Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (/prəˈkɒfiɛf, pr-, -ˈkɔː-, -ˈk-, -jɛf, -jɛv, -iəf/; Russian: Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, tr. Sergej Sergejevič Prokofjev; 23 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian and Soviet composer, pianist and conductor. As the creator of acknowledged masterpieces across numerous musical genres, he is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century. His works include such widely heard works as the March from The Love for Three Oranges, the suite Lieutenant Kijé, the ballet Romeo and Juliet – from which "Dance of the Knights" is taken – and Peter and the Wolf. Of the established forms and genres in which he worked, he created – excluding juvenilia – seven completed operas, seven symphonies, eight ballets, five piano concertos, two violin concertos, a cello concerto, a Symphony-Concerto for cello and orchestra, and nine completed piano sonatas.

A graduate of the St Petersburg Conservatory, Prokofiev initially made his name as an iconoclastic composer-pianist, achieving notoriety with a series of ferociously dissonant and virtuosic works for his instrument, including his first two piano concertos. In 1915 Prokofiev made a decisive break from the standard composer-pianist category with his orchestral Scythian Suite, compiled from music originally composed for a ballet commissioned by Sergei Diaghilev of the Ballets Russes. Diaghilev commissioned three further ballets from Prokofiev – Chout, Le pas d'acier and The Prodigal Son – which at the time of their original production all caused a sensation among both critics and colleagues. Prokofiev's greatest interest, however, was opera, and he composed several works in that genre, including The Gambler and The Fiery Angel. Prokofiev's one operatic success during his lifetime was The Love for Three Oranges, composed for the Chicago Opera and subsequently performed over the following decade in Europe and Russia.

After the Revolution, Prokofiev left Russia with the official blessing of the Soviet minister Anatoly Lunacharsky, and resided in the United States, then Germany, then Paris, making his living as a composer, pianist and conductor. During that time he married a Spanish singer, Carolina Codina, with whom he had two sons. In the early 1930s, the Great Depression diminished opportunities for Prokofiev's ballets and operas to be staged in America and western Europe. Prokofiev, who regarded himself as composer foremost, resented the time taken by touring as a pianist, and increasingly turned to Soviet Russia for commissions of new music; in 1936 he finally returned to his homeland with his family. He enjoyed some success there – notably with Lieutenant Kijé, Peter and the Wolf, Romeo and Juliet, and perhaps above all with Alexander Nevsky.

The Nazi invasion of the USSR spurred him to compose his most ambitious work, an operatic version of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace. In 1948 Prokofiev was criticized for "anti-democratic formalism" and, with his income severely curtailed, was forced to compose Stalinist works, such as On Guard for Peace. However, he also enjoyed personal and artistic support from a new generation of Russian performers, notably Sviatoslav Richter and Mstislav Rostropovich: he wrote his ninth piano sonata for the former and his Symphony-Concerto for the latter.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1998 Romeo & Juliet / Symphony no. 6 Prokofiev; NHK Symphony Orchestra, Charles Dutoit 1
1999 Symphony no. 4, op. 112 / The Prodigal Son Sergey Prokofiev; National Symphony Orchestra of the Ukraine, Theodore Kuchar 1
1999 Prokofiev: Symphony No. 5 / Bartók: Concerto for Orchestra Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, Béla Bartók; George Szell, The Cleveland Orchestra 1
1999 Violin Concertos Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Dmitry Sitkovetsky 1
1999 Debussy: Preludes / L'isle Joyeuse / Chopin: Ballade No. 3 / Scherzo No. 4 / Mazurkas, Op. 24 / Barcarolle Fryderyk Chopin, Claude Debussy, Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Sviatoslav Richter 1
1999 Prokofiev: Ivan the Terrible / Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky / Rachmaninov: The Bells Prokofiev, Rachmaninov; Riccardo Muti, André Previn 1
