Johannes Brahms

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Annotation

For a work-in-progress attempt to standardize all of Brahms' works, please see http://wiki.musicbrainz.org/CSGStandard/Brahms

Annotation last modified on 2009-02-15 10:34 UTC.

Wikipedia

Johannes Brahms (German: [joˈhanəs ˈbʁaːms]; 7 May 1833 – 3 April 1897) was a German composer and pianist. Born in Hamburg into a Lutheran family, Brahms spent much of his professional life in Vienna, Austria. In his lifetime, Brahms's popularity and influence were considerable. He is sometimes grouped with Johann Sebastian Bach and Ludwig van Beethoven as one of the "Three Bs", a comment originally made by the nineteenth-century conductor Hans von Bülow.

Brahms composed for piano, chamber ensembles, symphony orchestra, and for voice and chorus. A virtuoso pianist, he premiered many of his own works; he worked with some of the leading performers of his time, including the pianist Clara Schumann and the violinist Joseph Joachim (the three were close friends). Many of his works have become staples of the modern concert repertoire. Brahms, an uncompromising perfectionist, destroyed some of his works and left others unpublished.

Brahms is often considered both a traditionalist and an innovator. His music is firmly rooted in the structures and compositional techniques of the Baroque and Classical masters. He was a master of counterpoint, the complex and highly disciplined art for which Johann Sebastian Bach is famous, and of development, a compositional ethos pioneered by Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, and other composers. Brahms aimed to honour the "purity" of these venerable "German" structures and advance them into a Romantic idiom, in the process creating bold new approaches to harmony and melody. While many contemporaries found his music too academic, his contribution and craftsmanship have been admired by subsequent figures as diverse as Arnold Schoenberg and Edward Elgar. The diligent, highly constructed nature of Brahms's works was a starting point and an inspiration for a generation of composers.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1952 Symphonie Nr. 1 c-Moll, Op. 68 (NBC Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Arturo Toscanini) Johannes Brahms 1
1953 Symphonie Nr. 2 D-dur, Op. 73 (NBC Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Arturo Toscanini) Johannes Brahms 1
1954 Concierto en Re mayor para violín y orquesta, op. 77 Brahms; Christian Ferras, Orquesta Filarmonica de Viena, Carl Schuricht 1
1960 10 Intermezzi for Piano Johannes Brahms; Glenn Gould 3
1960 Konzert Für Violine, Violoncello und Orchester a-moll, op. 102 Johannes Brahms; David Oistrakh, Pierre Fournier, Das Philharmonia Orchestra London, Alceo Galliera 1
1960 Piano Concerto no. 2 Brahms; Sviatoslav Richter, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Erich Leinsdorf 1
1961 David Oistrakh Plays Brahms Johannes Brahms; David Oistrakh 1
1961 Violin Concerto in D major, op. 77 Johannes Brahms; David Oistrakh, Otto Klemperer 1
1962 Choral Works and Overtures (Sinverein der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Wiener Symphoniker feat. conductor: Wolfgang Sawallisch, contralto: Aafje Heynis) Johannes Brahms 2
1962 Ein deutsches Requiem Brahms; Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Philharmonia Orchestra & Chorus, Otto Klemperer 4
1962 Ein deutsches Requiem op. 45 (Sinverein der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Wiener Symphoniker feat. conductor: Wolfgang Sawallisch, soprano: Wilma Lipp, baritone: Franz Cross) Johannes Brahms 2
1962 Piano Concerto no. 1 in D minor, op. 15 Brahms; Clifford Curzon, London Symphony Orchestra, George Szell 1
1964 Violinkonzert in D-dur Johannes Brahms; Christian Ferras, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 1
1965 Konzert für Violine und Orchester D-Dur, op. 77 (Berliner Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Paul van Kempen, violin: Wolfgang Schneiderhan) Johannes Brahms 1
1968 Piano Concerto No. 1 in D minor Brahms; Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell, Rudolf Serkin 1
