Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 – 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.

Weber's operas Der Freischütz, Euryanthe and Oberon greatly influenced the development of the Romantische Oper (Romantic opera) in Germany. Der Freischütz came to be regarded as the first German "nationalist" opera, Euryanthe developed the Leitmotif technique to an unprecedented degree, while Oberon may have influenced Mendelssohn's music for A Midsummer Night's Dream and, at the same time, revealed Weber's lifelong interest in the music of non-Western cultures. This interest was first manifested in Weber's incidental music for Schiller's translation of Gozzi's Turandot, for which he used a Chinese melody, making him the first Western composer to use an Asian tune that was not of the pseudo-Turkish kind popularized by Mozart and others.

A brilliant pianist himself, Weber composed four sonatas, two concertos and the Konzertstück in F minor (concert piece), which influenced composers such as Chopin, Liszt and Mendelssohn. The Konzertstück provided a new model for the one-movement concerto in several contrasting sections (such as Liszt's, who often played the work), and was acknowledged by Stravinsky as the model for his Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra. Weber's shorter piano pieces, such as the Invitation to the Dance, were later orchestrated by Berlioz, while his Polacca Brillante was later set for piano and orchestra by Liszt.

Weber's compositions for woodwind instruments occupy an important place in the musical repertoire. His compositions for the clarinet, which include two concertos, a concertino, a quintet, a duo concertante, and variations on a theme (posthumously), are regularly performed today. His Concertino for Horn and Orchestra requires the performer to simultaneously produce two notes by humming while playing—a technique known as "multiphonics". His bassoon concerto and the Andante e Rondo ungarese (a reworking of a piece originally for viola and orchestra) are also popular with bassoonists.

Weber's contribution to vocal and choral music is also significant. His body of Catholic religious music was highly popular in 19th-century Germany, and he composed one of the earliest song cycles, Die Temperamente beim Verluste der Geliebten ([Four] Temperaments on the Loss of a Lover). Weber was also notable as one of the first conductors to conduct without a piano or violin.

Weber's orchestration has also been highly praised and emulated by later generations of composers – Berlioz referred to him several times in his Treatise on Instrumentation while Debussy remarked that the sound of the Weber orchestra was obtained through the scrutiny of the soul of each instrument.

His operas influenced the work of later opera composers, especially in Germany, such as Marschner, Meyerbeer and Wagner, as well as several nationalist 19th-century composers such as Glinka. Homage has been paid to Weber by 20th-century composers such as Debussy, Stravinsky, Mahler (who completed Weber's unfinished comic opera Die drei Pintos and made revisions of Euryanthe and Oberon) and Hindemith (composer of the popular Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber).

