Ma Rainey

~ Person

Wikipedia

"Ma" Rainey (born Gertrude Malissa Nix Pridgett, c. April 26, 1886 – December 22, 1939) was one of the earliest American professional blues singers and one of the first generation of blues singers to record. She was billed as The Mother of the Blues.

She began performing as a young teenager (between the ages of 12 and 14). She began performing under the name Ma Rainey after she and Will Rainey were married, in 1904. They toured with the Rabbit Foot Minstrels and later formed their own group, Rainey and Rainey, Assassinators of the Blues. From the time of her first recording in 1923 to five years later, she made over 100 recordings, including "Bo-weevil Blues" (1923), "Moonshine Blues" (1923), "See See Rider Blues" (1924), "Black Bottom" (1927), and "Soon This Morning" (1927).

Rainey was known for her powerful vocal abilities, energetic disposition, majestic phrasing, and a "moaning" style of singing. Her powerful voice was never adequately captured on her records, because she recorded exclusively for Paramount, which was known for its below-average recording techniques and poor shellac quality. However, her other qualities are present and most evident in her early recordings "Bo-weevil Blues" and "Moonshine Blues".

Rainey recorded with Louis Armstrong, and she toured and recorded with the Georgia Jazz Band. She continued to tour until 1935, when she retired and went to live in her hometown.

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Discography

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1989 The Giants of Jazz Various Artists 1
1991 Complete Recorded Works in Chronological Order, Volume 3 (Sep. 1928 - Nov. 1934) Papa Charlie Jackson 2
1993 Blues Masters, Volume 11: Classic Blues Women Various Artists 1
1993 The Blues: A Smithsonian Collection of Classic Blues Singers Various Artists 1
1993 Too Late, Too Late: More Newly Discovered Titles & Alternate Takes, Volume 2 (1897–1935) Various Artists 1
1994 Riverside History of Classic Jazz Various Artists 1
1996 Ladies Sing the Blues Various Artists 1
1996 Sun Records: The Blues Years 1950-1958 Various Artists 1
1997 Club Verboten Various Artists 1
1997 Essential Women in Blues Various Artists 1
1997 Jazz Greats, Volume 38: Bessie Smith: Preachin' the Blues Bessie Smith 1
1998 American Pop: An Audio History - From Minstrels to Mojo: On Record, 1893-1946 Various Artists 1
1998 Too Late, Too Late: More Newly Discovered Titles & Alternate Takes, Volume 11 (1924-1939) Various Artists 1
1999 Respect: A Century of Women in Music Various Artists 1
1999 Too Late, Too Late: More Newly Discovered Titles, Supplements & Alternative Takes, Volume 13 (1921-1940) Various Artists 1
2000 Flashbacks, Volume 4: Blue & Lonely: HeartBreakers 1927-1946 Various Artists 1
2000 As Good as It Gets: Country Blues Various Artists 1
2000 Rhapsodies in Black, Music and Words From the Harlem Renaissance Various Artists 1
2001 Screamin' and Hollerin' the Blues Charley Patton 1
2001 Blues Various Artists 1
2001 Blues Is Black Various Artists 1
2001 Les 100 plus grands thèmes du blues Various Artists 1
2001 Southern Country Blues, Volume 2: Down in Boogie Alley Various Artists 1
2001 The Definitive Charley Patton Charley Patton 2
2001 The Great Women Blues Singers Various Artists 1
2002 Original Blues Classics Sampler Various Artists 1
2003 Martin Scorsese Presents the Blues: A Musical Journey Various Artists 1
2003 Blues Story Various Artists 1
2003 Ladies Sing the Blues Various Artists 1
2003 The Old School Blues Various Artists 1
2004 L’Histoire du jazz vocal - The Story of Vocal Jazz: 1911–1940 Various Artists 1
2004 100th Birthday Celebration Coleman Hawkins 1
2004 Century of the Blues Various Artists 1
2005 The Ultimate Jazz Archive Various Artists 43
2005 Blues Various Artists 1
2005 Lady Sings the Blues Various Artists 1
2005 She's Got The Blues Various Artists 1
2005 Simply Blues Various Artists 1
2005 The History of American Music Various Artists 1
2006 Shout It Out Sister: The Great Female Blues Singers Various Artists 1
2009 Let Me Tell You About the Blues: Chicago - The Evolution of Chicago Blues 1925-1958 Various Artists 1
2010 Roots of Blues Various Artists 1
2011 Street Walker Blues: Vintage Songs About Prostitution, Vol. 2 Various Artists 1
2012 Deep South: The Story of the Blues Various Artists 1
2013 The Rise & Fall of Paramount Records, Volume One (1917-1927) Various Artists 2
Blues Is Black Various Artists 1
Blues Power: 50 Blues Artists Who Matter Various Artists 1
Collection N°1 : 25 plus grands enregistrements originaux du blues Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 1 Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 3 Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 4 Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 5 Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 6 Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 7 Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 8 Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 9 Various Artists 1
Diggin' Deeper, Volume 10 Various Artists 1
I Can't Be Satisfied: Early American Women Blues Singers, Volume 2 Various Artists 1
It's the Blues Various Artists 1
Jazz Classics in Digital Stereo, Volume 2: Chicago Various Artists 1
Jazz, Volume 1: South Various Artists 1
La Grande Storia del Jazz Various Artists 1
Ladies Sing the Blues Various Artists 1
She's Got The Blues Various Artists 1
She's Got The Blues, Disc 3 Various Artists 1
The Paramount Masters Various Artists 1
The Prewar Blues Story Various Artists 1
The Ultimate Encyclopedia of American Blues Classics Various Artists 1

Album + Compilation + Spokenword

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
The Norton Anthology of African American Literature Audio Companion Various Artists 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2003 Martin Scorsese Presents the Blues: Warming by the Devil's Fire Various Artists 1

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