1969 4. Sinfonie, e-moll, op. 98 Johannes Brahms; Chicago Symphony Orchestra & Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1970 Double Concerto in A minor, Op. 102 Brahms; Oistrakh, Rostropovich, The Cleveland Orchestra, Szell 2
1976 Symphony no. 1 in C minor, op. 68 / Variations on a Theme by Haydn, op. 56a Johannes Brahms; Berliner Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler 1
1977 Russian Keyboard Masters - Volume V: Concerto No. 1 for Piano and Orchestra in D minor (Moscow Radio Large Orchestra feat. conductor: Gennady Rozhdestvensky, piano: Rudolf Kerer) Johannes Brahms 1
1977 The 11 Great Violin Concertos Vol.3 Paganini / Brahms 1
1979 Symphony No. 2 / Symphony No. 3 Brahms; Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Kurt Masur 1
1980 Clarinet Trios Brahms, Beethoven; members of the Beaux Arts Trio, George Pieterson 1
1981 "Double" Concerto / Tragic Overture Brahms; Francescatti, Fournier, Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Bruno Walter 1
1981 Symphonie No. 4 Johannes Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Carlos Kleiber 2
1982 Brahms: 4 Balladen, op. 10 / Schubert: Klaviersonate, D. 537 Brahms, Schubert; Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli 2
1982 Konzert für Violine und Orchester D-Dur, Op. 77 Brahms; Anne-Sophie Mutter, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 3
1982 Symphonie No. 1 / Manfred-Ouvertüre (Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Carlo Maria Giulini) Brahms / Schumann 1
1982 Symphonie No. 2 (Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Carlo Maria Giulini) Johannes Brahms 1
1982 The Digital Masterpiece Series - Disc One Bizet, Chabrier, Berlioz, Dvořák, Brahms, Dukas, Rossini, Liszt; Philharmonia Hungarica, Zoltán Rozsnyai 1
1982 Violin Concerto, Op. 77 (Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Eugene Ormandy, violin: Isaac Stern) Johannes Brahms 1
1983 The Cello Sonatas Johannes Brahms; Mstislav Rostropovich, Rudolf Serkin 1
1983 Brahms A German Requiem Johannes Brahms; James Levine, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Chicago Symphony Chorus director Margaret Hillis, Kathleen Battle & Håkan Hagegård 2
1983 21 Hungarian Dances Brahms; Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Kurt Masur 1
1983 Ballades, op. 10 / Rhapsodies, op. 79 Johannes Brahms; Glenn Gould 4
1983 Brahms, Mozart - Clarinet Quintets Johannes Brahms, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1
1983 Double Concerto / Academic Festival Overture Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Gidon Kremer, Mischa Maisky 1
1983 Ein Deutsches Requiem Johannes Brahms; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli 3
1983 Liebeslieder-Walzer / Drei Quartette (soprano: Edith Mathis, alto: Brigitte Fassbender, tenor: Peter Schreier, baritone: Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, piano: Karl Engel, piano: Wolfgang Sawallisch) Johannes Brahms 1
1983 Piano Concerto no. 1 Johannes Brahms; Concertgebouw Orchestra, Bernard Haitink, Vladimir Ashkenazy 2
1983 Symphony No. 1 Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1983 Symphony No. 4 / Tragic Overture Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1983 Trio für Horn, Violine und Klavier, Op. 40 / Sonaten für Klarinette und Klavier, Op. 120 Johannes Brahms 1
1983 Violin Concerto Johannes Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Gidon Kremer 1
1983 Werke für Chor und Orchester (Tschechische Philharmonie feat. conductor: Giuseppe Sinopoli, chorus: Prager Philharmonischer Chor) Johannes Brahms 1
1984 21 Ungarische Tänze · Hungarian Dances Johannes Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 2
1984 Ausgewählte Lieder Johannes Brahms 1
1984 Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus feat. conductor: Robert Shaw) Johannes Brahms 1
1984 Piano Concerto no. 1 Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein, Krystian Zimerman 1
1984 Brahms Quatuor pour Piano et Cordes Op. 25, Sonate pour Violon et Piano, Op. 108 (Pennetier, Pasquier, Pasquier, Pidoux) Johannes Brahms 1
1984 Ein deutsches Requiem, Op. 45 (Chicago Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: James Levine) Johannes Brahms 1

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