Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃpæn/; French: [fʁedeʁik fʁɑ̃swa ʃɔpɛ̃]; 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Warsaw, which in 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and by teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French woman writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, at the age of 39, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of the instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only after his death. Influences on his composition style include Polish folk music, the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired, as well as the Paris salons where he was a frequent guest. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him a leading symbol of the Romantic era in the public consciousness. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2010 Le Monde du piano : Chopin Frédéric Chopin; Samson François 1
2010 Piano Adagio Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Le Monde du piano Moussorgski, Mendelssohn, Chopin, Scriabine; Vladimir Horowitz 1
2010 The Chopin Recordings Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2010 Perahia Plays Chopin Chopin; Murray Perahia 1
2010 Fryderyk Chopin Fryderyk Chopin 1
2010 Vladimir Horowitz: Chopin Frédéric Chopin; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
2010 International Chopin Piano Competitions: The Winners Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Ses 100 Chefs-D'oeuvre Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Waltzes and Mazurkas Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2011 Chopin Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 1
2012 Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 Frédéric Chopin; Tamás Vásáry, Ivo Pogorelich 1
2012 Great Piano Concertos Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Liszt, Grieg, Schumann, Chopin, Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, Ravel, Prokofiev, Gershwin 1
2012 Preludes / Piano Sonata No.2 Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2012 Complete Etudes Fryderyk Chopin; Hardy Rittner 1
2013 19 Waltzes Fryderyk Chopin 1
2013 Piano Works Chopin; Abbey Simon, Walter Klien, Ivan Moravec 1
2014 Arthur Rubinstein Plays Chopin Frederic Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2014 Chopin: Piano Sonata no. 2 / Ballade no. 1 in G minor / Valse no. 17 en E-flat major / Fantaisie in F minor / Rachmaninov: Piano Concerto no. 4 Chopin, Rachmaninov; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 1
2016 The Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammophon Fryderyk Chopin; Martha Argerich 1
Arthur Rubinstein joue Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
Artur Rubinstein - TheChopin Collection - The Mazurkas Frédéric Chopin 1
Best of Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
Chopin / Liszt Chopin, Liszt; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
Chopin for Relaxation Frédéric Chopin 1
Chopin Selected Piano Works Frédéric Chopin 1
Chopin: Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 1 / Nocturnes No. 48 and No. 55 Frédéric Chopin 1
Chopin: Piano Concerto No. 2 / Nocturne Op. 62 / Sonata Op. 58 Frédéric Chopin 1
Chopin: Piano Concerto no. 2 in F minor / Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor Fryderyk Chopin, Robert Schumann; András Schiff, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
Chopin: Waltzes / Schumann: Scenes from Childhood Chopin, Schumann; Maria João Pires 1
Classical Treasures: Chopin - Piano Favorites Chopin 1
Complete Edition Sampler Frédéric Chopin 1
Complete Works for Piano and Orchestra Chopin; Hamburg Symphony Orchestra, Heribert Beissel, Abbey Simon 1
Famous Piano Concertos: Piano Concerto no. 1 in E minor, op. 11 / Piano Concerto no. 2 in F minor, op. 21 Frédéric Chopin; Philharmonia Bulgarica, Dimiter Manolov, Arthur Moreira Lima 1
Für Elise: The Magic of the Piano Beethoven, Schumann, Mozart, Liszt, Chopin, Schubert & Gershwin 1
Great Composers Frédéric Chopin 1
Greatest Hits Chopin 1
Hommage à Frédéric Chopin (Montblanc Philharmonia of the Nations feat. conductor: Justus Frantz) Frédéric Chopin 1
Horowitz interpreta Chopin Frédéric Chopin; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
Mazurkas Chopin; Michel Block 1
Meditation, Volume 2 Massenet, Gounod, Chopin, Bruckner, Mahler, Schubert 1
Meditation, Volume 3 Rimsky-Korsakov, Chopin, Reger, Debussy, Stravinksy, Brahms, Lalo 1
Nocturnes Frédéric Chopin, John Field 1
Píanó Bach, Schubert, Chopin; Rögnvaldur Sigurjónsson 1
Piano Concerto No. 1 / 2 Mazurkas / Scherzo / Valse / 2 Etudes / Nocturne Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concerto No. 2 in F minor Op. 21 Frédéric Chopin 1
Piano Concerto No.2 in F minor, op.21 / Piano Concerto No.21 in C major, KV 467 "Elvira Madigan" Fryderyk Chopin; Dubravka Tomšič; Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; Svetlana Stanceva 1
Piano Concertos Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Polonaise / Krakowiak / Mozart Variations / Andante Spianato and Grande Polonaise Chopin; Idil Biret, Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic Orchestra (Košice), Robert Stankovsky 1
Polonaises Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
Sämtliche Werke für Klavier und Orchester Chopin; Claudio Arrau, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 1
The Best of Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
The Best of Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
The Best of Chopin Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
The Best of Chopin Chopin 1
The Chopin Collection (Volume 2) (3 volume release by Castle Communications (Australasia)) Frédéric Chopin 1
The Classic Composers, Volume 3 - Chopin: Magical Piano Music Frédéric Chopin 1
The Complete Nocturnes & Impromptus Chopin; Claudio Arrau 1
The Masterpiece Collection, Volume 3: Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
The World of Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
Ultimate Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
Vladimir Horowitz plays Chopin, Volume 2 Frédéric Chopin; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
Waltzes & Nocturnes Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1

