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Ludwig van Beethoven (/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbˌtvən/, /ˈbtˌhvən/; German: [ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːtˌhoˑfn̩]; baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, 16 string quartets, his great Mass the Missa solemnis, and one opera, Fidelio.

Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe. At the age of 21 he moved to Vienna, where he began studying composition with Joseph Haydn and gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. By his late 20s his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost completely deaf. In 1811 he gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from these last 15 years of his life.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Franz Schubert: Streichquintett / Ludwig van Beethoven: Grosse Fuge Schubert, Beethoven; Hagen Quartett 1
Geister-Trio & Erzherzog-Trio Ludwig van Beethoven, Wilhelm Kempff, Henryk Szeryng & Pierre Fournier 1
Gilels Plays Beethoven Piano Concertos Nos. 4 & 5 Ludwig van Beethoven; The Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, Emil Gilels, Kurt Sanderling 1
Incidental Music of Egmont & The Ruins of Athens Beethoven; Dennis Russell Davies, The Orchestra of St. Luke’s 1
Klassische Ouvertüren Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Klavierkonzert Nr. 5 / 2. Symphonie Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Klavierkonzert Nr. 5 / Klaviersonate Nr. 17 "Der Sturm" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Klavierkonzert nr. 5 / Sonate Pathetique Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Klavierkonzert Nr. 5 Es-Dur, op. 73 / Fantasie für Klavier, Chor und Orchester, op. 80 Ludwig van Beethoven; Magda Bergreich, Philharmonic Festival Choir, V. Petroschoff, Alfred Brendel, Südwest-Studioorchester, Wilfried Böttcher 1
Klavierkonzerte No. 3 / Klavierkonzerte No. 4 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Klaviersonate Nr.1 Nr.18 Nr.12 (Paul Bakura-Skoda) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Klaviersonate Nr.3 - Nr.8 - Nr.26 (Paul Bakura-Skoda) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Klaviersonaten Beethoven; Wilhelm Kempff 1
Klaviersonaten Ludwig van Beethoven; Wilhelm Backhaus 1
Klaviersonaten No. 1-3 Ludwig van Beethoven; Rudolf Buchbinder 1
Klaviersonaten No. 8 "Pathétique", No. 21 "Waldstein", No. 23 "Appassionata" Ludwig van Beethoven; Emil Gilels 1
Kreutzer Sonata Ludwig van Beethoven; Menuhin, Kempff 1
Lifescapes: Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Liszt: Piano Concertos / Les Preludes / Beethoven: 11 Viennese Dances Liszt, Beethoven; Felix Weingartner, Emil von Sauer, LSO, LPO, PCO 1
Ludwig van Beethoven Beethoven; Philharmonia Slavonica, Carlo Pantelli 1
Masterpieces for Wind Ensemble Ludwig van Beethoven; London Wind Soloists 1
Messe en ut majeur Beethoven; Orchestre Philharmonique d’État de Sofia, Constantin Iliev 1
Missa Solemnis Beethoven; Lori Phillips, Robynne Redmon, James Taylor, Jay Baylon, Nashville Symphony Orchestra, Nashville Symphony Chorus, Kenneth Schermerhorn 1
Missa Solemnis in D major, op. 123 Ludwig van Beethoven; Oratorio Choir of the Landau Music Society, Palatinate Philharmonic Orchestra, Werner Kloor 1
Moonlight, Pathetique, Appassionata, Impromptus Ludwig van Beethoven; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
Mozart - Beethoven Mozart, Beethoven; Meccorre String Quartet 1
Mozart: Quintet in E-flat major, KV 452 / Beethoven: Quintet in E-flat major, op. 16 Mozart, Beethoven; Jos van Immerseel, Octophoros 1
Mozart: Sonatas for Violin and Piano, K. 378 & K. 379 / Beethoven: Sonata no. 4 for Violin and Piano, op. 23 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven; Sviatoslav Richter, Oleg Kagan 1
