Արամ Խաչատրյան (Soviet-Armenian composer, Aram Khachaturian)

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Annotation

A list of works, compiled by Onno van Rijen, can be found here

Annotation last modified on 2012-01-04 21:48 UTC.

Legal name: Аpaм Ильич Xaчaтypян

Wikipedia

Aram Il'yich Khachaturian (/ˈærəm ˌkɑːəˈtʊəriən/; Russian: Арам Ильич Хачатурян; Armenian: Արամ Խաչատրյան, Aram Xačatryan; Armenian pronunciation: [ɑˈɾɑm χɑt͡ʃʰɑt(ə)ɾˈjɑn]; 6 June 1903 – 1 May 1978) was a Soviet Armenian composer and conductor. He is considered one of the leading Soviet composers.

Born and raised in Tbilisi, the multicultural capital of Georgia, Khachaturian moved to Moscow in 1921 following the Sovietization of the Caucasus. Without prior music training, he enrolled in the Gnessin Musical Institute, subsequently studying at the Moscow Conservatory in the class of Nikolai Myaskovsky, among others. His first major work, the Piano Concerto (1936), popularized his name within and outside the Soviet Union. It was followed by the Violin Concerto (1940) and the Cello Concerto (1946). His other significant compositions include the Masquerade Suite (1941), the Anthem of the Armenian SSR (1944), three symphonies (1935, 1943, 1947), and around 25 film scores. Khachaturian is best known for his ballet music—Gayane (1942) and Spartacus (1954). His most popular piece, the "Sabre Dance" from Gayane, has been used extensively in popular culture and has been covered by a number of musicians worldwide. His style is "characterized by colorful harmonies, captivating rhythms, virtuosity, improvisations, and sensuous melodies."

During most of his career, Khachaturian was approved by the Soviet government and held several high posts in the Union of Soviet Composers from the late 1930s, although he joined the Communist Party only in 1943. Along with Sergei Prokofiev and Dmitri Shostakovich, he was officially denounced as a "formalist" and his music dubbed "anti-people" in 1948, but was restored later that year. After 1950 he taught at the Gnessin Institute and the Moscow Conservatory, and turned to conducting. He traveled to Europe, Latin America and the United States with concerts of his own works. In 1957 Khachaturian became the Secretary of Union of Soviet Composers, a position he held until his death.

Khachaturian was the most renowned Armenian composer of the 20th century and the author of the first Armenian ballet music, symphony, concerto, and film score. While following the established musical traditions of Russia, he broadly used Armenian and to lesser extent, Caucasian, Eastern & Central European, and Middle Eastern peoples' folk music in his works. He is highly regarded in Armenia, where he is considered a "national treasure".

