The Orchestra Sinfonica della RAI, founded in 1931 in Turin at the Teatro di Torino, is the oldest of the four orchestras of the RAI in Turin, Rome, Milan, and Naples. The four orchestras eventually merged to form the Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI in 1994. RAI is the acronym for Radiotelevisione Italiana, the precursor of today's Radio Audizioni Italiane.
RAI National Symphony Orchestra (Italian: Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI di Torino) is an Italian symphony orchestra, based in Turin and owned by the state radio and television company RAI. Its primary concert venue is the Auditorium RAI in the Piazza Rossaro in Turin. All of the orchestra's concerts are broadcast on RAI Radio3. The orchestra's current artistic director is Ernesto Schiavi.