Richard Wagner

~ Person

Wikipedia

Wilhelm Richard Wagner (/ˈvɑːɡnər/; German: [ˈʁiçaʁt ˈvaːɡnɐ]; 22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is primarily known for his operas (or, as some of his later works were later known, "music dramas"). Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Weber and Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk ("total work of art"), by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama, and which was announced in a series of essays between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung).

His compositions, particularly those of his later period, are notable for their complex textures, rich harmonies and orchestration, and the elaborate use of leitmotifs—musical phrases associated with individual characters, places, ideas or plot elements. His advances in musical language, such as extreme chromaticism and quickly shifting tonal centres, greatly influenced the development of classical music. His Tristan und Isolde is sometimes described as marking the start of modern music.

Wagner had his own opera house built, the Bayreuth Festspielhaus, which embodied many novel design features. It was here that the Ring and Parsifal received their premieres and where his most important stage works continue to be performed in an annual festival run by his descendants. His thoughts on the relative contributions of music and drama in opera were to change again, and he reintroduced some traditional forms into his last few stage works, including Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (The Mastersingers of Nuremberg).

Until his final years, Wagner's life was characterised by political exile, turbulent love affairs, poverty and repeated flight from his creditors. His controversial writings on music, drama and politics have attracted extensive comment in recent decades, especially where they express antisemitic sentiments. The effect of his ideas can be traced in many of the arts throughout the 20th century; their influence spread beyond composition into conducting, philosophy, literature, the visual arts and theatre.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1962 The Flying Dutchman Richard Wagner, Antal Doráti, George London, Leonie Rysanek, Giorgio Tozzi, Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden & Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden 2
1968 Der Ring des Nibelungen (Großes Symphonieorchester feat. conductor: Hans Swarowsky) Richard Wagner 2
1970 Ring des Nibelungen (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. director: Herbert von Karajan) Richard Wagner 1
1971 Tristan und Isolde (Stein, Nilsson, Vickers) Richard Wagner 1
1973 Der Ring Des Nibelungen Wagner; Chor und Orchester der Bayreuther Festspiele, Karl Böhm 2
1976 Rienzi (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor: Heinrich Hollreiser) Richard Wagner 1
1981 Tristan und Isolde Wagner; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Leonard Bernstein 1
1982 Highlights from "The Ring" (New York Philharmonic feat. conductor: Zubin Mehta) Richard Wagner 1
1983 Das Rheingold Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 3
1983 Die Walküre Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1983 Götterdämmerung Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1983 Siegfried Richard Wagner; Wiener Philharmoniker, Georg Solti 1
1984 Parsifal Richard Wagner; Herbert von Karajan, Berliner Philharmoniker, Peter Hofmann, Dunja Vejzovic, Kurt Moll, José van Dam, Siegmund Nimsgern, Victor von Halem, Chor der Deutschen Oper Berlin 1
1984 Die Walküre (feat. conductor: Sir Georg Solti) Richard Wagner 1
1984 Götterdämmerung (Wiener Staatsopernchor & Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Sir Georg Solti) Richard Wagner 1
1984 Orchestermusik Richard Wagner; Orchestre de Paris, Daniel Barenboim 4
1984 Siegfried (Wiener Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Sir Georg Solti) Richard Wagner 1
1985 Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg Richard Wagner; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Catarina Ligendza, Christa Ludwig, Plácido Domingo, Horst Laubenthal, Chor und Orchester der Deutschen Oper Berlin, Eugen Jochum 2
1985 Parsifal (Bayreuth 1962) Richard Wagner; Orchester der Bayreuther Festspiele, Chor der Bayreuther Festspiele, Hans Knappertsbusch 3
1985 Tannhäuser Richard Wagner; René Kollo, Christa Ludwig, Hans Sotin, Helga Dernesch, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Wesendonk-Lieder / Tristan und Isolde: Vorspiel/Liebestod (soprano: Jessye Norman, London Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir Colin Davis) Richard Wagner 1
1986 Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Chor und Orchester der Bayerischen Staatsoper feat. conductor: Joseph Keilberth) Richard Wagner 1
1986 Tristan und Isolde (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor: Carlos Kleiber) Richard Wagner 2 2
1986 Parsifal Wagner; René Kollo, Gottlob Frick, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Christa Ludwig, Zoltán Kelemen, Hans Hotter, Vienna Philharmonic, Sir Georg Solti 2
1986 The Great Composers: Wagner - The Ring Richard Wagner 3
1986 Wagner (Seattle Symphony, feat. conductor: Gerard Schwarz) Richard Wagner 1
1987 Lohengrin Wagner; Sir Georg Solti, Plácido Domingo, Jessye Norman, Eva Randová, Siegmund Nimsgern, Hans Sotin, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Konzertvereinigung Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Philharmoniker 2
1987 Preludes & Overtures (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan) Richard Wagner 1
1987 Wagner Overtures (Royal Promenade Orchestra feat. conductor: Alfred Gehardt) Richard Wagner 1
1988 Tristan und Isolde Richard Wagner; Berliner Philharmoniker, Chor der Deutschen Oper Berlin, Herbert von Karajan, Vickers, Dernesch, Ludwig, Berry, Ridderbusch 1
1988 Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan) Richard Wagner 3
1988 Die Walküre (Metropolitan Opera Orchestra feat. conductor: James Levine) Richard Wagner 1
1988 Die Walküre (Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, feat. conductor: Bernard Haitink) Richard Wagner 2
1988 Overtures and Preludes Richard Wagner; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1988 Richard Wagner Richard Wagner 1
1988 Ride of the Valkyries / Overture to Tannhäuser (conductor: Enrique Batiz) Richard Wagner 1
1988 Scenes from Tristan und Isolde / Tannhäuser / Der Fliegende Holländer / Götterdämmerung (soprano: Jessye Norman, London Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Klaus Tennstedt) Richard Wagner 1
1988 Wagner Richard Wagner; South German Philharmonic Orchestra, Hans Swarowsky 1
1988 Wagner (Seattle Symphony, feat. conductor: Gerard Schwarz) (disc 2) Richard Wagner 1
1988 Wagner Overtures (Chicago Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Sir Georg Solti) Richard Wagner 1
1989 Tannhäuser (Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Giuseppe Sinopoli, choir: Royal Opera House Choir) Richard Wagner 1
1989 Das Rheingold (Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, conductor: Bernard Haitink) Richard Wagner 1
1989 Das Rheingold (The Metropolitan Opera Orchestra feat. conductor: James Levine) Richard Wagner 1
1989 Der Ring des Nibelungen (Orchestral Music) Richard Wagner; National Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
1989 Götterdämmerung (Metropolitan Opera Orchestra and Chorus feat. conductor: James Levine) Richard Wagner 1
1990 Der Ring des Nibelungen (Orchester der Bayreuther Festspiele, feat. conductor: Karl Böhm) Richard Wagner 1
1990 Romantic Song Cycles Schumann, Brahms, Wagner; Tamara Takács, Jenő Jandó 1
1990 Der Ring Des Nibelungen (Orchestra Sinfonica Della Radio Italiana feat. conductor: Wilhelm Furtwängler) Richard Wagner 4
1991 Les Introuvables du Chant Wagnerien Richard Wagner 1
1991 DIE WALKÜRE.TRISTAN UND ISOLDE.SIEGFRIED IDYLL - (Arturo Toscanini) Richard Wagner 1

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