Billie Holiday

~ Person

Legal name: Eleanora Fagan

Wikipedia

Eleanora Fagan (April 7, 1915 – July 17, 1959), professionally known as Billie Holiday, was an American jazz musician and singer-songwriter with a career spanning nearly thirty years. Nicknamed "Lady Day" by her friend and music partner Lester Young, Holiday had a seminal influence on jazz music and pop singing. Her vocal style, strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a new way of manipulating phrasing and tempo. Holiday was known for her vocal delivery and improvisational skills, which made up for her limited range and lack of formal music education. While there were other jazz singers with equal talent, Billie Holiday had a voice that captured the attention of her audience.

After a turbulent childhood, Holiday began singing in nightclubs around Harlem. After being heard by producer John Hammond, who commended her voice, Holiday was signed to Brunswick Records in 1935. Collaborations with Teddy Wilson yielded the hit "What a Little Moonlight Can Do", which would later become a jazz standard. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, Holiday booked mainstream success with labels such as Columbia Records and Decca Records. By the late 1940s, however, Holiday was beset with legal troubles and drug abuse. After a short prison sentence, Holiday performed a sold-out concert at Carnegie Hall. However, due to her drug and alcohol problems, her reputation deteriorated.

Though she was a successful concert performer throughout the 1950s with two further sold-out shows at Carnegie Hall, Holiday's bad health, coupled with a string of abusive relationships and ongoing drug and alcohol abuse, caused her voice to wither. Her final recordings were met with mixed reaction to her damaged voice, but were mild commercial successes. Her final album, Lady in Satin, was released in 1958. Holiday died of cirrhosis of the liver in 1959. A posthumous album, Last Recording, was released following her death.

Much of Holiday's material has been rereleased since her death, and she is considered a legendary performer with an ongoing influence on American music. Holiday is the recipient of four Grammy awards, all of them posthumous awards for Best Historical Album. Furthermore, Holiday herself was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1973. Lady Sings the Blues, a film centered on Holiday's life, starring Diana Ross, was released in 1972. She is the primary character in the play and later film "Lady Day At Emerson's Bar and Grill" The role was originated by Reenie Upchurch in 1986 and played by Audra McDonald on Broadway (winning a Tony Award) and in the film.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1951 Lover Man Billie Holiday 3
1952 Solitude Billie Holiday 3
1952 Billie Holiday Sings Billie Holiday 1
1952 My Man Billie Holiday 1
1953 An Evening With Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
1954 Jazz at the Philharmonic Billie Holiday 3
1955 Music For Torching Billie Holiday 1
1956 Lady Sings the Blues Billie Holiday 5
1956 Velvet Mood Billie Holiday 2
1957 Body and Soul Billie Holiday 4 3
1957 Songs for Distingué Lovers Billie Holiday 4
1958 Lady in Satin Billie Holiday 16
1958 All or Nothing at All Billie Holiday 1
1958 Stay With Me Billie Holiday 3
1958 Stay With Me Billie Holiday 1
1959 Last Recording Billie Holiday 3
1962 Ladylove Billie Holiday 2
1967 In Concert Ella Fitzgerald & Billie Holiday 1
1968 Billie Holiday's Greatest Hits Billie Holiday 1
1989 Strange Fruit Billie Holiday 2
1990 The Complete 1951 Storyville Club Sessions Billie Holiday 1
1992 Ballads Billie Holiday 1
1993 Jumpin' for Joy Teddy Wilson feat. Billie Holiday 1
1994 God Bless the Child Billie Holiday 1
1995 If You Were Mine Billie Holiday 1
1995 Lady Sings the Blues: Original Sessions 1937-1947 Billie Holiday 1
1995 Love Me or Leave Me Billie Holiday 1
1996 God Bless the Child Billie Holiday 1
1997 Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2004 Strange Fruit Billie Holiday 1
2004 Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2005 Summertime - The Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2006 Lady Sings the Blues Billie Holiday 1
2007 The Essential Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2008 A Night With Ray Ellis & His Orchestra Billie Holiday 1
2010 Lady in Satin (two album release: Lady in Satin / Last Recording) Billie Holiday 1
2011 Icon Billie Holiday 1
2013 Eight Classic Albums Billie Holiday 1
2015 The Centennial Collection Billie Holiday 1
2015 This Is Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
2015 Lady In Satin (The Centennial Edition) Billie Holiday With Ray Ellis and His Orchestra 1
2015 Recital Billie Holiday 1
"Fine and Mellow" Billie Holiday 1
A Little Moonlight Billie Holiday 1
American Legends Billie Holiday 1
Billie Holiday. Lo mejor de Billie Holiday 1
Billie's Blues Billie Holiday 1
Billie's Love Songs Billie Holiday 1
Body and Soul Billie Holiday 1
Don't Explain Billie Holiday 1
Eresco Jazz Session Billie Holiday 1
Good Morning Heartache Billie Holiday 1
I Wish I Had You Billie Holiday 1
Jazz 'Round Midnight Billie Holiday 1
Les chefs-d'oeuvre de Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
Stormy Weather Billie Holiday 1
Summertime - The Best of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
The Essential Collection Billie Holiday 1
Vintage Vaults Volume 3 Billie Holiday 1

