethoven; Maurizio Pollini, Wiener Philharmoniker, Eugen Jochum, Claudio Abbado 1
2000 Piano Sonata No. 23 / No. 28 / No. 30 / No. 31 Beethoven; Solomon 1
2000 Piano Sonatas nos. 17, 18, 21 Waldstein & 22 Ludwig van Beethoven; Solomon 1
2000 Symphony no. 9 Beethoven; Staatskapelle Berlin, Daniel Barenboim 1
2000 The Sonatas for Piano and Cello Beethoven; Mstislav Rostropovich, Sviatoslav Richter 2
2000 An die ferne Geliebte Beethoven, Haydn, Mozart; Wolfgang Holzmair 1
2000 Archduke & Ghost Trios Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2000 Beethoven: Horn Quintet, op. 16 / Mozart: Horn Quintet, K. 407 / Brahms: Horn Trio, op. 40 Beethoven, Mozart, Brahms; Dennis Brain, English String Quartet, Dennis Brain Wind Ensemble 1
2000 Beethoven: Sonata no. 23, op. 57 "Appassionata" / 32 Variations, WoO 80 / Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition Beethoven, Mussorgsky; Sergio Perticaroli 1
2000 Berühmte Sonaten Ludwig van Beethoven 1

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