Tõnu Kaljuste

~ Person

Wikipedia

Tõnu Kaljuste (born August 28, 1953) is an Estonian conductor.

Born in Tallinn, Kaljuste is the child of Heino Kaljuste (1925–1989), an Estonian choral conductor, and Lia Kaljuste, a radio journalist. Tõnu sang in his father's choirs as a child, and graduated from the Tallinn Music High School (Tallinna Muusikakeskkool) in 1971. He completed a graduate degree at the Tallinn Conservatory in 1976, studying with Jüri Variste and Roman Matsov, and continued as a postgraduate at the Leningrad Conservatory until 1978.

Kaljuste took his father's role as leader of the Ellerhein Chamber choir in 1974, an ensemble that performed choral works ranging from Renaissance music to contemporary avant-garde music. He was professor of choral conducting at the Tallinn Conservatory from 1978 to 1980, and won the Best Conductor prize at the 1980 Béla Bartók International Choral Competition. With financial support from the Estonian government, Kaljuste turned the Ellerhein Chamber Choir into a full-time ensemble, and renamed it the Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir in 1981. Kaljuste also conducted with the Estonian National Opera between 1978 and 1995.

After Estonia won independence in 1991, many of the barriers to international performing and recording were lifted, and Kaljuste became well known for his recordings on ECM Records of the works of Estonian composers such as Veljo Tormis, Erkki-Sven Tüür, Heino Eller, and Arvo Pärt. In 1993, he formed the Tallinn Chamber Orchestra; he was also principal conductor of the Swedish Radio Choir between 1994 and 2000, as well as of the Netherlands Chamber Choir (1998–2000).

Aside from Estonian composers, Kaljuste has also recorded works of Beethoven, Penderecki, Alfred Schnittke, Rachmaninov, Mozart, Sergei Taneyev, Vivaldi, and others.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1992 Forgotten Peoples Veljo Tormis; Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
1993 Te Deum Arvo Pärt; Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Tallinn Chamber Orchestra, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
1996 Crystallisatio Erkki-Sven Tüür; Tallinn Chamber Orchestra, Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
1997 Beatus Arvo Pärt; Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
1998 Kanon Pokajanen Arvo Pärt; Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
1999 Litany to Thunder Veljo Tormis; Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
2000 Laulu palju Veljo Tormis; Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
2000 Vespers Sergei Rachmaninov; Swedish Radio Choir, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
2001 Neenia Heino Eller; Tallinn Chamber Orchestra, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
2004 Voices of Nature Alfred Schnittke, Arvo Pärt; Swedish Radio Choir, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
2005 Mushroom Cantata & Other Choral Works Lepo Sumera; Estonian Philharmonic Chamber Choir, Tallinn Chamber Orchestra, Tõnu Kaljuste 1
2008 Kreek: Requiem / Kõrvits: Kreegi vihik Cyrillus Kreek, Tõnu Kõrvits; Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor, Tallinna Kammerorkester, Tõnu Kaljuste 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2009 Stabat mater / I sümfoonia / Missa syllabica / 7 Magnificat Antiphons Pärt; Kaia Urb, Tiit Kogerman, Christopher Bowers-Broadbent, Ene Salumäe, Paavo Järvi, Andrew Parrott, Tõnu Kaljuste 1

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