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Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian:  Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич , tr. Dmitrij Dmitrievič Šostakovič, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪɪvʲɪt͡ɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪt͡ɕ]; 25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music.

Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. Nevertheless, he received accolades and state awards and served in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1947–1962) and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (from 1962 until his death).

After a period influenced by Sergei Prokofiev and Igor Stravinsky, Shostakovich developed a hybrid style, as exemplified by Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District (1934). This single work juxtaposed a wide variety of trends, including the neo-classical style (showing the influence of Stravinsky) and post-Romanticism (after Gustav Mahler). Sharp contrasts and elements of the grotesque characterize much of his music.

Shostakovich's orchestral works include 15 symphonies and six concerti. His chamber output includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two piano trios, and two pieces for string octet. His piano works include two solo sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24 preludes and fugues. Other works include three operas, several song cycles, ballets, and a substantial quantity of film music; especially well known is The Second Waltz, Op. 99, music to the film The First Echelon (1955–1956).

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2006 Symphonies 3 "The First of May" & 14 Shostakovich; Larissa Gogolevskaja, Sergei Aleksashkin, Symphonieorchester und Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Mariss Jansons 1
2006 Violin Concertos Dmitry Shostakovich; Sergey Khachatryan, Kurt Masur, Orchestre National de France 1
2006 The 15 String Quartets (feat. The Beethoven Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Shostakovich & Arensky Trios Dmitri Shostakovich, Anton Arensky; Claremont Trio 1
2006 Cello Concerto No. 1 / Cello Sonata (London Symphony Orchestra feat. cello: Han-Na Chang, conductor: Antonio Pappano, piano: Antonio Pappano) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Cello Sonatas Shostakovich, Schnittke; Alban Gerhardt, Steven Osborne 1
2006 Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk (London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Mstislav Rostropovich) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Songs and Waltzes (Russian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Thomas Sanderling) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 String Quartets 3, 7 & 8 (feat. St. Lawrence String Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 String Quartets Nos. 12, 13, 14 (The Shostakovich Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Symphony No. 13, Op. 113 "Babi Yar" (St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Yuri Temirkanov, bass: Sergei Aleksashkin) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 The Execution of Stepan Razin / October / Five Fragments Shostakovich; Charles Robert Austin, Seattle Symphony Chorale, Seattle Symphony, Gerard Schwarz 1
2006 The Film Music of Dmitri Shostakovich, Volume 3 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; BBC Philharmonic, Vassily Sinaisky 1
2006 The Tale of the Priest and His Worker, Balda / Suite From "Lady MacBeth" (Russian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Thomas Sanderling) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Violin Concertos 1 & 2 / Romance from The Gadfly Dmitry Shostakovich; Daniel Hope 1
2006 Violin Sonata / Viola Sonata (Kremerata Baltica, violin: Yuri Bashmet, Gidon Kremer: percussion: Andrei Pushkarev) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2007 Symphony no. 4 / Suite from the Opera "Lady Macbeth von Mzensk" Dmitry Shostakovich; Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart des SWR, Andrey Boreyko 1
2007 Complete Piano Music (feat. piano: Boris Petrushansky) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2007 Symphonies Nos. 9, 12 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, Mark Wigglesworth 1
2007 Piano Concerto No. 1 / Piano Quintet / Concertino for Two Pianos Shostakovich; Martha Argerich 2
2007 Piano Quintet / Trio No. 1 / 5 Pieces Dmitri Shostakovich; Julian Rachlin, Janine Jansen, Yuri Bashmet, Mischa Maisky, Itamar Golan 1
2007 7 romances sur des poèmes d'Alexandre Blok / Les 2 trios Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2007 Richter the Master, Volume 3: Scriabin, Prokofiev, Shostakovich Scriabin, Prokofiev, Shostakovich; Richter 1
2007 Shostakovich Quartet No. 3 in F Major, Op. 73 / Britten Quartet No. 2 in C Major, Op. 36 Shostakovich, Britten; The Jupiter String Quartet 1
2007 Symphonies no. 1 & 6 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2007 Symphonies no. 2 & 12 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2007 Symphony no. 4 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2008 Symphony No. 8 (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: André Previn) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2008 Cello Concerto no. 2 / Sonata for Cello and Piano Dmitry Shostakovich; Sol Gabetta, Münchner Philharmoniker, Marc Albrecht, Mihaela Ursuleasa 2
2008 André Previn conducts Shostakovich: Symphony No. 5 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, André Previn 1
2008 Symphonies no. 3 & 15 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2008 Symphony No. 10 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2008 Symphony no. 11 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2008 Symphony no. 14 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Iano Tamar, Taras Shtonda, Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2009 Symphony no. 11 "The Year 1905" Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2009 Hamlet op. 32 / Symphony no. 15 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Russian National Orchestra, Mikhail Pletnev 1
2009 Shostakovich: Violin Concerto no. 1 - Violinkonzert Nr. 1 / Prokofiev: Symphony no. 1 "Classical" - "Symphonie Classique" Shostakovich, Prokofiev; Gustav Schmahl, Dresdner Philharmonie, Kurt Masur 1
2009 The Nose Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Валерий Абисалович Гергиев, Симфонический оркестр Мариинского театра, Хор Мариинского театра 1
2009 Symphony no. 4 Shostakovich; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, Mark Wigglesworth 1
2009 The Girlfriends / Rule, Britannia! / Salute to Spain / Symphonic Movement (Polish National Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Mark Fitz-Gerald) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2009 Symphonies nos. 1 & 15 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Mariinsky Orchestra, Valery Gergiev 1
2009 Symphonies nos. 5 & 9 Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 2
2009 Piano Trios Shostakovich, Schnittke; Kempf Trio 1
2009 24 Preludes & Fugues, op. 87 Dmitri Shostakovich; Jenny Lin 1
2009 Piano Works (Lilia Boyadjieva) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2009 Russian Masterpieces for Cello and Orchestra Tchaikovsky, Shostakovich; Zuill Bailey, San Francisco Ballet Orchestra, Martin West 1
2010 Symphony no. 11 "The Year 1905" Dmitri Shostakovich; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, Mark Wigglesworth 1
2010 Symphony no. 8 Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1
2010 The Preludes & Fugues Shostakovich; Alexander Melnikov 1
2010 Symphony no. 10 Shostakovich; Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Vasily Petrenko 1

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