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Ludwig van Beethoven (/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbˌtvən/, /ˈbtˌhvən/; German: [ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːtˌhoˑfn̩]; baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, 16 string quartets, his great Mass the Missa solemnis, and one opera, Fidelio.

Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe. At the age of 21 he moved to Vienna, where he began studying composition with Joseph Haydn and gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. By his late 20s his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost completely deaf. In 1811 he gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from these last 15 years of his life.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1987 Piano Concerto No. 5 / Piano Sonata No. 32, Op. 111 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Ferdinand Leitner, Wilhelm Kempff 1
1987 Piano Concerto No. 5 in E-flat major for piano and orchestra, Op. 73 "Emperor" Ludwig van Beethoven; Murray Perahia, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 2
1987 Symphonien nos. 2 & 7 Ludwig van Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1987 Symphonien Nr. 1 & 4 Ludwig van Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Symphony No. 9 Beethoven; The London Classical Players, Roger Norrington 4
1987 Triple Concerto / Piano Trio Op.121a "Kakadu" Variations Beethoven; Beaux Arts Trio, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
1987 Violinsonaten nos. 4 & 5 “Frühling” Ludwig van Beethoven; Gidon Kremer, Martha Argerich 1
1987 Symphony No. 6 Op. 68 "Pastoral", Choral Fantasy Op. 80 etc. Ludwig van Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1987 "Emperor" Concerto / "Choral" Fantasy Beethoven; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Alfred Brendel 3
1987 "Eroica" Variations, op. 35 / Six Bagatelles, op. 126 / Sonata no. 12 in A-flat, op. 26 Ludwig van Beethoven; Roland Pöntinen 1
1987 Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven; Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio 1
1987 Cello Sonatas Nos. 3, 5 Beethoven; Yo‐Yo Ma, Emanuel Ax 1
1987 Christus am Ölberge Oratorio, Op. 85 (Chœurs et Orchestre National de Lyon feat. conductor: Serge Baudo) Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1987 Concertos for Piano Nos. 3, 4 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Ferdinand Leitner, Wilhelm Kempff 2
1987 Die Geschopfe des Prometheus Ludwig van Beethoven; Orpheus Chamber Orchestra 2
1987 Klavierkonzert No. 3 (live) Beethoven; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Wiener Symphoniker, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1987 Klaviersonaten nos. 30 & 31 Ludwig van Beethoven; Emil Gilels 1
1987 Klaviersonaten Nr. 9, 10, 12, 22 Ludwig van Beethoven; Rudolf Buchbinder 1
1987 Klaviersonaten Nr. 15, 19, 20, 24, 25 Ludwig van Beethoven; Rudolf Buchbinder 1
1987 Klaviersonaten op. 10 Nr. 1-3 Beethoven; Rudolf Buchbinder 1
1987 Piano Concertos No. 2 & 3 (Berlin Philharmoniker feat. Daniel Barenboim) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1987 Piano Sonatas Nos. 17, 18, 26 Ludwig van Beethoven; Murray Perahia 1
1987 Piano Sonatas, Volume 1: Moonlight / Pathétique / Appassionata Ludwig van Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 8
1987 Piano Sonatas, Volume II: Waldstein / Tempest / Les Adieux Beethoven; John O'Conor 1
1987 Piano Sonatas: Op. 57 "Appassionata" / Op. 111 "The Last Great Piano Sonata" Ludwig van Beethoven; Carol Rosenberger 2
1987 Piano Trios (piano: Wilhelm Kempff, violin: Henryk Szeryng, cello: Pierre Fournier) Ludwig van Beethoven; Wilhelm Kempff, Pierre Fournier, Henryk Szeryng 1
1987 Piano Trios op. 70 no. 1 'Ghost', op. 97 'Archduke' Beethoven; The Borodin Trio 1
1987 Quintets for Piano and Wind Instruments Mozart, Beethoven; Ensemble Wien-Berlin, James Levine 1
1987 Schubert: A Minor String Quartet / Beethoven: 'Harp' Quartet Franz Schubert, Ludwig van Beethoven; Brodsky String Quartet 1
1987 Sinfonie №9 Beethoven; Sinfonie-Orchester des Norddeutschen Rundfunks, Günter Wand 3
