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Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian:  Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич , tr. Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪɪvʲɪtɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪtɕ]; 25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Soviet composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music.

Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. Nevertheless, he received accolades and state awards and served in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1947–1962) and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (from 1962 until his death).

A poly-stylist, Shostakovich developed a hybrid voice, combining a variety of different musical techniques into his music. Shostakovich's music is characterized by sharp contrasts, elements of the grotesque, and ambivalent tonality; the composer was also heavily influenced by the neo-classical style pioneered by Igor Stravinsky, and (especially in his symphonies) by the post-Romanticism associated with Gustav Mahler.

Shostakovich's orchestral works include 15 symphonies and six concerti. His chamber output includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two piano trios, and two pieces for string octet. His piano works include two solo sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24 preludes and fugues. Other works include three operas, several song cycles, ballets, and a substantial quantity of film music; especially well known is The Second Waltz, Op. 99, music to the film The First Echelon (1955–1956), as well as the Suites composed for The Gadfly.

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Discography

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2007 Le Nez Dimitri Chostakovitch; Orchestre de Chambre de Lausanne, Chœur de l'Opéra de Lausanne, Armin Jordan 1
2012 Piano Concertos / Sonata for Violin and Piano, op. 134 Dmitri Shostakovich; Alexander Melnikov, Teodor Currentzis, Mahler Chamber Orchestra, Isabelle Faust, Jeroen Berwaerts 1
2016 Schubert: Death and the Maiden / Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony in C minor Schubert, Shostakovich; LSO String Ensemble, Roman Simovic 1
Sonatas for Cello and Piano Prokofiev / Shostakovich 1

Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1987 Symphony No. 6 / Symphony No. 12 'The Year 1917' (USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: G. Rozhdestvensky) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1991 Sonata for Violin, op. 134 / Sonata for Viola, op. 147 Dmitri Shostakovich; Oleg Kagan, Yuri Bashmet, Sviatoslav Richter 1

Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2009 BBC Music, Volume 17, Number 13: Symphony No. 11 in G Minor, Op. 103 "The Year 1905" Dmitri Shostakovich; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kirill Karabits 1

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