Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (/prəˈkɒfiɛf, pr-, -ˈkɔː-, -ˈk-, -jɛf, -jɛv, -iəf/; Russian: Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, tr. Sergej Sergejevič Prokofjev; 23 April 1891 – 5 March 1953) was a Russian and Soviet composer, pianist and conductor. As the creator of acknowledged masterpieces across numerous musical genres, he is regarded as one of the major composers of the 20th century. His works include such widely heard works as the March from The Love for Three Oranges, the suite Lieutenant Kijé, the ballet Romeo and Juliet – from which "Dance of the Knights" is taken – and Peter and the Wolf. Of the established forms and genres in which he worked, he created – excluding juvenilia – seven completed operas, seven symphonies, eight ballets, five piano concertos, two violin concertos, a cello concerto, a Symphony-Concerto for cello and orchestra, and nine completed piano sonatas.

A graduate of the St Petersburg Conservatory, Prokofiev initially made his name as an iconoclastic composer-pianist, achieving notoriety with a series of ferociously dissonant and virtuosic works for his instrument, including his first two piano concertos. In 1915 Prokofiev made a decisive break from the standard composer-pianist category with his orchestral Scythian Suite, compiled from music originally composed for a ballet commissioned by Sergei Diaghilev of the Ballets Russes. Diaghilev commissioned three further ballets from Prokofiev – Chout, Le pas d'acier and The Prodigal Son – which at the time of their original production all caused a sensation among both critics and colleagues. Prokofiev's greatest interest, however, was opera, and he composed several works in that genre, including The Gambler and The Fiery Angel. Prokofiev's one operatic success during his lifetime was The Love for Three Oranges, composed for the Chicago Opera and subsequently performed over the following decade in Europe and Russia.

After the Revolution, Prokofiev left Russia with the official blessing of the Soviet minister Anatoly Lunacharsky, and resided in the United States, then Germany, then Paris, making his living as a composer, pianist and conductor. During that time he married a Spanish singer, Carolina Codina, with whom he had two sons. In the early 1930s, the Great Depression diminished opportunities for Prokofiev's ballets and operas to be staged in America and western Europe. Prokofiev, who regarded himself as composer foremost, resented the time taken by touring as a pianist, and increasingly turned to Soviet Russia for commissions of new music; in 1936 he finally returned to his homeland with his family. He enjoyed some success there – notably with Lieutenant Kijé, Peter and the Wolf, Romeo and Juliet, and perhaps above all with Alexander Nevsky.

The Nazi invasion of the USSR spurred him to compose his most ambitious work, an operatic version of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace. In 1948 Prokofiev was criticized for "anti-democratic formalism" and, with his income severely curtailed, was forced to compose Stalinist works, such as On Guard for Peace. However, he also enjoyed personal and artistic support from a new generation of Russian performers, notably Sviatoslav Richter and Mstislav Rostropovich: he wrote his ninth piano sonata for the former and his Symphony-Concerto for the latter.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1991 Scriabin: Verse la flamme / Sonata no. 9 / Prokofiev: Visions fugitives Scriabin, Prokofiev; Nikolai Demidenko 2
1991 Shostakovich: Seven Verses by A. Blok, op. 127 / Prokofiev: Overture on Hebrew Themes, op. 34 / Arensky: Piano Trio no. 2, op. 73 Shostakovich, Prokofiev, Arensky; Borodin Trio, Nadia Pelle 1
1991 String Quartets no. 1 in B minor, op. 50 & no. 2 in F major, op. 92 Sergey Prokofiev; Chilingirian Quartet 1
1991 Suite: The Comedians Kabalevsky, Borodin, Glinka, Mussorgsky, Prokofiev, Rimsky-Korsakov; Bayerisches Staatsorchester, Wolfgang Sawallisch 1
1991 Symphony no. 1 "Classical" / Symphony no. 5 Prokofiev; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Yoel Levi 1
1991 The Fiery Angel Serge Prokofiev; Nadine Secunde, Ruthild Engert-Ely, Siegfried Lorenz, Heinz Zednik, Kurt Moll, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Neeme Järvi 1
