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Ludwig van Beethoven (/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbˌtvən/, /ˈbtˌhvən/; German: [ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːtˌhoˑfn̩]; baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, 16 string quartets, his great Mass the Missa solemnis, and one opera, Fidelio.

Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe. At the age of 21 he moved to Vienna, where he began studying composition with Joseph Haydn, and gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. By his late 20s his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost totally deaf. In 1811 he gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from these last 15 years of his life.

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Discography

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1989 Symphonies 6 & 8 Ludwig van Beethoven; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Walter Weller 1
1990 The Essence of the Beethoven Symphonies Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1990 Beethoven Piano Concertos Nos. 4, 5 (Boston Symphony Orchestra feat. piano: Arthur Rubinstein) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1990 Beethoven: Mass in C (Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Chorus feat. conductor: Robert Shaw) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1990 Liszt: Concerto per pianoforte no. 1 / Schubert: Ouverture Rosamunde / Beethoven: Sinfonia no. 8 Liszt, Schubert, Beethoven; Dresdner Philharmonie, Kurt Masur 1
1990 Symphonies Nos. 2, 7 (NBC Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Arturo Toscanini) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1990 Violin Concertos Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms; Jascha Heifetz, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner 1
1991 Das Grosse Klassikerlebnis / Die Grossen Komponisten Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Schubert, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Antonio Vivaldi, Peter Tschaikowsky, Robert Schumann, Johann Sebastian Bach 1
1991 Symphonie Nr. 9 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1992 Famous Variations and Bagatells Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Symphony No. 5, Op. 67 & "Egmont" Op. 84 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" / Coriolan / Fidelio Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1993 Symphony no. 9 in D minor, op. 125 (Stockholm, December 1943) Ludwig van Beethoven; Wilhelm Furtwängler, Stockholms Konserthusförenings orkester 1
1994 Symphonie Nr. 9 Op. 125 D-moll Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1995 Piano Concerto No. 1 In C Major Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1996 Classical Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1996 String Quartet, op. 130 / Grosse Fuge, op. 133 Ludwig van Beethoven; Cleveland Quartet 1
1997 Piano Concertos Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1997 Third Symphonie: "Heroica" Ludwig van Beethoven; Orquestra sinfônica SWF de Baden Baden, Woldemar Nelsson 2
1998 Piano Sonatas: in B flat major, Nr. 11, Op. 22; in A flat Major, Nr. 12, Op. 26; in C major, Nr. 21, Op. 53 "Waldstein" / Maurizio Pollini Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1999 Symphony no. 7 / plus encores and speeches by Sir Thomas Beecham Beethoven; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham 1
2000 Bach: Goldberg Variations / Beethoven: Diabelli Variations Bach, Beethoven; Daniel Barenboim 1
2001 Beethoven's Greatest Hits, Volume 1 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2002 Romances nos. 1 & 2 / "Moonlight" / "Waldstein" / "Pathétique" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Piano Concertos nos. 4, 5 “Emperor” Ludwig van Beethoven; Hans Richter-Haaser, Philharmonia Orchestra, István Kertész 1
2005 Symphony No. 6 "Pastoral" / Overture: Egmont Ludwig van Beethoven; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Mark Ermler 1
2006 Ses enregistrements 1930-1956 Beethoven, Schubert, Chopin, Brahms, Schumann, Franck, Liszt, Стравинский; Yves Nat 1
2008 Beethoven: L'Idéal de la Révolution francaise Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2009 Beethoven: The Complete Piano Concertos Ludwig van Beethoven; Richard Goode, Iván Fischer, Budapest Festival Orchestra 1
2010 The World's Greatest Composers: Beethoven - Disc 1 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2013 Symphony no. 5 in C minor, op. 67 / Edgemont Overture Beethoven; Josef Krips, London Symphony Orchestra 2
2014 Cello Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven; Steven Isserlis, Robert Levin 1
2016 Piano Concertos Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
"Emperor" Piano Concerto No. 5 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2 Violin Romances / Piano Sonatas Nos. 14, 21, 8 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
7a. Sinfonma, Dos Oberturas Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven - Haydn Beethoven / Haydn 1
Beethoven - The Piano Concertos (Wiener Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Krystian Zimerman) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven Immortal: Sonatas Para Piano 3, 12 Y 17 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven Piano Concertos Nos. 3 & 4 (Emanuel Ax, piano) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven Piano Concertos Nr. 1 & 2 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven Piano Sonatas by Artur Schnabel Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven Sonatas No 13, 14, 23 (Andre Watts) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven String Quartets, Op. 18, No. 6 , No. 1 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven: Piano Concerto Nos. 3, 4 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven: Violin Concerto / Haydn: Sinfonia Concertante Ludwig van Beethoven & Joseph Haydn 1
Beethoven's Greatest Hits, Volume 2 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Beethoven/The Great Composers Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Berühmte Werke Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Best of the Classics Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Busch Quartet Ludwig van Beethoven; Busch Quartet 1
Classic Voyage Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Classical Highlights (Dolby Surround) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Collection Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Beethoven Edition - Compactotheque Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Beethoven Piano Sonatas, Volume 3 Татьяна Пeтрoвнa Николаева; Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Beethoven Piano Sonatas, Volume 4 Татьяна Пeтрoвнa Николаева; Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Beethoven Piano Sonatas, Volume 5 Татьяна Пeтрoвнa Николаева; Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Beethoven Piano Sonatas, Volume 6 Татьяна Пeтрoвнa Николаева; Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Beethoven Piano Sonatas, Volume 7 Татьяна Пeтрoвнa Николаева; Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Beethoven Piano Sonatas, Volume 8 Татьяна Пeтрoвнa Николаева; Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Beethoven Piano Sonatas, Volume 9 Ludwig van Beethoven; Tatiana Nikolayeva 1
Complete Piano Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Piano Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Piano Sonatas on Period Instruments v01 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Complete Piano Trios, Volume 2 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Concerto No. 5 "Emperor" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Concerto Per Pianoforte E Orchestra in Re Maggiore - Sonata Per Pianoforte N.8 'Patetica' Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Concertos pour violon Ludwig van Beethoven 1
De klassiska kompositörerna Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Die Klaviersonaten Nr. 16-22; Barenboim Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Dolby Surround Classics Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Excelsior Classic Gold - Piano Concertos No. 1+2 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Famous Piano Sonates Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Favorites from the Classics Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Für Elise: The Magic of the Piano Beethoven, Schumann, Mozart, Liszt, Chopin, Schubert & Gershwin 1
Great Composers - Beethoven Concert - Disc A Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Greatest Hits Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Kempff Plays Beethoven Beethoven; Wilhelm Kempff 1
Klaviersonaten Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Les Maître du Classique Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Les six quatuors op.18 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Ludwig van Beethoven's 32 Piano Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven; Robert Silverman 1
Melodic Masterpieces Ludwig van Beethoven 1
MIC206 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Mondscheinsonate & Kalvierkonzert Nr. 1 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Mozart: Sonatas for Violin and Piano, K. 378 & K. 379 / Beethoven: Sonata no. 4 for Violin and Piano, op. 23 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven; Sviatoslav Richter, Oleg Kagan 1
Overtures Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Overtures Ludwig van Beethoven; The Hanover Band 1
Overtures (Arturo Toscanini) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concerto No 5 & Symphony No 2 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concerto No. 5 - Rondo - Overture "Fidelio" & "Leonore III" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concerto No.3 and Sonata Op.13 "Pathetique" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concerto Nos. 4, 5 "The Emperor" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concertos Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concertos 1 & 2 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano concertos Nos.1 & 2 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concertos, Volume 2 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven 1

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