Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (/prəˈkɒfiɛf, pr-, -ˈkɔː-, -ˈk-, -jɛf, -jɛv, -iəf/; Russian: Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, tr. Sergej Sergejevič Prokofjev; 23 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian and Soviet composer, pianist and conductor. As the creator of acknowledged masterpieces across numerous musical genres, he is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century. His works include such widely heard works as the March from The Love for Three Oranges, the suite Lieutenant Kijé, the ballet Romeo and Juliet – from which "Dance of the Knights" is taken – and Peter and the Wolf. Of the established forms and genres in which he worked, he created – excluding juvenilia – seven completed operas, seven symphonies, eight ballets, five piano concertos, two violin concertos, a cello concerto, a Symphony-Concerto for cello and orchestra, and nine completed piano sonatas.

A graduate of the St Petersburg Conservatory, Prokofiev initially made his name as an iconoclastic composer-pianist, achieving notoriety with a series of ferociously dissonant and virtuosic works for his instrument, including his first two piano concertos. In 1915 Prokofiev made a decisive break from the standard composer-pianist category with his orchestral Scythian Suite, compiled from music originally composed for a ballet commissioned by Sergei Diaghilev of the Ballets Russes. Diaghilev commissioned three further ballets from Prokofiev – Chout, Le pas d'acier and The Prodigal Son – which at the time of their original production all caused a sensation among both critics and colleagues. Prokofiev's greatest interest, however, was opera, and he composed several works in that genre, including The Gambler and The Fiery Angel. Prokofiev's one operatic success during his lifetime was The Love for Three Oranges, composed for the Chicago Opera and subsequently performed over the following decade in Europe and Russia.

After the Revolution, Prokofiev left Russia with the official blessing of the Soviet minister Anatoly Lunacharsky, and resided in the United States, then Germany, then Paris, making his living as a composer, pianist and conductor. During that time he married a Spanish singer, Carolina Codina, with whom he had two sons. In the early 1930s, the Great Depression diminished opportunities for Prokofiev's ballets and operas to be staged in America and western Europe. Prokofiev, who regarded himself as composer foremost, resented the time taken by touring as a pianist, and increasingly turned to Soviet Russia for commissions of new music; in 1936 he finally returned to his homeland with his family. He enjoyed some success there – notably with Lieutenant Kijé, Peter and the Wolf, Romeo and Juliet, and perhaps above all with Alexander Nevsky.

The Nazi invasion of the USSR spurred him to compose his most ambitious work, an operatic version of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace. In 1948 Prokofiev was criticized for "anti-democratic formalism" and, with his income severely curtailed, was forced to compose Stalinist works, such as On Guard for Peace. However, he also enjoyed personal and artistic support from a new generation of Russian performers, notably Sviatoslav Richter and Mstislav Rostropovich: he wrote his ninth piano sonata for the former and his Symphony-Concerto for the latter.

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Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1994 Favourite Orchestral Suites Prokofiev 1
1994 Sinfonien Dvořák / Prokofiev 1
1994 Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No. 3 / Rachmaninoff: Piano Concerto No. 1 Sergei Prokofiev, Sergei Rachmaninoff; Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra, Kyril Kondrashin, Byron Janis 2
1994 The Heifetz Collection, Volumes 11-15: The Concerto Collection Bach, Beethoven, Brahms, Bruch, Glazunov, Mendelssohn, Mozart, Prokofiev, Sibelius, Tchaikovsky, Vieuxtemps; Heifetz 1
1994 Villa Lobos & Prokofieff Villa-Lobos / Prokofiev 1
1995 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concertos Nos. 1-3 / Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No. 5 / Bartók: Piano Concerto No. 2 Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev, Bartók; Emil Gilels, Sviatoslav Richter 5
1995 Symphony no. 1 "Classical" / Symphony no. 5 / Lieutenant Kijé Prokofiev; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Stephen Gunzenhauser, Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra (Košice), Andrew Mogrelia 1