Weber also wrote music journalism and was interested in folksong, and learned lithography to engrave his own works.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1960 Liszt: Sonata in B minor / Weber: Sonata no. 4 in E minor / Invitation to the Dance Franz Liszt, Carl Maria von Weber; Leon Fleisher 1
1965 Weber: Bassoon Concerto in F major, Andante and Hungarian Rondo / Mozart: Bassoon Concerto in B-flat major Weber, Mozart; Jörg Faerber, Württemberg Chamber Orchestra, George Zukerman 1
1969 Weber: Clarinet Concerto No. 1 / Weber: Concertino / Rossini: Theme and Variations Weber, Rossini; Gervase de Peyer, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos 1
1978 Mussorgsky: Bilder einer Ausstellung / Tschaikowsky: Capriccio italien / Bizet: Carmen Suite No. 1 / Weber: Aufforderung zum Tanz Mussorgsky / Tchaikovsky / Bizet / Weber 1
1982 Clarinet Concertos & Clarinet Concertino Carl Maria von Weber; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Janet Hilton 2
1986 Clarinet Concertos Weber, Nielsen; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Benny Goodman 1
1986 Crusell: Concerto no. 2 (Grand), op. 5 / Weber: Concertino, op. 26 / Baermann: Adagio / Rossini: Introduction, Theme and Variations Crusell, Weber, Baermann, Rossini; Emma Johnson, English Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Groves 1
1987 Clarinet Concerto no. 1 and other works Weber, Crusell, Tartini, Debussy; Emma Johnson, English Chamber Orchestra, Yan Pascal Tortelier 3
1987 Invitation to the Dance / Overtures Carl Maria von Weber; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1988 Der Freischütz Carl Maria von Weber; Wiener Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler 1
1988 Flute Trio and Sonatas Weber; Stephen Preston, Jennifer Ward Clarke, Richard Burnett 1
1988 Piano Sonatas Carl Maria von Weber; Garrick Ohlsson 1
1989 Weber: Overtures / Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber Carl Maria von Weber, Paul Hindemith; The Philharmonia, Neeme Järvi 1
1990 Weber: Invitation to the Dance / Dvořák: 8 Slavonic Dances, op. 46 / Glinka: Waltz-Fantasy Carl Maria von Weber, Antonín Dvořák, Mikhail Glinka; Hungarian State Orchestra, Plovdiv Philharmonic 1
1990 Clarinet Concertos nos. 1 & 2 / Concertino Carl Maria von Weber; Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic (Košice), Johannes Wildner, Ernst Ottensamer 2
1991 Bassoon Concertos Hummel, Weber; Klaus Thunemann, Sir Neville Marriner, Academy of St Martin in the Fields 1
1992 2 Concertos for Clarinet (The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra feat. clarinet: Paul Meyer, conductor: Gunther Herbig) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1992 Oberon (Chor der Oper der Stadt Köln, Kölner Philharmoniker & Gürzenich-Orchester feat. conductor: James Conlon) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1992 Overtures Carl Maria von Weber; The Philharmonia, Neeme Järvi 1
1992 Weber: Clarinet Concertos, Concertino, Rossini: Introduction, Theme & Variations Carl Maria von Weber, Gioachino Rossini; Charles Neidich & Orpheus Chamber Orchestra 1
1993 Clarinet Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Concertino for Clarinet Op. 36 (Staatskapelle Dresden, feat. clarinet: Sabine Meyer) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1994 Mozart: Klarinettenkonzert - Fagottkonzert / Weber: Klarinettenkonzert Mozart / Weber; Karl Leister, Maurice Allard 1
1994 Euryanthe-Overture / Clarinet Concertos Nos. 1 & 2a Carl Maria von Weber; Staatskapelle Dresden, Kurt Sanderling, Marek Janowski, Oskar Michallik 1
1994 Piano Music, Vol. 2 Carl Maria von Weber; Alexander Paley 1
1994 Piano Music, Vol. 3 Carl Maria von Weber; Alexander Paley 1
1994 Piano Music, Vol. 4 Carl Maria von Weber; Alexander Paley 1
1994 Euryanthe (Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Staatskapelle Dresden, feat. conductor: Marek Janowski, singers: Norman, Gedda, Hunter, Krause, Vogel) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1994 Symphonies Nos. 1 & 2 / Turandot / Silvana / Die Drei Pintos Carl Maria von Weber; Queensland Philharmonic Orchestra, John Georgiadis 1
1995 Der Freischütz Weber; Orchester & Chor der Deutschen Oper Berlin, Lovro von Matačić 1
1995 The Romantic Piano Concerto, Volume 10: Piano Concerto no. 1 in C major / Piano Concerto no. 2 in E-flat major / Konzertstück in F minor Carl Maria von Weber; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras, Nikolai Demidenko 1
