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Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich (Russian:  Дми́трий Дми́триевич Шостако́вич , tr. Dmitriy Dmitrievich Shostakovich, pronounced [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ˈdmʲitrʲɪɪvʲɪtɕ ʂəstɐˈkovʲɪtɕ]; 25 September 1906 – 9 August 1975) was a Russian composer and pianist, and a prominent figure of 20th-century music.

Shostakovich achieved fame in the Soviet Union under the patronage of Soviet chief of staff Mikhail Tukhachevsky, but later had a complex and difficult relationship with the government. Nevertheless, he received accolades and state awards and served in the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR (1947–1962) and the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (from 1962 until his death).

A poly-stylist, Shostakovich developed a hybrid voice, combining a variety of different musical techniques into his music. Shostakovich's music is characterized by sharp contrasts, elements of the grotesque, and ambivalent tonality; the composer was also heavily influenced by the neo-classical style pioneered by Igor Stravinsky, and (especially in his symphonies) by the post-Romanticism associated with Gustav Mahler.

Shostakovich's orchestral works include 15 symphonies and six concerti. His chamber output includes 15 string quartets, a piano quintet, two piano trios, and two pieces for string octet. His piano works include two solo sonatas, an early set of preludes, and a later set of 24 preludes and fugues. Other works include three operas, several song cycles, ballets, and a substantial quantity of film music; especially well known is The Second Waltz, Op. 99, music to the film The First Echelon (1955–1956), as well as the Suites composed for The Gadfly.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2004 The Film Music of Dimitri Shostakovich, Volume 2 Dmitri Shostakovich; BBC Philharmonic, Vassily Sinaisky 1
2004 Шостакович: Симфонии 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15 / Песнь о лесах Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Евгений Александрович Мравинский 1
2005 Shostakovich: Jazz and Ballet Suites / Film Music (National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine feat. conductor Theodore Kuchar) Dmitri Shostakovich 1
2005 Shostakovich: Symphonies 1 & 9 / Barber: Adagio Shostakovich, Barber; Münchner Philharmoniker, Sergiu Celibidache 1
2005 Chamber Symphonies Shostakovich; The Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Rudolf Barshai 1
2005 Messe Noire (piano: Алексей Любимов) Stravinsky, Shostakovich, Prokofiev, Scriabin; Alexei Lubimov 1
2005 Complete String Quartets, Volume 6 Dmitri Shostakovich; Sorrel Quartet, Martin Roscoe 1
2005 Symphony No. 5 / Chamber Symphony Shostakovich; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 1
2005 The Symphonies: Complete Recording Dmitri Shostakovich; Gürzenich-Orchester Köln, Dmitrij Kitajenko 2
2005 Symphony no. 5 / Chamber Symphony, op. 110b Shostakovich; Wiener Philharmoniker, Mariss Jansons 1
2005 String Quartets Nos. 1, 4, 9 (Jerusalem Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2005 Chamber Music: Piano Quintet / Piano Trio no. 2 / Violin Sonata / Viola Sonata / Cello Sonata Shostakovich 1
2005 Complete String Quartets Shostakovich; The Shostakovich Quartet 1
2005 Great Performances From the Library of Congress, Volume 21 The Budapest String Quartet, Artur Balsam, John Barrows, Boris Kroyt; Hindemith, Brahms, Shostakovich 1
2005 Karel Ančerl Gold Edition, Volume 39: Symphonies nos. 1 & 5 Shostakovich; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 1
2005 Symphony No. 4 arranged for two pianos Shostakovich; Rustem Hayroudinoff, Colin Stone 1
2005 The War Symphonies: Symphonies 4-9 Shostakovich; Gergiev 1
2006 The Complete String Quartets (St. Petersburg String Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Violin Concertos Shostakovich, Prokofiev; Berliner Philharmoniker, Simon Rattle, Sarah Chang 1
