Legal name: Brian Peter George Eno, Brian Peter George St. John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno
Brian Peter George St. John le Baptiste de la Salle Eno, RDI (/ˈiːnoʊ/; born 15 May 1948 and originally christened Brian Peter George Eno), professionally known as Brian Eno or simply Eno, is an English musician, composer, record producer, singer, and visual artist, known as one of the principal innovators of ambient music. Born in Suffolk, Eno studied under Roy Ascott at Ipswich Civic College and later attended Colchester Institute art school in Essex, England, taking inspiration from minimalist painting, cybernetics, and experimental music techniques during his time there. He joined the band Roxy Music as synthesiser player in the early 1970s. The group's success in the glam rock scene came quickly, but Eno soon became tired of touring and of conflicts with lead singer Bryan Ferry, leaving the group in 1973 to record innovative solo albums that would explore various styles and help pioneer ambient music.
Throughout the 1970s, Eno also worked as an influential collaborator and music producer, collaborating with Robert Fripp on the LPs (No Pussyfooting) (1973) and Evening Star (1975), David Bowie on his acclaimed "Berlin Trilogy," avant-garde musicians Jon Hassell and Harold Budd on several respective projects, and David Byrne on My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (released 1981), and further producing the acclaimed "No Wave" compilation No New York (1978), three albums by New York post-punk group Talking Heads, and albums by new wave bands Devo and Ultravox, among others. In subsequent decades, he has produced or worked on albums by U2, James, Laurie Anderson, Coldplay, Paul Simon, Grace Jones, James Blake and Slowdive, among others. Eno has also pursued multimedia ventures in parallel to his music career, including his mid-1970s development of "Oblique Strategies" (written with Peter Schmidt), a deck of cards featuring cryptic aphorisms intended to break creative blocks and encourage lateral thinking.
Eno has been described as "one of popular music's most important and influential figures." A self-described "non-musician," Eno's work has advocated the emphasis of "theory over practice" and helped to pioneer ambient, electronic, and generative music styles and novel production techniques and approaches. His work also introduced the concept of chance music to popular audiences, partially through collaborations with other musicians. He continues to collaborate with other musicians, produce records, release his own music, and write, as well as pursue non-musical work, such as art installations and a regular column on society and innovation in Prospect magazine.
- ^ Estrella, Espie: Ambient Music, about.com
- ^ "Brian Eno one of 12 new Royal Designers for Industry". RSA. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- ^ Andrew Marantz (31 December 2012). "Finding Eno". Culture. Mother Jones. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
Because short, vowel-heavy nouns are in finite supply, the makers of crossword puzzles resort to familiar [names, [but m]ost of these people are known for exactly one thing.... [ENO] is an exception to the rule.
- ^ AllMusic, Explore Music, "Ambient"
- ^ Wired
- ^ a b Jason Ankeny, ((( Brian Eno > Biography ))), allmusic
- ^ Prendergast, Mark The Ambient Century, Bloomsbury UK, 2000. ISBN 0-7475-4213-9