Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃpæn/; French: [fʁedeʁik fʁɑ̃swa ʃɔpɛ̃]; 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as a leading musician of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw and grew up in Warsaw, which in 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, at the age of 39, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only after his death. Influences on his compositional style include Polish folk music, the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired, as well as the Paris salons where he was a frequent guest. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him a leading symbol of the Romantic era in the public consciousness. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2007 il pianoforte di Chopin Teatro Metastasio Prato 28 giugno 1967 Chopin; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 1
2007 Myndir á þili Jón Nordal, Schubert, Chopin, Brahms, Debussy; Bryndís Halla Gylfadóttir, Steinunn Birna Ragnarsdóttir 1
2007 Valses Frédéric Chopin 1
2008 Piano Favourites Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
2008 Works for Piano and Orchestra Fryderyk Chopin; Nelson Goerner, Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century, Frans Brüggen 1
2008 Mussorgsky: Pictures at an Exhibition / Schubert: Three Pieces, D. 946 / Martinů: Fantaisie et Toccata / Chopin / Smetana Mussorgsky, Schubert, Martinů, Chopin, Smetana; Rudolf Firkušný 1
2008 The Piano Concertos Chopin; Lang Lang, Wiener Philharmoniker, Zubin Mehta 2
2008 24 Études Frédéric Chopin; Stanislav Bunin 1
2008 A Chopin Treasury Fryderyk Chopin; Nadia Reisenberg 1
2008 Opp. 33-36, 38 Frédéric Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 2
2008 Cello Sonatas Alkan, Chopin; Alban Gerhardt, Steven Osborne 1
2008 Piano Concertos 1 & 2 (Odense Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Paul Mann, piano: Vassily Primakov) Frédéric Chopin 5 1
2008 Polish Songs (mezzo-soprano: Anna Haase, piano: Ulrich Stærk) Frédéric Chopin 1
2008 Preludes Frédéric Chopin; Alexandre Tharaud 1
2009 Sonatas Nos. 2 & 3 / Two Nocturnes / Berceuse / Barcarolle Frédéric Chopin; Marc-André Hamelin 2
2009 Sonatas and Etudes Chopin, Scriabin, Liszt, Ligeti; Yuja Wang 2
2009 Piano Concerto no. 1 / Piano Concerto no. 2 Chopin; Sequeira Costa, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Gilbert Varga 1
2009 David Oistrakh Plays Piano Trios by Chopin, Dvorák, Ravel & Smetana Chopin, Dvořák, Ravel, Smetana; David Oistrack, Lev Oborin, Sviatoslav Knushevitsky 1
2009 Polonaise and Nocturnes Chopin; Ronan O'Hora 1
2009 Études / Six Polish Songs (transcribed Liszt) Chopin; Luiza Borac 1
2009 Chopin chez Pleyel Chopin; Alain Planès 1
2009 The Piano Concertos Chopin; Rafał Blechacz, Jerzy Semkow, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra 1
2009 The Complete Waltzes Chopin; Ingrid Fliter 1
2009 Complete Waltzes Chopin; Ingrid Fliter 1
2009 Journal Intime Chopin; Alexandre Tharaud 2
2009 Chopin 200 Great Recordings Frédéric Chopin 1
2009 A Celebration Fryderyk Chopin 1
2009 Chopin Chopin; Lang Lang 1
2009 Mazurkas Chopin; Evgeni Koroliov 1
2009 Piano Concertos 1 & 2 Chopin; Sinfonia Varsovia, Jan Lisiecki, Howard Shelley 1
2009 Richter plays Chopin Fryderyk Chopin; Святослав Теофилович Рихтер 1
2010 Complete Waltzes Frédéric Chopin; Alice Sara Ott 1
2010 Le journal musical de Chopin Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 2 Scherza / Nokturny / Mazurki / Polonez es-moll op. 26 nr 2 Chopin; Dina Yoffe 1
2010 Recital Mozart, Chopin, Beethoven, Prokofiev, Liszt; Van Cliburn 1
2010 Cello Sonata / Piano Trio / Grand Duo Chopin; Andreas Brantelid, Marianna Shirinyan, Vilde Frang 1
2010 Chopin Chopin; Olga Scheps 1
2010 De l'enfance à la plénitude Frédéric Chopin; Anne Queffélec 1
2010 Nocturnes Frédéric Chopin; François Chaplin 1
2010 BBC Music, Volume 18, Number 6: Piano Masterpieces, including Sonata no. 2 Chopin, Glazunov, Stravinsky; Martin Roscoe, BBC Philharmonic, Vassily Sinaisky 1
2010 The Nocturnes Chopin; Nelson Freire 1
2010 Chopin Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 1
2010 Ballades / Piano Concerto no. 2 Frédéric Chopin; Lise de la Salle, Staatskapelle Dresden, Fabio Luisi 2
2010 Œuvres pour piano et violoncelle Chopin; Ophélie Gaillard, Edna Stern 1
2010 Sonate no. 3 / Polonaises nos. 3 · 4 · 6 Frédéric Chopin; Emil Gilels 1
2010 Chopin: Nocturnes Chopin; Yundi Li 1
2010 Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Waltzes (piano: Marek Drewnowski) Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Chopin / Schumann Anniversary Edition 2010 Chopin / Schumann; Burkard Schliessmann 5 1