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1959 Gaîté Parisienne / Gayne Ballet Suite Offenbach, Khachaturian; Boston Pops Orchestra, Arthur Fiedler 1
1963 Konzert für Violine und Orchester Aram Chatschaturjan; Gustav Schmahl, Gerhard Pflüger, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig 1
1977 Violin Concerto Khatchaturian; Wanda Wilkomirska, Warsaw National Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra & Witold Rowicki 1
1988 Kabalevsky: Cello Concerto no. 2, op. 77 / Khachaturian: Cello Concerto / Glazunov: Chant du Ménestrel, op. 71 Kabalevsky, Khachaturian, Glazunov; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Bryden Thomson, Raphael Wallfisch 1
1990 Symphony No. 2 / Gayaneh-Suite (Wiener Philharmoniker, feat. conductor: Aram Khachaturian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1991 Khachaturian: Violin Concerto in D minor / Kabalevsky: Violin Concerto in C, Op. 48 Aram Khachaturian, Dmitry Kabalevsky; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Lydia Mordkovitch 1
1991 Grainger: Lincolnshire Posy / Hill Song no. 2 / Persichetti: Symphony for Band / Khachaturian: Armenian Dances / Hartley: Concerto for 23 Winds / Rogers: Three Japanese Dances Grainger, Persichetti, Khachaturian, Hartley, Rogers; Eastman Wind Ensemble, Frederick Fennell 1
1991 Spartacus / Gayaneh / Masquerade Khachaturian, Ippolitov-Ivanov; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1991 Spartacus Ballet Suites 1 - 3 Aram Khachaturian; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1991 Symphony no. 2 / 4 Movements from Gayaneh Ballet Suite no. 1 Aram Khachaturian; Royal Scottish Orchestra, Neeme Järvi 1
1992 Piano Concerto / Gayaneh Ballet Suite / Masquerade Suite Aram Khachaturian; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Constantine Orbelian 1
1992 Píanó Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt, Jón Leifs, Páll Ísólfsson, Alexander Scriabin, Aram Khachaturian, Leoš Janáček; Selma Guðmundsdóttir 1
1992 Violin Concertos Brahms, Khachaturian; London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti, Henryk Szeryng 1
1993 Symphony no. 1 / Symphony no. 3 Khachaturian; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1993 Symphony no. 2 “The Bell” / Battle of Stalingrad (Suite) Khachaturian; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1993 The Valencian Widow (Suite) / Gayaneh (Suite no. 2) / Tjeknavorian: Danses fantastiques Khachaturian; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1994 Gayane Suites nos. 1-3 Khachaturian; State Symphony Orchestra of St. Petersburg, Andre Anichanov 1
1994 Alexander Lazarev / Khachaturian (Gayaneh/Masquerade/Spartacus) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1994 Gayaneh (USSR Radio and TV Large Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Djansug Kakhidze) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1994 Khachaturian: Masquerade Suite / Kabalevsky: The Comedians Khachaturian, Kabalevsky; Kiril Kondrashin, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra 1
1994 The Two Concertos for Cello & Orchestra Aram Khachaturian; Marina Tarasova, Symphony Orchestra of Russia, Veronika Dudarova 1
1995 Gayne ballet suite Արամ Խաչատրյան 2
1995 Kabalevsky: Cello Concerto No. 2 / Khachaturian: Cello Concerto / Rachmaninov: Vocalise Kabalevsky, Khachaturian, Rachmaninoff; Vladimir Ashkenazy, Mats Lidström, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra 1
1995 Ode in Memory of Lenin Khachaturian; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1995 Spartacus, Suites Nos. 1-3 (St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: André Anichanov) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1996 Spartacus (Suite no. 4) / Masquerade / Circus / Dance Suite Aram Khachaturian; St. Petersburg State Symphony Orchestra, Andre Anichanov, Moscow Symphony Orchestra, Dmitry Yablonsky 1
1996 Khatchaturian Aram Khatchaturian; Christophe Boulier, Miklos Schön, Dominique Vidal 1
1996 Piano Concerto / Dance Suite Khachaturian; Dora Serviarian-Kuhn, Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
1997 Piano Concerto / Concert Rhapsody Khachaturian; Oxana Yablonskaya, Moscow Symphony Orchestra, Dmitri Yablonsky 1
1999 Gayaneh (USSR RTV Large Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Djansug Kakhidze) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1999 Film Music (Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
1999 Khachaturian: Masquerade Suite / Kabalevsky: The Comedians / Tchaikovsky: Capriccio Italien / Rimsky-Korsakov: Capriccio Espagnol Khachaturian, Kabalevsky, Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov; Kiril Kondrashin, RCA Victor Symphony Orchestra 1
1999 Spartacus Khachaturian; Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, Michail Jurowski 2
1999 Spartacus (Ballet Suites) Khachaturian; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
2000 Three Concert Arias / Ode to Joy / Poem Khachaturian; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Chorus & Soloists, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
2002 Violin Concertos Glazunov, Khachaturian, Kabalevsky; David Oistrakh 1
2003 Flute Concertos Ibert, Khachaturian; Emmanuel Pahud, Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich, David Zinman 2
2003 Great Pianists: Moiseiwitsch 7 Rachmaninov, Medtner, Kabalevsky, Khachaturian; Benno Moiseiwitsch 1
2003 Violin Concerto / Concerto-Rhapsody Khachaturian; Mihaela Martin, National Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine, Theodore Kuchar 1
