Fryderyk Chopin

~ Person

Legal name: Frédéric François Chopin, Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin


Frédéric François Chopin (/ˈʃpæn/; French pronunciation: ​[fʁʁik fʁɑ̃.swa ʃɔ.pɛ̃]; 22 February or 1 March 1810 – 17 October 1849), born Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin, was a Polish composer and a virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era, who wrote primarily for the solo piano. He gained and has maintained renown worldwide as one of the leading musicians of his era, whose "poetic genius was based on a professional technique that was without equal in his generation." Chopin was born in what was then the Duchy of Warsaw, and grew up in Warsaw, which after 1815 became part of Congress Poland. A child prodigy, he completed his musical education and composed his earlier works in Warsaw before leaving Poland at the age of 20, less than a month before the outbreak of the November 1830 Uprising.

At the age of 21 he settled in Paris. Thereafter, during the last 18 years of his life, he gave only some 30 public performances, preferring the more intimate atmosphere of the salon. He supported himself by selling his compositions and teaching piano, for which he was in high demand. Chopin formed a friendship with Franz Liszt and was admired by many of his musical contemporaries, including Robert Schumann. In 1835 he obtained French citizenship. After a failed engagement to Maria Wodzińska, from 1837 to 1847 he maintained an often troubled relationship with the French writer George Sand. A brief and unhappy visit to Majorca with Sand in 1838–39 was one of his most productive periods of composition. In his last years, he was financially supported by his admirer Jane Stirling, who also arranged for him to visit Scotland in 1848. Through most of his life, Chopin suffered from poor health. He died in Paris in 1849, probably of tuberculosis.

All of Chopin's compositions include the piano. Most are for solo piano, though he also wrote two piano concertos, a few chamber pieces, and some songs to Polish lyrics. His keyboard style is highly individual and often technically demanding; his own performances were noted for their nuance and sensitivity. Chopin invented the concept of instrumental ballade. His major piano works also include mazurkas, waltzes, nocturnes, polonaises, études, impromptus, scherzos, preludes and sonatas, some published only after his death. Influences on his compositional style include Polish folk music, the classical tradition of J. S. Bach, Mozart and Schubert, the music of all of whom he admired, as well as the Paris salons where he was a frequent guest. His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.

