Felix Mendelssohn (composer)

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Annotation last modified on 2017-09-22 19:44 UTC.

Legal name: Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy

Wikipedia

Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (3 February 1809 – 4 November 1847), born and widely known as Felix Mendelssohn, was a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. Mendelssohn's compositions include symphonies, concertos, piano music, organ music and chamber music. His best-known works include the overture and incidental music for A Midsummer Night's Dream, the Italian Symphony, the Scottish Symphony, the oratorio St. Paul, the oratorio Elijah, the overture The Hebrides, the mature Violin Concerto and the String Octet. The melody for the Christmas carol "Hark! The Herald Angels Sing" is also his. Mendelssohn's Songs Without Words are his most famous solo piano compositions.

A grandson of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, Felix Mendelssohn was born into a prominent Jewish family. He was brought up without religion until the age of seven, when he was baptised as a Reformed Christian. Felix was recognised early as a musical prodigy, but his parents were cautious and did not seek to capitalise on his talent. His sister, Fanny, received a similar musical education and was a talented composer and pianist in her own right; some of her early songs were published under her brother's name.

Mendelssohn enjoyed early success in Germany, and revived interest in the music of Johann Sebastian Bach, notably with his performance of the St Matthew Passion in 1829. He became well received in his travels throughout Europe as a composer, conductor and soloist; his ten visits to Britain – during which many of his major works were premiered – form an important part of his adult career. His essentially conservative musical tastes set him apart from more adventurous musical contemporaries such as Franz Liszt, Richard Wagner, Charles-Valentin Alkan and Hector Berlioz. The Leipzig Conservatory, which he founded, became a bastion of this anti-radical outlook. After a long period of relative denigration due to changing musical tastes and antisemitism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, his creative originality has been re-evaluated. He is now among the most popular composers of the Romantic era.

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Discography

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YearTitleArtistRatingReleases
1988Symphony No 4 "Italian" Fingal's Cave OvertureFelix Mendelssohn1
1989A Midsummer Night's Dream / RosamundeMendelssohn, Schubert; Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam, George Szell1
1989Violin Concerto / 2 RomancesBeethoven, Mendelssohn; Isaac Stern1
1993ÖdipusMendelssohn; Berliner Rundfunkchor, Männerchor "Carl Maria von Weber", Radio-Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Stefan Soltesz1
1996Preludes, Fugues & StudiesFelix Mendelssohn; Dana Protopopescu1
1996PaulusFelix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Melanie Diener, Annette Markert, James Taylor, Matthias Görner, La Chapelle Royale, Collegium Vocale, Orchestre des Champs‐Élysées1
1998Elias (Andreas Schmidt, Andrea Rost, Cornelia Kallisch, Deon van der Walt:Solo vocalists, Gurzenich-Orchester Koln: James Conlon)Felix Mendelssohn1
1999Complete Works for Cello & PianoMendelssohn; James Kreger, Gerald Robbins1
2001Concerto in E Minor / Concerto in G MinorMendelssohn, Prokofiev; Heifetz, Boston Symphony, Munch1
2002Cello Sonatas / Variations Concertantes / Lied ohne WorteFelix Mendelssohn Bartholdy; Claude Starck, Christoph Eschenbach1
2002Clarinet Sonata / Viola Sonata / String Quartet Op. 44 No. 1Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy1
2002Piano Quartets 1 & 2Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy1
2002Piano Trios Op. 49 & 66Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy1
2002Piano Sextet / OctetFelix Mendelssohn Bartholdy1
2002String Quartet Op. 13 / Piano Quartet No. 3Mendelssohn1
2002String Quintets, op. 18 & 87Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy1
2002Violin SonatasFelix Mendelssohn Bartholdy; Joan Berkhemer, Kyoko Hashimoto1
2008Violin Concerto E minor / PIano Trios Nos. 1 & 2Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy;Leonidas Kavakos, Camerata Salzburg, Patrick Demenga, Enrico Pace1
2011Mendelssohn: Symphony no. 4 “Italian” / Schumann: Symphony no. 4Mendelssohn, Schumann; Otto Klemperer, Philharmonia Orchestra1
2011"Scotch" Symphony / The Hebrides OvertureMendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, Peter Maag1
2012Lieder ohne Worte (excerpts)Mendelssohn; Walter Gieseking2
2015TransitionsOlga Pashchenko, Ludwig van Beethoven, Jan Ladislav Dussek, Felix Mendelssohn1
A Midsummer Night's DreamFelix Mendelssohn1
Die HebridenFelix Mendelssohn; Die Wiener Philharmoniker, Carl Schuricht1
Elijah, op. 70Mendelssohn; Huddersfield Choral Society, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Malcolm Sargent1
Mendelssohn & Ravel; Warsaw Symphony, Bruno GrynspanMendelssohn & Ravel; Warsaw Symphony, Bruno Grynspan1
Midsummernight's DreamFelix Mendelssohn1
PaulusMendelssohn; Basilkachor St. Ulrich un Afra1
PaulusMendelssohn; Fischer‐Dieskau, Donath, Schwarz, Hollweg, Städtischer Musikverein Düsseldorf, Düsseldorfer Symphoniker, Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos1
Romantic Guitar QuartetsMendelssohn, Chopin, Borodin, Schubert; English Guitar Quartet1

