Giuseppe Verdi

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Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (Italian: [d͡ʒuˈzɛppe ˈverdi]; 9 or 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian composer of operas.

Verdi was born near Busseto to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Bellini, Donizetti and Rossini, whose works significantly influenced him, becoming one of the pre-eminent opera composers of the late nineteenth century. Unlike his contemporary, Richard Wagner, Verdi was concerned to develop the forms of romantic opera that he inherited, rather than to change them through revolution.

In his early operas Verdi demonstrated a sympathy with the Risorgimento movement which sought the unification of Italy. He also participated briefly as an elected politician. The chorus "Va, pensiero" from his early opera Nabucco (1842), and similar choruses in later operas, were much in the spirit of the unification movement, and the composer himself became esteemed as a representative of these ideals. An intensely private person, Verdi however did not seek to ingratiate himself with popular movements and as he became professionally successful was able to reduce his operatic workload and sought to establish himself as a landowner in his native region. He surprised the musical world by returning, after his success with the opera Aida (1871), with three late masterpieces: his Requiem (1874), and the operas Otello (1887) and Falstaff (1893).

Verdi's musical influence on his successors was limited. His operas remain today extremely popular, especially the three peaks of his 'middle period': Rigoletto, Il trovatore and La traviata, and the bicentenary of his birth in 2013 was widely celebrated in broadcasts and performances.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1959 Aida Giuseppe Verdi 1
1959 Il trovatore (1956 studio cast) Verdi; del Monaco, Tebaldi, Simionato, Erede 2
1960 Macbeth Verdi; Leonard Warren, Leonie Rysanek, Carlo Bergonzi, Jerome Hines, Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus, Leinsdorf 2
1960 Otello Verdi; del Monaco, Tebaldi, Protti, Wiener Philharmoniker, Karajan 4
1961 La traviata Verdi; Anna Moffo, Richard Tucker, Robert Merrill, Rome Opera Orchestra and Chorus, Fernando Previtali 5 9
1964 Requiem / Quattro Pezzi Sacri Verdi; Philharmonia Orchestra, Philharmonia Chorus, Carlo Maria Giulini 4
1965 Luisa Miller Giuseppe Verdi; Anna Moffo, Carlo Bergonzi, Shirley Verrett, Cornell MacNeil, Giorgio Tozzi, Ezio Flagello, RCA Italiana Opera Orchestra, Fausto Cleva 5 5
1967 Un ballo in maschera Verdi; Price, Bergonzi, Verrett, Merrill, Grist, Flagello, Leinsdorf, RCA Italiana Opera Orchestra and Chorus 1
1968 Ernani (RCA Italiana Orchestra and Chorus) Verdi; Price, Bergonzi, Sereni, Flagello, Schippers 2
1968 Requiem Verdi; Sutherland, Horne, Pavarotti, Talvela, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker, Solti 2
1970 Il trovatore (1969 studio cast) Giuseppe Verdi; Leontyne Price, Plácido Domingo, Sherrill Milnes, Fiorenza Cossotto, Ambrosian Opera Chorus, John McCarthy, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 5 6
1971 Un ballo in maschera Verdi; Renata Tebaldi, Luciano Pavarotti, Sherrill Milnes, Regina Resnik, Helen Donath, Orchestra dell’Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Chorus of The Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Bruno Bartoletti 5 3
1972 La traviata Giuseppe Verdi; Beverly Sills, Nicolai Gedda, Rolando Panerai, The John Alldis Choir, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Aldo Ceccato 5 3
1973 Giovanna d'Arco Verdi; Caballé, Domingo, Milnes, London Symphony Orchestra & Ambrosian Opera Chorus, James Levine 5 1
1974 Rigoletto Verdi; Sutherland, Pavarotti, Milnes, Tourangeau, Talvela, London Symphony Orchestra, Bonynge 5 3
1978 Otello Giuseppe Verdi; Plácido Domingo, Renata Scotto, Sherrill Milnes, National Philharmonic Orchestra, James Levine 5 5
1980 Rigoletto - Highlights Verdi, Wiener Philharmoniker, Carlo Maria Giulini, Plácido Domingo, Piero Cappuccilli, Ileana Cotrubaş, Nicolaï Ghiaurov, Елена Образцова, Hanna Schwarz, Kurt Moll 1
1982 Aida Querschnitt (Coro e Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala feat. conductor: Claudio Abbado) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1982 La traviata Verdi; Sutherland, Pavarotti, Manuguerra, National Philharmonic Orchestra, Richard Bonynge 4
