Phillip Harvey Spector (born Harvey Phillip Spector, December 26, 1939) is an American record producer, songwriter, and the originator of the Wall of Sound production method. At the height of his career, Spector was a pioneer of the 1960s girl-group sound, and produced more than twenty-five Top 40 hits from 1960 to 1965, writing or co-writing many of them for artists such as the Ronettes and the Crystals. Following collaborations with John Lennon, George Harrison, Leonard Cohen, Dion DiMucci, and the Ramones in the 1970s, Spector remained largely inactive. In the 2000s, he became the subject of two trials for murder and a second-degree conviction. He is serving a prison sentence of 19 years to life.
Spector is often called the first auteur among musical artists for acting not only as a producer, but also the creative director, writing or choosing the material, supervising the arrangements, conducting the vocalists and session musicians, and masterminding all phases of the recording process. He helped pave the way for various music genres, with numerous artists later citing his work as a major influence.
For co-producing George Harrison's Concert for Bangladesh (1971), Spector earned the Grammy Award for Album of the Year. In 1989, Spector was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, as a nonperformer. In 1997, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame. The 1965 song "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'", produced and co-written by Spector for the Righteous Brothers, is listed by BMI as the song with the most U.S. airplay in the 20th century. In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him #63 on their list of the "Greatest Artists of All Time". Spector-produced albums that were voted within Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" include Presenting the Fabulous Ronettes Featuring Veronica (1964), A Christmas Gift for You (1963), and Back to Mono (1991). In 2008, The Washington Times named Spector the second greatest record producer in music history.