1995 Romeo and Juliet (Highlights) / Cinderella (Suite) Prokofiev; Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra, National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, Andrew Mogrelia, Theodore Kuchar 1
1996 Prokofiev: Visions fugitives / Hindemith: Ludus tonalis Prokofiev, Hindemith; Olli Mustonen 1
1997 The Best Of Prokofiev Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1997 Symphonies No. 1 & 5 / Lt. Kijé Suite / Suite from The Love for Three Oranges Prokofiev; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Michael Tilson Thomas, London Symphony Orchestra, Andrew Davis 1
1997 Lieutenant Kijé / Chout / The Prodigal Son / Scythian Suite / Autumnal / The Stone Flower Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1997 Die Klassiksammlung 113: Prokofjew Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1997 Flute Sonatas Franck, Prokofiev, Reinecke; James Galway, Martha Argerich, Phillip Moll 1
1997 Romeo and Juliet Highlights / Lieutenant Kijé / Classical Symphony Prokofiev; Riccardo Muti, Vernon Handley, André Previn 1
1997 Stravinsky: Violin Concerto / Prokofiev: Violin Concerto no. 2 Stravinsky, Prokofiev; Itzhak Perlman, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Barenboim 1
1998 Peter & The Wolf / Carnival of the Animals / Young Person's Guide / Jeux d'enfants Prokofiev, Camille Saint‐Saëns; Leopold Stokowski, Sir Malcolm Sargent, Antal Doráti, Basil Rathbone 1
1998 Prokofiev: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 3 / Bartok: Piano Concerto No. 3 Prokofiev, Bartók; Martha Argerich, Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, Charles Dutoit 2
1998 Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky / Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade Prokofiev, Rimsky-Korsakov; Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra, Leonard Slatkin, Jerzy Semkow 1
1998 Waltz Suite / Two Pushkin Waltzes / Two Waltzes from The Stone Flower / Cinderella Ballet Suite Prokofiev; Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1999 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 35: Emil Gilels II Liszt, Prokofiev, Stravinsky, Tchaikovsky; Emil Gilels 1
1999 Symphonies Nos. 1 & 6 Serge Prokofiev; Berliner Philharmoniker, Seiji Ozawa 1
2000 BBC Music, Volume 8 Number 10: Peter and the Wolf with David Attenborough Prokofiev, Britten; BBC Philharmonic, Yan Pascal Tortelier, David Attenborough 1
2000 Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky / Khachaturian: Violin Concerto Prokofiev, Khachaturian; Elias, Chicago Symphony, Reiner, Kogan, Symphony Orchestra, Monteux 1
2000 Peter and the Wolf Prokofiev; Lenny Henry 1
2000 Prokofiev: Symphonie no. 5 / Stravinsky: Le sacre du printemps Prokofiev, Stravinsky; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
2001 Peter och vargen Sergej Prokofjev; Mark Levengood 1
2001 Violin Concertos Prokofiev, Gruenberg; Jascha Heifetz, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Serge Koussevitzky, San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
2001 Complete Music for Solo Piano (disc 6: In Paris I 1923-35) Sergei Prokofiev; Frederic Chiu 1
2002 Symphonies nos. 1, 5, 6 & 7 / Autumnal / Overture on Hebrew Themes Prokofiev; London Symphony Orchestra, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, The Cleveland Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2002 Complete Concertos Prokofiev; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Joshua Bell, Lynn Harrell, André Previn, Charles Dutoit 2
2002 Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto no. 3 / Prokofiev: Piano Concerto no. 2 Rachmaninov, Prokofiev; BBC Symphony Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Rudolf Schwarz, Kent Nagano, Shura Cherkassky 1
2003 Fiftieth Anniversary Edition Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Fiftieth Anniversary Edition, Volume 1: Symphonies (Orchestre National de France feat. conductor: Mstislav Rostropovich) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Fiftieth Anniversary Edition, Volume 2: Concertos Sergei Prokofiev 1
2003 Fiftieth Anniversary Edition, Volume 3: Stage Works & Film Scores Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Fiftieth Anniversary Edition, Volume 4: Instrumental & Chamber Music Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Fiftieth Anniversary Edition, Volume 5: War and Peace Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Prokofiev: 50th Anniversary Sergey Prokofiev 1