1991 Waltz Suite, op. 110 / Pushkin Waltzes / A Summer Day Prokofiev; Tampere Philharmonic Orchestra, Leonid Grin 1
1992 Symphony no. 4 in C major, op. 112 (second version) / Lieutenant Kijé, Suite, op. 60 Sergei Prokofiev; Malmö Symphony Orchestra, James DePreist 1
1992 Violinsonaten / 5 Melodien Prokofiev; Gidon Kremer, Martha Argerich 1
1992 Cinderella Prokofiev; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1992 Piano Concertos: No. 1, op. 10 / No. 3, op. 26 / No. 4, op. 53 Sergey Prokofiev; Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Antoni Wit, Kun Woo Paik 1
1992 Symphonia Concertante Prokofiev, Tchaikovsky; Yo‐Yo Ma, Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, Lorin Maazel 1
1992 Works for Orchestra, Volume 1 Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1992 Alexander Nevsky / Lieutenant Kijé Serge Prokofiev; Elena Obraztsova, London Symphony Chorus, London Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1992 Cantata for the 20th Anniversary of the October Revolution / The Stone Flower (excerpts) Sergey Prokofiev; Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus, Neeme Järvi, Gennady Rozhdestvensky 2
1992 Classical Romance Rachmaninoff, Scriabin, Prokofiev, Reger, Chopin; Tübingen Medical Orchestra, Norbert Kirchmann, Robert-Alexander Bohnke 1
1992 Emil Gilels plays Prokofiev: Piano Sonata no. 8 in B flat Major, op. 84 / Visions Fugitives, op. 22 Prokofiev; Emil Gilels 1
1992 Piano Sonatas (Frederic Chiu) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1992 Prokofiev Volume III: Piano Sonatas VIII-IX Prokofiev; Frederic Chiu 1
1992 Prokofiev: Ivan the Terrible / Shostakovich: The Execution of Stepan Razin Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Maxim Shostakovich, Gennadi Rozhdestvensky 1
1992 Prokofiev: Piano Sonatas nos. 7 & 8 / Liszt: Mephisto Waltz Prokofiev, Liszt; Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1992 Prokofiev: Romeo and Juliet (Excerpts) / Stravinsky: The Rite of Spring Prokofiev, Stravinsky; New York Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta, Dimitri Mitropoulos 1
1992 Suites: War and Peace / Summer Night from "The Duenna" / Russian Overture Sergey Prokofiev; Philharmonia Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1992 The Prodigal Son, Op. 46 / Divertimento, Op. 43 / Andante from Piano Sonata No. 4, Op. 29bis / Symphonic Song, Op. 57 Sergey Prokofiev; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 2
1993 Symphonies No. 1 "Classical" / No. 3 "The Fiery Angel" Prokofiev; Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti 1
1993 Symphony No. 1 "Classical" / Symphony No. 5 Prokofiev; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
1993 Piano Concertos Nos. 1, 3, 5 Prokofiev; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta, Yefim Bronfman 1
1993 Symphony No. 5 / Symphony No. 1 "Classical" (The Philharmonia feat. conductor: Rudolf Barshai) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1993 Prokofiev: Symphony No. 5 / Glazunov: Symphony No. 5 (Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Evgeny Mravinsky) Prokofiev / Glazunov 1
1993 Complete Piano Music, Vol. 8: Sonata no. 9, op. 103 / Four Studies, op. 2 / Choses en soi, op. 45 / Divertissement, op. 43 bis Prokofiev; Boris Berman 1
1993 Complete Solo Piano Music, Volume 1 (György Sándor) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1993 Piano Concerto no. 3 / Violin Concerto no. 1 / Lieutenant Kijé Prokofiev; Martha Argerich, Shlomo Mintz, Claudio Abbado 1
1993 Piano Music, Volume 1 (Олег Маршев) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1993 Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky Cantata / Shostakovich: Symphony no. 9, op. 70 Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Mariana Paunova, Dallas Symphony Orchestra, Dallas Symphony Chorus, Eduardo Mata 1
1993 Prokofiev: Romeo & Juliet / Ravel: Gaspard de la nuit Sergei Prokofiev, Maurice Ravel; Andrei Gavrilov 1
1993 Prokofjev: Pekka ja susi / Smetana: Moldau Prokofiev / Smetana 1
1993 Shostakovich: Symphony No. 5 / Prokofiev: The Love for Three Oranges (Suite) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович, Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев, The Philadelphia Orchestra & Ormandy 1