Compilation

YearTitleArtistRatingReleases
1995World classics Los grandes de la Musica Felix mendelssohn Vol 1Felix Mendelssohn1
2000Nuoret ja lahjakkaat (Young and Talentive)Ludwig van Beethoven, Edvard Grieg, Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy1
2003Choralkantaten Nos. 4-8Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Chamber Choir of Europe, Württembergische Philharmonie Reutlingen, Nicol Matt1
2003Drei Psalmen Op. 78 / Sechs Sprüche Op. 79 / Die Deutsche LiturgieFelix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Chamber Choir of Europe, Nicol Matt,1
2003Drei Kirchenmusiken Op. 23 / Drei Motetten Op. 69Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Chamber Choir of Europe, Nicol Matt1
2003Drei Motetten Op. 39 / VespergesangFelix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Chamber Choir of Europe, Nicol Matt1
2003Hora est / Te Deum / Ave MariaFelix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Chamber Choir of Europe, Nicol Matt1
2003Hymne Op. 96 / Lauda Sion Op. 73Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Chamber Choir of Europe, Württembergische Philharmonie Reutlingen, Nicol Matt1
2003Magnificat / GloriaFelix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; amadeus-chor, Alice Duskova, Nicol Matt1
2003Psalmen / Psalmmotetten / ChoralharmonisierungenFelix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Chamber Choir of Europe, Nicol Matt1
2003Psalmkantaten Nos. 114-115 / Choralkantaten Nos. 1-3Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Chamber Choir of Europe, Württembergische Philharmonie Reutlingen, Nicol Matt1
2003Psalmkantaten Nos. 42-95-98Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy; Chamber Choir of Europe, Württembergische Philharmonie Reutlingen, Nicol Matt1

Live

YearTitleArtistRatingReleases
2008Symfonie no. 4 “De Italiaanse”Felix Mendelssohn; Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest, Kirill Kondrashin1