1999 Cinderella Sergey Prokofiev narrated by: Brian Cant 1
1999 Complete Piano Sonatas / Visions Fugitives Prokofiev; Matti Raekallio 1
1999 Prokofiev: Cinderella / Glazunov: The Seasons Prokofiev, Glazunov; The Cleveland Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1999 Romeo & Juliet Prokofiev, Tchaikovsky; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Daniele Gatti 1
1999 The Gambler (St. Petersburg Kirov Orchestra feat. conductor: Valery Gergiev) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1999 The Two Violin Sonatas and Five Melodies Prokofiev; James Ehnes, Wendy Chen 1
2000 Love for Three Oranges / Les Sylphides / Preludes Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, Fryderyk Chopin, Franz Liszt; Arthur Fiedler, Boston Pops Orchestra 1
2000 7 Symphonies / Lieutenant Kijé Prokofiev; Berliner Philharmoniker, Seiji Ozawa 3 1
2000 Recital 2000 Prokofiev, Crumb, Webern, Respighi; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Lambert Orkis 5 1
2000 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Prokofiev; Frank Peter Zimmermann, Philharmonia Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 1
2000 Debussy: Syrinx / Bilitis / La plus que lente / Ravel: Chansons madécasses / Prokofiev: Flute Sonata Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Sergei Prokofiev; Emmanuel Pahud, Stephen Kovacevich 1
2000 Romeo and Juliet / Classical Symphony / Piano Concerto Serge Prokofiev 1
2000 Violin Concertos 1 & 2 / Romeo & Juliet / Symphony no. 5 / Scythian Suite Prokofiev; Ansermet, Ricci 1
2001 Love for Three Oranges (Kirov Chorus and Orchestra feat. conductor: Valery Gergiev) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2001 Ballet Music: Romeo and Juliet / Cinderella Sergei Prokofiev; The Cleveland Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
2001 Romeo and Juliet Prokofiev; Kirov Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 3
2001 Piano Concerto No. 3 / Visions fugitives (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Piero Coppola, piano: Sergei Prokofiev) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 2
2001 Russian Classics Rachmaninoff, Shostakovich, Prokofiev; David Finckel, Wu Han 1
2001 Violin Concertos Bartók, Šivic, Prokofiev; Simfonični orkester RTV Slovenija, Samo Hubad, Tomaž Lorenz 1
2002 Dvořák: Cello Concerto / Schumann: Cello Concerto / Strauss: Don Quixote / Prokofiev: Symphony-Concerto Dvořák, Schumann, Strauss, Prokofiev; Heinrich Schiff 1
2002 Janáček: Sinfonietta / Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphoses / Prokofiev: Chout Janáček, Hindemith, Prokofiev; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
2002 Les Nouveaux Musiciens Martinů, Prokofiev, Hindemith; Mathieu Dufour, Aleksandar Madžar 1
2002 Pierre et le loup (Orchestre de la Suisse italienne feat. conductor: Jean-Bernard Pommier, narrator: Jean Rochefort) Serge Prokofiev 2
2002 Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No. 2 / Glazunov: Violin Concerto / Tchaikovsky: Meditation Prokofiev, Glazunov, Tchaikovsky; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Mariss Jansons, Nikolaj Znaider 1
2002 Symphony-Concerto (Sinfonia Concertante) / Symphony no. 2 Prokofiev; Alexander Ivashkin, Russian State Symphony Orchestra, Valeri Polyansky 1
2003 Alexander Nevsky / Scythian Suite (Kirov Orchestra & Chorus feat. conductor: Valery Gergiev) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 On the Dnieper / Songs of Our Days (Russian State Symphony Orchestra & Cappella feat. conductor: Valeri Polyansky) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Alexander Nevsky (Cantata) / Pushkiniana (Orchestral Suite) Prokofiev; Irina Gelahova, Stanislavsky Chorus, Russian State Symphony Orchestra, Dmitry Yablonsky 1
2003 BBC Music, Volume 11, Number 8: Symphony No.5 / War and Peace (excerpts) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 The Tale of the Stone Flower, Op. 118 (BBC Philharmonic feat. conductor: Gianandrea Noseda) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Ivan the Terrible, Op. 116 / Ballad of an Unknown Boy, Op. 93 (Russian State Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Valery Polyansky) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Romeo and Juliet: Complete Suites From the Ballet Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Järvi 1