1993 Symphony no. 1 "Classical" / Symphony no. 5 Prokofiev; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1993 Symphony no. 5 / Scythian Suite Prokofiev; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle 1
1993 Violin Concerto / Violin Concerto No. 2 Mendelssohn / Prokofiev 1
1993 War and Peace (Kirov Opera and Orchestra) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1994 Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf / Saint-Saëns: Carnival of the Animals / Britten: Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra (narrated by Melissa Joan Hart as Clarissa) Prokofiev, Saint-Saëns, Britten; Melissa Joan Hart, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 1
1994 Piano Concertos Nos. 2, 4 Prokofiev; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta, Yefim Bronfman 1
1994 Violin Concertos No. 1 Prokofiev, Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
1994 Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 3 Prokofiev; Yevgeny Kissin, Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1994 Prokofiev: Piano Concerto no. 3 / Solo Piano Music / Glazunov: The Seasons Sergei Prokofiev, Alexander Glazunov; Sergei Prokofiev, Alexander Glazunov 1
1994 Cinderella Suites nos. 1-3 / Scythian Suite / “On the Dnieper” Sergey Prokofiev; Ukranian State Symphony Orchestra, Theodore Kuchar 1
1994 Dvorak: Symphony "From the New World" / Prokofiev: "Classical" Symphony Dvořák, Prokofiev 1
1994 Lieutenant Kijé / Cinderella / The Love for Three Oranges (Suites) Prokofiev; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1994 Peter and the Wolf Prokofiev; Patrick Stewart, Kent Nagano 1
1994 Prokofiev: String Quartet no. 2 / Hindemith: String Quartet no. 3 / Walton: String Quartet Prokofiev, Hindemith, Walton; The Hollywood String Quartet 1
1994 Romeo & Juliet (The Danish National Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Dmitri Kitajenko) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1994 Romeo & Juliet: Highlights Prokofiev, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Myung-Whun Chung 1
1994 Romeo & Juliet: The Three Ballet Suites Prokofiev; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1994 Symphony No 1 "Classical" & No 5 Prokofiev; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Erich Leinsdorf 1
1994 The Sheffield Leinsdorf Sessions, Volume I Prokofiev, Debussy, Wagner; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Erich Leinsdorf 1
1995 Romeo and Juliet Prokofiev; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 2
1995 String Quartets nos. 1 & 2 / Cello Sonata, op. 119 Prokofiev; Aurora String Quartet, Michael Grebanier, Janet Guggenheim 1
1995 Chout (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Walter Susskind) / Lieutenant Kijé Suite (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir Malcolm Sargent) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1995 Prokofiev: Sinfonia Concertante / Merikanto: Cello Concerto no. 2 Sergei Prokofiev, Aarre Merikanto; Jan-Erik Gustafsson, Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Sakari Oramo 1
1995 Symphony no. 1 "Classical" / Symphony no. 5 Serge Prokofiev; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, James Levine 1
1995 Romeo and Juliet (Complete Ballet in Four Acts) Prokofiev; National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, Andrew Mogrelia 1
1995 Cinderella / "Classical" Symphony Prokofiev; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1995 Cinderella / Summer Night Suite Serge Prokofiev; Russian National Orchestra, Mikhail Pletnev 1
1995 Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 / Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 3 Prokofiev; hr-Sinfonieorchester, Dmitrij Kitaenko, Vladimir Krainev 1
1995 Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf / Britten: The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Prokofiev, Britten; Richard Baker, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Raymond Leppard 2
1995 Sonatas for Violin and Piano Janáček, Prokofiev, Debussy; Viktoria Mullova, Piotr Anderszewski 1
