Paul Robeson

~ Person


Paul Leroy Robeson (/ˈroʊbsən/ ROHB-sən April 9, 1898 – January 23, 1976) was an African-American singer and actor who became involved with the Civil Rights Movement. At Rutgers University, he was an outstanding football player, then had an international career in singing, as well as acting in theater and movies. He became politically involved in response to the Spanish Civil War, fascism, and social injustices. His advocacy of anti-imperialism, affiliation with communism, and criticism of the United States government caused him to be blacklisted during the McCarthy era. Ill health forced him into retirement from his career. He remained until his death an advocate of the political stances he took.

Robeson won an academic scholarship to Rutgers University, where he became a football All-American and the class valedictorian. He received his LL.B. from Columbia Law School, while playing in the National Football League (NFL). At Columbia, he sang and acted in off-campus productions; and, after graduating, he became a participant in the Harlem Renaissance with performances in The Emperor Jones and All God's Chillun Got Wings. Robeson initiated his international artistic résumé with a theatrical role in Great Britain, settling in London for the next several years with his wife Essie.

Robeson next appeared as Othello at the Savoy Theatre before becoming an international cinematic star through roles in Show Boat and Sanders of the River. He became increasingly attuned towards the sufferings of other cultures and peoples. Acting against advice, which warned of his economic ruin if he became politically active, he set aside his theatrical career to advocate the cause of the Republican forces of the Spanish Civil War. He then became active in the Council on African Affairs (CAA).

During World War II, he supported America's war efforts and won accolades for his portrayal of Othello on Broadway. However, his history of supporting pro-Soviet policies brought scrutiny from the FBI. After the war ended, the CAA was placed on the Attorney General's List of Subversive Organizations and Robeson was investigated during the age of McCarthyism. Due to his decision not to recant his public advocacy of pro-Soviet policies, he was denied a passport by the U.S. State Department, and his income, consequently, plummeted. He moved to Harlem and published a periodical critical of United States policies. His right to travel was eventually restored by Kent v. Dulles, but his health broke down. He retired and he lived out the remaining years of his life privately in Philadelphia.

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Year Title Rating Releases
1992 The Odyssey of Paul Robeson 1
1999 Ol' Man River 1
2008 The Very Best of Paul Robeson 1
Songs of Struggle (& more) 1
The Voice of the Mississippi 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Rating Releases
1990 Paul Robeson Sings "Ol' Man River" & Other Favorites Compilation 1
1999 Legends of the 20th Century: Paul Robeson Compilation 1
2006 Ol' Man River Compilation 1
A Man and His Beliefs Compilation 1
Ballad for Americans Compilation 1
Golden Classics Volumn Tow Compilation 1
Green Pastures Compilation 1
Ol' Man River Compilation 1
Songs for Free Men Compilation 1
Spirituals, Folksongs, and Hymns Compilation 1
The Collector's Paul Robeson Compilation 1
The Essential Paul Robeson Compilation 1
The Great Paul Robeson Compilation 1
The Power and the Glory Compilation 1
Voice of the People (Best of) Compilation 1

Album + Live

Year Title Rating Releases
1987 Live at Carnegie Hall Live 1
1997 Songs of Free Men Live 1
1998 The Peace Arch Concerts Live 1

Single + Soundtrack

Year Title Rating Releases
My Way / Deep Desert Soundtrack 1
Ol’ Man River Soundtrack 1
The Killing Song / Congo Lullaby Soundtrack 1

Other + Spokenword

Year Title Rating Releases
2008 Words Like Freedom Spokenword 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Rating Releases
Paul Robeson 1

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