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Ludwig van Beethoven (/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbˌtvən/, /ˈbtˌhvən/; German: [ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːtˌhoˑfn̩]; baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, 16 string quartets, his great Mass the Missa solemnis, and one opera, Fidelio.

Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe. At the age of 21 he moved to Vienna, where he began studying composition with Joseph Haydn, and gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. By his late 20s his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost totally deaf. In 1811 he gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from these last 15 years of his life.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2003 The Complete String Quartets Beethoven; The Lindsays 1
2003 Beethoven: Piano Concerto No 5 / Brahms, Schubert, Chopin Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms, Franz Schubert, Fryderyk Chopin, Arthur Rubinstein, Philharmonia Orchestra & Eugene Ormandy 1
2003 Rudolf Serkin plays Beethoven: Three Favorite Sonatas Beethoven; Rudolf Serkin 1
2003 The 9 Symphonies Beethoven; NBC Symphony Orchestra, Arturo Toscanini 1
2003 Arrau Heritage: Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven; Claudio Arrau 1
2003 Lifescapes: Beethoven's Moonlight Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Rhapsody in Blue: Beethoven Piano Sonatas (Istvan Szekely) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Sibelius: Symphony no. 2 / Tchaikovsky: Sleeping Beauty Suite / Beethoven: Egmont Overture Jean Sibelius, Пётр Ильич Чайковский, Ludwig van Beethoven; BBC Symphony Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski 1
2003 String Quartets Ludwig van Beethoven; Borodin String Quartet 1
2003 Symphonies Beethoven; Simon Rattle, Wiener Philharmoniker 2
2003 The Complete Piano Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven; Stephen Kovacevich 5 1
2004 The Art of Julius Katchen, Volume 1 Beethoven; Julius Katchen, Piero Gamba 1
2004 The Best of Beethoven, Volume 1 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 The String Quartets / Grosse Fuge Beethoven; Guarneri Quartet 1
2004 The Complete Symphonies and Piano Concertos Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 Symphonies Nos. 3, 8 Beethoven; Vienna Philharmonic, Karl Böhm 1
2004 Complete Music for Piano and Violoncello Ludwig van Beethoven; András Schiff, Miklós Perényi 1
2004 Stephen Kovacevich plays Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven; Stephen Kovacevich 5 1
2004 Beethoven: “Ghost” Trio / Shostakovich: Trio No. 2 Beethoven, Shostakovich; Jupiter Trio 1
2004 Complete Works for Cello & Fortepiano, Volume 2 Ludwig van Beethoven; Anssi Karttunen, Tuija Hakkila 1
2004 Récital Haendel, Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, et Bach Haendel, Beethoven, Schubert, Mendelssohn, Bach; Éric Heidsieck 1
2004 Symphonies No. 3, 5, & 9 Beethoven; Wilhelm Furtwängler 1
2004 Symphony No. 3 / Overture Coriolan / Tema con variazioni Ludwig van Beethoven, Peter Tschaikoswky; Berliner Philharmonische Orkester, Carl Schuricht 1
2004 The 9 Symphonies (The Concert Recordings - 1948/1954) Ludwig van Beethoven; Wilhelm Furtwängler, Wiener Philharmoniker, Berliner Philharmoniker, Philharmonia Orchestra, SDR Symphony Orchestra 1
2005 Beethoven for Meditation Ludwig van Beethoven 3
2005 A Beethoven Piano Weekend Ludwig van Beethoven; Wilhelm Kempff 1
2005 Symphonies Nos. 3 "Héroïque", 5, 7 & 8 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Ferenc Fricsay 1
2005 The Very Best of Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2005 5th Symphony / 6th Symphony “Pastoral” Beethoven; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Charles Munch 1
2005 Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2005 Complete Sonatas & Variations Beethoven; Pieter Wispelwey, Dejan Lazić 1
2005 Conciertos para Piano Nº 2 y 5 "Emperador" / Sonatas para Piano Beethoven; Maurizio Pollini 1
2005 Forgotten Genius, Volume 3 - Ernst Levy Plays Beethoven, Schumann, and Brahms Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms; Ernst Levy 1
2005 Friedrich Gulda spielt Beethoven: Sämtliche Klaviersonaten Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda 3
2005 Gulda spielt Beethoven: Klaviersonaten Nr. 1-32 / Klavierkonzerte Nr. 1-5 Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda, Wiener Philharmoniker, Horst Stein 1
2005 NRC Handelsblad Muziekselectie, Volume 1: Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2005 Symphonies Nos 5 & 7 Ludwig van Beethoven; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2005 Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" / Overtures Ludwig van Beethoven; Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen, Daniel Harding, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2005 Symphony No. 6 "Pastoral" / Symphony No. 8 Ludwig van Beethoven; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 1
2005 Violin Concerto Beethoven; Camilla Wicks, Bruno Walter 1
2006 The Piano Concertos / 3 Sonatas / 2 Rondos Beethoven; Radu Lupu 1
2006 Decca Beethoven Sonatas Beethoven; Wilhelm Backhaus 1
2006 The Very Best of Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2006 Delius: Piano Concerto / Mozart: Piano Concerto no. 24 / Beethoven: Fantasia for Piano, Chorus & Orchestra Delius, Mozart, Beethoven; Sir Clifford Curzon 1
2006 Octets / Septet Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Schubert; Melos Ensemble of London 1
2006 Brahms: Piano Concerto no. 2 / Beethoven: Sonata no. 8 "Pathetique" Brahms, Beethoven; Misha Dichter, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Kurt Masur 1