2003 Keisuke Wakao Plays Bach, Mozart, Britten, Prokofiev with Friends of the Boston Symphony Orchestra Bach, Mozart, Britten, Prokofiev; Keisuke Wakao, Boston Symphony Orchestra 2
2003 Klaviersonaten Nr. 2, Nr. 4, Nr. 7 Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Le pas d'acier / The Prodigal Son (WDR Sinfonie Orchester feat. conductor: Michail Jurowski) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2003 Romeo & Juliet Prokofiev; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
2003 Sonatas for Cello and Piano Shostakovich, Prokofiev, Britten; Pieter Wispelwey, Dejan Lazić 1
2004 Violin Concertos Serge Prokofiev, Jean Sibelius; Ilya Gringolts, Göteborgs Symfoniker, Neeme Järvi 1
2004 Prokofiev: Cinderella Suite / Ravel: Ma mère l'oye Prokofiev, Ravel; Martha Argerich, Mikhail Pletnev 2
2004 Russian Violin Concertos Kachaturian, Prokofiev, Glazunov; Julia Fischer, Russian National Orchestra, Yakov Kreizberg 1
2004 Bassoon XX Jolivet, Gubaidulina, Villa-Lobos, Françaix, Stockhausen, Coltrane, Prokofiev, Stravinsky; Rino Vernizzi, New Music Studium, Antonio Plotino 1
2004 Piano Sonatas 4 & 6 / Ten Pieces from Romeo and Juliet Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Nikolai Lugansky 1
2004 Sonatas for Violin and Piano No. 1 in F minor, Op. 80 & No. 2 in D major, Op. 94 / Five Melodies, Op. 35 (violin: Gil Shaham, piano: Orli Shaham) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2004 The Five Piano Concertos Sergei Prokofiev; Abdel Rahman El Bacha, The Monnaie Symphony Orchestra, Kazushi Ono 1
2005 Messe Noire (piano: Алексей Любимов) Stravinsky, Shostakovich, Prokofiev, Scriabin; Alexei Lubimov 1
2005 The Love for Three Oranges (Opera Australia feat. conductor: Richard Hickox) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2005 Concertos Nos. 2, 3 for Piano and Orchestra (USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra, feat. piano: Victoria Postnikova, conductor: Gennadi Rozhdestvensky) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2005 Romeo and Juliet (Symphonic Orchestra of the State Academic Bolshoi Theatre feat. conductor: Gennadi Rozhdestvensky) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2005 Symphonies Nos. 5, 7 (Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks feat. conductor: Klaus Tennstedt) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2005 Tchaikovsky: Fragments From The Ballet "The Nutcracker" / Prokofiev: Second Suite from "Romeo and Juliet" Пётр Ильич Чайковский, Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Евгений Александрович Мравинский 1
2006 Ravel: Piano Concerto in G / Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No. 5 / Schlimé: 3 Improvisations Maurice Ravel, Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Francesco Tristano, Михаил Васильевич Плетнёв, Российский национальный оркестр 1
2006 Violin Concertos Shostakovich, Prokofiev; Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle, Sarah Chang 1
2006 String Quartets Nos. 1, 2 / Quintet (Russian String Quartet) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2006 Sergey Prokofiev Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2006 BBC Music, Volume 14, Number 13: R Strauss, Mozart, and Prokofiev R Strauss / Mozart / Prokofiev; The Hallé, Manchester Camerata, BBC Philharmonic 1
2006 Complete Works for Cello and Piano Sergey Sergeyevich Prokofiev; Alexander Ivashkin, Tatyana Lazareva 1
2006 Complete Violin Sonatas (violin: Tatiana Samouil, piano: Plamena Mangova) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2007 Stravinsky: Apollo / Concerto in D / Prokofiev: 20 Visions Fugitives Stravinsky, Prokofiev; Moscow Soloists, Yuri Bashmet 1
2007 Romeo & Juliet: The Three Suites Prokofiev; Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, Andrew Litton 2
2007 Mozart / Prokofiev Mozart, Prokofiev; Lise de la Salle 1
2007 Prokofiev: Piano concerto no. 2 / Ravel: Piano concerto in G major Prokofiev, Ravel; Yundi Li, Berliner Philharmoniker, Seiji Ozawa 2
2007 Richter the Master, Volume 3: Scriabin, Prokofiev, Shostakovich Scriabin, Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Richter 1
