Judy Garland

~ Person

Wikipedia

Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 – June 22, 1969) was an American actress, singer and vaudevillian. Described by Fred Astaire as "the greatest entertainer who ever lived" and renowned for her contralto vocals, she attained international stardom throughout a career which spanned more than 40 years, as an actress in musical and dramatic roles, as a recording artist and on the concert stage. Respected for her versatility, she received a Juvenile Academy Award and won a Golden Globe Award as well as Grammy Awards and a Special Tony Award.

She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in the remake of A Star Is Born and for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in the 1961 film Judgment at Nuremberg. She remains the youngest recipient (at 39 years of age) of the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in the motion picture industry.

After appearing in vaudeville with her two older sisters, Garland was signed to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer as a teenager. There, she made more than two dozen films, including nine with Mickey Rooney, and the 1939 film with which she would be most identified, The Wizard of Oz. After 15 years, she was released from the studio but gained renewed success through record-breaking concert appearances, including a return to acting, beginning with critically acclaimed performances.

Despite her professional triumphs, Garland struggled immensely in her personal life, starting when she was a child. Her self-image was strongly influenced by film executives, who said she was unattractive and constantly manipulated her onscreen physical appearance. She was plagued by financial instability, often owing hundreds of thousands of dollars in back taxes. She married five times, with her first four marriages ending in divorce. She also had a long battle with drugs and alcohol, which ultimately led to her death at the age of 47.

In 1997, Garland was posthumously awarded a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. Several of her recordings have been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. In 1999, the American Film Institute placed her among the ten greatest female stars in the history of American cinema.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1956 Judy Judy Garland 1
1992 Mail Call Judy Garland & Bing Crosby 1
1995 Christmas Through the Years Judy Garland 2
1998 The Unforgettable Judy Garland Judy Garland 1
2002 The Judy Garland Show: The Show That Got Away Judy Garland 1
2002 Judy in Love / Alone Judy Garland 1
Over the Rainbow Judy Garland 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1961 The Magic of Judy Garland Compilation Judy Garland 2
1985 Over the Rainbow Compilation Judy Garland 1
1990 Greatest Hits Compilation Judy Garland 1
1991 The One & Only Compilation Judy Garland 1
1992 The Best of the Decca Years, Volume 2: Changing My Tune Compilation Judy Garland 1
1994 The Complete Decca Masters Compilation Judy Garland 1
1995 The Judy Garland Christmas Album Compilation Judy Garland 1
1995 Moviestar Collection: Songs Compilation Judy Garland 1
1995 The Best of Judy Garland Compilation Judy Garland 1
1995 The Judy Garland Show: Over the Rainbow Compilation Judy Garland 1
1996 Judy That's Entertainment! Compilation Judy Garland 1
1996 American Legends: Judy Garland Compilation Judy Garland 1
1996 The Platinum Collection: 40 Great Tracks Compilation Judy Garland 1
1998 Judy Garland in Hollywood: Her Greatest Movie Hits Compilation Judy Garland 1
1999 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection: The Best of Judy Garland Compilation Judy Garland 1
1999 Cocktail Hour Compilation Judy Garland 1
1999 Legends of the 20th Century: Judy Garland Compilation Judy Garland 1
2000 Over the Rainbow Compilation Judy Garland 1
2001 The Very Best of Judy Garland: Over the Rainbow Compilation Judy Garland 1
2001 Over the Rainbow: Original Recordings 1936-1949 Compilation Judy Garland 1
2001 Over the Rainbow and Other Hits Compilation Judy Garland 1
2002 Classic Judy Garland: The Capitol Years: 1955-1965 Compilation Judy Garland 1
2002 The Essential Judy Garland Compilation Judy Garland 1
2004 Judy Garland: Duets Compilation Judy Garland 2
2005 The Very Best of Judy Garland: The Essential Collection of Her Greatest Movie Hits Compilation Judy Garland 1
2012 Coleção Folha grandes vozes, Volume 18: Judy Garland Compilation Judy Garland 1
A (Musical) Anthology Compilation Judy Garland 1
America's Treasure Compilation Judy Garland 1
As She Was Compilation Judy Garland 1
At Her Best Compilation Judy Garland 1
Collectors' Gems From the M-G-M Films Compilation Judy Garland 1
Complete Decca Cast Recordings Compilation Judy Garland 1
Greatest Hits Compilation Judy Garland 1
It Was a Good Time: The Best of Judy Garland & Liza Minnelli Compilation Judy Garland and Liza Minnelli 1
Judy Garland on Radio, Volume 1 (1936-1944) Compilation Judy Garland 1
Judy Garland Over the Rainbow Compilation Judy Garland 1
Judy Garland: The Complete Decca Masters Compilation Judy Garland 1
Over the Rainbow Compilation Judy Garland 1
The Best of Judy Garland Compilation Judy Garland 1
The Best of the Decca Years, Volume One: Hits! Compilation Judy Garland 1
The Essential Judy Garland Compilation Judy Garland 1
The Judy Garland Show - Fly Me to the Moon Compilation Judy Garland 1
The Judy Garland Story Compilation Judy Garland 1

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