1995 The Fiery Angel Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Galina Gorchakov, Sergei Leiferkus, Kirov Opera and Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 1
1995 Violin Sonatas Prokofiev; Joshua Bell, Olli Mustonen 1
1996 Alexander Nevsky / Lieutenant Kijé / Scythian Suite Serge Prokofiev; Claudio Abbado 1
1996 Romeo and Juliet Prokofiev; San Francisco Symphony, Michael Tilson Thomas 2
1996 Violin Concertos nos. 1, 2 / Sonata for Solo Violin Serge Prokofiev; Gil Shaham, London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
1996 Piano Concertos 3 & 5 / "Overture on Hebrew Themes" / "Autumnal" Prokofiev; Vladimir Ashkenazy, André Previn 1
1996 The Prodigal Son / Chout (USSR Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Gennadi Rozhdestvensky) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1996 BBC Music, Volume 5, Number 2: October Revolution Shostakovich, Prokofiev; BBC Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Mark Elder 1
1996 Alexandre Nevski, Zdravitsa (Chant de joie), Ils sont sept Serge Prokofiev; Orchestre National de l'U.R.S.S., Евгений Фёдорович Светланов, USSR Radio Chorus, USSR radio symphony orchestra 1
1996 Violin Concertos nos. 1 and 2 / Sonata for Solo Violin Sergey Prokofiev; Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra, Antoni Wit, Tedi Papavrami 1
1996 Peter and The Wolf / Carnival of the Animals / Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra Prokofiev, Saint-Saëns, Britten; Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1996 Piano Sonatas nos. 2, 3, 5, & 9 Prokofiev; Yefim Bronfman 1
1996 Prokofiev Shostakovich Rachmaninoff Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Rachmaninoff; Dmitry Yablonksy, Oxana Yablonskaya 1
1996 Prokofiev-Romeo and Juliet-Symphony-Concerto for Violoncello Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1996 Works for Cello and Piano Janáček, Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Steven Isserlis, Olli Mustonen 1
1997 Piano Music, Volume 1: Visions Fugitives / Ten Small Pieces / Four Pieces / Sarcasms / Toccata Sergey Prokofiev; Eteri Andjaparidze 1
1997 Violin Concertos Prokofiev, Glazunov, Shchedrin; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Mstislav Rostropovich, National Symphony Orchestra 3 2
1997 Peter and the Wolf Sergey Prokofiev; Dame Edna Everage 1
1997 Symphony No. 5 in B flat major, op. 100 / Romeo & Juliet, Excerpts from Suites Nos. 1 & 2, op. 64 Sergei Prokofiev; New York Philharmonic, Kurt Masur 1
1997 The 5 Piano Concertos Prokofiev; Alexander Toradze, Kirov Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 1
1997 Piano Concerto No. 5 / Piano Sonata No. 8 / Visions Fugitives (Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Witold Rowicki, piano: Sviatoslav Richter) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1997 Prokofiev, Shostakovich: Cello Sonatas / Stravinsky: Suite italienne Prokofiev, Shostakovich, Stravinsky; Truls Mørk, Lars Vogt 1
1997 Romeo & Juliet / Love for Three Oranges Prokofiev; Toronto Symphony Orchestra, Jukka-Pekka Saraste 1
1997 Romeo and Juliet Serge Prokofiev; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti 2
1997 Symphony-Concerto for Cello and Orchestra / Concertino / Two Waltzes Prokofiev; Alexander Rudin, National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, Theodore Kuchar 1
1997 The Rose Collection Sergei Prokofiev 1
1997 Violin Concertos No. 2 Prokofiev, Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
1998 Rostropovich Plays Prokofiev (USSR State Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Gennadi Rozhdestvensky, cello: Mstislav Rostropovich) Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев 1
1998 Romeo and Juliet Prokofiev; The Cleveland Orchestra, Lorin Maazel 2
1998 Betrothal in a Monastery Сергей Сергеевич Прокофьев; Bolshoi Theater Chorus, Alexander Lazarev 1
1998 Chopin / Beethoven / Schumann / Ravel / Prokofieff Chopin, Beethoven, Schumann, Ravel, Prokofieff; Ivo Pogorelich 1
1998 Piano Sonatas Nos. 2, 7, 8 Sergei Prokofiev; Mikhail Pletnev 1
1998 Prokofiev: Sinfonia Concertante / Miaskovsky: Cello Concerto Sergei Prokofiev, Nicolai Miaskovsky; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Paavo Järvi, Truls Mørk 1

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