2004 Konzerte für Violine und Violincello Aram Khatchaturian; Arabella Steinbacher, Daniel Müller-Schott, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Sakari Oramo 1
2004 Violin Concertos Sibelius, Khachaturian; Sergey Khachatryan, Sinfonia Varsovia, Emmanuel Krivine 1
2004 Piano Concerto in D-flat / Sonatina / Toccata (London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Loris Tjeknavorian, piano: Alberto Portugheis) Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
2004 Russian Violin Concertos Kachaturian, Prokofiev, Glazunov; Julia Fischer, Russian National Orchestra, Yakov Kreizberg 1
2004 Concerto pour piano, concerto pour violin Արամ Խաչատրյան 1
2008 Concerto for Violin and Orchestra / Masquerade Suite Aram Khachaturian; Extremadura Symphony Orchestra, Jesús Amigo, Ara Malikian 1
2010 Cello Concerto / Concerto-Rhapsody Aram Khachaturian; Moscow City Symphony Orchestra, Maxim Fedotov, Dmitri Yablonsky 1
2010 Spartacus / Gayaneh (excerpts) Khachaturian; Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra, Kirill Karabits 1
2011 Armenian Rhapsody Khachaturian, Zakarian, Sharafyan; Alexander Chaushian, Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Eduard Topchjan 1
2012 Two Souls Khachaturian, Barber; Mikhail Simonyan, London Symphony Orchestra, Kristjan Järvi 1
2013 The Gayaneh Ballet Khachaturian; National Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
Khachaturian: Spartacus / Gayaneh / Masquerade / Ippolitov-Ivanov: Caucasian Sketches Khachaturian; Ippolitov-Ivanov; Armenian Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
Piano Concerto / Sonatina / Toccata Khachaturian; Alberto Portugheis, London Symphony Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
The Gayaneh Ballet (complete) Khachaturian; National Philharmonic Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1985 James Galway Plays Khachaturian Khachaturian; James Galway, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Myung-Whun Chung 2
1989 Khachaturian: Concerto for Violin in D minor / Sibelius: Concerto for Violin in D minor, op. 47 Khachaturian, Sibelius; David Oistrakh 1
1989 Spartacus, Gayaneh, Masquerade Suites Khachaturian; London Symphony Orchestra, Stanley Black 1
1993 Khachaturian: Spartacus and Gayaneh / Glazunov: Autumn from The Seasons Khachaturian, Glazunov; London Symphony Orchestra, Khachaturian, Philharmonia Orchestra, Svetlanov 1
1994 Gayane / Spartacus / Masquerade (excerpts) Khachaturian; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Yuri Simonov 2
1994 Masquerade / Gayaneh / Violin Concerto Aram Khachaturian; Aram Khachaturian, David Oistrakh 1
1996 Piano Concerto / Violin Concerto / Masquerade Suite / Symphony No. 2 Khachaturian; Ricci, de Larrocha 1
1997 Ballet Music Արամ Խաչատրյան; State Symphony Orchestra of St. Petersburg, André Anichanov 1
2000 Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky / Khachaturian: Violin Concerto Prokofiev, Khachaturian; Elias, Chicago Symphony, Reiner, Kogan, Symphony Orchestra, Monteux 1
2000 Spartacus / Gayaneh Khachaturian; Wiener Philharmoniker, Aram Khachaturian 2
2001 Works for Violin and Orchestra Khachaturian, Saint‐Saëns, Chausson; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Leonid Kogan, David Oistrakh 1
2002 Violin Concerto / Cello Concerto Aram Khachaturian; Lydia Mordkovitch, Raphael Wallfisch 1
2005 Gayane (complete ballet) / Selections from Spartacus / Masquerade Suite Khachaturian; National Philharmonic Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, Loris Tjeknavorian 1
2006 An Introduction to Aram Khachaturian Aram Khachaturian 1
2006 Khachaturian: Violin Concerto / Taneyev: Suite de concert Khachaturian, Taneyev; David Oistrakh, Philharmonia Orchestra, Aram Khachaturian, Nicolai Malko 1
2010 Piano Concerto / Violin Concerto / Suites from Gayaneh, Masquerade and Spartacus Khachaturian; Cristina Ortiz, David Oistrakh, London Symphony Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Aram Khachaturian, Sir Adrian Boult 1
2012 Great Ballet Adolphe Adam, Léo Delibes, Tchaikovsky, Glazunov, Khachaturian, Prokofiev, Ravel, Stravinsky 1
Concertos pour violon Khatchaturian, Kabalevsky; David Oistrakh 1
Leonid Kogan Legacy, Volume XIV: Khachaturian Aram Khachaturian; Leonid Kogan 1
Suites from the ballets Spartacus / Gayaneh Khachaturian; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Yuri Temirkanov 1

Album + Compilation + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1999 Khachaturian: Symphony no. 3 "Simfoniya-Poema" / Triumphal Poem / Ippolitov-Ivanov: Caucasian Sketches Aram Il'yich Khachaturian, Michail Michailovitch Ippolitov-Ivanov; BBC Philharmonic, Fedor Glushchenko 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2001 Khachaturian: Concerto Rhapsody / Shostakovich: Cello Concerto no. 2 / Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations Khachaturian, Shostakovich, Tchaikovsky; Mtislav Rostropovich, London Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, George Hurst, Sir Colin Davis 1
2008 Brandenburg Concerto / Serenade for Winds / Petite Symhonie / Simple Symphony / Dance of the Pink Girl Bach, Dvořák, Gounod, Britten, Khachaturian; 2008 Festival Chamber Orchestra, Gregory Cherninsky, David Weiss, Yakov Birman, Cyrus Forough, David Shostac 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1998 Orchestral Music Aram Khachaturyan 1

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