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Ludwig van Beethoven (/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbˌtvən/, /ˈbtˌhvən/; German: [ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːtˌhoˑfn̩]; baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, 16 string quartets, his great Mass the Missa solemnis, and one opera, Fidelio.

Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by composer and conductor Christian Gottlob Neefe. At the age of 21 he moved to Vienna, where he began studying composition with Joseph Haydn, and gained a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. By his late 20s his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost completely deaf. In 1811 he gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from these last 15 years of his life.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2002 Great Chamber Music Recordings: Archduke Trio / Kreutzer Sonata / Magic Flute Variations Beethoven; Jacques Thibaud, Pau Casals, Alfred Cortot 1
2002 Music for Cello and Piano, Volume 1 Beethoven; Maria Kliegel, Nina Tichman 1
2002 Symphonies nos. 5 & 7 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
2002 Symphonies Nos. 5 & 7 Beethoven; Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 5 1
2002 Glenn Gould Plays Beethoven Piano Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven; Glenn Gould 1
2002 BBC Music, Volume 11, Number 1: Concertos Brahms / Beethoven; BBC Philharmonic 1
2002 Violin Concerto / Romances Beethoven; Anne‐Sophie Mutter, New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur 2
2002 Symphonies Nos. 1-9; Overtures; Violin Concerto Ludwig van Beethoven; Isaac Stern; New York Philharmonic; Leonard Bernstein 1
2002 Beethoven: Symphony No. 6 / Respighi: The Pines of Rome Ludwig van Beethoven, Ottorino Respighi; New Jersey Symphony Orchestra, Zdeněk Mácal 1
2002 交響曲第9番《合唱》 ルートヴィヒ・ヴァン・ベートーヴェン;サイトウ・キネン・オーケストラ,小澤征爾 1
2002 Piano Works, vol. 3 Beethoven; Artur Schnabel 1
2002 Beethoven: Symphony no. 7 / Haydn: Symphony no. 104 Beethoven, Haydn; Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
2002 Cello & Piano Sonatas Nos. 2, 4, 5 Beethoven; Anne Gastinel, François-Frédéric Guy 1
2002 Moonlight: The Timeless Piano Music of Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven; Gerard Willems 1
2002 Piano Concerto no. 3 / Sonatas Beethoven; Wilhelm Backhaus 1
2002 Piano Concerto no. 3 / Triple Concerto Beethoven; Swedish Chamber Orchestra, Thomas Dausgaard, Urban Svensson, Mats Rondin, Boris Berezovsky 1
2002 Piano Concertos Mozart, Beethoven; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2002 Symphony No. 9 in D minor (Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Wilhelm Furtwängler) Ludwig van Beethoven 2
2002 The Bagatelles Beethoven; Rudolf Buchbinder 1
2002 Violin Concertos Mendelssohn, Beethoven; Joshua Bell, Camerata Salzburg, Sir Roger Norrington 2
2003 Symphony No. 9 (Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus feat. conductor: Donald Runnicles) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 The Complete Music for Piano Trio, Volume 1: Piano Trios, op. 70 / Allegretto in B-flat Ludwig van Beethoven; The Florestan Trio 1
2003 Piano Concertos Nos. 1-5 Ludwig van Beethoven; Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Pierre‐Laurent Aimard 2
2003 Piano Concerto no. 4 / Symphony no. 2 Beethoven; members of the Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique, Robert Levin 1
2003 Symphonies Nos. 4, 6 "Pastoral" (piano transcripton: Franz Liszt, piano: Konstantin Scherbakov) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Piano Trios Op. 1 Nos. 1 And 3 (Gryphon Trio) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Piano Sonatas Beethoven; Artur Pizarro 1
2003 Symphony No. 5 & 6 Beethoven; Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart, Roger Norrington 1
