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Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich, KBE (Russian: Мстисла́в Леопо́льдович Ростропо́вич, Mstislav Leopol'dovič Rostropovič, pronounced [rəstrɐˈpɔvʲɪtɕ]; March 27, 1927 – April 27, 2007), was a Soviet and Russian cellist and conductor. He is considered by many to have been the greatest cellist of the second half of the 20th century, and one of the greatest of all time. In addition to his interpretations and technique, he was well known for both inspiring and commissioning new works, which enlarged the cello repertoire more than any cellist before or since. He gave the premieres of over 100 pieces, forming long-standing friendships and artistic partnerships with composers including Dmitri Shostakovich, Sergei Prokofiev, Henri Dutilleux, Witold Lutoslawski, Olivier Messiaen, Luciano Berio, Krzysztof Penderecki, Alfred Schnittke, Norbert Moret, Andreas Makris and Benjamin Britten.

Rostropovich was internationally recognized as a staunch advocate of human rights, and was awarded the 1974 Award of the International League of Human Rights. He was married to the soprano Galina Vishnevskaya and had two daughters, Olga and Elena Rostropovich.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1961 Cellokonzert / Rokoko Variationen Schumann, Tchaikowsky; Mstislav Rostropowitsch 1
1970 Double Concerto in A minor, Op. 102 Brahms; Oistrakh, Rostropovich, The Cleveland Orchestra, Szell 1
1983 The Cello Sonatas Johannes Brahms; Mstislav Rostropovich, Rudolf Serkin 1
1987 Cello Concertos Henri Dutilleux, Witold Lutosławski; Мстислав Ростропович 3
1987 Don Quixote Richard Strauss; Mstislav Rostropovich, Ulrich Koch, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Dvorak: Concerto pour violoncelle / Tchaikovski: Variations Rococo Dvorak, Tchaikovski; Mstislav Rostropovitch, Seiji Ozawa, Boston Symphony Orchestra 1
1987 The Flute Quartets Mozart; Rampal, Stern, Accardo, Rostropovich 1
1989 Chopin: Cello Sonata, op. 65 / Polonaise, op. 3 / Schumann: Adagio & Allegro, op. 70 Frédéric Chopin, Robert Schumann; Mstislav Rostropovich, Martha Argerich 1
1989 Streichquintett C-dur, D 956 Franz Schubert; Melos Quartet, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1990 Piano Concertos 1 & 3 Tchaikovsky; Vladimir Feltsman, National Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1991 Symphony No. 15 in A major, op. 141 Dmitri Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1991 Viola Concerto / Trio Sonata Alfred Schnittke; Yuri Bashmet, Moscow Soloists, London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1992 Streichquintett C-Dur Franz Schubert; Emerson String Quartet, Mstislav Rostropovich 2
1993 Brahms: Double Concerto / Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto Brahms, Mendelssohn; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Itzhak Perlman, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1993 Cello & Organ Мстислав Ростропович, Herbert Tachezi 1
1993 Symphony no. 11 Dmitri Shostakovich; National Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1994 Violin Concertos No. 1 Prokofiev, Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
1994 Symphonies nos. 2 & 3 Dmitri Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1995 Dvořák: Cellokonzert / Tschaikowsky: Rokoko-Variationen Dvořák, Tschaikowsky; Mstislav Rostropovich, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1995 Cello-Suiten J.S. Bach; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1997 Violin Concertos Prokofiev, Glazunov, Shchedrin; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Mstislav Rostropovich, National Symphony Orchestra 1
1997 Cellist des Jahrhunderts Мстислав Ростропович 1
1997 Violin Concertos No. 2 Prokofiev, Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
1999 Cello Sonatas Schubert, Schumann, Debussy; Rostropovich, Britten 1
2000 The Sonatas for Piano and Cello Beethoven; Mstislav Rostropovich, Sviatoslav Richter 2
2001 Khachaturian: Concerto Rhapsody / Shostakovich: Cello Concerto No. 2 / Tchaikovsky: Rococo Variations (feat. cello: Mstislav Rostropovich) Мстислав Ростропович 1
2003 Britten: Violin Concerto / Walton: Viola Concerto Benjamin Britten, Sir William Walton; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
2004 The Late String Quartets / String Quintet Franz Schubert; Emerson String Quartet, Rostropovich 1
2004 Cello Concerto in B minor op. 104 Antonín Dvořák; Mstislaw Rostropowitsch, Gregor Piatigorsky 1
2007 Cello Concertos Vivaldi, Tartini, Boccherini; Mstislav Rostropovich, Collegium Musicum Zürich, Paul Sacher 2
2008 Die Streichtrios Beethoven; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Bruno Giuranna, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2008 Symphony No. 10 Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
Cello Concertos Prokofiev, Chostakovitch; Mstislav Rostropovich, London Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 1
The Russian Archives: Mstislav Rostropovich plays Russian cello concertos Mstislav Rostropovich 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1988 Piano Concertos no. 1 & 2 / Cello Concerto no. 1 Compilation Shostakovich; New York Philharmonic, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Leonard Bernstein, André Previn, Mstislav Rostropovich, Eugene Ormandy 1
1989 Klavierkonzert Nr. 2 / Polonaise-Fantaisie As-Dur / Drei Mazurken, op. 59 / Scherzo Nr. 2 b-Moll Compilation Frédéric Chopin; Martha Argerich, National Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1991 Dvořák: Concerto pour violoncelle / Brahms: Double Concerto Compilation Dvořák, Brahms; Mstislav Rostropovich, David Oistrakh 2
1994 Great Works for Cello and Orchestra Compilation Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1994 Cello Concerto No. 2 / Symphony No. 5 Compilation Schostakowitsch; Mstislav Rostropovich, National Symphony Orchestra, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Osawa 2
1994 Complete Music for Cello and Piano Compilation Beethoven; Mstislav Rostropovich, Sviatoslav Richter, Maurice Gendron, Jean Françaix 2
1997 The Russian Years 1950-1974 Compilation Mstislav Rostropovich 2
1998 Complete Symphonies Compilation Dmitri Shostakovich; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
1998 Beethoven: Triple Concerto / Brahms: Double Concerto Compilation Beethoven, Brahms; Oistrakh, Rostropovich, Richter, Herbert von Karajan, George Szell 3
1998 Strauss: Don Quixote / Schumann: Cello Concerto Compilation Strauss, Schumann; Mstislav Rostropovich, Herbert von Karajan, Leonard Bernstein 4 1
1998 Violin Concerto / Cello Concerto Compilation Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович; David Oistrakh, New York Philharmonic, Dimitri Mitropoulos, Mstislav Rostropovich, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 2
1999 Deutsche Grammophon Collection: Chopin: Cello Sonata / Polonaise / Schumann: Adagio and Allegro / Scenes From Childhood Compilation Fryderyk Chopin, Robert Schumann; Мстислав Ростропович, Martha Argerich 1
2002 Master Cellist Compilation Мстислав Ростропович 1
2002 Dvorak: Cello Concerto / Strauss: Don Quixote Compilation Dvořák, Strauss; Mstislav Rostropovich 1
2002 Violin Concertos Nos. 1, 2 Compilation Shostakovich; London Symphony Orchestra, Mstislav Rostropovich, Maxim Vengerov 1
2006 DIE ZEIT Klassik-Edition 19: Mstislaw Rostropowitsch spielt Dvořák und Schumann Compilation Antonín Dvořák, Robert Schumann; Mstislaw Rostropowitsch 1

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