1995 Clarinet Quintets & Quartet (L'Archibudelli feat. clarinet: Charles Neidich) Weber / Hummel / Reicha 1
1995 Clarinet Quintet, op. 34 / Grand Duo Concertant Carl Maria von Weber; Kálmán Berkes, Jenő Jandó, Auer String Quartet 1
1995 Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 2 Carl Weber; RTÉ Sinfonietta, Proinnsías Ó Duinn, Benjamin Frith 1
1995 Clarinet Quintets Brahms, Weber; Tokyo String Quartet, Richard Stoltzman 1
1995 Der Freischütz (Chor & Orchester der Bayrischen Staatsoper München, feat. conductor: Robert Heger, singers: Anheisser, Weller, Nilsson, Koth, Berry) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1996 BBC Music, Volume 4, Number 10: BBC Young Musicians Past Finalists Mozart, Bellini, Weber, F. Strauss; BBC Philharmonic, Adrian Leaper 1
1996 Wind Concertos Mozart / R. Strauss / Weber 1
1997 Clarinet Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Concertino / Clarinet Quintet (Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Sakari Oramo, clarinet: Kari Kriikku) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1997 Complete Works for Piano and Orchestra Carl Maria von Weber; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sir Colin Davis, Gerhard Oppitz 1
1997 Silvana Carl Maria von Weber; Philharmonisches Orchester Hagen, Gerhard Markson 1
1997 Oberon Carl Maria von Weber 1
1998 Der Freischütz (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor: Carlos Kleiber) Carl Maria von Weber 2
1998 Bassoon Concertos (Russian State Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Valeri Polyansky, bassoon: Valeri Popov) Mozart / Weber / Hummel 1
1999 Piano Music, Vol. 5 Carl Maria von Weber; Alexander Paley, Brian Zeger 1
2001 Clarinet Concertos nos. 1 & 2 / Grand Duo Concertant / Concertino Weber; Walter Boeykens, Paul Meyer, François-René Duchâble, Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra, James Conlon 1
2001 Der Freischütz (Vienna State Opera Orchestra feat. conductor: Wilhelm Furtwängler) Carl Maria von Weber 1
2002 Weber: Klarinettenquintett / Mendelssohn: Konzertstücke / Baermann: Klarinettenquintett Nr. 3 Weber, Mendelssohn, Baermann; Sabine Meyer, Wolfgang Meyer, Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Kenneth Sillito 1
2005 Oberon Carl Maria von Weber; Hillevi Martinpelto, Jonas Kaufmann, Steve Davislim, Monteverdi Choir, Orchestre Révolutionnaire et Romantique, Sir John Eliot Gardiner 1
2005 Oberon (Chor und Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks feat. conductor: Rafael Kubelik) Carl Maria von Weber 2
2006 Clarinet Concertos & Quintet Carl Maria von Weber; Martin Fröst, Tapiola Sinfonietta, Jean-Jacques Kantorow 1
2006 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 12: Der Freischütz (Orquesta Sinfónica de la RAI feat. conductor: Wolfgang Sawallisch) Carl Maria von Weber 1
2007 Richter: The Master, Volume 6 Святослав Теофилович Рихтер ; Joseph Haydn; Carl Maria von Weber; Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 The Romantic Clarinet Weber, Bruch,Rietz; Sharon Kam, Ori Kam, Sinfonia Varsovia, Gregor Bühl 1
2007 Der Freischütz Carl Maria von Weber; Chor und Orchester der Wiener Staatsoper, Karl Böhm 1
2007 Berg: Vier Stücke / Fromm-Michaels: Stimmungen eines Fauns / Messiaen: Abîme des oiseaux / Schumann: Fantasiestücke / von Weber: Grand Duo Concertant Berg, Fromm-Michaels, Messiaen, Schumann, von Weber; Sabine Grofmeier 1
2007 Klarinettenkonzerte Carl Maria von Weber 1
2008 Der Freischütz (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor Colin Davis) Carl Maria von Weber 1
2009 The Symphonies / Bassoon Concerto / Andante e Rondo Ungarese Weber; Jaakko Luoma, Tapiola Sinfonietta, Jean-Jacques Kantorow 2
2009 Euryanthe (Kölner Rundfunk-Sinfonia-Orchester, feat . conductor Joseph Keilberth, singers: Kreppel, Traxel, Siebert, Schech, Neidlinger, Peysang) Carl Maria von Weber 1
2011 Clarinet Concertos 1 & 2 / Concertino Weber; Karl-Heinz Steffens, Bamberger Symphoniker, Radoslaw Szulc 1
2012 Symphonies nos. 1 and 2 / Bassoon Concerto / Invitation to the Dance Carl Maria von Weber; BBC Philharmonic, Juanjo Mena, Karen Geoghegan 1
2012 Wind Concertos Carl Maria von Weber; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Alexander Janiczek, Maximiliano Martin, Peter Whelan, Alec Frank-Gemmill 1
2013 Sonatas for Piano & Violin / Piano Quartet Carl Maria von Weber; Isabelle Faust, Alexander Melnikov, Boris Faust, Wolfgang Emanuel Schmidt 1