2010 The Complete Chamber Works (violin: Bartłomiej Nizioł, cello: Jan Kalinowski, piano: Marek Szlezer) Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Chopin: Piano Concerto No. 1 - Fantasia on Polish Airs - Krakowiak Chopin; Eldar Nebolsin, Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 3
2010 Chopin: Piano Concerto no. 2 - Variations on "Là ci darem la mano" - Andante spianato and Grande Polonaise brillante Chopin; Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit, Eldar Nebolsin 3
2010 Piano Concertos Frédéric Chopin; Vancouver Symphony Orchestra, Bramwell Tovey, Janina Fialkowska 1
2010 Concerto pour piano et orchestre no. 1, op. 11 / Mazurkas Frédéric Chopin; Samson François 1
2010 Concerto pour piano No. 2, Op. 21 / Polonaises Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2010 Les 24 études, Impromptu No.1 et autres oeuvres Frédéric Chopin 1
2010 Raindrops Frédéric Chopin 1
2011 Sonata / Etudes / Polonaise Frédéric Chopin; Vitalij Margulis 1
2011 Cello Sonata & Trio for piano, violin and Cello Fryderyk Chopin; Olivier Charlier, Abdel Rahman El Bacha, Antoine Pierlot 1
2011 Valses - Impromptus Fryderyk Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
2011 Chopin Recital Chopin; Ingolf Wunder 2
2011 The Complete Waltzes Chopin; Stephen Hough 1
2011 Cello Sonatas Fryderyk Chopin, Felix Mendelssohn; Pieter Wispelwey, Paolo Giacometti 2
2011 Trilogie Chopin, Debussy, Ravel; Samson François 1
2011 Chopin / Liszt / Rachmaninoff / Schostakowitsch Chopin, Liszt, Rachmaninoff, Schostakowitsch; Trio D’Ante Vienna 1
2011 Bach: Partitas / Chopin: Preludes Bach, Chopin; Víkingur Ólafsson 1
2011 Chopin Preludes, op. 28 / Piano Trio, op. 70 no. 1 "Ghost" Fryderyk Chopin, Ludwig van Beethoven, Hoang Pham, Melbourne Piano Trio 1
2012 Chopin / Liszt / Ravel Fryderyk Chopin, Franz Liszt, Maurice Ravel; Benjamin Grosvenor 1
2012 Alexis Weissenberg: The Champagne Pianist Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Brahms, Mussorgsky, Rachmaninov, Chopin, Prokofiev, Schumann; Alexis Weissenberg 1
2012 Louis Lortie Plays Chopin, Volume 2 Chopin; Louis Lortie 2
2012 Chopin Recital 2 Chopin; Janina Fialkowska 1
2012 The Complete Preludes Chopin; Vanessa Perez 1
2012 4 Ballady / Nokturny. op. 48 / Scherzo b-moll, op. 31 Fryderyk Chopin; Wojciech Świtała 1
2012 French Cello Sonatas Camille Saint‐Saëns, Léon Boëllmann, Frédéric Chopin; André Navarra, Annie d'Arco, Erika Kilcher 1
2012 Chopin: 26 préludes / Scriabine: Sonate n° 2, op. 19 Chopin, Scriabine; Beatrice Rana 1
2012 24 Préludes / Nocturnes / Mazurkas / Scherzo Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 1
2012 The Chopin Album Frédéric Chopin; Lang Lang 2
2012 24 Preludia op. 28 / Presto con leggierezza / Impromptus [Erard 1838] Fryderyk Chopin; Akiko Ebi 1
2012 Chopin Frédéric Chopin; Khatia Buniatishvili, Orchestre de Paris, Paavo Järvi 1
2012 Chopin / Liszt Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt; Halldór Haraldsson 1
2012 Chopin: Preludes, Op.28 - 4 Impromptus (Perfomed by pianist Samson François) Chopin; Samson François 1
2012 Frédéric Chopin: Recital Frédéric Chopin; Petar Milić 1
2013 Chopin études Fryderyk Chopin; Jan Lisiecki 1
2013 Polonaises Chopin; Rafał Blechacz 1
2013 Late Piano Works Vol. 1 Fryderyk Chopin; Jin Ju 1
2013 Piano Concertos, Préludes Fryderyk Chopin 1
2014 The Chopin Piano Concertos Chopin; Olga Scheps, Stuttgarter Kammerorchester, Matthias Foremny 1
2014 Dances, Poems, Fairy Tales Liszt, Schubert, Rachmaninoff, De Falla, Chopin, Medtner; Anna Scheps 1
2014 Études Complete Chopin; Zlata Chochieva 1
2014 Coleção Folha Mestres da música clássica, volume 5: Fryderyk Chopin Fryderyk Chopin 1
2014 Chopin : Impromptus & Ballades Masako Ezaki & Fryderyk Chopin 1
2014 In the Night Robert Schumann, Ludwig van Beethoven, Fryderyk Chopin, Stephen Hough; Stephen Hough 1
2014 Piano Concertos Frédéric Chopin; Ingrid Fliter, Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Jun Märkl 1
2015 Piano Concerto no. 2 / Ballade no. 4 / Berceuse / Polonaise héroique Chopin; Nelson Freire, Gürzenich Orchester Köln, Lionel Bringuier 2
2015 Sonate n° 3 / Polonaise-fantaisie / Nocturnes Chopin; Charles Richard-Hamelin 1
2015 Preludes Chopin; Yundi 2
2015 Lang Lang in Paris Chopin, Tchaikovsky; Lang Lang 3
2015 À Mon Ami: Works for Cello and Piano Chopin, Franchomme; Beatriz Blanco, Federico Bosco 1
2015 Cello Sonatas Rachmaninov, Chopin; Alisa Weilerstein, Inon Barnatan 3
2015 The Chopin Album Chopin; Sol Gabetta, Bertrand Chamayou 1
2016 Ballades; Berceuse; Mazurkas Fryderyk Chopin; 李雲迪 1

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