In his native Poland, in France, where he composed most of his works, and beyond, Chopin's music, his status as one of music's earliest superstars, his association (if only indirect) with political insurrection, his love life and his early death have made him, in the public consciousness, a leading symbol of the Romantic era. His works remain popular, and he has been the subject of numerous films and biographies of varying degrees of historical accuracy.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1950 Waltzes Chopin; Dinu Lipatti 2
1960 The Chopin Ballades Fréderik Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 1
1961 Concerto No. 1 Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein, New Symphony Orchestra of London, Stanislaw Skrowaczewski 1
1965 Bach: Concerto in D minor / Chopin: Concerto No. 2 in F minor Johann Sebastian Bach, Frédéric Chopin; London Symphony Orchestra, David Zinman, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1965 Klavierkonzert Nr. 2 / Polonaises Frédéric Chopin; Berliner Philharmoniker, Leopold Ludwig, Stefan Askenase 1
1965 Nocturnes Nr. 1-10 Chopin; Tamás Vásáry 1
1965 Nocturnes Nr. 11-20 Chopin; Tamás Vásáry 1
1967 Frédéric Chopin · Martha Argerich Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich 1
1968 Chopin: Piano Concerto no. 1 / Liszt: Piano Concerto no. 1 Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt; London Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado, Martha Argerich 3
1972 10 Mazurkas / Prélude, op. 45 / Ballade, op. 23 / Scherzo, op. 31 Frédéric Chopin; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 2
1972 Die Klavierkonzerte Nr. 1&2 und 11 Mazurkas (Adam Harasiewicz) Fryderyk Chopin 1
1972 The Chopin Collection: The Nocturnes Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 5 4
1973 Etudes Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 2
1975 Nocturnes Nos. 1-11 Chopin; Nikita Magaloff 2
1975 Piano Concerto No. 2 / Variations on Mozart's "Là ci darem la mano" Chopin; Hamburg Symphony, Heribert Beissel, Abbey Simon 1
1975 Polonesas Fryderyk Chopin 1
1975 Sonate b-Moll / Scherzo b-Moll / Andante Spianato et Grande Polonaise Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich 3
1976 Konzert für Klavier und Orchester Nr. 1 op. 11 e-Moll Frédéric Chopin; Ernst Gröschel, Münchner Symphoniker, Alexander von Pitamic 1
1977 24 Préludes, op. 28 Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich 3
1977 Mazurkas / Piano Sonatas 2 & 3 Chopin; Tamás Vásáry 2
1978 Klavírní koncerty (Polský Národní Rozhlasový Symfonický Orchestr feat. conductor: Jerzy Maksymiuk, piano: Garrick Ohlsson) Frédéric Chopin 1
1978 The Nocturnes Chopin; Claudio Arrau 4
1981 Concerto no. 1 in E minor, op. 11 Chopin; Emanuel Ax, Eugene Ormandy, The Philadelphia Orchestra 1
1982 Nocturnes Frédéric Chopin; Daniel Barenboim 1
1982 Nocturnes Frédéric Chopin; Daniel Barenboim 5
1982 Nocturnes Chopin; Daniel Barenboim 2
1982 Nocturnes: Selection Chopin; Daniel Barenboim 2
1982 Piano Concerto no. 2 Frédéric Chopin; Bella Davidovich, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Neville Marriner 1
1982 The 19 Waltzes Frédéric Chopin; Zoltán Kocsis 1
1983 Malcolm Frager Plays Chopin Frédéric Chopin; Malcolm Frager 2
1983 Klavierkonzert no. 2 / Polonaise op. 44 Frédéric Chopin; Ivo Pogorelich, Claudio Abbado, Chicago Symphony Orchestra 2
1983 Favourite Chopin Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 3
1984 4 BALLADES Frédéric Chopin; François-René Duchâble 1
1984 Etudes Op. 10 & Op. 25 Chopin; Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1984 John Bingham Plays Chopin: Sonata No.2 (Funeral March), Andante Spianato & Grande Polonaise, 2 Études, Db Nocturne Frédéric Chopin 1
1984 Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 (The Philadelphia Orchestra feat. conductor: Eugene Ormandy, piano: Emanuel Ax) Frédéric Chopin 1
1985 Préludes Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 5 1
1985 Polonaises Chopin; Maurizio Pollini 2
1985 Chopin Recital: Piano Sonata no. 2 op. 35 / Prélude / Scherzo / Nocturne / Études Frédéric Chopin; Ivo Pogorelich 1
1985 Impromptus / Fantaisie Op. 49 / Barcarolle / Berceuse (Murray Perahia) Frédéric Chopin 1
1985 Klavierwerke Frédéric Chopin 1
1985 The Chopin Collection: 7 Polonaises (also as disc 6 of 11-CD boxset) Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1985 The Four Ballades / Sonata no. 2 in B-flat minor Chopin; Emanuel Ax 2
1985 Valery Sigalevitch spielt Chopin Fryderyk Chopin 1
1986 The Chopin Collection: The Sonatas / Fantaisie in F minor (also as disc 7 of whole set) Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1986 John Ogdon Plays Chopin (piano: John Ogdon) Frédéric Chopin 1
1986 Polonaises Frédéric Chopin; Samson François 2
1986 The Chopin Collection: Concertos (also as disc 8 of whole set) Fryderyk Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1986 The Chopin Collection: Impromptus / Barcarolle / Nouvelles Etudes / Bolero / Berceuse / Tarentelle / Andante Spianato and Grande Polonaise Frédéric Chopin; Arthur Rubinstein 2
1986 The Complete Études Frédéric Chopin; Louis Lortie 1

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