Ludwig van Beethoven (/ˈlʊdvɪɡ væn ˈbˌtvən/; German: [ˈluːtvɪç fan ˈbeːtˌhoˑfn̩]; baptised 17 December 1770 – 26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 concertos for piano, 32 piano sonatas, and 16 string quartets. He also composed other chamber music, choral works (including the celebrated Missa solemnis), and songs.

Born in Bonn, then the capital of the Electorate of Cologne and part of the Holy Roman Empire, Beethoven displayed his musical talents at an early age and was taught by his father Johann van Beethoven and by Christian Gottlob Neefe. During his first 22 years in Bonn, Beethoven intended to study with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and befriended Joseph Haydn. Beethoven moved to Vienna in 1792 and began studying with Haydn, quickly gaining a reputation as a virtuoso pianist. He lived in Vienna until his death. In about 1800 his hearing began to deteriorate, and by the last decade of his life he was almost totally deaf. He gave up conducting and performing in public but continued to compose; many of his most admired works come from this period.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1940 Beethoven: Missa Solemnis / Toscanini Ludwig van Beethoven; Arturo Toscanini & NBC Symphony Orchestra 1
1952 Symphonie Nr. 3 in Es-Dur op. 55 (Eroica) Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler 1
1959 Symphonies 1 & 2 Beethoven; Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Bruno Walter 2
1960 Symphony No. 6 in F Major, Op. 68 ''Pastoral'' Beethoven; London Symphony Orchestra, Josef Krips 2
1962 Piano Concerto No. 3 in C Minor, Op. 37 Ludwig van Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Ferdinand Leitner, Wilhelm Kempff 1
1962 Violin Concerto Beethoven; Alfredo Campoli, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, John Pritchard 1
1962 Violin Sonatas Nos. 9 "Kreutzer", 5 "Spring" (violin: David Oistrakh, piano: Lev Oborin) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1963 Konzert für Violine und Orchester D-dur op.61 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1964 Konzert für Violine und Orchester D-dur op. 61 Ludwig van Beethoven, Yehudi Menuhin, Wiener Philharmoniker, Constantin Silvestri 1
1964 Piano Sonatas Nos. 14, 21, & 23 Ludwig van Beethoven; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1964 Sinfonie Nr. 7 A-Dur op. 92 Beethoven; Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Franz Konwitschny 1
1965 Klaviersonaten Beethoven; Wilhelm Kempff 2
1965 Symphony No. 7 in A major, Op. 92 (Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: André Cluytens) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1966 Schumann: Dichterliebe / Schubert, Beethoven: Lieder Schumann, Schubert, Beethoven; Fritz Wunderlich, Hubert Giesen 2
1966 Symphony no. 7 / Prometheus Overture Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1967 Violin Concerto Beethoven; Christian Ferras, Berlin Philharmonic, Herbert von Karajan 1
1968 Beethoven 5th Symphony, Transcribed for Piano by Liszt Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1968 Friedrich Gulda spielt Beethoven sämtliche Klaviersonaten (disc 9: Sonaten 30-32) Ludwig van Beethoven; Friedrich Gulda 1
1969 Fidelio Ludwig van Beethoven; Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden, Chor der Staatsoper Dresden, Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Gwyneth Jones, Edith Mathis, Theo Adam, Franz Crass, James King, Peter Schreier, Martti Talvela 1
1969 Symphony no. 9 "Choral" Ludwig van Beethoven; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Eugen Jochum 1
1970 Early and Middle String Quartets Ludwig van Beethoven; Guarneri Quartet 2
1970 Symphonie Nr. 5 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Karl Böhm 1
1970 Тридцать две сонаты для фортепиано Людвиг ван Бетховен; Mария Гринберг 1
1971 Wellington's Victory (or the Battle of Victoria), op. 91 / Music For The Ritterballett, WoO 1 / Jena Symphony Beethoven; Westphalian Symphony Orchestra, Hubert Reichert 1
1972 Serenade for Flute Beethoven, Bach, Telemann; The London Virtuosi, James Galway 1
1972 Symphony no. 9 (1972 recording) Beethoven; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1974 Mendelssohn: Violinkonzert / Beethoven: Romanzen Mendelssohn, Beethoven; Saschko Gawriloff 1
1975 Piano Concertos nos. 2 & 4 Beethoven; John Lill, Scottish National Orchestra, Sir Alexander Gibson 2
1975 Piano Sonatas Nos. 21, 26, 17 (1970s recordings) Beethoven; Alfred Brendel 1
1975 Symphonie Nr. 5 c-moll op. 67 Ludwig van Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Carlos Kleiber 1
1975 Symphonie Nr. 9 d-moll op. 125 Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1976 Sonatas for Violin and Piano, Volume 2 Beethoven; Itzhak Perlman, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1977 Concerto no. 5 for piano and orchestra Ludwig van Beethoven; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, Sergiu Celibidache 1
1977 Mondscheinsonate / Pathétique Beethoven; Ludwig Hoffmann 1
1977 Sonatas for Violin and Piano, Volume 4 Beethoven; Itzhak Perlman, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1977 Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" / Egmont Overture (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Eugen Jochum) Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1977 Violinkonzert Beethoven; Pinchas Zukerman, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 1
1978 Fidelio Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Leonard Bernstein 2
1978 Symphony No 5 Beethoven; Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 1
1978 Symphony No 7 Beethoven; Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 1
1979 Klavierkonzert no. 5 Es-Dur op. 73 Ludwig van Beethoven; Maurizio Pollini, Wiener Philharmoniker, Karl Böhm 1
1979 Piano Concerto No. 3, Piano Sonata No. 31 (Wiener Philarmonic feat. cond. : Karl Böhm, piano : Maurizio Pollini) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1979 Symphony No. 3 "Eroica" (Vienna Philharmonic, Pierre Monteux) Ludwig van Beethoven;Wiener Philharmoniker,Pierre Monteux 1
1980 Clarinet Trios Brahms, Beethoven; members of the Beaux Arts Trio, George Pieterson 1
1980 Triple Concerto, op. 56 Beethoven; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan, Anne-Sophie Mutter, Mark Zeltser, Yo‐Yo Ma 1
1981 Piano Concerto No. 5 "Emperor" Beethoven; Rudolf Serkin, Seiji Ozawa, Boston Symphony Orchestra 2
1981 Symphony No. 5 / Egmont Overture (Boston Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Seiji Ozawa) Ludwig van Beethoven 2
1981 Symphony No. 6 "Pastoral" (The BBC Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir Colin Davis) Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1982 Beethoven / Schumann Ludwig van Beethoven & Robert Schumann 1
1982 Eroica-Variationen / Klaviersonaten Nrs. 7, 18 (feat. piano: Emil Gilels) Ludwig van Beethoven 1

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