Արամ Խաչատրյան (Soviet-Armenian composer, Aram Khachaturian)

~ Person

Annotation

A list of works, compiled by Onno van Rijen, can be found here

Annotation last modified on 2012-01-04 21:48 UTC.

Wikipedia

Aram Il'yich Khachaturian (/ˈærəm ˌkɑːtʃəˈtʊəriən/; Russian: Арам Ильич Хачатурян; Armenian: Արամ Խաչատրյան, Aram Xačatryan, pronounced [ɑˈɾɑm χɑt͡ʃʰɑt(ə)ɾˈjɑn]; 6 June 1903 – 1 May 1978) was a Soviet Armenian composer and conductor. He is considered one of the leading Soviet composers.

Born and raised in Tbilisi, the multicultural capital of Georgia, Khachaturian moved to Moscow in 1921 following the Sovietization of the Caucasus. Without prior music training, he enrolled in the Gnessin Musical Institute, subsequently studying at the Moscow Conservatory in the class of Nikolai Myaskovsky, among others. His first major work, the Piano Concerto (1936), popularized his name within and outside the Soviet Union. It was followed by the Violin Concerto (1940) and the Cello Concerto (1946). His other significant compositions include the Masquerade Suite (1941), the Anthem of the Armenian SSR (1944), three symphonies (1935, 1943, 1947), and around 25 film scores. Khachaturian is best known for his ballet music—Gayane (1942) and Spartacus (1954). His most popular piece, the "Sabre Dance" from Gayane, has been used extensively in popular culture and has been covered by a number of musicians worldwide. His style is "characterized by colorful harmonies, captivating rhythms, virtuosity, improvisations, and sensuous melodies."

Khachaturian was initially approved by the Soviet government and held several high posts in the Union of Soviet Composers from the late 1930s, although he joined the Communist Party only in 1943. Along with Sergei Prokofiev and Dmitri Shostakovich, he was officially denounced as a "formalist" and his music dubbed "anti-people" in 1948, but was restored later that year. Since 1950 he taught at the Gnessin Institute and the Moscow Conservatory, and turned to conducting. He traveled to Europe, Latin America and the United States with concerts of his own works. In 1957 Khachaturian became the Secretary of Union of Soviet Composers, a position he held until his death.

Khachaturian was the most renowned Armenian composer of the 20th century and the author of the first Armenian ballet, symphony, concerto, and film score. While following the established musical traditions of Russia, he broadly used Armenian and to lesser extent, Caucasian, Eastern & Central European, and Middle Eastern peoples' folk music in his works. He is highly regarded in Armenia, where he is considered a "national treasure".

