Wikipedia

Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber (18 or 19 November 1786 – 5 June 1826) was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school.

Weber's operas Der Freischütz, Euryanthe and Oberon greatly influenced the development of the Romantische Oper (Romantic opera) in Germany. Der Freischütz came to be regarded as the first German "nationalist" opera, Euryanthe developed the Leitmotif technique to an unprecedented degree, while Oberon may have influenced Mendelssohn's music for A Midsummer Night's Dream and, at the same time, revealed Weber's lifelong interest in the music of non-Western cultures. This interest was first manifested in Weber's incidental music for Schiller's translation of Gozzi's Turandot, for which he used a Chinese melody, making him the first Western composer to use an Asian tune that was not of the pseudo-Turkish kind popularized by Mozart and others.

A brilliant pianist himself, Weber composed four sonatas, two concertos and the Konzertstück in F minor (concert piece), which influenced composers such as Chopin, Liszt and Mendelssohn. The Konzertstück provided a new model for the one-movement concerto in several contrasting sections (such as Liszt's, who often played the work), and was acknowledged by Stravinsky as the model for his Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra. Weber's shorter piano pieces, such as the Invitation to the Dance, were later orchestrated by Berlioz, while his Polacca Brillante was later set for piano and orchestra by Liszt.

Weber's compositions for woodwind instruments occupy an important place in the musical repertoire. His compositions for the clarinet, which include two concertos, a concertino, a quintet, a duo concertante, and variations on a theme (posthumously), are regularly performed today. His Concertino for Horn and Orchestra requires the performer to simultaneously produce two notes by humming while playing—a technique known as "multiphonics". His bassoon concerto and the Andante e Rondo ungarese (a reworking of a piece originally for viola and orchestra) are also popular with bassoonists.

Weber's contribution to vocal and choral music is also significant. His body of Catholic religious music was highly popular in 19th-century Germany, and he composed one of the earliest song cycles, Die Temperamente beim Verluste der Geliebten ([Four] Temperaments on the Loss of a Lover). Weber was also notable as one of the first conductors to conduct without a piano or violin.

Weber's orchestration has also been highly praised and emulated by later generations of composers – Berlioz referred to him several times in his Treatise on Instrumentation while Debussy remarked that the sound of the Weber orchestra was obtained through the scrutiny of the soul of each instrument.

His operas influenced the work of later opera composers, especially in Germany, such as Marschner, Meyerbeer and Wagner, as well as several nationalist 19th-century composers such as Glinka. Homage has been paid to Weber by 20th-century composers such as Debussy, Stravinsky, Mahler (who completed Weber's unfinished comic opera Die drei Pintos and made revisions of Euryanthe and Oberon) and Hindemith (composer of the popular Symphonic Metamorphosis of Themes by Carl Maria von Weber).