2003 Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Opp. 54, 57, 78, 90 (Maurizio Pollini) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Symphonies nos. 5, 6, 9 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
2003 The Complete Cycle of Trios, Volume 1 Ludwig van Beethoven; The Kalichstein/Laredo/Robinson Trio 1
2003 Piano Concertos Nos. 2 & 4 Beethoven; Stephen Kovacevich, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
2003 Violin Concertos Beethoven, Mendelssohn; Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique, John Eliot Gardiner, Viktoria Mullova 2
2003 Haydn: Cello Concertos / Beethoven: Romances Haydn, Beethoven; Australian Chamber Orchestra, Daniel Müller‐Schott 1
2003 Piano Sonatas: No. 21 "Waldstein" / No. 23 "Appassionata" / No. 26 "Les Adieux" Ludwig van Beethoven; Mari Kodama 1
2003 Symphonies No. 2 & 6 Beethoven; Sinfonia Varsovia, Yehudi Menuhin 1
2003 The Complete Music for Piano Trio, Volume 2: Piano Trio in B-flat, op. 97 "Archduke" / Allegretto in E-flat, Hess 48 / Kakadu Variations, op. 121a Ludwig van Beethoven; The Florestan Trio 1
2003 Beethoven Piano Sonatas: No. 11, Op. 22 / No. 13, Op. 27 No. 1 / No. 31, Op. 110 (piano: Garrick Ohlsson) Beethoven; Garrick Ohlsson 2
2003 Brahms: Violin Concerto / Beethoven: Triple Concerto Beethoven, Brahms; Anne‐Sophie Mutter 1
2003 Symphonies nos. 1-9 Ludwig van Beethoven / Franz Liszt; Cyprien Katsaris 1
2003 Symphonies nos. 1, 3 “Eroica” Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2003 Symphonies nos. 2, 5 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2003 Symphonies Nos. 4, 6 "Pastoral" Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2003 Symphonies Nos. 7, 8 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2003 Symphony No. 9 "Choral" Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle 1
2003 Symphonies No. 1 & 3 "Eroica" Beethoven; Sinfonia Varsovia, Yehudi Menuhin 1
2003 Piano Trios, Volume 1 Beethoven; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Itzhak Perlman, Lynn Harrell 2
2003 Piano Trios, Volume 2 Beethoven; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Itzhak Perlman, Lynn Harrell 2
2003 Leonore Overture No. 3 / Symphony No. 6 Beethoven; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
2003 The Complete String Quartets (Vol I) "Lobkowitz" Beethoven; Pražák Quartet 1
2003 String Quartets Nos. 1-3 Beethoven; Cleveland Quartet 1
2003 String Quartets nos. 12, 14 Beethoven; Cleveland Quartet 1
2003 Symphonie no. 9 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
2003 Piano and Cello Works Beethoven; Eric Zivian, Tanya Tomkins 1
2003 3 sonates pour piano Ludwig van Beethoven; Jonathan Gilad 1
2003 Beethoven symphonies 5 & 7 (Residentie orchestra feat. conductor: Jaap van Zweden) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Beethoven: String Quartet op. 74 / Schumann: String Quartet op. 41 no. 3 in A major / Stravinsky: 3 Pieces for String Quartet Beethoven, Schumann, Stravinsky; Sacconi Quartet 1
2003 Christus am Ölberge, Op.85 (Dir. Kent Nagano, Luba Orgonasova, Plácido Domingo, Andreas Schmidt) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Great Piano Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven; Yukio Yokoyama 1
2003 Last Three Piano Sonatas Ludwig van Beethoven; Artur Pizarro 1
2003 Piano Sonatas 29-32, Bagatelles Op. 126 (Christoph Eschenbach) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Piano Sonatas nos. 5-7, op. 10 nos. 1-3 Beethoven; Peter Hewitt 1
2003 String Quartets Op. 18 No. 1 / Op. 59 No. 1 Beethoven; Hagen Quartett 1
2003 Symphonies 7 & 9 / Emperor Concerto Beethoven; Wilhelm Furtwängler 1
2003 Symphonies Nos. 1-9 (Chamber Orchestra of Europe feat. conductor: Nikolaus Harnoncourt) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Symphonies Nos. 5, 7 (Staatskapelle Berlin feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 Symphonies nos. 7 & 8 / Overture: The Ruins of Athens Beethoven; Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Nikolaus Harnoncourt 1
2003 Symphony No. 5 Beethoven; Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Bruno Walter 1