Album

YearTitleArtistRatingReleases
1953Songs Without WordsMendelssohn; Ginette Doyen1
1957Ein SommernachtstraumFelix Mendelssohn; Rita Streich, Diana Eustrati, RIAS Kammerchor, Berliner Philharmoniker, Ferenc Fricsay1
1957Mendelssohn: Midsummer Night’s Dream / Debussy: Afternoon of a FaunMendelssohn, Debussy; Viennese Symphonic Orchestra, Kurt Woess1
1959Concerto pour violon et orchestre en mi mineur op. 64Mendelssohn; David Oistrakh, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy1
1959Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto in D major / Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto in E minorTchaikovsky, Mendelssohn; Isaac Stern, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy34
1960A Midsummer Night's DreamMendelssohn; Heather Harper, Dame Janet Baker, Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer5
1961Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto / Mozart: Violin Concerto no. 3Felix Mendelssohn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; Leonid Kogan, Paris Conservatoire Orchestra, Constantin Silvestri1
1961Symphony no. 4 in A major, op. 90 “Italian” / Symphony no. 5 in D major, op. 107 “Reformation”Felix Mendelssohn; Berliner Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel1
1963Incidental Music to A Midsummer Night's DreamFelix Mendelssohn; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Erich Leinsdorf1
1965Mendelssohn: Concerto for Violin & Orchestra / Bruch: Scottish FantasyMendelssohn, Bruch; Campoli, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Adrian Boult3
1970The World of the Great Classics, Vol. 3: Violin ConcertosMendelssohn, Bruch; Ruggiero Ricci1
1973ChöreMendelssohn; Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Horst Neumann3
1974Mendelssohn: Violinkonzert / Beethoven: RomanzenMendelssohn, Beethoven; Saschko Gawriloff31
1975Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 2Mendelssohn; Murray Perahia, Academy of St. Martin‐in‐the‐Fields, Neville Marriner55
1975Symphony No. 3 "Scotch" / Overture to "Fingal's Cave"Mendelssohn; Baltimore Symphony Orchestra, Sergiu Comissiona1
1977A Midsummer Night's Dream: Complete Incidental MusicMendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn4
1977Symphony No. 4 Op. 90 "Italian" / Overture Op. 101 "Trumpet Overture"Mendelssohn; Warsaw National Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra, Witold Rowicki1
1978Symphonies No.4 & 5Felix Mendelssohn1
1978ViolinkonzerteBruch, Mendelssohn; Young Uck Kim, Bamberger Symphoniker, Okko Kamu3
1979Symphony no. 4 in A “Italian” / Overtures – The Hebrides / Ruy Blas / A Midsummer Night’s DreamMendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn2
1980Piano Trios in D minorMendelssohn, Schumann; André Previn, Kyung-Wha Chung, Paul Tortelier2
1980Songs Without WordsFelix Mendelssohn; Ilse von Alpenheim2
1982ViolinkonzerteMendelssohn, Bruch; Anne‐Sophie Mutter, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan4
1982String Quartets Nos. 1, 2Felix Mendelssohn; Kreuzberger String Quartet2
1982Symphony No. 4 in A major / A Midsummer Night's DreamFelix Mendelssohn; George Szell, The Cleveland Orchestra4
1982The Clarinet in ConcertBruch, Mendelssohn, Crusell; Thea King, Georgina Dobrée, Nobuko Imai, London Symphony Orchestra, Alun Francis2
1982Violin ConcertosTchaikovsky, Mendelssohn; Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit, Kyung Wha Chung4
1982Violin Concertos in E minor - G minorMendelssohn, Bruch; London Symphony Orchestra, Prêtre, Ughi1
1983Hör mein BittenFelix Mendelssohn Bartholdy; Julia Hamari, Kammerchor Stuttgart, Frieder Bernius1
1983Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto / Beethoven: Two RomancesMendelssohn, Beethoven; Isaac Stern, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa1
1984A Midsummer Night's DreamMendelssohn; Philharmonia Orchestra, Neville Marriner1
1984A Midsummer Night's DreamMendelssohn-Bartholdy; Hungarian State Orchestra, Ádám Fischer1
1984Concertos for ViolinMendelssohn, Saint‐Saëns; Cho‐Liang Lin, Philharmonia Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas1
1984Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto in E minor / Bruch: Violin Concerto No. 1 in G minorMendelssohn, Bruch; Itzhak Perlman, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink2
1984Motets & PsaumesMendelssohn; La Chapelle Royale, Collegium Vocale Gent, Philippe Herreweghe1
1984Piano Sonata, op. 6 / Prelude & Fugue, op. 35 no. 1 / Variations sérieuses, op. 54 / Rondo capriccioso, op. 14Mendelssohn; Murray Perahia1
1984Schubert: Symphonie No.8 „Unvollendete“ / Mendelssohn: Symphonie No.4 „Italienische“Schubert, Mendelssohn; Philharmonia Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli2
1984Violin ConcertosBeethoven, Mendelssohn; Yehudi Menuhin, Wilhelm Furtwängler3
1985Liszt: Liebesträume / Schubert: Moments musicaux / Mendelssohn: Lieder ohne WorteLiszt, Schubert, Mendelssohn; Daniel Barenboim1
1985Mendelssohn: A Midsummer Night's Dream / Schubert: RosamundeMendelssohn, Schubert; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, James Levine1
19855 Symphonien / OuvertürenMendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado2
1985Dvorak: "Dumky" Trio / Mendelssohn: Piano Trio No. 1 (1985 recording)Dvořák, Mendelssohn; Beaux Arts Trio1
1985Piano Trios: No. 1 in D minor / No. 2 in C minorFelix Mendelssohn; Borodin Trio1
1985Préludes et fugues / Sonates / Andante variéFelix Mendelssohn; Marie‐Claire Alain1
1985Piano Concertos Nos. 1, 2Mendelssohn; Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, Charles Dutoit, András Schiff2
1985Symphonien: No. 3 »Schottische · Scottish · Écossaise« / No. 4 »Italienische · Italian · Italienne«Felix Mendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado2
1985Symphonien no. 3 "Scottish" / no. 5 "Reformation"Felix Mendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado51
1985Symphonien Nos. 1 & 5 "Reformation"Mendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado1
1985Symphonie No. 2 "Lobgesang"Mendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado, Elizabeth Connell, Karita Mattila, Hans Peter Blochwitz, London Symphony Chorus1
1985Symphonies no. 4 "Italy" & No. 5 "Reformation"Mendelssohn; NBC Symphony Orchestra, Arturo Toscanini1
1985Symphonie No. 3Mendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado1
1986Violin ConcertosMendelssohn, Tchaikovsky; Mariko Senju, David Shallon, Wiener Symphoniker1
1986Symphonien 4 & 5Mendelssohn; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado1
1986String Symphonies: 9 in C minor / 10 in B minor / 12 in G minorFelix Mendelssohn; London Festival Orchestra, Ross Pople1
1986"Italian" Symphony / Midsummer Night's DreamFelix Mendelssohn; Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra, David Zinman1
1986The American Tracker: Music of Bach, Clérambault and MendelssohnBach, Clérambault, Mendelssohn; Richard Heschke1
1987Schubert: Symphonie Nr. 8 »Unvollendete« / Mendelssohn: Symphonie Nr. 4 »Italienische«Schubert, Mendelssohn; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan1

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