1987 String Quartets op. 59 no. 3 "Rasumovsky / op. 74 "Harp" Beethoven; Alban Berg Quartett 1
1987 Symphonien Nr. 5 & 7 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1987 Symphonies Nos. 2, 8 Beethoven; The London Classical Players, Roger Norrington 1
1987 Symphonies nos. 3 & 1 Ludwig van Beethoven; Dresdner Philharmonie, Herbert Kegel 2
1987 Symphonies Nos. 4, 5 Beethoven; Academy of Ancient Music, Christopher Hogwood 1
1987 Symphonies Nos. 5 & 8 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1987 Symphonies nos. 7, 2 Ludwig van Beethoven; Dresdner Philharmonie, Herbert Kegel 2
1987 Symphony no. 5 / Symphony no. 4 Beethoven; Dresden Philharmonic, Herbert Kegel 2
1987 Symphony no. 6 "Pastorale" / Symphony no. 8 Beethoven; Dresden Philharmonic, Herbert Kegel 1
1987 Symphony no. 9 Beethoven; Arturo Toscanini 2
1987 Symphony No. 9 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 2
1987 Symphony no. 9 'Choral' Beethoven; Dresden Philharmonic, Herbert Kegel 2
1987 Symphony no. 9 "Choral" Beethoven; The Cleveland Orchestra, The Cleveland Orchestra Chorus, George Szell 1
1987 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1 / Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5 “Emperor” Tchaikovsky, Beethoven; Vladimir Horowitz 2
1987 Triplo Concerto per violino, violoncello, pianoforte e orchestra in Do maggiore Op. 56 / Sonata per pianoforte No. 17 in Re minore Op. 31 No. 2 "La tempesta" Beethoven; Oistrakh, Rostropovich, Richter, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1987 Violin Concertos Beethoven, Mendelssohn; Uto Ughi, London Symphony Orchestra, Wolfgang Sawallisch, Georges Prêtre 1
1987 Violin Sonatas Nos. 1, 2 & 3 Beethoven; Itzhak Perlman, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1987 Violinkonzert Beethoven; Yehudi Menuhin, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 1
1988 Beethoven: Piano Concerto no. 4 / Mozart: Piano Concerto no. 25 Beethoven, Mozart; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell, Leon Fleisher 1
1988 Violin Concerto / Romances Beethoven; Philharmonia Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli, Shlomo Mintz 1
1988 Symphony no. 3 in E-flat / Coriolan Overture Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Wyn Morris 1
1988 Piano Sonatas, Volume 2: “Waldstein” / “Tempest” / “Les Adieux” Ludwig van Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 2
1988 Beethoven: Missa Solemnis in D major, op. 123 / Mozart: Mass in C minor, K. 427 "The Great" Ludwig van Beethoven, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Robert Shaw 1
1988 Schubert: Der Tod und das Mädchen / Beethoven: Quartetto serioso op. 95 Schubert, Beethoven; Emerson String Quartet 1
1988 Piano Concertos Nos. 3 & 4 Beethoven; Stefan Vladar, Capella Istropolitana, Barry Wordsworth 2
1988 Symphonies Nos. 1, 6 "Pastorale" Beethoven; The London Classical Players, Roger Norrington 1
1988 Cello Sonatas, Op. 5 / Variations on Handel's "See the conq'ring hero" / Variations on Mozart's "Ein Mädchen oder Weibchen" Beethoven; Melvyn Tan, Anthony Pleeth 1
1988 Cello Sonatas, Opp. 69, 102 / Variations on Mozart's "Bei Männern" Beethoven; Melvyn Tan, Anthony Pleeth 1
1988 Piano Sonatas, Volume 3: Op. 2, nos. 1-3 Ludwig van Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 2
1988 Piano Sonatas, Volume 5: Op. 10, nos. 1-3 / Op. 79 Ludwig van Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 2
1988 Piano Sonatas, Volume 6: Op. 14, nos. 1 & 2 / Op. 78 / Op. 90 / Op. 101 Ludwig van Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 3
1988 Diabelli-Variationen Ludwig van Beethoven; Sviatoslav Richter 2
1988 Piano Concertos nos. 2 & 5 Beethoven; Stefan Vladar, Capella Istropolitana, Barry Wordsworth 2
1988 Symphonies nos. 7 & 4 Ludwig van Beethoven; Zagreb Philharmonic, Richard Edlinger 5 2
1988 Overtures (Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Stephen Gunzenhauser) Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1988 Piano Concerto No. 1 / Rondo in B-flat WoO 6 Beethoven; Stefan Vladar, Capella Istropolitana, Barry Wordsworth 2
1988 Piano Sonatas, Volume 7: Op. 26 / Op. 31, nos. 1 & 3 Ludwig van Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 1