2006 Historic Sydney Symphony Performances Beethoven; Sydney Symphony 3 1
2006 Complete String Quartets (1951-1952 recordings) Beethoven; Budapest String Quartet 1
2006 Baby's First Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2006 Brahms: Clarinet Sonatas 1 & 2 / Beethoven: Clarinet Trio Brahms, Beethoven; Gervase de Peyer, Jacqueline du Pré, Daniel Barenboim 2
2006 Forgotten Genius - Ernst Levy Plays Beethoven, Liszt and Levy Beethoven, Liszt, Levy; Ernst Levy 1
2006 Forgotten Genius, Volume 2 - Ernst Levy Plays Haydn, Beethoven and Mozart Haydn, Beethoven, Mozart; Ernst Levy 1
2006 Hélène Grimaud Plays Beethoven, Brahms, Gershwin and Others Beethoven, Brahms, Gershwin, Ravel, Rachmaninov, Schumann, R. Strauss; Hélène Grimaud 1
2006 Symphonies / Concertos / Overtures / Creatures of Prometheus / Missa Solemnis Beethoven; Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Harnoncourt 1
2006 Symphonies Nos. 2, 3, 6, 7 (Radio Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart feat. conductor: Karl Münchinger) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2006 Tchaikovsky: Swan Lake (highlights) / Johann Strauss II: On the Beautiful Blue Danube, Tales from the Vienna Woods / Beethoven: Turkish March / Mozart: Turkish March Tchaikovsky, Johann Strauss II, Beethoven, Mozart; NBC Symphony Orchestra, Leopold Stokowski 1
2006 Violin Sonatas Nos. 1-6 Ludwig van Beethoven; Pinchas Zukerman, Daniel Barenboim 1
2006 Walka i Cierpienie Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 The Symphonies Beethoven; Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest, Eugen Jochum 1
2007 String Quartets (The Busch String Quartet) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 Complete Masterpieces Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 Ses 100 chefs-d'œuvre Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 Beethoven, Saint-Saëns, Villa-Lobos & Chopin Ludwig van Beethoven, Camille Saint‐Saëns, Heitor Villa‐Lobos, Fryderyk Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein, London Philharmonic Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti & Rudolf Schwarz 1
2007 Beethoven: Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 4 / Brahms: Haydn Variations Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms; Pablo Casals 1
2007 Für Elise Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 The Five Piano Concertos Ludwig van Beethoven; Paul Badura-Skoda, Vienna State Opera Orchestra, Hermann Scherchen 1
2007 Beethoven: Piano Trios nos. 3, 5 & 7 / Schubert: Piano Trio no. 1 Beethoven, Schubert; Suk Trio 1
2007 Beethoven for Meditation Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 Eternelle Musique Classique, Volume 1 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 Beethoven - The Great Works Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 Complete Works Ludwig van Beethoven 2
2007 Die Streichquartette Beethoven; Guarneri Quartet 1
2007 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 3: Fidelio (The Covent Garden Orchestra feat. conductor: Otto Klemperer) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 Piano Concertos 1-5 / Triple Concerto Beethoven; Christian Zacharias 1
2007 Piano Trios Nos. 1, 4, 5 "Ghost" & 7 "Archduke" Beethoven; The Chung Trio 1
2007 The ‘Late’ String Quartets Ludwig van Beethoven; The Hollywood String Quartet 1
2007 The Collector's Edition Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 The Nine Symphonies Beethoven; Russian National Orchestra, Mikhail Pletnev 1
2008 The World's Greatest Composers: Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2008 The 5 Piano Concertos Beethoven; London Classical Players, Roger Norrington, Melvyn Tan 1
2008 The Five Piano Concertos Beethoven; Russian National Orchestra, Christian Gansch, Mikhail Pletnev 1
2008 Complete String Quartets, Quintets and Fragments Beethoven; Endellion String Quartet 1
2008 Favourite Piano Sonatas Beethoven; Stephen Kovacevich 1
2008 The Complete Symphony Collection Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Josef Krips 1
2008 The Complete Piano Concertos Beethoven; Evgeny Kissin, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
2008 The Symphonies; Overtures Beethoven; Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Franz Konwitschny 1
2008 Ouvertüren (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2008 Symphonies Nos. 5, 6 "Pastoral" & 9 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
2009 Diabelli-Variationen / Andante favori / Für Elise u. a. Ludwig van Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda 1
2009 Les Grands Interprètes: Otto Klemperer: Beethoven, Brahms Beethoven, Brahms; Otto Klemperer 1
2009 Grandes compositores da música clássica, Volume 1: Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2009 Violin Concertos Ludwig van Beethoven, Benjamin Britten; Janine Jansen, Paavo Järvi 2
2009 The Symphonies Beethoven; Minnesota Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 1
2009 Complete String Quartets Ludwig van Beethoven; Borodin Quartet 1
2009 Complete Piano Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven; Paul Lewis 1
2009 Emil Gilels - Bach, Beethoven (Emil Gilels (1st piano), Yakov Zak (2nd Piano), Elizaveta Gilels (Violin), Kondrashin) Johann Sebastian Bach & Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2009 Grandes Compositores de la Música Clásica: Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2010 Le Monde du piano Beethoven, Schumann, Schubert; Maurizio Pollini 1
2010 Le Monde du Piano, vol. 38 Beethoven, Schubert; Maria Yudina, Vladimir Sofronitzki 1
2010 Le Monde du piano Mozart, Bach, Beethoven, Schumann; Clara Haskil 1

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