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Krzysztof Eugeniusz Penderecki (/ˈkʃɪʃtɔːf ˌpɛndəˈrɛtski/; Polish: [ˈkʂɨʂtɔf ɛuˈɡɛɲuʂ pɛndɛˈrɛt͡skʲi]; born 23 November 1933) is a Polish composer and conductor. The Guardian has called him Poland's greatest living composer. Among his best known works are his Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima, St. Luke Passion, Polish Requiem, Anaklasis, four operas, eight symphonies and other orchestral pieces, a variety of instrumental concertos, choral settings of mainly religious texts, as well as chamber and instrumental works.

Born in Dębica to a lawyer, Penderecki studied music at Jagiellonian University and the Academy of Music in Kraków. After graduating from the Academy of Music, Penderecki became a teacher at the academy and he began his career as a composer in 1959 during the Warsaw Autumn festival. His Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima for string orchestra and the choral work St. Luke Passion, have received popular acclaim. His first opera, The Devils of Loudun, was not immediately successful. Beginning in the mid-1970s, Penderecki's composing style changed, with his first violin concerto focusing on the semitone and the tritone. His choral work Polish Requiem was written in the 1980s, with Penderecki expanding it in 1993 and 2005.

During his life, Penderecki has won several prestigious awards, including the Commander's Cross in 1964, the Prix Italia in 1967 and 1968, the Knight's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta in 1964, three Grammy Awards in 1987, 1998 and 2001, and the University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition in 1992.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1990 St Luke Passion (Warsaw National Philharmonic Chorus, National Radio Symphony Orchestra & Cracow Boys' Choir feat. conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
1994 Matrix 5 Krzysztof Penderecki 2
1994 Jutrznia Krzysztof Penderecki 1
1995 Penderecki Gala (Sinfonia Varsovia feat. conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
1995 Die Teufel von Loudun (Hamburger Staatsoper feat. conductor: Marek Janowski) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
1995 Sacred Choral Works Krzysztof Penderecki 2
1996 A Polish Requiem / The Dream of Jacob Krzysztof Penderecki; Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Chorus, Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra, Krzysztof Penderecki 1
1996 Penderecki: Konzert für Flöte und Kammerorchester / Bartok: Suite Paysanne Hongroise / Eespere: Konzert für Flöte und Kammerorchester Krzysztof Penderecki, Béla Bartók, René Eespere; Jean-Claude Gérard, Estonian National Symphony Orchestra, Arvo Volmer 1
1998 Violin Concerto No. 2 "Metamorphosen" Penderecki; Anne-Sophie Mutter, London Symphony Orchestra 1
1998 Actions Don Cherry, Krzysztof Penderecki 1
1998 Credo (Oregon Bach Festival Orchestra & Chorus feat. conductor: Helmuth Rilling) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
1999 Chamber Music Krzysztof Penderecki; Ensemble Villa Musica 1
1999 Credo (Warsaw Philharmonic, Warsaw Boys’ Choir, National Choir of Poland feat. conductor: Kazimierz Kord) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2000 Orchestral Works, Volume 2 (National Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Antoni Wit) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2000 Orchestral Works, Volume 1: Symphony no. 3 / Threnody Krzysztof Penderecki; National Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1
2000 Orchestral Works, Volume 3 (National Polish Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Antoni Wit) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2000 Seven Gates of Jerusalem Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2003 Sextet / Clarinet Quartet Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2004 St. Luke Passion (Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra, feat. Antoni Wit, conductor) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2004 Violin Sonatas Nos. 1 and 2 (violin: Ida Bieler, piano: Nina Tichman) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2005 Miserere (Netherlands Chamber Choir) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2005 Williams: Sinfonietta for Wind Ensemble / Penderecki: Pittsburgh Overture / Mayuzumi: Music with Sculpture John T. Williams, Krzysztof Penderecki, Toshiro Mayzumi; Eastman Wind Ensemble, Donald Hunsberger 2
2005 A Polish Requiem (Warsaw National Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra feat. conductor: Antoni Wit) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2006 Symphony No. 7 "Seven Gates of Jerusalem" (Warsaw National Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra feat. conductor: Antoni Wit) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2007 Te Deum / Hymne an den Heiligen Daniel / Polymorphia (Warsaw National Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra feat. conductor: Antoni Wit) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2008 Symphony No. 8 / Dies Irae / Aus den Psalmen Davids (Warsaw National Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra feat. conductor: Antoni Wit) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2008 Works for Cellos and Orchestra: Concerto Grosso no. 1 / Largo / Cello Sonata Penderecki; Ivan Monighetti, Arto Noras, Rafał Kwiatkowski, Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1
2009 Utrenja (Warsaw Philharmonic Choir and Orchestra feat. conductor: Antoni Wit) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2010 Horn Concerto / Violin Concerto (Sinfonietta Cracovia feat. conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki) Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2010 Credo Krzysztof Penderecki; Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Warsaw Philharmonic Choir, Warsaw Boys' Choir, Antoni Wit 1
2012 Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima / Popcorn Superhet Receiver / Polymorphia / 48 Responses to Polymorphia Jonny Greenwood / Krzysztof Penderecki 1
Music for Clarinet & String Quartet Krzysztof Penderecki 1
Orchestral Works Volume 4 Krzysztof Penderecki 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1988 Concerto per viola ed orchestra / Capriccio / Strophen / Intermezzo / Drei Stücke im alten Stil Compilation Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2007 Orchestral Works Compilation Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2008 Symphony No.2 'Christmas', Sacred Works Compilation Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2012 20th Century Classics: Penderecki Compilation Krzysztof Penderecki 1
String Quartets Compilation Lutosławski, Penderecki, Cage, Mayuzumi; Lasalle Quartet 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
2009 Rękopis znaleziony w Saragossie Soundtrack Krzysztof Penderecki 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
2013 Piano Concerto "Resurrection" / Flute Concerto Krzysztof Penderecki; Barry Douglas, Łukasz Długosz, Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra, Antoni Wit 1
Concerto per violino ed orchestra Krzysztof Penderecki 1
St. Luke's Passion & Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima, Polymorphy, String Quartet No. 1, Psalms of David, Dimensions of Time & Space (Cracow Philharmonic Orchestra / National Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Henryk Czyz) Krzysztof Penderecki 1

Compilation

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1995 Matrix 17 Compilation Krzysztof Penderecki 1
2001 Complete Cello Concertos (Sinfonia Varsovia feat. conductor: Krzysztof Penderecki, Arto Noras: cello) Compilation Krzysztof Penderecki 1

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