Weber also wrote music journalism and was interested in folksong, and learned lithography to engrave his own works.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1960 Liszt: Sonata in B minor / Weber: Sonata no. 4 in E minor / Invitation to the Dance Franz Liszt, Carl Maria von Weber; Leon Fleisher 1
1965 Weber: Bassoon Concerto in F major, Andante and Hungarian Rondo / Mozart: Bassoon Concerto in B-flat major Weber, Mozart; Jörg Faerber, Württemberg Chamber Orchestra, George Zukerman 1
1969 Weber: Clarinet Concerto No. 1 / Weber: Concertino / Rossini: Theme and Variations Weber, Rossini; Gervase de Peyer, New Philharmonia Orchestra, Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos 1
1978 Mussorgsky: Bilder einer Ausstellung / Tschaikowsky: Capriccio italien / Bizet: Carmen Suite No. 1 / Weber: Aufforderung zum Tanz Mussorgsky / Tchaikovsky / Bizet / Weber 1
1980 Der Freischütz (Chor und Sinfoniorchester des Bayrischen Rundfunks, feat. conductor: Rafael Kubelik, singers: Brendel, Grumback, Behrens, Donath, Meven, Kollo, Moll, Boysen) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1982 Clarinet Concertos & Clarinet Concertino Carl Maria von Weber; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Janet Hilton 2
1986 Clarinet Concertos Weber, Nielsen; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Benny Goodman 1
1986 Emma Johnson / English Chamber Orchestra / Sir Charles Groves Crusell, Weber, Baermann, Rossini; Emma Johnson, English Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Groves 1
1987 Clarinet Concerto no. 1 and other works Weber, Crusell, Tartini, Debussy; Emma Johnson, English Chamber Orchestra, Yan Pascal Tortelier 3
1987 Invitation to the Dance / Overtures Carl Maria von Weber; Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1988 Der Freischütz (Wiener Philarmoniker feat conductor: Wilhelm Furtwängler) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1988 Flute Trio and Sonatas (feat. flute: Stephen Preston, cello: Jennifer Ward Clarke, fortepiano: Richard Burnett) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1988 Piano Sonatas Carl Maria von Weber; Garrick Ohlsson 1
1989 Weber: Overtures / Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber Carl Maria von Weber, Paul Hindemith; The Philharmonia, Neeme Järvi 1
1990 Clarinet Concertos nos. 1 & 2 / Concertino Carl Maria von Weber; Czecho-Slovak State Philharmonic (Košice), Johannes Wildner, Ernst Ottensamer 2
1991 Bassoon Concertos Hummel, Weber; Klaus Thunemann, Sir Neville Marriner, Academy of St Martin in the Fields 1
1992 2 Concertos for Clarinet (The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra feat. clarinet: Paul Meyer, conductor: Gunther Herbig) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1992 Oberon (Chor der Oper der Stadt Köln, Kölner Philharmoniker & Gürzenich-Orchester feat. conductor: James Conlon) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1992 Overtures Carl Maria von Weber; The Philharmonia, Neeme Järvi 1
1993 Clarinet Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Concertino for Clarinet Op. 36 (Staatskapelle Dresden, feat. clarinet: Sabine Meyer) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1994 Mozart: Klarinettenkonzert - Fagottkonzert / Weber: Klarinettenkonzert (feat. clarinet: Karl Leister, bassoon: Maurice Allard) Mozart / Weber 1
1994 Euryanthe-Overture / Clarinet Concertos Nos. 1 & 2a Carl Maria von Weber; Staatskapelle Dresden, Kurt Sanderling, Marek Janowski, Oskar Michallik 1
1994 Piano Music, Vol. 3 Carl Maria von Weber; Alexander Paley 1
1994 Euryanthe (Rundfunkchor Leipzig, Staatskapelle Dresden, feat. conductor: Marek Janowski, singers: Norman, Gedda, Hunter, Krause, Vogel) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1994 Symphonies Nos. 1 & 2 / Turandot / Silvana / Die Drei Pintos Carl Maria von Weber; Queensland Philharmonic Orchestra, John Georgiadis 1
1995 Der Freischütz (Chor & Orchester der Deutschen Oper Berlin) (feat. conductor: Lovro von Matačić) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1995 The Romantic Piano Concerto, Volume 10: Piano Concerto no. 1 in C major / Piano Concerto no. 2 in E-flat major / Konzertstück in F minor Carl Maria von Weber; Scottish Chamber Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras, Nikolai Demidenko 1
1995 Clarinet Quintets & Quartet (L'Archibudelli feat. clarinet: Charles Neidich) Weber / Hummel / Reicha 1
1995 Clarinet Quintet, op. 34 / Grand Duo Concertant Carl Maria von Weber; Kálmán Berkes, Jenő Jandó, Auer String Quartet 1
1995 Piano Concertos nos. 1 & 2 Carl Weber; RTÉ Sinfonietta, Proinnsías Ó Duinn, Benjamin Frith 1
1995 Der Freischütz (Chor & Orchester der Bayrischen Staatsoper München, feat. conductor: Robert Heger, singers: Anheisser, Weller, Nilsson, Koth, Berry) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1996 BBC Music, Volume 4, Number 10: BBC Young Musicians Past Finalists Mozart, Bellini, Weber, F. Strauss; BBC Philharmonic, Adrian Leaper 1
1996 Wind Concertos Mozart / R. Strauss / Weber 1
1997 Clarinet Concertos Nos. 1 & 2 / Concertino / Clarinet Quintet (Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Sakari Oramo, clarinet: Kari Kriikku) Carl Maria von Weber 1
1997 Weber: Complete Works for Piano and Orchestra Carl Maria von Weber; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sir Colin Davis, Gerhard Oppitz 1
1998 Der Freischütz (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor: Carlos Kleiber) Carl Maria von Weber 2
1998 Bassoon Concertos (Russian State Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Valeri Polyansky, bassoon: Valeri Popov) Mozart / Weber / Hummel 1
2001 Der Freischütz (Vienna State Opera Orchestra feat. conductor: Wilhelm Furtwängler) Carl Maria von Weber 1
2005 Oberon (Chor und Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks feat. conductor: Rafael Kubelik) Carl Maria von Weber 2
2006 Clarinet Concertos & Quintet Carl Maria von Weber; Martin Fröst, Tapiola Sinfonietta, Jean-Jacques Kantorow 1
2006 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 12: Der Freischütz (Orquesta Sinfónica de la RAI feat. conductor: Wolfgang Sawallisch) Carl Maria von Weber 1
2007 Richter: The Master, Volume 6 Святослав Теофилович Рихтер ; Joseph Haydn; Carl Maria von Weber; Ludwig van Beethoven 1
2007 Der Freischütz Carl Maria von Weber; Chor und Orchester der Wiener Staatsoper, Karl Böhm 1
2007 Berg: Vier Stücke / Fromm-Michaels: Stimmungen eines Fauns / Messiaen: Abîme des oiseaux / Schumann: Fantasiestücke / von Weber: Grand Duo Concertant Berg, Fromm-Michaels, Messiaen, Schumann, von Weber; Sabine Grofmeier 1
2007 Klarinettenkonzerte Carl Maria von Weber 1
2008 Der Freischütz (Staatskapelle Dresden feat. conductor Colin Davis) Carl Maria von Weber 1
2009 The Symphonies / Bassoon Concerto / Andante e Rondo Ungarese Weber; Jaakko Luoma, Tapiola Sinfonietta, Jean-Jacques Kantorow 2
2009 Euryanthe (Kölner Rundfunk-Sinfonia-Orchester, feat . conductor Joseph Keilberth, singers: Kreppel, Traxel, Siebert, Schech, Neidlinger, Peysang) Carl Maria von Weber 1
2011 Clarinet Concertos 1 & 2 / Concertino Weber; Karl-Heinz Steffens, Bamberger Symphoniker, Radoslaw Szulc 1
2012 Symphonies nos. 1 and 2 / Bassoon Concerto / Invitation to the Dance Carl Maria von Weber; BBC Philharmonic, Juanjo Mena, Karen Geoghegan 1

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