Album + Compilation + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2000 Liszt: Piano Concerto no. 1 / Piano Concerto no. 2 / Hungarian Fantasia / Chopin: Andante spianato & Grande Polonaise Liszt, Chopin; Sviatoslav Richter, London Symphony Orchestra, Kyrill Kondrashin 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1973 Nocturnes Fryderyk Chopin 1
1981 Andante Spianato et Grande Polonaise Brillante, op. 22 / Nocturnes ⁃ Valse ⁃ Mazurkas ⁃ Ballade ⁃ Scherzo Frédéric Chopin; Dang Thai Son 1
1982 Horowitz at the Met Scarlatti, Chopin, Liszt, Rachmaninoff; Horowitz 3
1990 Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 Chopin; Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta, Murray Perahia 2
1990 Horowitz in London Chopin, Schumann, Scriabin; Horowitz 1
1990 Richter at Pleyel Chopin, Beethoven; Sviatoslav Richter 1
1992 Maurizio Pollini Plays Debussy: 12 Studies and Chopin: Polonaise Fantaisie Op. 61 Debussy / Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 1
1995 Kissin: The Legendary 1984 Moscow Concert Frédéric Chopin 1
1996 Beethoven: Piano Sonate op. 27 no. 1 / Liszt: Piano Sonata / Chopin: Ballade no. 4, Nocturne op. 62 no. 1, Scherzo no. 1 Beethoven, Liszt, Chopin; Claudio Arrau 1
2001 Pletnev Live at Carnegie Hall Bach-Busoni, Beethoven, Chopin; Pletnev 1
2001 Live in Japan Chopin, Franck, Debussy; Mischa Maisky, Martha Argerich 1
2002 Haydn: Piano Sonata no. 37 / Chopin: Nocturne op. 72 no. 1 / Nocturne op. 15 no. 1 / Beethoven: Piano Sonata no. 11 / Eroica Variations / Schumann: Études symphoniques / Rachmaninov: 12 Preludes Haydn, Chopin, Beethoven, Schumann, Rachmaninov; Sviatoslav Richter 1
2003 Bach: French Suite no. 6 / Beethoven: Piano Sonata no. 6 / Chopin: Nocturne in E-flat / Waltz in C-sharp minor / Schumann: Träumerei Bach, Beethoven, Chopin, Schumann; Mieczysław Horszowski 1
2010 Bach / Brahms / Britten Bach, Brahms, Britten, Chopin; Miklós Perényi, Dénes Várjon 1
2011 The Chopin Concertos Frédéric Chopin; Daniel Barenboim, Staatskapelle Berlin, Andris Nelsons 1
2011 Daniel Barenboim Plays Chopin: The Warsaw Recital Chopin; Daniel Barenboim 2
2016 The Seattle Recital Beethoven, Chopin, Debussy, Prokofiev; Emil Gilels 1
2016 Scarlatti / Chopin / Liszt / Ravel Scarlatti, Chopin, Liszt, Ravel; Debargue 1
Chopin, Volume 1 Frédéric Chopin; Evgeny Kissin 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2002 The Pianist Frédéric Chopin 4 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1921 Impromptu in A Flat Chopin; Leopold Godowsky 1
1945 Polonaise In A-Flat, Op. 53, No. 6 Chopin; José Iturbi 1
1959 Chopin: Fantasie-Impromptu in C sharp minor / Liszt: Liebstraume no. 3 Chopin, Liszt; Shura Cherkassky 1


Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Chopin Masterpieces Frédéric Chopin 1
Chopin: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 Frédéric Chopin 1
Landscape Classics Series, No. 85 Frédéric Chopin 1

Other + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 17: Shura Cherkassky I Fryderyk Chopin; Шура Черкасский 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 4 Impromptus - 4 Nocturnes - Fantaisie op. 49 Frédéric Chopin 1
1988 4 Impromptus / 3 Walzer / 6 Mazurken / Polonaise-Fantaisie Frédéric Chopin; Stanislav Bunin 1
1988 24 Preludes op. 28, 4 Nocturnes Chopin; Jorge Bolet 1
1988 Klavierkonzerte Nos. 1 & 2 Frédéric Chopin 1
1988 Mazurkas / Polonaises / Nocturnes / Preludes / Scherzo Frédéric Chopin 1
1991 Polonaises / Fantaisie Impromptu, op. 66 / Tarantella, op. 43 / Berceuse, op. 57 Frédéric Chopin; Alexander Brailowsky 1
1991 World Famous Piano Music, Volume 2 Chopin; Ida Černecká 1
1992 Rose Collection: Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
1994 A Chopin Festival Frédéric Chopin 1

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