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1963 Konzert für Violine und Orchester (Gewandhausorchester Leipzig feat. conductor: Gerhard Pflüger, violin Gustav Schmahl) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1988 Kabalevsky: Cello Concerto no. 2, op. 77 / Khachaturian: Cello Concerto / Glazunov: Chant du Ménestrel, op. 71 Kabalevsky, Khachaturian, Glazunov; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Raphael Wallfisch 1
1989 Spartacus (Rias-Kammerchor & Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin feat. conductor: Michail Jurowski) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1990 Symphony No. 2 / Gayaneh-Suite (Wiener Philharmoniker, feat. conductor: Aram Khachaturian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1991 Khachaturian: Violin Concerto in D minor / Kabalevsky: Violin Concerto in C, Op. 48 Aram Khachaturian, Dmitry Kabalevsky; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Lydia Mordkovitch 1
1991 Spartacus Ballet Suites 1 - 3 Aram Khachaturian; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1991 Symphony no. 2 / 4 Movements from Gayaneh Ballet Suite no. 1 Aram Khachaturian; Royal Scottish Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1992 Piano Concerto / Gayaneh Ballet Suite / Masquerade Suite Aram Khachaturian; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Constantine Orbelian 1
1992 Violin Concertos Brahms, Khachaturian; London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti, Henryk Szeryng 1
1993 Symphonies 1 & 3 Khachaturian; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1993 Symphony No. 2 “The Bell” / “Battle of Stalingrad” – Suite (Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1993 The Valencian Widow Suite / Gayaneh Suite No. 2 (Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1994 Gayane Suites nos. 1-3 Khachaturian; State Symphony Orchestra of St. Petersburg, Andre Anichanov 1
1994 Gayaneh (USSR Radio and TV Large Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Djansug Kakhidze) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1994 Khachaturian: Masquerade Suite / Kabalevsky: The Comedians Khachaturian, Kabalevsky; Kiril Kondrashin, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra 1
1994 The Two Concertos for Cello & Orchestra Aram Khachaturian; Marina Tarasova, Symphony Orchestra of Russia, Veronika Dudarova 1
1995 Gayne ballet suite Արամ Խաչատրյան 2
1995 Kabalevsky: Cello Concerto No. 2 / Khachaturian: Cello Concerto / Rachmaninov: Vocalise Kabalevsky, Khachaturian, Rachmaninoff; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Mats Lidström, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra 1
1995 Ode in Memory of Lenin (Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1995 Spartacus, Suites Nos. 1-3 (St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: André Anichanov) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1996 Spartacus (Suite no. 4) / Masquerade / Circus / Dance Suite Aram Khachaturian; St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra, Andre Anichanov, Moscow Symphony Orchestra, Dmitry Yablonsky 1
1996 Piano Concerto / Dance Suite (Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. piano: Dora Serviarian-Kuhn, conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1997 Piano Concerto / Concert Rhapsody Khachaturian; Oxana Yablonskaya, Moscow Symphony Orchestra, Dmitri Yablonsky 1
1999 Gayaneh (USSR RTV Large Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Djansug Kakhidze) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1999 Film Music (Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1999 Khachaturian: Masquerade Suite / Kabalevsky: The Comedians / Tchaikovsky: Capriccio Italien / Rimsky-Korsakov: Capriccio Espagnol Khachaturian, Kabalevsky, Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Kiril Kondrashin, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra 1
1999 Spartacus Ballet Suites (Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
2000 Three Concert Arias / Ode to Joy (Armedian Philharmonic Orchestra, Chorus & Soloists feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
2002 Violin Concertos Glazunov, Khachaturian, Kabalevsky; David Oistrakh 1
2003 Flute Concertos Ibert, Khachaturian; Emmanuel Pahud, Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich, David Zinman 2
2003 Great Pianists: Moiseiwitsch 7 Rachmaninov, Medtner, Kabalevsky, Khachaturian; Benno Moiseiwitsch 1
2004 Konzerte für Violine und Violincello Aram Khatchaturian; Arabella Steinbacher, Daniel Müller-Schott, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Sakari Oramo 1
2004 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Khachaturian; Sergey Khachatryan, Sinfonia Varsovia, Emmanuel Krivine 1
2004 Piano Concerto in D-flat / Sonatina / Toccata (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian, piano: Alberto Portugheis) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
2004 Russian Violin Concertos Kachaturian, Prokofiev, Glazunov; Julia Fischer, Russian National Orchestra, Yakov Kreizberg 1
2004 Concerto pour piano, concerto pour violin Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
2008 Concerto for Violin and Orchestra / Masquerade Suite Aram Khachaturian; Extremadura Symphony Orchestra, Jesús Amigo, Ara Malikian 1
2010 Cello Concerto / Concerto-Rhapsody Aram Khachaturian; Moscow City Symphony Orchestra, Maxim Fedotov, Dmitri Yablonsky 1
2010 Spartacus / Gayaneh (excerpts) Khachaturian; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kirill Karabits 1
2011 Armenian Rhapsody Khachaturian, Zakarian, Sharafyan; Alexander Chaushian, Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Eduard Topchjan 1
2012 Two Souls Khachaturian, Barber; Mikhail Simonyan, London Symphony Orchestra, Kristjan Järvi 1
Alexander Lazarev / Khachaturian (Gayaneh/Masquerade/Spartacus) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
Violin Concerto / Concerto-Rhapsody (National Symphony Orchestra of the Ukraine, feat. conductor: Theodore Kuchar, violin: Mihaela Martin) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1965 Khachaturian: Concerto for Violin in D minor / Sibelius: Concerto for Violin in D minor, Op. 7 (Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor: Gennady Rozhdestvensky, violin: David Oistrakh) Khachaturian / Sibelius 2
1989 Spartacus, Gayaneh, Masquerade Suites (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Stanley Black) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1993 Spartacus & Gayaneh (Ballet Highlights) Khachaturian / Glazunov 1
1994 Khachaturian (Royal Philharmonic Orchestra) Արամ Խաչատրյան 2
1994 Masquerade / Gayaneh / Violin Concerto (Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Aram Khachaturian, violin: David Oistrakh) Aram Khatchaturian 1
1996 Piano Concerto / Violin Concerto / Masquerade Suite / Symphony No. 2 Khachaturian; Ricci, de Larrocha 1
1997 Ballet Music Արամ Խաչատրյան; State Symphony Orchestra of St. Petersburg, André Anichanov 1

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