Johannes Brahms

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Johannes Brahms (German: [joˈhanəs ˈbʁaːms]; 7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist. Born in Hamburg into a Lutheran family, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna, Austria. In his lifetime, Brahms's popularity and influence were considerable. He is considered one of the greatest composers in history, and is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the "Three Bs", a comment originally made by the nineteenth-century conductor Hans von Bülow.

Brahms composed for piano, organ, chamber ensembles, symphony orchestra, and for voice and chorus. A virtuoso pianist, he premiered many of his own works. He worked with some of the leading performers of his time, including the pianist Clara Schumann and the violinist Joseph Joachim (the three were close friends). Many of his works have become staples of the modern concert repertoire. Brahms, an uncompromising perfectionist, destroyed some of his works and left others unpublished.

Brahms is often considered both a traditionalist and an innovator. His music is firmly rooted in the structures and compositional techniques of the Baroque and Classical masters. He was a master of counterpoint, the complex and highly disciplined art for which Johann Sebastian Bach is famous, and of development, a compositional ethos pioneered by Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and other composers. Brahms aimed to honour the "purity" of these venerable "German" structures and advance them into a Romantic idiom, in the process creating bold new approaches to harmony and melody. While many contemporaries found his music too academic, his contribution and craftsmanship have been admired by subsequent figures as diverse as Arnold Schoenberg and Edward Elgar. The diligent, highly constructed nature of Brahms's works was a starting point and an inspiration for a generation of composers. Within his meticulous structures is embedded, however, a highly romantic nature.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1952 Symphony no. 1 Brahms; NBC Symphony Orchestra, Toscanini 1
1953 Symphony no. 2 Brahms; NBC Symphony Orchestra, Toscanini 1
1954 Concierto en Re mayor para violín y orquesta, op. 77 Brahms; Christian Ferras, Orquesta Filarmonica de Viena, Carl Schuricht 1
1960 10 Intermezzi for Piano Brahms; Glenn Gould 2
1960 Konzert für Violine, Violoncello und Orchester a-moll, op. 102 Johannes Brahms; David Oistrakh, Pierre Fournier, Das Philharmonia Orchestra London, Alceo Galliera 1
1960 Piano Concerto no. 2 Brahms; Sviatoslav Richter, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Erich Leinsdorf 1
1961 David Oistrakh Plays Brahms Johannes Brahms; David Oistrakh 1
1962 Choral Works and Overtures Johannes Brahms; Wiener Symphoniker, Wolfgang Sawallisch, Singverein der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde 1
1962 Ein deutsches Requiem op. 45 Johannes Brahms; Wiener Symphoniker, Wolfgang Sawallisch, Singverein der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde 1
1962 Piano Concerto no. 1 in D minor, op. 15 Brahms; Clifford Curzon, London Symphony Orchestra, George Szell 1
1964 Violinkonzert in D-dur Johannes Brahms; Christian Ferras, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1965 Konzert für Violine und Orchester D-Dur, Op. 77 Brahms; Berliner Philharmoniker, Paul van Kempen, Wolfgang Schneiderhan 1
1967 Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 Johannes Brahms; Wilhelm Backhaus, Emanuel Brabec, Karl Böhm, Wiener Philharmoniker 2
1968 Sämtliche Streichquartette Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; Quartetto Italiano 1
1969 4. Sinfonie, e-moll, op. 98 Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1970 Double Concerto in A minor, Op. 102 Brahms; Oistrakh, Rostropovich, The Cleveland Orchestra, Szell 2
1973 Symphony no. 1 in C minor, op. 68 Johannes Brahms; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1977 Russian Keyboard Masters - Volume V: Concerto No. 1 for Piano and Orchestra in D minor Johannes Brahms; Rudolf Kehrer, Moscow Radio Large Orchestra, Gennady Rozhdestvensky 1
1978 Symphonien Nr. 3 & 4 Brahms; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1979 Symphony No. 2 / Symphony No. 3 Brahms; Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Kurt Masur 1