1982 La traviata (Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Riccardo Muti, soprano: Renata Scotto, tenor: Alfredo Kraus, baritone: Renato Bruson) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1983 Nabucco Verdi; Orchester & Chor der Deutschen Oper Berlin, Giuseppe Sinopoli 2
1983 Verdi Overtures (Wiener Philharminiker, feat. conductor Giuseppe Sinopoli) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1983 Verdi & Puccini Verdi, Puccini; Kiri Te Kanawa, London Philharmonic Orchestra, John Pritchard 1
1985 Don Carlos (Teatro alla Scala feat. conductor: Claudio Abbado) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1985 Requiem Verdi; Anna Tomowa-Sintow, Agnes Baltsa, José Carreras, José van Dam, Konzertvereinigung Wiener Staatsopernchor, Chor der Nationaloper Sofia, Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1985 Rigoletto (Coro e Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia feat. conductor: Giuseppe Sinopoli) Giuseppe Verdi 6
1985 Streichquartett Nr. 10 Es-dur, op. 51 / Streichquartett e-moll Antonín Dvořák, Giuseppe Verdi; Vermeer Quartet 1
1986 Aida (1974, Chorus of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden; Trumpeters of the Royal Military School of Music; New Philharmonia Orchestra feat. Conductor: Riccardo Muti) Verdi; Caballé, Domingo, Muti 3
1986 Aida (Rome Opera Orchestra and Chorus, feat. Conductor Jonel Perlea) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1986 Il trovatore Giuseppe Verdi; Herbert von Karajan, Leontyne Price, Franco Bonisolli, Piero Cappuccilli, Elena Obraztsova, Ruggero Raimondi, Chor der Deutschen Oper Berlin, Berliner Philharmoniker 1
1986 La traviata Giuseppe Verdi; Carlos Kleiber 2
1986 Nabucco Giuseppe Verdi; Philharmonia Orchestra, Ambrosian Opera Chorus, Riccardo Muti, Manuguerra, Luchetti, Ghiaurov, Scotto, Obratzsova 2
1986 Verdi -Nabucco Giuseppe Verdi 1
1987 Messa da Requiem (Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala feat. condutor: Riccardo Muti) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1987 Requiem & Operatic Choruses Giuseppe Verdi; Atlanta Symphony Orchestra, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra Chorus, Robert Shaw 1
1987 Il Trovatore (Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala, Milano feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan) Giuseppe Verdi 2
1987 La traviata (Coro e Orquestra Sinfônica do Teatro Nacional de São Carlos feat. conductor: Franco Ghione, soprano: Maria Callas, tenor: Alfredo Kraus) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1987 Rigoletto (RCA Italiana Opera Orchestra & Chorus, feat. conductor: Sir Georg Solti, singers: Merrill, Moffo, Kraus, Flagello, Elias) Giuseppe Verdi 2
1988 Il Trovatore (Coro e Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia feat. conductor: Carlo Maria Giulini) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1988 Requiem Giuseppe Verdi; Berliner Philharmoniker, Wiener Singverein, Mirella Freni, Christa Ludwig, Carlo Cossutta, Nicolaï Ghiaurov, Herbert von Karajan 2
1988 Aida Giuseppe Verdi 1
1988 Otello (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1989 Famous Verdi Arias Giuseppe Verdi 3
1989 Aida Giuseppe Verdi; Chiara, Pavarotti, Dimitrova, Nucci, Burchuladze, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala, Lorin Maazel 1
1989 Falstaff (RCA Italiana Opera Orchestra & Chorus, feat. conductor: Solti, singers: Evans, Freni, Simionato, Merril) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1989 Il trovatore (Orchestra e coro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino feat. conductor: Thomas Schippers) Giuseppe Verdi 1
1989 La Traviata Giuseppe Verdi; Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Coro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Sir John Pritchard 2
1989 Messa per Rossini Giuseppe Verdi et al. 1
1989 Requiem Giuseppe Verdi; Sharon Sweet, Florence Quivar, Vinson Cole, Simon Estes, Ernst-Senff-Chor, Berliner Philharmoniker, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1989 Requiem (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Carlo Maria Giulini) Giuseppe Verdi 1

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