Musik für Violine & Orchester Beethoven, Schubert; Gidon Kremer, London Symphony Orchestra, Emil Tchakarov 1
Muzyka Klasyczna: Arcydzieła Mistrzów: Beethoven, Volume 1 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Ö1-Klassiker, Volume 7 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
On Wings of Song Beethoven, Brahms, Chopin, Massenet, Mendelssohn, Ravel, Schubert, Schumann, Tchaikovsky; Elly Ameling, Rudolf Jansen 1
Ouverture Op. 62 "Coriolan" / Symphony Nr. 9 D minor Op. 125 (Chicago Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Fritz Reiner) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Overtures Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Pastoral Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Pathétique Beethoven, Tchaikovsky; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 1
Piano & Wind Quintets Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Friedrich Witt; Anton Kuerti, James Campbell, James Mason, James Somerville, James McKay 1
Piano and Wind Quintets in E♭ Mozart, Beethoven; Carol Rosenberger, Allan Vogel, David Shifrin, Robin Graham, Ken Munday 1
Piano Concerto No. 4 / "Moonlight" Sonata (Pro Musica Symphony, Vienna feat. conductor: Hans Swarowsky, piano: Guiomar Novaes) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concerto no. 4 in G major, op. 58 Ludwig van Beethoven; Maurizio Pollini, Claudio Abbado 1
Piano Concerto No. 5 "Emperor" / Piano Sonata No. 7 Beethoven; Edwin Fischer, Philharmonia Orchestra, Wilhelm Furtwängler 1
Piano concerto No. 5 "Emperor" / Rondos, Op. 51 Nos. 1 & 2 / Piano Sonatas Nos. 19 & 20 Ludwig van Beethoven; Radu Lupu, Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 1
Piano Concerto no. 5 “Emperor” Ludwig van Beethoven; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta, Radu Lupu 1
Piano Concerto no. 5 “Emperor” Ludwig van Beethoven; Bruno Leonardo Gelber, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Ferdinand Leitner 1
Piano Concerto No. 5 / Choral Fantasy Beethoven; Estonian National Symphony Orchestra, Arvo Volmer, Indrek Laul 1
Piano Concerto No. 5 in E flat, Op. 73 "Emperor Concerto" Beethoven; Peter Toperczer, Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
Piano Concerto no. 5 in E-flat, op. 73 “Emperor” Ludwig van Beethoven; Eric Silver, Berlin Symphony Orchestra, Otto Post 1
Piano Concerto Nr.5, Es-dur, op.73, 'Emperor' / Piano Sonata Nr.18, op.31, Es-dur Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concertos 2 & 5 "Emperor" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 Beethoven; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Alfred Brendel 1
Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 5 Beethoven; François-Frédéric Guy, Orchestre philharmonique de Radio France, Philippe Jordan 1
Piano Concertos Nos. 2, 3 (Boston Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Erich Leinsdorf, piano: Arthur Rubinstein) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concertos Nos. 2, 4 (Copenhagen Collegium Musicum feat. conductor: Michael Schowandt, piano: Elisabeth Westenholz) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concertos Nos. 3 & 4 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concertos nos. 3 and 4 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Krystian Zimerman 1
Piano Concertos nos. 3, 4 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Horst Stein, Friedrich Gulda 2
Piano Concertos Nos. 4 & 5 Beethoven; Schnabel, Stock, Chicago Symphony 1
Piano Concertos: No.1 in C major / No. 2 in B-flat major (Royal Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: André Previn, piano: Emanuel Ax) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Concerts no.1 and 2 Ludwig van Beethoven, Anton Dikov, Philharmonia Bulgarica & Konstantin Lliev 1