2003 Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky / Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition Prokofiev, Mussorgsky; New York Philharmonic, Thomas Schippers 2
2003 Russian Cello Sonatas Prokofiev, Rachmaninov, Shostakovich; Lynn Harrell, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2003 Violin Concertos 1 & 2 / Sonata for Two Violins Prokofiev; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Itzhak Perlman, Pinchas Zukerman 2
2004 Violin Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Violin Sonata No. 2 Prokofiev; David Oistrakh 1
2004 Günter-Wand-Edition, Volume 3 Igor Strawinsky, Sergej Prokofiew; Edith Peinemann, Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Günter Wand 1
2004 Peter and the Wolf and Other Children's Favourites Prokofiev; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sian Edwards, Willie Rushton 1
2004 Scriabin: Piano Sonatas Nos. 3, 9 / Prokofiev: Piano Sonata No. 8 / Rachmaninov: Prelude No. 4 Scriabine, Prokofiev, Rachmaninov; Grigory Sokolov 1
2005 Cello Concertos Haydn, Dvořák, Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev, Miaskovsky, Shostakovich, Kernis; Truls Mørk 1
2005 Piano Concertos 1-5 Prokofiev; Vladimir Krainev, Radio-Sinfonie-Orchester Frankfurt, Dmitri Kitaenko 1
2005 Sinfonietta / Sinfonia Concertante / Divertimento Sergey Prokofiev; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Raphael Wallfisch 1
2005 Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto no. 1 / Prokofiev: Piano Concerto no. 1 / Balakirev: Islamey Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev, Balakirev; Andrei Gavrilov, Philharmonia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti, London Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 2
2005 Roméo et Juliette (excerpt) / Symphonie no. 1 op. 25 "Classique" / Suite symphonique op. 60 "Lieutenant Kijé" Prokofiev; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Yuri Simonov 1
2006 Coleção Folha de música clássica, volume 23: Sergei Prokofiev Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
2006 Violin Concertos Stravinsky, Bartók, Shostakovich, Prokofiev; Viktoria Mullova 1
2006 An Introduction to Sergey Prokofiev Sergey Prokofiev 1
2006 Prokofiev: Symphony no. 5 / Tchaikovsky: Romeo and Juliet Prokofiev, Tchaikovsky; Novosibirsk Academic Symphony Orchestra, Thomas Sanderling 1
2006 Peter and the Wolf / Lieutenant Kijé Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2006 Prokofiev: Alexandr Nevski / Suite escita / El teniente Kijé / Shostakovich: Suite de jazz n.º 2 / Concierto n.º 1 para piano Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Elena Obraztsova, Orquesta Sinfónica de Londres, Orquesta Sinfónica de Chicago, Claudio Abbado, Orquesta del Concertgebouw de Amsterdam, Riccardo Chailly, Martha Argerich, Württembergisches Kammerorchester Heilbronn, Jörg Faerber 1
2007 Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf / Rawsthorne: Practical Cats / Britten: The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Prokofiev, Rawsthorne, Britten 1
2008 Scythian Suite / The Steel Step Suite / Alexander Nevsky Sergey Prokofiev; Linda Finnie, Scottish National Orchestra Chorus, Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
2008 Eternal Prokofiev Sergey Prokofiev 1
2008 Lieutenant Kijé / Suite from "The Stone Flower" / Autumnal / Andante, op. 50bis / Dreams Sergey Prokofiev; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
2008 Suite from "The Buffoon" / Waltz Suite / Suite from "The Love for Three Oranges" Sergey Prokofiev; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
2008 20th Century Classics: Prokofiev Sergei Prokofiev 1
2008 Mstislav Rostropovich Plays Cello Works by… Bach, Dvořák, Handel, Jolivet, Landowski, Prokofiev, Saint‐Saëns, Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky, Vivaldi; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2009 Violin Concertos nos. 1 & 2 / Violin Sonata no. 1 Sergey Prokofiev; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Lydia Mordkovitch, Gerhard Oppitz 1
2009 Russian Music Mussorgsky, Borodin, Rachmaninov, Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Gubaidulina; Simon Rattle 1
2011 Symphonies 5 & 7 / Symphony-Concerto / Cinderella (Suite) Sergei Prokofiev; Han-Na Chang, Simon Rattle, André Previn, Antonio Pappano 1
2012 魔法革命プロコフィエフ プロコフィエフ 1
2012 Great Piano Concertos Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Liszt, Grieg, Schumann, Chopin, Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, Ravel, Prokofiev, Gershwin 1