2015 Complete Overtures Carl Maria von Weber; WDR Sinfonieorchester, Howard Griffiths 1
Bassoon Concertos Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, Carl Maria von Weber; Matthias Rácz 1
Brahms: Ballades, Op. 10 / Weber: Sonata in A-flat, Op. 39 Brahms, Weber; Alfred Brendel 1
Classic Masters: Obras maestras do romantismo Carl Maria von Weber, Robert Schumann, Johannes Brahms; Jürgen Demmler, Peter Grabiger 1
Concerto and Quintet for Clarinet / Symphony no. 1 Carl Maria von Weber 1
Der Freischütz Carl Maria von Weber 1
Der Freischütz (Chor und Sinfoniorchester des Bayrischen Rundfunks, feat. conductor: Rafael Kubelik, singers: Brendel, Grumback, Behrens, Donath, Meven, Kollo, Moll, Boysen) Carl Maria von Weber 1
Overtures Weber; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Lawrence Foster 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1983 Crusell: Clarinet Concerto no. 2 in F minor, op. 5 / Weber: Clarinet Concerto no. 2 in E flat, op. 74 Bernhard Crusell, Carl Maria von Weber; Thea King, London Symphony Orchestra, Alun Francis 2
1988 Clarinet Quintets Mozart, Weber; Hagen Quartett, Eduard Brunner 1
1989 Dvořák: Sinfonie no. 9 "Aus der Neuen Welt" / Weber: Aufforderung zum Tanz Dvořák, Weber; Berliner Philharmoniker, Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 1
1990 Rachmaninoff: Piano Concerto no. 2 / Isle of the Dead / Schubert-Tausig: Marche Militaire / Weber-Tausig: Invitation to the Dance Rachmaninoff, Schubert, Weber, Tausig; Earl Wild, Jascha Horenstein, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra 1
1990 Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade / Weber: Ouverture Oberon Rimsky-Korsakov / Weber; Budapester Philharmonie, Adam Ferencsik 1
1991 Concertos for Clarinet Mozart, Copland, Weber; National Arts Centre Orchestra, Franz-Paul Decker, James Campbell 1
1992 Meditation, Volume 4 Spohr, Telemann, Dittersdorf, Mozart, Purcell, Prokofjew, Quantz, Weber, Mahler 2
1994 Klarinettenkonzerte Mozart, Weber, Spohr; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir Colin Davis, Ernst Ottensamer 1
1994 The Classical Collection 47: Weber: Romantic Masterpieces Carl Maria von Weber 2
1996 Die Klassiksammlung 94: Weber: Lyrische Virtuosität Carl Maria von Weber 2
1997 The Best of Weber Carl Maria von Weber 1
1998 Great Pianists of the 20th Century, Volume 41: Friedrich Gulda II Beethoven, Chopin, Strauss, Weber; Friedrich Gulda 1
1999 Clarinet Concertos Weber, Crusell; Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, Antony Pay 1
2000 Ouvertüren / Klarinettenkonzert Carl Maria von Weber 2
2000 Romantic Clarinet Concertos Mozart, von Weber, Spohr, Crusell 1
2001 Carl Maria von Weber Carl Maria von Weber 1
2001 Clarinet Concertos / Grand Duo Concertant / Concertino Carl Maria von Weber 1
2003 Great Recordings of the Century: Clarinet Concertos nos. 1 & 2 / Concertino & Clarinet Quintet Weber; Sabine Meyer, Herbert Blomstedt, Staatskapelle Dresden, Jörg Faerber, Württembergisches Kammerorchester 2
2007 Complete Works for Clarinet Carl Maria von Weber; Janet Hilton, City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Lindsay String Quartet, Keith Swallow 1
2007 Weber Concertos Carl Maria von Weber; Michel Arrignon, Jean-Claude Montac, Sinfonietta de Chambord, Amaury du Closel 1
2009 Grandes compositores da música clássica, Volume 31: Weber Carl Maria von Weber 1
2012 Romantic Symphonies & Overtures Berlioz, Dvořák, Franck, Mendelssohn, Schubert, Schumann, J.S. Straus II, Tchaikovsky, Weber; Philharmonia Orchestra, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
2012 Klarínettukonsertar Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Carl Maria von Weber, Claude Debussy, Jón Nordal; Einar Jóhannesson, Sinfóníuhljómsveit Íslands 1
Clarinet Quintets Mozart / Weber 1
Orchestral Program Tchaikovsky, Berlioz, Liszt, Sibelius, Weber; Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan 1
Overture “Abu Hassan” / Symphonies no. 29 & 38 / Symphony no. 8 Weber, Mozart, Schubert; Bilkent Youth Symphony Orchestra, Mahir Çakar 1
Trompeten-Konzerte von Haydn, Hummel, Mozart, Weber 1
Wilhelm Furtwängler: Aufnahmen Recordings 1942-1944, Volume 1 Mozart, Beethoven, Handel, Schubert, Weber; Berliner Philharmoniker, Wilhelm Furtwängler 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2000 Live in Tokyo 1970 Weber, Mozart, Sibelius, Berlioz; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell 2

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