Album + Compilation + Audiobook + Demo

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1992 The Four Queens Of Jazz Billie Holiday, Ella Fitzgerald, Lena Horne & Sarah Vaughan 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1954 Lady Day Billie Holiday 2
1955 Music for Torching Billie Holiday 3
1959 All or Nothing at All Billie Holiday 2
1979 Fine and Mellow Billie Holiday 1
1983 Billie Holiday, Volume II Billie Holiday 1
1984 The Silver Collection Billie Holiday 4 1
1986 From the Original Decca Masters Billie Holiday 1
1986 Holiday Romance Billie Holiday 1
1986 The Billie Holiday Songbook Billie Holiday 2
1987 The Quintessential Billie Holiday, Volume 1: 1933-1935 Billie Holiday 1
1987 Compact Jazz: Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
1987 Good Morning Heartache Billie Holiday 1
1988 Billie's Blues Billie Holiday 4 3
1988 Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 2
1988 Billie Holliday and Her Orchestra Billie Holiday 1
1988 Lady's Decca Days, Volume One Billie Holiday 1
1988 Lady's Decca Days, Volume Two Billie Holiday 1
1988 The Billie Holiday Collection Billie Holiday 1
1989 In Person, In Concert Billie Holiday 1
1990 Billie Holiday Live Billie Holiday 1
1990 Billie Holiday - Fine and Mellow Billie Holiday 1
1990 Forever Gold Billie Holiday 1
1990 Lover Come Back to Me Billie Holiday 1
1991 The Legacy 1933-1958 Billie Holiday 1
1991 The Complete Decca Recordings Billie Holiday 4.5 2
1991 The Essence of Billie Holiday Billie Holiday 1
1991 Complete Edition, Volume 1: 1933-1936 Billie Holiday 1
1991 Complete Edition, Volume 2: 1936-1937 Billie Holiday 1
1991 Lady in Autumn: The Best of the Verve Years Billie Holiday 1
1992 Billie's Best Billie Holiday 1
1992 1952-1955 Billie Holiday 1
1992 Complete Edition Volume 3 - 1934-1937 Billie Holiday 1
1992 Complete Edition Volume 5 - 1937-1937 Billie Holiday 1
1992 Lady Day & Pres 1937-1941 Billie Holiday & Lester Young 2
1992 Masters of Jazz: Complete Edition Billie Holiday 2
1993 The Complete Billie Holiday on Verve 1945-1959 Billie Holiday 1
1993 Solitude: Billie Holiday Story, Vol. 2 Billie Holiday 1
1993 16 Most Requested Songs Billie Holiday 1
1993 28 Great Jazz Songs Billie Holiday 1
1993 1953-56 Radio and TV Broadcasts Billie Holiday 1

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