1980 Clarinet Trios Brahms, Beethoven; members of the Beaux Arts Trio, George Pieterson 1
1980 Klavierkonzert Nr. 1 Johannes Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Karl Böhm, Maurizio Pollini 2
1981 21 Hungarian Dances, waltzes op. 39 Johannes Brahms; Michel Béroff, Jean-Philippe Collard 1
1981 Symphonie no. 4 Johannes Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Carlos Kleiber 5 2
1982 Brahms: 4 Balladen, op. 10 / Schubert: Klaviersonate, D. 537 Brahms, Schubert; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 1
1982 Altrhapsodie, Nänie, Gesang der Parzen, Begräbnisgesang Johannes Brahms 1
1982 Konzert für Violine und Orchester D-Dur, Op. 77 Brahms; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 3
1982 Symphonie No. 1 / Manfred-Ouvertüre Johannes Brahms, Robert Schumann; Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1982 Symphonie No. 2 Johannes Brahms; Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1982 Violin Concerto, op. 77 Brahms; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Isaac Stern 1
1983 The Cello Sonatas Johannes Brahms; Mstislav Rostropovich, Rudolf Serkin 2
1983 A German Requiem Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Chorus, James Levine, Kathleen Battle, Håkan Hagegård 2
1983 Doppelkonzert / Tragische Ouvertüre Johannes Brahms; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Antônio Meneses, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1983 21 Hungarian Dances Brahms; Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Kurt Masur 1
1983 Ballades, op. 10 / Rhapsodies, op. 79 Johannes Brahms; Glenn Gould 3
1983 Brahms, Mozart - Clarinet Quintets Johannes Brahms, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1
1983 Die Werke für Chor und Orchester Johannes Brahms; Lucia Popp, René Kollo, Prager Philharmonischer Chor, Tschechische Philharmonie, Giuseppe Sinopoli 1
1983 Double Concerto / Academic Festival Overture Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Gidon Kremer, Mischa Maisky 1
1983 Ein Deutsches Requiem Johannes Brahms; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli 3
1983 Liebeslieder-Walzer / Drei Quartette Johannes Brahms; Edith Mathis, Brigitte Fassbaender, Peter Schreier, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Karl Engel, Wolfgang Sawallisch 2
1983 Piano Concerto no. 1 Johannes Brahms; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1983 Quartet no. 3 for Two Violins and Cello in B-flat major, op. 67 Johannes Brahms; Borodin Quartet 1
1983 Symphony No. 1 Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1983 Symphony No. 4 / Tragic Overture Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1983 Trio für Horn, Violine und Klavier, Op. 40 / Sonaten für Klarinette und Klavier, Op. 120 Johannes Brahms 1
1983 Violin Concerto Johannes Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Gidon Kremer 1
1983 Werke für Chor und Orchester Johannes Brahms; Tschechisch Philharmonie, Giuseppe Sinopoli, Prager Philharmonischer Chor 1
1984 21 Ungarische Tänze · Hungarian Dances Johannes Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 2
1984 Lieder Johannes Brahms; Margaret Price, James Lockhart 1
1984 Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 Brahms; Arleen Augér, Richard Stilwell, Robert Shaw, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus 1
1984 Piano Concerto no. 1 Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Krystian Zimerman 1
1984 Ein deutsches Requiem, op. 45 Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, James Levine, Kathleen Battle, Håkan Hagegård, Chicago Symphony Chorus 1
1984 Klavierkonzert Nr. 2 Brahms; Wilhelm Backhaus, Wiener Philharmoniker, Karl Böhm 1
1984 Quatuor pour Piano et Cordes op. 25 / Sonate pour Violon et Piano, op. 108 Brahms; Jean-Claude Pennetier, Régis Pasquier, Bruno Pasquier, Roland Pidoux 1
1984 Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello in A major, op. posth. J. Brahms; Moscow Trio 1
1985 Cello Sonatas Johannes Brahms; Steven Isserlis, Peter Evans 1
1985 4 Ballades, op. 10 / Scherzo, op. 4 / 8 Piano Pieces, op. 76 Brahms; Stephen Bishop Kovacevich 1
1985 Piano Concerto no. 2 Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Krystian Zimerman 1
