Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃpæn/; French: [fʁedeʁik fʁɑ̃swa ʃɔpɛ̃]; 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Warsaw, which in 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, at the age of 39, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only after his death. Influences on his compositional style include Polish folk music, the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired, as well as the Paris salons where he was a frequent guest. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him a leading symbol of the Romantic era in the public consciousness. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
The Four Scherzi and other works Chopin; Ivan Moravec 1
The Masterpiece Collection: Frédéric Chopin Fryderyk Chopin 1
The Mazurkas Frédéric Chopin 1
The Other Side of Polonia Records, Volume 1 Frédéric Chopin 1
The Piano Works (disc 13: Rondos) Frédéric Chopin; Frank van de Laar 1
The Romantic World of Chopin's Piano, vol. 2 (Andrei Ivanovitch, piano) Frédéric Chopin 1
The Rubinstein Collection, Volume 69: Piano Concerto no. 2 / Fantasia on Polish Airs / Andante spianato & Grande Polonaise Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
The Very Best of Chopin Fryderyk Chopin 1
Vier Improptus Frédéric Chopin; Julian von Károlyi 1
Waltzes Chopin; Claudio Arrau 2
Walzer, ... Frédéric Chopin 1
Wojtek Mrozek Rainbow Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
Your Favorite Chopin Chopin; Adam Harasiewicz 1
Yundi: Live in Beijing Frédéric Chopin 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1960 Ses 100 chefs-d oeuvre (disc 1) Frederic Chopin 1
1969 John Ogdon Plays Popular Chopin Fryderyk Chopin; John Ogdon 1
1970 The Poetry of the Piano Chopin; Ivan Moravec 1
1977 Préludes/Piano Sonata No. 2 Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich 1
1982 4 Ballades / Fantaisie Impromptu Fryderyk Chopin; Bella Davidovich 1
1984 Chopin's Greatest Hits Frédéric Chopin 1
1984 Liebestraum: Romantic Piano Music Fryderyk Chopin, Ludwig van Beethoven, Franz Liszt, Sergei Rachmaninov, Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms, Franz Schubert 1
1984 Piano Works, Volume 8 Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1984 The Chopin Collection: The Ballades / The Scherzos (also as disc 5 of whole set) Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 4
1984 The Chopin Collection: The Mazurkas Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1986 Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 2 Chopin; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Carlo Maria Giulini, Krystian Zimerman 3
1986 Waltzes Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1987 Favorite Chopin Chopin; Vladimir Horowitz 2
1987 Famous Piano Music Frédéric Chopin 1
1987 Favorite Chopin, Vol. 2 Chopin; Vladimir Horowitz 1
1988 Chopin Chopin; Claudio Arrau 3
1988 Chopin - Haydn Fryderyk Chopin / Joseph Haydn 3 1
1988 Fantasie impromptu Frédéric Chopin 1
1988 Klaviertrios g-Moll Friedrich Smetana, Frédéric Chopin; Trio Fontenay 1
1988 Moonlight Sonata Gluck - Beethoven - Berlioz - Chopin - Liszt - Tchaikovsky 1
1988 The Very Best of Chopin Chopin 2
1989 Chanson de l'adieu - Favorite Piano Works Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1989 Klavierkonzert Nr. 2 / Polonaise-Fantaisie As-Dur / Drei Mazurken, op. 59 / Scherzo Nr. 2 b-Moll Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich, National Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1989 The Best of Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
1990 Chopin Favourites Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 3
1990 Etudes/Préludes/Polonaises Frédéric Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 5 1
1990 Concerto pour piano et orchestre No 1 Frédéric Chopin 1
1991 The Best of Chopin Frédéric Chopin 2
1991 The Chopin Collection Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1991 Apollo Classics: Chopin (Berlin Pro Musica Symphony Orchestra, Dieter Goldmann) Frédéric Chopin 1
1991 Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 Chopin; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal, Claudio Arrau 2
1991 Rendez-vous With Liszt & Chopin Liszt, Chopin 1