2006 The Complete String Quartets Dimitri Shostakovich; Quatuor Danel 1
2006 BBC Music, Volume 14, Number 6: Symphony No. 15 Etc. (BBC Philharmonic feat. conductor Vassily Sinaisky, piano Martin Roscoe) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Ballet for a Lonely Violinist Auerbach, Shostakovich; Vadim Gluzman, Angela Yoffe 1
2006 String Quartets Nos. 3, 7, 8 Dmitri Shostakovich; Hagen Quartett 1
2006 Violin Concerto no. 1 / Violin Sonata Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Leila Josefowicz, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Sakari Oramo, John Novacek 1
2006 Cello Concertos 1, 2 (Russian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Konstantin Krimets) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Symphony No. 8 (Russian National Orchestra feat. conductor: Paavo Berglund) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Violin Concerto No. 1 / Sonata for Violin and Piano (Ruth Palmer) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Symphony no. 4, op. 43 Dmitri Shostakovich; Orchestra Sinfonica di Milano Giuseppe Verdi, Oleg Caetani 1
2006 Symphony no. 13, op. 113 in B flat minor "Babi Yar" Shostakovich; Taras Shtonda, Czech Philharmonic Choir Brno, Beethoven Orchester Bonn, Roman Kofman 1
2006 String Quartets Nos. 3, 14, 15 (Juilliard String Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Symphonies 3 "The First of May" & 14 Shostakovich; Larissa Gogolevskaja, Sergei Aleksashkin, Symphonieorchester und Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Mariss Jansons 1
2006 Violin Concertos Dmitry Shostakovich; Sergey Khachatryan, Kurt Masur, Orchestre National de France 1
2006 The 15 String Quartets Shostakovich; The Beethoven Quartet 1
2006 Shostakovich & Arensky Trios Dmitri Shostakovich, Anton Arensky; Claremont Trio 1
2006 Cello Concerto No. 1 / Cello Sonata (London Symphony Orchestra feat. cello: Han-Na Chang, conductor: Antonio Pappano, piano: Antonio Pappano) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Cello Sonatas Shostakovich, Schnittke; Alban Gerhardt, Steven Osborne 1
2006 Lady MacBeth of Mtsensk Shostakovich; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Ambrosian Opera Chorus & Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2006 Songs and Waltzes (Russian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Thomas Sanderling) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 String Quartets 3, 7 & 8 Dmitri Shostakovich; St. Lawrence String Quartet 1
2006 String Quartets Nos. 12, 13, 14 (The Shostakovich Quartet) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Symphony no. 13, op. 113 "Babi Yar" Shostakovich; St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Yuri Temirkanov, Serge Aleksashkin 1
2006 The Execution of Stepan Razin / October / Five Fragments Shostakovich; Charles Robert Austin, Seattle Symphony Chorale, Seattle Symphony, Gerard Schwarz 1
2006 The Film Music of Dmitri Shostakovich, Volume 3 Dmitri Shostakovich; BBC Philharmonic, Vassily Sinaisky 1
2006 The Tale of the Priest and His Worker, Balda / Suite From "Lady MacBeth" (Russian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Thomas Sanderling) Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович 1
2006 Violin Concertos 1 & 2 / Romance from The Gadfly Dmitry Shostakovich; Daniel Hope 1
2006 Violin Sonata / Viola Sonata Shostakovich; Kremerata Baltica, Gidon Kremer, Yuri Bashmet 1
2007 Violinkonzerte no. 1 & 2 Shostakowitsch; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Andris Nelsons, Arabella Steinbacher 1
2007 Symphony no. 4 / Suite from the Opera "Lady Macbeth von Mzensk" Dmitry Shostakovich; Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart des SWR, Andrey Boreyko 1
2007 Complete Piano Music Shostakovich; Boris Petrushansky 1
2007 Symphonies Nos. 9, 12 Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, Mark Wigglesworth 1

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