Buddy Holly

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Annotation

Note: Some of the earliest releases were credited only as The Crickets and appear on that page. Please do not add them here.

Born: Charles Harden Holley in Lubbock, TX, USA .. Died: In a plane crash, The Day the Music Died

Annotation last modified on 2012-06-27 10:36 UTC.

Legal name: Charles Hardin Holley

Wikipedia

Charles Hardin Holley (September 7, 1936 – February 3, 1959), known as Buddy Holly, was an American musician and singer-songwriter who was a central figure of mid-1950s rock and roll. Holly was born in Lubbock, Texas, to a musical family during the Great Depression; he learned to play guitar and to sing alongside his siblings. His style was influenced by country music and rhythm and blues acts, and he performed in Lubbock with his friends from high school. He made his first appearance on local television in 1952, and the following year he formed the group "Buddy and Bob" with his friend Bob Montgomery. In 1955, after opening for Elvis Presley, Holly decided to pursue a career in music. He opened for Presley three times that year; his band's style shifted from country & western to entirely rock and roll. In October that year, when he opened for Bill Haley & His Comets, Holly was spotted by Nashville scout Eddie Crandall, who helped him gain a contract with Decca Records.

Holly's recording sessions were produced by Owen Bradley. Holly was unhappy with Bradley's restrictions and the results of their work, and decided to visit producer Norman Petty in Clovis, New Mexico. Attracted by the success of the records produced by Petty, Holly traveled with his band to the studio where, among other songs, they recorded a demo of "That'll Be the Day". Petty became the band's manager and he sent the demo to Brunswick Records, who were impressed. The label decided to release the song without re-recording it. Because Holly's name was still linked to Decca, Brunswick credited the single to "The Crickets", which became the name of Holly's band.

In September 1957, as the band toured, "That'll Be the Day" topped the US "Best Sellers in Stores" chart and the UK Singles Chart. Its success was followed in October by the release of "Peggy Sue", which reached number three in "Best Sellers in Stores" chart, number three on the rhythm and blues chart and number six on the UK Singles Chart. In November, the album Chirping Crickets was released; it reached number five on the UK Albums Chart. By January 1958, Holly had appeared twice on The Ed Sullivan Show. Following his last performance, he embarked on a tour of Australia, which was followed in February by a tour of the UK.

During a visit to New York City, Holly met Maria Elena Santiago; the pair married and Holly moved to the city. The New York scene further interested Holly in record-producing and songwriting. At the same time, Holly and the Crickets started becoming unhappy with their manager. Petty's royalties were frozen by promoter Manny Greenfield, and Petty could not pay his royalties to Holly, who blamed his manager. Holly fired Petty in December 1958; the Crickets decided to keep Petty as manager and Holly left the band.

In need of money, Holly assembled a new band consisting of future country music icon Waylon Jennings (bass) and Tommy Allsup (guitar), and embarked on a tour of the Midwestern U.S. After a show in Clear Lake, Iowa, Holly chartered an airplane to travel to his next show in Moorhead, Minnesota. Soon after takeoff, the plane crashed, killing Holly, Ritchie Valens, the Big Bopper and the pilot.

During his short career, Holly wrote, recorded and produced his own material. He is often regarded as the act that defined the traditional rock-and-roll lineup of two guitars, bass and drums. Holly was a major influence on later popular music artists and bands, including the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Eric Clapton and Elton John. He was inducted with the inaugural class of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986, and later ranked by Rolling Stone at number thirteen on its list of "100 Greatest Artists".

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1958 Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 4
1958 That'll Be the Day Buddy Holly 2
1960 The Buddy Holly Story, Volume II Buddy Holly 1
1963 Reminiscing Buddy Holly 1
1964 Showcase Buddy Holly 1
1965 Holly in the Hills Buddy Holly & Bob Montgomery 1
1969 Giant Buddy Holly 1
1986 Something Special From Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 1
1987 For the First Time Anywhere Buddy Holly 1
2001 Only the Love Songs Buddy Holly with The Picks 1
2002 Holly in the Hills / Giant Buddy Holly 1
2005 Gold Buddy Holly 1
Buddy Holly's Crickets Buddy Holly & The Crickets 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1959 The Buddy Holly Story Buddy Holly 1
1967 Buddy Holly's Greatest Hits Buddy Holly 3
1971 Portrait in Music Buddy Holly 1
1971 Portrait in Music, Volume 2 Buddy Holly 1
1973 The Complete Buddy Holly Story Buddy Holly 2 1
1977 A Rock & Roll Collection Buddy Holly 1
1978 20 Golden Greats Buddy Holly 4
1979 The Complete Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 1
1985 From the Original Master Tapes Buddy Holly 4
1985 Legend Buddy Holly 1
1985 The Hit Singles Collection Buddy Holly 1
1987 More Hits of Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 1
1988 The Best of Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 1
1988 The Wonderful World of Buddy Holly: 24 Golden Hits Buddy Holly 1
1989 The Legendary Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 1
1989 16 Original World Hits Buddy Holly 1
1991 My Greatest Songs Buddy Holly 2
1992 All Time Greatest Hits Buddy Holly 1
1992 The Rock 'n' Roll Era: Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 1
1993 "Peggy Sue" Buddy Holly 1
1993 The Buddy Holly Collection Buddy Holly 1
1993 Words of Love: 28 Classic Songs From Buddy Holly & The Crickets 1
1994 Oh Boy Buddy Holly 1
1994 The Best of Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 2
1995 25 All Time Greatest Hits Buddy Holly 1
1995 The Love Songs Buddy Holly 1
1995 The Memorial Album Buddy Holly 1
1996 Greatest Hits Buddy Holly 1
1996 The Very Best of Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 1
1996 36 All Time Greatest Hits, Volume 1 Buddy Holly 1
1996 36 All Time Greatest Hits, Volume 2 Buddy Holly 1
1996 36 All Time Greatest Hits, Volume 3 Buddy Holly 1
1998 The Unforgettable Buddy Holly and the Crickets Buddy Holly 1
1999 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection: The Best of Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 1
1999 The Very Best of Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 2
1999 ’57–’59 The Rarities Collection Buddy Holly 1
1999 Classic Buddy Holly Buddy Holly 1

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