1985 Beethoven: An die ferne Geliebte / 7 Lieder / Brahms: Vier ernste Gesänge / 6 Lieder Ludwig van Beethoven, Johannes Brahms; Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Jörg Demus 1
1985 Brahms: Alto Rhapsody/ Song of Destiny - Mahler: Songs of the Wayfarer Johannes Brahms, Gustav Mahler; Bruno Walter, Columbia Symphony Orchestra 1
1985 Brahms: Symphony No. 2 / Tragic Overture Johannes Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Cello Sonatas: no. 1 / no. 2 Brahms; Lynn Harrell, Vladimir Ashkenazy 1
1985 Concerto no. 2 / Tragic Overture Johannes Brahms; Emil Gilels, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Fritz Reiner 1
1985 Die 3 Violinsonaten Brahms; Pinchas Zukerman, Daniel Barenboim 1
1985 Ein deutsches Requiem Johannes Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra and Chorus, Sir Georg Solti, Kiri Te Kanawa, Bernd Weikl 1
1985 Sonatas for Cello and Piano (1985 recordings) Brahms; Yo‐Yo Ma, Emanuel Ax 5
1985 Symphonie no. 3 Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Symphony No. 3 / Variations on a Theme of Haydn Brahms; Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Bruno Walter 1
1985 The Three Sonatas for Violin and Piano Brahms; Nell & Ivar Gotkovsky 1
1985 Violin Concerto in D major, Op. 77 Brahms; Polish Radio National Symphony Orchestra, Antoni Wit, Vadim Brodsky 1
1985 Violin Sonatas nos. 1-3 Brahms; Itzhak Perlman, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1986 Ein deutsches Requiem Johannes Brahms; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn 2
1986 Klavierstücke, op. 119 / Fantasien, op. 116 / 3 Intermezzi, op. 117 Brahms; Stephen Bishop Kovacevich 1
1986 Paganini Variations / 16 Waltzes / Chaconne by Bach Brahms; Santiago Rodriguez 1
1986 Piano Concerto no. 1 Brahms; Berliner Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado, Alfred Brendel 2
1986 String Quartets Brahms; Tokyo String Quartet 1
1986 Violin Concerto Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini, Itzhak Perlman 2
1987 Klavierquintett, op. 34 Brahms; Maurizio Pollini, Quartetto Italiano 2
1987 Clarinet Sonatas Johannes Brahms; Clifford Benson, Thea King 2
1987 Two Rhapsodies, op. 79 / Klavierstücke, op. 117-119 Johannes Brahms; Radu Lupu 1
1987 Piano Concerto no. 2 Johannes Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado, Maurizio Pollini 1
1987 Brahms: Symphonie no. 2 / Haydn-Variationen Johannes Brahms; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Symphonie No. 1 Johannes Brahms; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Sonatas for Clarinet and Piano, op. 120, nos. 1 & 2 Brahms; Gervase de Peyer, Gwenneth Pryor 1
1987 21 Lieder Johannes Brahms; Mitsuko Shirai, Hartmut Höll 1
1987 Brahms: Clarinet Quintet / Dvořák: String Quartet no. 12 Brahms, Dvořák; The Delmé String Quartet, Keith Puddy 1
1987 Brahms: Sonatas for Viola and Piano / Schumann: Märchenbilder Brahms, Schumann; Nobuko Imai; Roger Vignoles 1
1987 Complete Violin Sonatas Brahms; Karin Adam, Doris Adam 1
1987 Con Amore Brahms, Kreisler, Elgar; Kyung Wha Chung 2
1987 Lieder Johannes Brahms; Jessye Norman, Daniel Barenboim 1
1987 Motets Brahms; La Chapelle Royale de Paris, Collegium Vocale de Gand, Philippe Herreweghe 1
1987 Piano Concerto no. 2 Brahms; London Symphony Orchestra, Zubin Mehta, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1987 Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-flat major, Op. 83 Johannes Brahms; Daniel Barenboim, New York Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta 1
1987 Sinfonie Nr. 1 c-Moll, op. 68 / Akademische Festouvertüre c-Moll, op. 80 Johannes Brahms 1
1987 Sinfonie Nr. 4, e-moll, op. 98 Johannes Brahms 1
1987 Symphonie Nr. 4 Brahms; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 2
1987 Symphony № 1 / Tragic Overture Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker; Herbert von Karajan 1
1987 Symphony no. 2 / Tragic Overture Brahms; London Symphony Orchestra, Enrique Batiz, The Utah Symphony Orchestra, Varujian Kojian 1
1987 Symphony no. 2 in D major, op. 73 Brahms; Bamberg Philharmonic, Hans Swarovski 2
1987 Symphony No. 4 / Academic Festival Overture Brahms; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn 1

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