The Suite bergamasque (French pronunciation: [sɥit bɛʁɡamask]) is one of the most famous piano suites by Claude Debussy. It was first composed by Debussy around 1890, at the age of 28, but was significantly revised just before its publication in 1905.
It seems that by the time a publisher came to Debussy in order to cash in on his fame and have these pieces published, the composer loathed their earlier piano style. While it is not known how much of the Suite was written in 1890 and how much was written in 1905, it is clear that Debussy changed the names of at least two of the pieces. "Passepied" had first been composed under the name "Pavane", while "Clair de lune" was originally titled "Promenade sentimentale." These names also come from Paul Verlaine's poems. The final title of Suite bergamasque comes from Verlaine's poem Clair de lune, which refers to 'bergamasques' in its opening stanza: Votre âme est un paysage choisi / Que vont charmant masques et bergamasques / Jouant du luth et dansant et quasi / Tristes sous leurs déguisements fantasques.
Claude Debussy (1890 – 1905)
en: Suite bergamasque [info]
Suite bergamasque : III. Clair de lune (catch-all for arrangements)
Suite bergamasque : III. Clair de lune (for cello and orchestra, arr. Palmer)
Suite bergamasque, L. 75, CD 82 : III. Clair de lune, pour violon et piano (Roelens arrangement)
Suite bergamasque, L. 75, CD 82a, pour orchestre : III. Clair de lune (Krips arrangement)
Clair de lune (orchestrated by Mouton)
Suite bergamasque, L. 75, CD 82, pour orchestre : III. Clair de lune (Leopold Stokowski orchestration)
Suite bergamasque, L. 75, CD 82b, pour orchestre : III. Clair de lune (André Caplet orchestration)
Suite bergamasque, L. 75, CD 82a, pour piano