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Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian:  Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич , tr. Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪɪvʲɪtɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪtɕ]; 25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Soviet composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music.

Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. Nevertheless, he received accolades and state awards and served in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1947–1962) and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (from 1962 until his death).

A poly-stylist, Shostakovich developed a hybrid voice, combining a variety of different musical techniques into his music. Shostakovich's music is characterized by sharp contrasts, elements of the grotesque, and ambivalent tonality; the composer was also heavily influenced by the neo-classical style pioneered by Igor Stravinsky, and (especially in his symphonies) by the post-Romanticism associated with Gustav Mahler.

Shostakovich's orchestral works include 15 symphonies and six concerti. His chamber output includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two piano trios, and two pieces for string octet. His piano works include two solo sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24 preludes and fugues. Other works include three operas, several song cycles, ballets, and a substantial quantity of film music; especially well known is The Second Waltz, Op. 99, music to the film The First Echelon (1955–1956), as well as the Suites composed for The Gadfly.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
DIE ZEIT Klassik-Edition 18: Mariss Jansons dirigiert Dimitri Schostakowitsch Dimitri Schostakowitsch; Mariss Jansons 1
Jazz Suite No. 1 / Concerto for Piano, Trumpet & Strings / The Age of Gold suite / The Gadfly (excepts) / Tahiti Trot "Tea for Two" Shostakovich; Mariss Jansons, Neville Marriner, Dmitri Alexeev 1
Schostakowitsch: The Gadfly / Prokofjew: Alexander Newski / Orff: Carmina Burana Schostakowitsch, Prokofjew, Orff; Philharmonischer Chor Köln, Philharmonisches Orchester Vorpommern, Horst Meinardus 1
Shostakovich: Sonata in D minor, op. 40 / Pärt: Fratres / Prokofiev: Sonata in C, op. 119 Shostakovich, Arvo Pärt, Prokofiev; Ulrich Boeckheler, Susan Starr 1
Symphonies Shostakovich; WDR Sinfonieorchester, Rudolf Barshai 2
Symphony No. 5 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 0

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1987 Symphonien nos. 6 & 9 Schostakowitsch; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1989 Symphony no. 8 Shostakovich; Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, Yevgeny Mravinsky 1
1990 Two Pieces for String Quartet / Seven Romances on Poems of Alexander Blok / Piano Quintet in G minor Shostakovich; Fitzwilliam String Quartet, Elisabeth Söderström, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1991 Symphony no. 7 in C major, op. 60 "Leningrad" Dmitri Shostakovich; Junge Deutsche Philharmonie, Members of the Moscow Philharmonic Orchestra, Rudolf Barshai 1
1991 Hindemith: Viola Sonata in F major, op. 11 no. 4 / Britten: Lachrymae / Shostakovich: Viola Sonata, op. 147 Hindemith, Britten, Shostakovich; Yuri Bashmet, Sviatoslav Richter 1
1997 Shostakovich: Symphony No.7 in C, "Leningrad" Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1998 Violin Concertos Tchaikovsky, Shostakovich; Midori, Claudio Abbado, Berliner Philharmoniker 2
1999 Shostakovich / Tchaikovsky: Piano Trios Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky; Argerich, Kremer, Maisky 1
2001 Khachaturian: Concerto Rhapsody / Shostakovich: Cello Concerto no. 2 / Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations Khachaturian, Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky; Mtislav Rostropovich, London Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, George Hurst, Sir Colin Davis 1
2001 Shostakovich: String Quartet no. 8 / Borodin: String Quartet no. 2 / Ravel: String Quartet in F Shostakovich, Borodin, Ravel; Borodin Quartet 1
2002 Symphony no. 11 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 2
2005 Symphony no. 5 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2005 Symphony no. 8 Shoskotavich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 2
2006 Chamber Symphonies op. 110a, 118a / Adagio for Strings Shostakovich, Barber; Prague Chamber Orchestra 1
2006 Symphony no. 7 "Leningrad" Shostakovich; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 2
2008 Symphony No. 4 Shostakovich; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Bernard Haitink 1
2012 Orango: Prologue / Symphony no. 4 Shostakovich; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Esa-Pekka Salonen 4 2
2016 Under Stalin’s Shadow: Symphonies nos. 5 / 8 / 9 Shostakovich; Andris Nelsons, Boston Symphony Orchestra 1
Moyzes Quartet - String Quartets: 2, op 68 & 4, op 83 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
Symphony no. 4 in C minor, op. 43 Shostakovich; Staatskapelle Dresden, Kyrill Kondrashin 1

Single

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
Valse N°2 De Chostakovitch (CNP) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1

Other

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2006 String Quartet No. 7 in F-sharp minor, Op. 108 (Komitas State Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Two Ritual Russian Folk Songs (Tebe Poem Chamber Choir) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Viola Sonata, op. 147 Dmitri Shostakovich; Ilya Hoffman, Sergey Koudriakov 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Symphonien 9 + 12 Schostakowitsch; Roshdestwenskij 1
2007 Le Nez Dimitri Chostakovitch; Orchestre de Chambre de Lausanne, Chœur de l'Opéra de Lausanne, Armin Jordan 1
2012 Piano Concertos / Sonata for Violin and Piano, op. 134 Dmitri Shostakovich; Alexander Melnikov, Teodor Currentzis, Mahler Chamber Orchestra, Isabelle Faust, Jeroen Berwaerts 1
2016 Schubert: Death and the Maiden / Shostakovich: Chamber Symphony in C minor Schubert, Shostakovich; LSO String Ensemble, Roman Simovic 1
Piano Concertos Tchaïkovski, Chostakovitch; Denis Matsuev 1
Sonatas for Cello and Piano Prokofiev / Shostakovich 1

Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1987 Symphony No. 6 / Symphony No. 12 'The Year 1917' (USSR Ministry of Culture Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: G. Rozhdestvensky) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
1991 Sonata for Violin, op. 134 / Sonata for Viola, op. 147 Dmitri Shostakovich; Oleg Kagan, Yuri Bashmet, Sviatoslav Richter 1

Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2009 BBC Music, Volume 17, Number 13: Symphony No. 11 in G Minor, Op. 103 "The Year 1905" Dmitri Shostakovich; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kirill Karabits 1

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