1988 Piano Sonatas, Volume 8: Op. 7 / Op. 49 nos. 1 & 2 / Op. 54 / Op. 27 no. 1 Ludwig van Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 2
1988 Piano Sonatas, Voume 4: Op. 109 / op. 110 / op. 111 Beethoven; Jenő Jandó 3
1988 Symphonies nos. 5 & 2 Beethoven; Zagreb Philharmonic, Richard Edlinger 5 3
1988 Symphony no. 3 "Eroica" / Symphony no. 8 Ludwig van Beethoven; Zagreb Philharmonic, Richard Edlinger, CSR Symphony Orchestra, Michael Halász 4 2
1988 Symphony no. 9 "Choral" Ludwig van Beethoven; Zagreb Philharmonic, Richard Edlinger 5 1
1988 11 neue Bagatellen, op. 119 / 6 Bagatellen, op. 126 Beethoven; Valéry Afanassiev 1
1988 Archduke Trio / Kakadu Variations Beethoven; Jaime Laredo, Sharon Robinson, Joseph Kalichstein 1
1988 Beethoven Choral Symphony (Northern Sinfonia of England feat. conductor: Richard Hickox) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1988 Beethoven Collection, Vol. 1: Symphony no. 5 / Symphony no. 4 Ludwig van Beethoven; Hungarian Philharmonic Orchestra, János Ferencsik 3
1988 Beethoven Collection, Vol. 2: Symphony no. 3 'Eroica' / Symphony no. 8 Ludwig van Beethoven; Hungarian Philharmonic Orchestra, János Ferencsik 2
1988 Beethoven Collection, Vol. 3: Symphony no. 6 'Pastoral' / Symphony no. 2 Ludwig van Beethoven; Hungarian Philharmonic Orchestra, János Ferencsik 2
1988 Beethoven Collection, Vol. 4: Symphony no. 7 / Symphony no. 1 Ludwig van Beethoven; Hungarian Philharmonic Orchestra, János Ferencsik 2
1988 Beethoven Collection, Vol. 5: Symphony no. 9 'Choral' Ludwig van Beethoven; Hungarian Philharmonic Orchestra, János Ferencsik 2
1988 Beethoven: Für Elise, Fantasie H-Dur, Die Wuth über den verlornen Groschen, 32 Variationen C-Moll / Haydn: Klaviersonate Nr. 62 Beethoven, Haydn; Rudolf Buchbinder 2
1988 Beethoven: Op. 135 / Schostakowitsch Op. 144 Ludwig van Beethoven, Dimitri Schostakowitsch; Brodsky Quartet 1
1988 Beethoven: Symphony no. 5 / Leonore Overture no. 3 / Schubert: Symphony no. 8 "Unfinished" Beethoven, Schubert; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch 2
1988 Cello Sonatas 3 & 5 Beethoven; Jacqueline du Pré, Stephen Bishop-Kovacevich 1
1988 Concerto for Piano and Orchestra no. 5 in E-flat major, op. 73 "Emperor" / Sonata for Piano no. 27 in E minor, op. 90 Ludwig van Beethoven; Orchester der Wiener Staatsoper, Hans Swarowsky, Friedrich Gulda 1
1988 Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in D major, op. 61 / Symphony no. 1 in C major, op. 21 Ludwig van Beethoven, New York Philharmonic, Jascha Heifetz & Dimitri Mitropoulos 1
1988 Fidelio Beethoven; Dernesch, Vickers, Kelemen, Ridderbusch, Chor der Deutschen Oper Berlin, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 3
1988 First Recording of Beethoven Symphony No. 10, 1st Movement / Overture: Coriolan / Overture: Egmont (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Wyn Morris) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1988 Klavierkonzerte 3 & 4 Beethoven; Alexis Weissenberg, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1988 Mendelssohn Octet / Beethoven Septet Mendelssohn / Beethoven 1
1988 Missa solemnis Beethoven; Janowitz, Baltsa, Schreier, van Dam, Singverein der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde Wien, Berliner Philharmoniker, Karajan 1
1988 Mozart: Piano Concerto no. 24 / Beethoven: Piano Concerto no. 3 Mozart, Beethoven; Glenn Gould 2
1988 Piano Concerto no. 3 / Piano Sonata, op. 10 no. 2 Beethoven; Claudio Arrau, Staatskapelle Dresden, Sir Colin Davis 1
1988 Piano Concerto no. 5 "Emperor" Beethoven; Alexis Weissenberg, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1988 Piano Concerto no. 5 “Emperor” / Piano Concerto no. 2 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1988 Piano Concertos 1 & 2 Beethoven; The Cleveland Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1988 Piano Concertos 1 & 2 Ludwig van Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1988 Piano Concertos 1 & 2 Beethoven; Claudio Arrau, Staatskapelle Dresden, Sir Colin Davis 1
1988 Piano Concertos 1 & 3 Beethoven; Rudolf Serkin 1
1988 Piano Concertos Nos. 3 & 4 Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1

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