2007 Samuel Barber / Ríkarður Örn Pálsson / Lárus H. Grímsson / Sergei Prokoffief Samuel Barber, Ríkarður Örn Pálsson, Lárus H. Grímsson, Sergei Prokoffief; Þorsteinn Gauti Sigurðsson 1
2007 Works for cello & piano E. Lalo, S. Prokofiev, E. Denissov, A. Schnittke; Andrei Demin, Yuri Slesarev 1
2008 Peter and the Wolf / Pushkiniana / Suite from "Cinderella" Sergey Prokofiev; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
2008 BBC Music, Volume 17, Number 4: An Enchanted Christmas Suk, Prokofiev, Ravel 1
2008 Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf / Sibelius: Symphony no. 2 Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, Jean Sibelius; Eleanor Roosevelt, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Serge Koussevitzky 1
2008 Rostropovich Conducts Prokofiev: The Complete Symphonies Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2009 Shostakovich: Violin Concerto no. 1 - Violinkonzert Nr. 1 / Prokofiev: Symphony no. 1 "Classical" - "Symphonie Classique" Shostakovich, Prokofiev; Gustav Schmahl, Dresdner Philharmonie, Kurt Masur 1
2009 Works for Violin and Piano Prokofiev, Ysaÿe, Chausson, Saint-Saëns; Jack Liebeck, Katya Apekisheva 1
2009 Piano Concertos Nos. 2, 3 (Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Vladimir Ashkenazy, piano: Evgeny Kissin) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2009 Lydia Mordkovitch Plays Kabalevsky / Prokofiev / Volkonsky / Khandoshkin / Stravinsky Kabalevsky, Prokofiev, Volkonsky, Khandoshkin, Stravinsky; Lydia Mordkovitch, Nicholas Walker, Julian Milford 1
2009 Cello Concerto / Symphony-Concerto Prokofiev; Alban Gerhardt, Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, Andrew Litton 1
2009 Prokofiev: Sinfonia Concertante / Tcherepnin: Suite for Cello Solo / Crumb: Sonata for Cello Solo Prokofiev, Tcherepnin, Crumb; Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestr, Vassily Sinaisky, Pieter Wispelwey 1
2010 Recital Mozart, Chopin, Beethoven, Prokofiev, Liszt; Van Cliburn 1
2010 Sibelius: Violin Concerto / Sibelius: Humoresques / Prokofiev: Violin Concerto no. 1 Sibelius, Prokofiev; Vilde Frang, WDR Sinfonieorchester Köln, Thomas Søndergård 1
2010 String Quartets Prokofiev; Pavel Haas Quartet 2
2010 Prokofiev / Ravel Prokofiev, Ravel; Anna Vinnitskaya, Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Gilbert Varga 1
2010 reVisions Claude Debussy, Sergei Prokofiev, Ernest Bloch, Maurice Ravel; Steven Isserlis, Tapiola Sinfonietta, Gábor Takács-Nagy 1
2010 Richter Plays Prokofiev Prokofiev; Richter 1
2010 Sergei Prokofiev: Symphony No. 5 / Modest Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition Sergei Prokofiev, Modest Mussorgsky; Sergiu Celibidache 1
2011 Prokofiev : Concerto no. 2 / Rachmaninov: Danses Symphoniques Prokofiev, Rachmaninov; Orchestre national du Capitole de Toulouse, Tugan Sokhiev 1
2011 Piano Sonatas 1-5 Prokofiev; Alexandra Silocea 1
2011 Piano Sonatas nos. 1-9 / Romeo and Juliet / Visions fugitives / Sarcasms / Other Works for Piano Prokofiev; Matti Raekallio 1
2011 Rachmaninoff: Moments musiceaux / Scriabin: Sonata no. 5 / Prokofiev: Sonata no. 7 Rachmaninoff, Scriabin, Prokofiev; Alexander Gavrylyuk 1
2011 Cello Sonatas Prokofiev, Kabalevsky, Miaskovsky; Jamie Walton, Daniel Grimwood 1
2011 Brahms / Kahane / Prokofiev Brahms, Kahane, Prokofiev; Natasha Paremski 1
2011 Russian Piano Music Vol. 7: Prokofiev Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
2011 Sonates pour violoncelle et piano Chostakovitch, Prokofiev; Sonia Wieder-Atherton, Laurent Cabasso 1
2012 Alexis Weissenberg: The Champagne Pianist Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Brahms, Mussorgsky, Rachmaninov, Chopin, Prokofiev, Schumann; Alexis Weissenberg 1
2012 Prokofiev: Sonata no. 6 / Liszt / Saint-Saëns Prokofiev, Liszt, Saint-Saëns; Behzod Abduraimov 1
2012 The Soviet Experience, Volume 2: Shostakovich: Quartets nos. 1-4 / Prokofiev: Quartet no. 2 Shostakovich, Prokofiev; Pacifica Quartet 1
2012 Romeo and Juliet (Highlights) Prokofiev; National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, Andrew Mogrelia 1
2012 Symphony no. 5 / The Year 1941 Sergey Prokofiev; São Paulo Symphony Orchestra, Marin Alsop 1

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