Piano Sonata No. 9, No. 10, No. 12 (Daniela Ruso) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Sonata No. 13 / No. 15 / No. 24 (Walter Bohle) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Sonata No. 14 / No. 26 / No. 17 Beethoven; Daniel Barenboim 1
Piano Sonata no. 29 in B-flat major, op. 106 “Hammerklavier” Beethoven; Alfred Brendel 1
Piano Sonata: No. 8 "Patetica" / No. 14 "Al chiaro di luna" / No. 23 "Appassionata" Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda 1
Piano Sonatas Beethoven; Yves Nat 1
Piano Sonatas Beethoven; Alfred Brendel 1
Piano Sonatas "Moonlight" / "Pathetique" / "Appassionata" Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Sonatas “Moonlight” / “Appassionata” / “Waldstein” Beethoven 1
Piano Sonatas 8-10, 13 & 14 (Walter Gieseking) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Sonatas No. 15 & 21 Ludwig van Beethoven 2
Piano Sonatas No's 14, 23 & 26 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Piano Sonatas nos. 2, 4 Ludwig van Beethoven; Emil Gilels 1
Piano Sonatas nos. 17-21 Ludwig van Beethoven; Wilhelm Backhaus 1
Piano Sonatas, Volume I: Moonlight / Pathetique / Appassionata Beethoven; John O'Conor 1
Piano Sonatas, Volume III: Op. 31 no. 1 / op. 31 no. 3 "Hunt" / op. 28 "Pastorale" Beethoven; John O'Conor 1
Quartet No. 14 in C-sharp minor, Op. 131 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Quartet No. 15 in A Minor (" Heiliger Dankgesang"), Op. 132 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Quartet No.16 in F, Op.135 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Quatuor à Cordes No. 14, Op. 131, Smetana Quartet Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Quintets for Piano and Winds Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven; English Chamber Orchestra Soloists, Murray Perahia 1
Quintettes pour piano et vents Mozart, Beethoven; Ensemble a vents de Budapest, Zoltán Kocsis 1
Richter the Master, Volume 1: Beethoven Beethoven; Святослав Теофилович Рихтер 1
Schubert: Arpeggione Sonata / Beethoven: Nocturne / Schumann: Märchenbilder Schubert, Beethoven, Schumann; Simon Rowland-Jones, Niel Immelman 1
Schubert: Impromptus / Beethoven: Sonata "Pathétique" / Sonata No. 28 in A major Schubert, Beethoven; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
Sinfonia No. 9 Beethoven; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
Sinfonie Nr. 6 in F-Dur, Op. 68 "Pastorale" Ludwig van Beethoven; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Bystrík Režucha 1
Sonata Nos. 8 & 21 Ludwig van Beethoven; Daniela Rusó 1
Sonata op. 27 No. 2, Sechs Bagatellen op. 126, Pathetique Sonata op. 13, Andante WoO 57 (Jos van Immerseel, pianoforte Conrad Graf (1824)) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Sonatas Beethoven, Chopin, Offenbach, Popper; Richard Harwood 1
Sonatas for Piano & Cello (piano: Eugene Istomin, cello: Leonard Rose) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
Sonatas for Piano and Violin nos. 5, 7 & 8 Beethoven; Arthur Grumiaux, Claudio Arrau 1
Sonatas for Piano and Violin: no. 5 “Spring” & no. 9 “Kreutzer” Ludwig van Beethoven; Pinchas Zukerman, Marc Neikrug 1
Sonatas for Violin & Piano Nos. 4, 6, 7 & 8 Ludwig van Beethoven; Zino Francescatti & Robert Casadesus 5 1
Sonatas for Violin and Piano nos. 6, 7 & 10 Beethoven; Augustin Dumay, Maria João Pires 1
Sonatas Op. 109, 110, 111 Beethoven; Glenn Gould 1
Sonaten Für Klavier op. 10 Nr. 2 und op. 106 "Hammerklavier" Ludwig van Beethoven; Nikolai Demidenko 1
Sonaten nos. 21-27, Volume 3 Beethoven; Jean‐Bernard Pommier 1
Streichquartett No. 13 / Grosse Fuge, Op. 133 Beethoven; Alban Berg Quartet 1
Streichquartett No. 14 Beethoven; Alban Berg Quartet 1
Streichquartett No. 15 Beethoven; Alban Berg Quartet 1

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