1991 Rossini/Respighi: La Boutique fantasque / Chopin: Les Sylphides Rossini/Respighi, Chopin; National Philharmonic Orchestra, Richard Bonynge 1
1991 The Chopin Collection: Seven Polonaises / Two Sonatas / Fantasie in F Minor Fryderyk Chopin; Artur Rubinstein 1
1992 Chopin: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Barcarolles / Impromptus / Nocturnes / Preludes / Waltzes Chopin; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal, Claudio Arrau 1
1992 Die Klassiksammlung 3: Chopin: Klavierstücke Frédéric Chopin 4
1993 Waltzes nos. 1-19 / Impromptus nos. 1-3 Fryderyk Chopin; Agustin Anievas 1
1993 Complete Works for Piano and Orchestra Chopin; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal, Claudio Arrau 1
1993 Piano Music (Complete), Volume 2 Frédéric Chopin; İdil Biret 1
1993 Mad About Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
1993 The Complete Masterworks Recordings, Volume 7: Early Romantics Chopin; Schumann; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1993 Favourites From The Classics - Chopin Fryderyk Chopin 1
1993 Horowitz plays Beethoven, Scarlatti, Chopin Beethoven, Scarlatti, Chopin; Vladimir Horowitz 1
1993 Horowitz plays Chopin, Volume 3 Frédéric Chopin; Владимир Самойлович Горовиц 1
1993 Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 Frédéric Chopin 1
1993 Romantic Piano Frédéric Chopin 1
1993 The Classical Collection 28: Chopin: Romantic Classics Frédéric Chopin 3
1994 The Complete Recordings of Chopin Chopin; Solomon 1
1994 Barcarolle / Mazurkas / Polonaises / Berceuse Chopin; Vladimir Shakin, Eva Smirnova 2
1994 Greatest Hits Chopin 1
1994 Sonata No. 3 / Mazurkas Chopin; Evgeny Kissin 1
1994 Greatest Hits Frédéric Chopin 2
1994 The B minor Sonatas Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt; Shura Cherkassky 1
1994 The Classical Collection 56: Chopin: Romantic Masterpieces Frédéric Chopin 1
1995 Chopin and Champagne Frédéric Chopin 1
1995 Die Klassiksammlung 55: Chopin: Romantische Klavierliteratur Frédéric Chopin 2
1995 Die Klassiksammlung 67: Chopin: Genius der Romantik Frédéric Chopin 3
1995 Grandes Compositores de la Música Clásica: Chopin Frédérik Chopin; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 3
1995 Klassik zum Kuscheln: The Romantic Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
1995 Les Grandes Pages de Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
1995 The Best of Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
1995 The Great Composers: Chopin - Piano Recital Frédéric Chopin 2
1995 The Piano Works Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 3
1996 Polonaises, etc. Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1996 Klavierkonzerte Nr. 1 & 2 Frédéric Chopin 2
1996 Nocturnes Op. 9, 15, 27, 32 (Brigitte Engerer) Frédéric Chopin 1
1996 All-Chopin Recital Fryderyk Chopin; Wilhelm Backhaus 1
1996 Favourite Piano Works Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1996 Os grandes clássicos: Concerto para piano e orquestra op. 11 no. 1 / Nocturnos op. 48 e 55 Fryderyk Chopin 1
1996 Piano Concertos 1 and 2 Frédéric Chopin; London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti, Gina Bachauer 1
1997 Martha Argerich Collection, Volume 2: Solo Works Chopin, Bach; Martha Argerich 1
1997 Nocturnes (Selection) Frédéric Chopin; İdil Biret 1
1997 Chopin - Pletnev Chopin; Mikhail Pletnev 1
1997 The Best of Chopin (Idil Biret) Chopin 1
1997 The Best of Chopin Chopin; İdil Biret 1
1997 The Complete Nocturnes and Impromptus Chopin; Claudio Arrau 1
1997 Cello Sonatas Chopin, Fauré, Poulenc; Pieter Wispelwey, Paolo Giacometti 1
1997 Chopin Selections Frédéric Chopin 1 1
1997 Mazurkas (Complete) / Polonaises Frédéric Chopin; Alexander Brailowsky 1
1997 The Best of Chopin Frédéric Chopin 2
1997 The Best of Piano Classics Frédéric Chopin 1
1998 Music of the Night: The Essential Chopin Collection Fryderyk Chopin 1
1998 Cello Sonatas Beethoven, Chopin; Pierre Fournier, Friedrich Gulda, Jean Fonda 1
1998 24 Préludes / Sonate n°2 "Marche funèbre" Chopin; Géza Anda, Tamás Vásáry 1
1998 Chopin for Lovers Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 32: Walter Gieseking I Mozart, Chopin, Franck; Walter Gieseking 1

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