2003 Symphony no. 6 "Pastoral" Ludwig van Beethoven, Dresden Staatskapelle, Wolfgang Sawallisch 1
2003 The Art of the Vienna Horn Beethoven, Schubert, Schumann, Brahms; Wolfgang Tomboeck, Madoka Inui, Genia Kühmeier, Johannes Tomboeck 1
2003 The Greatest Classical Composers - Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2003 The Perlman Edition: "Archduke" & "Ghost" Piano Trios Beethoven; Perlman, Ashkenazy, Harrell 1
2003 The Unpublished Recordings – Beethoven: Violin Concerto / Romance no. 1 / Tchaikovsky: Sérénade mélancolique Beethoven, Tchaikovsky; Yehudi Menuhin, Menuhin Festival Orchestra, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult 1
2003 Violin Sonatas Beethoven; Arthur Rubinstein, Henryk Szeryng 1
2004 Piano Concerto Nos. 1 & 2 (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor: Bernard Haitink, piano: András Schiff) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 The Early String Quartets, op. 18 Ludwig van Beethoven; The Takács Quartet 1
2004 Classical Favourites Beethoven, Schubert, Mozart; Ulster Orchestra, Vernon Handley 1
2004 The Complete Music for Piano Trio, Volume 3: Piano Trio in E-flat, op. 1 no. 1 / Piano Trio in G, op. 1 no. 2 / Piano Trio in E-flat, WoO 38 Ludwig van Beethoven; The Florestan Trio 1
2004 Piano Sonatas: No. 14 "Moonlight" / No. 8 "Pathétique" / No. 4 in E-flat, op. 7 Ludwig van Beethoven; Mari Kodama 2
2004 Symphonies Nos. 2 & 4 (BBC Philharmonic feat. conductor: Gianandrea Noseda) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 Sonatas opp. 10 & 13 “Pathétique” Beethoven; Pollini 1
2004 Beethoven: Piano Trios In C Minor And B Flat Major, "Archduke" (Kempf Trio) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 Trios for Piano, Clarinet, Cello Brahms, Beethoven, Mozart; Ax, Stoltzman, Ma 2
2004 Symphonien Nr. 3 "Eroica" & 4 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
2004 Concerto for Piano "Emperor" / Symphony No. 4 (Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 Variations for Piano Ludwig van Beethoven; John Ogdon, Emil Gilels 1
2004 Beethoven: Symphony No. 9 (Piano transcription: Franz Liszt, piano: Konstantin Scherbakov) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 Complete Works for Solo Piano, Volume 1: Sonatas op. 13 "Pathétique" / op. 14 nos. 1 & 2 / op. 22 Beethoven; Ronald Brautigam 1
2004 Symphony No. 9 "Choral" Ludwig van Beethoven; Anna Tomowa‐Sintow, Annelies Burmeister, Peter Schreier, Theo Adam, Radio Chorus Leipzig, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Kurt Masur 1
2004 Complete Works for Piano and Cello Beethoven; Alfred Brendel, Adrian Brendel 1
2004 Triple Concerto/ Rondo in B-flat / Choral Fantasy Beethoven; The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Arnold Schönberg Chor, Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Pierre‐Laurent Aimard, Thomas Zehetmair, Clemens Hagen 1
2004 BBC Music, Volume 13, Number 2: String Quartets, Op. 18/2 and 131 Beethoven; Artemis Quartet 1
2004 Piano Concertos Nos. 2, 3 (Mahler Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Claudio Abbado, piano: Martha Argerich) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 Folksong Settings Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 String Quartets, Volume 3 Beethoven; Borodin Quartet 2
2004 String Quartet No. 12 / Piano Sonata No. 28 (Murray Perahia) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2004 Sonates pour violon et piano Beethoven; Yehudi Menuhin, Hephzibah Menuhin 1
2004 Beethoven: Piano Sonata, Schumman: Fantasy, Schoenberg: Three Pieces Beethoven, Schumann, Schoenberg; Claudio Arrau 1
2004 The Complete Music for Piano Trio, Volume 4: Piano Trio in C minor, op. 1 no. 3 / Piano Trio in B-flat, op. 11 / Variations in E-flat, op. 44 Ludwig van Beethoven; The Florestan Trio 1
2004 Symphonies nos. 4 & 5 Ludwig van Beethoven; Minnesota Orchestra, Osmo Vänskä 1

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