2012 Great Russian Symphonies Tchaikovsky, Borodin, Prokofiev, Myaskovsky, Shostakovich, Rimsky-Korsakov, Rachmaninov, Scriabin, Glazunov, Kalinnikov 1
2012 Great Violin Concertos Vivaldi, J.S. Bach, Mozart, Spohr, Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Bruch, Vieuxtemps, Brahms, Paganini, Saint-Saëns, Lalo, Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, Elgar, Wieniawski, Dvořák, Sibelius, Shostakovich, Prokofiev 1
2012 Romeo and Juliet Highlights Prokofiev; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Berliner Philharmoniker, Seiji Ozawa, Charles Dutoit 1
2012 Great Ballet Adolphe Adam, Léo Delibes, Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, Khachaturian, Prokofiev, Ravel, Stravinsky 1
2013 Prokofiev / Smetana / Janáček Prokofiev, Smetana, Janáček; Josef Špaček, Miroslav Sekera 1
2013 Music for Strings Hindemith, Prokofiev, Bartók, Vivaldi; Neville Marriner, Rudolf Barshai 1
2013 Concertos, Sonatas and more... Brahms, Lalo, Leclair, Paganini, Prokofiev, Sibelius, Tchaikovsky; Itzhak Perlman 1
Greatest Hits Prokofiev; New York Philharmonic, Philadelphia Orchestra 1
Holst: The Planets / Prokofiev: Suite from “Love for Three Oranges” Holst, Prokofiev; Orchestre National de France, Lorin Maazel 1
Lieutenant Kije / Song Of The Nightingale Prokofieff, Stravinsky; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner 1
Pictures at an Exhibition Mussorgsky-Ravel, Ippolitov-Ivanov, Prokofiev, Rimsky-Korsakov; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Ormandy 1
Rachmaninoff, Rimskij-Korsakow, Prokofjew Rachmaninoff, Rimskij-Korsakow, Prokofjew; ORF Symphonieorchester, Milan Horvat 1
Schostakowitsch: The Gadfly / Prokofjew: Alexander Newski / Orff: Carmina Burana Schostakowitsch, Prokofjew, Orff; Philharmonischer Chor Köln, Philharmonisches Orchester Vorpommern, Horst Meinardus 1
Shostakovich: Sonata in D minor, op. 40 / Pärt: Fratres / Prokofiev: Sonata in C, op. 119 Shostakovich, Arvo Pärt, Prokofiev; Ulrich Boeckheler, Susan Starr 1
Sinfonía No. 1 "Clásica" / Romeo y Julieta (Selección) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
The Best of Prokofiev Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1

Album + Compilation + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2006 The Complete Symphonies Prokofiev; London Symphony Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1989 Ten Pieces, op. 12 / Four Pieces, op. 4 / Old Grandmother's Tales, op. 31 / Piano Sonata no. 2, op. 14 / Toccata, op. 11 Sergey Prokofiev; Ivo Janssen 1
1997 Romeo & Juliet: excerpts Prokofiev; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 2
1998 Violin Sonatas [Salzburg Festival 1972] Brahms, Prokofiev; David Oistrakh, Sviatoslav Richter 1
2001 Mozart: Piano Sonata, K. 283 / Rachmaninov: Études-tableaux / Scriabin: Piano Sonata no. 9 / Prokofiev: Piano Sonata no. 4 Mozart, Rachmaninov, Scriabin, Prokofiev; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2001 Beethoven: Leonore Overture no. 3 / Prokofiev: The Love for Three Oranges - Suite / Dvořák: Symphony no. 9 Beethoven, Prokofiev, Dvořák; BBC Symphony Orchestra, Rudolf Kempe 1
2005 Symphonies Nos. 1 "Classique", 5 Prokofiev; Münchner Philharmoniker, Sergiu Celibidache 1
2009 BBC Music: Volume 18 No. 3: Violin Concerto No. 2 / Violin Sonata No. 2 Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Robert Soetens, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Sir Henry Wood, James Ehnes, Andrew Armstrong 1
2010 Variations on a Rococo Theme / Sinfonia Concertante Tchaikovsky, Prokofiev; Gautier Capuçon, Orchestra of the Mariinsky Theatre, Valery Gergiev 1
2010 Romeo & Juliet Prokofiev; London Symphony Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 1
2011 BBC Music, Volume 20, Number 1: Roman Festivals / Cinderella Suite No. 1 Respighi / Prokofiev; Vasily Petrenko 1
2013 Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto no. 3 / Prokofiev: Piano Concerto no. 2 Rachmaninov, Prokofiev; Yuja Wang, Simón Bolívar Symphony Orchestra of Venezuela, Gustavo Dudamel 3
2014 Ivan the Terrible Sergei Prokofiev; Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Tugan Sokhiev 1
2016 The Seattle Recital Beethoven, Chopin, Debussy, Prokofiev; Emil Gilels 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1995 Alexander Nevsky Sergei Prokofiev; St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Yuri Temirkanov 2

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