Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃpæn/; French: [fʁedeʁik fʁɑ̃swa ʃɔpɛ̃]; 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Warsaw, which in 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and by teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska from 1836 to 1837, he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French woman writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, at the age of 39, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of the instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only after his death. Influences on his composition style include Polish folk music, the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired, as well as the Paris salons where he was a frequent guest. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him a leading symbol of the Romantic era in the public consciousness. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1959 Concert in Rhythm II Ray Conniff 1
1959 Mosaics Michael Rabin 2
1961 Martha Argerich: Début Recital Martha Argerich 5
1963 Legendary Masters of the Piano: A Legacy of Great Performances Preserved Forever in Modern Sound Various Artists 1
1969 Moog Rock Les Baxter 1
1972 The World's Favorite Chopin Arthur Rubinstein 1
1973 "Humoresque": Favorite Violin Encores Isaac Stern 3
1974 Classics Up to Date, Volume 3 James Last 4
1976 A Romantic Collection Van Cliburn 1
1976 Casimir Hall Recital Josef Hofmann 1
1976 Classics Up to Date, Volume 4 James Last 3
1976 Man With the Golden Flute James Galway, National Philharmonic Orchestra, Charles Gerhardt 3
1978 The Magic Flute of James Galway James Galway 1
1978 Classics Up to Date, Volume 5 James Last 2
1978 Rosewood and Silver Vance Koenig & Warren Weisbach 3 1
1979 Jubiläumskonzert James Last 1
1979 Semprini Plays Favourite Piano Pieces Semprini 1
1982 Live at Carnegie Hall Lazar Berman 2
1983 Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue / Addinsell: Warsaw Concerto Gershwin, Addinsell; Misha Dichter, Philharmonia Orchestra, Neville Marriner 2
1984 Chanson pour Titine: Bluesy, Bluesy Colette Magny 2
1984 Classics Up to Date, Volume 6 James Last 2
1985 Salut d'amour‧Romantic Cello Melodies Ofra Harnoy 2
1985 Horowitz: The Last Romantic Vladimir Horowitz 2
1985 Still Life Annie Haslam 3
1986 Chopin: Piano Works (disc 2) Vlado Perlemuter 1
1986 Classics in Rhythm Eugen Cicero 1
1986 The Art of Youra Guller 1895-1980 Youra Guller 1
1986 The Burlesque Trombone Christian Lindberg, Roland Pöntinen 1
1987 Classics in the Air, Volume 3 Paul Mauriat 1
1987 Con Amore Brahms, Kreisler, Elgar; Kyung Wha Chung 2
1987 Music for a Romantic Mood Clive Lythgoe 1
1987 My Favourite Kreisler Itzhak Perlman, Samuel Sanders 1
1987 Piano Masterpieces Silvia Čápová 1
1987 Romantic Piano Favourites, Volume 1 Balázs Szokolay 2
1988 Romantic Piano Favourites, Volume 2 Péter Nagy 2
1988 Romantic Piano Favourites, Volume 4 Péter Nagy 1
1988 Best Loved Classics, Volume 3 Various Artists 4 1
1988 Favorite Piano Pieces Walter Klien 1 1
1988 Favourite Piano Pieces Rudolf Buchbinder 1
1988 Meditation: Musik zum Träumen Various Artists 2
1988 Romantic Piano Favourites, Volume 5 Balázs Szokolay 2
1988 Wunschkonzert / Kleine Stücke - Grosse Meister Various Artists 2 2
1989 Nocturnes Ludwig van Beethoven 1
1989 Romantic Piano Favourites, Volume 7 Péter Nagy 2
1989 Romantic Piano Favourites, Volume 8 Péter Nagy 2
1989 Romantic Piano Favourites, Volume 9 Balázs Szokolay 2
1989 Joy Michael Conn 1
1989 Moonlight Classics - Romantic Piano and Orchestra Various Artists 1
1989 Perchance to Dream: A Lullaby Album Carol Rosenberger 1
1989 Plays Chopin and Liszt Dimitris Sgouros 1
1989 Portrait of Vladimir Horowitz Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1989 Romantic Classics: Violin & Piano Concerto, Volume 3 Various Artists 2
1989 Serenade James Galway 1
1989 The legend of Sviatoslav Richter, Vol. 1: Piano Concertos Святослав Теофилович Рихтер 1
1990 The Complete Music for Solo Piano, Volume 5: Saint-Saëns, Chopin & Berlioz Transcriptions Franz Liszt; Leslie Howard 1
1990 Andante cantabile Lynn Harrell, Bruno Canino 1
1990 Bridges Gene Bertoncini & Michael Moore 1
1990 My Classic Collection Richard Clayderman, The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
1990 Pieces for Piano Solo Franz Liszt; Janina Fialkowska 1
1990 Rhythm Song Evelyn Glennie 1
1991 Romantic Piano Favourites, Volume 6 Balázs Szokolay 2
1991 The Complete Music for Solo Piano, Volume 10: Hexaméron / Symphonie fantastique Franz Liszt; Leslie Howard 1
1991 Zwischen Tag und Traum, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
1991 Träumerei Daniel Barenboim 1
1991 Classic CD, Volume 16 Various Artists 1
1991 The Perlman Edition: The Kreisler Album Kreisler; Perlman, Sanders 2
1991 Classic CD, Volume 18 Various Artists 1
1991 Classic CD, Volume 20 Various Artists 1
1991 Kleine Stücke großer Meister Vol. 2 Various Artists 1
1991 Meditation Mischa Maisky, Pavel Gililov 2
1991 My Favorite Encores Van Cliburn 1
1991 My Favorite Things: Virtuoso Encores Stephen Hough 2
1991 Omnibusk The Classic Buskers 1
1992 The Magic Flute of James Galway James Galway, National Philharmonic Orchestra, Charles Gerhardt 1
1992 Classic CD, Volume 24 Various Artists 1
1992 Classic CD, Volume 25 Various Artists 1
1992 Classic CD, Volume 26 Various Artists 1
1992 Mazurkas Jean-Marc Luisada 1
1992 Classic CD, Volume 29 Various Artists 1
1992 Classic CD, Volume 30 Various Artists 1
1992 Classical Loon Various Artists 2
1992 Debut Sarah Chang 1
1992 Man Trouble Georges Delerue 2
1992 Pride Of Lions Philip Bailey, Billy Childs, Roy Hargrove, Bobby Watson, Tony Williams 1
1992 Romantic Piano Favourites Alfred Cortot 1
1992 The Classics The Anthony Ventura Orchestra 1
1992 The HMV Collection Sampler Various Artists 2
1992 Uncommon Encores Dmitry Paperno 1
1993 Classic CD, Volume 37 Various Artists 1
1993 BBC Music, Volume 1, Number 12: Horszowski plays Bach, Mozart, Szymanowski and Chopin Mieczysław Horszowski 1
1993 Romantic Music for Flute and Harp János Bálint, Nóra Mercz 2
1993 The Romantic Flute Jean‐Pierre Rampal, Robert Veyron‐Lacroix 3
1993 A Classic Romance, Volume One Various Artists 1
1993 Cello Song Julian Lloyd Webber, John Lenehan 1
1993 Dances For Flute James Galway 1
1993 Für Elise: Piano Favourites Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1993 Ludmila Ginsburg Various Artists 1
1993 Mazurkas / Polonaises / Scherzi Arthur Rubinstein 1
1993 Meditation 2: Nocturnes Various Artists 1

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