Gaetano Donizetti (Italian opera composer)

~ Person


Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (Italian: [doˈmeːniko ɡaeˈtaːno maˈriːa donidˈdzetti]; 29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the nineteenth century.

Donizetti was born in Bergamo in Lombardy. Although he did not come from a musical background, at an early age he was taken under the wing of composer Simon Mayr who had enrolled him by means of a full scholarship in a school which he had set up. There he received detailed training in the arts of fugue and counterpoint. Mayr was also instrumental in obtaining a place for the young man at the Bologna Academy, where, at the age of 19, he wrote his first one-act opera, the comedy Il Pigmalione, which may not have ever been performed during his lifetime.

Over the course of his career, Donizetti wrote almost 70 operas. An offer in 1822 from Domenico Barbaja, the impresario of the Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, which followed the composer's ninth opera, led to his move to that city and his residency there which lasted until the production of Caterina Cornaro in January 1844. In all, Naples presented 51 of Donizetti's operas.

Before 1830, success came primarily with his comic operas, the serious ones failing to attract significant audiences. However, his first notable success came with an opera seria, Zoraida di Granata, which was presented in 1822 in Rome. In 1830, when Anna Bolena was premiered, Donizetti made a major impact on the Italian and international opera scene and this shifted the balance of success away from primarily comedic operas, although even after that date, his best-known works included comedies such as L'elisir d'amore (1832) and Don Pasquale (1843). Significant historical dramas did appear and became successful; they included Lucia di Lammermoor (the first to have a libretto written by Salvadore Cammarano) given in Naples in 1835, and one of the most successful Neapolitan operas, Roberto Devereux in 1837. Up to that point, all of his operas had been set to Italian libretti.

Donizetti found himself increasingly chafing against the censorial limitations which existed in Italy (and especially in Naples). From about 1836, he became interested in working in Paris, where he saw much greater freedom to choose subject matter, in addition to receiving larger fees and greater prestige. From 1838 onward, with an offer from the Paris Opéra for two new works, he spent a considerable period of the following ten years in that city, and set several operas to French texts as well as overseeing staging of his Italian works. The first opera was a French version of the then-unperformed Poliuto which, in April 1840, was revised to become Les martyrs. Two new operas were also given in Paris at that time.

As the 1840s progressed, Donizetti moved regularly between Naples, Rome, Paris, and Vienna continuing to compose and stage his own operas as well as those of other composers. But from around 1843, severe illness began to take hold and to limit his activities. Eventually, by early 1846 he was obliged to be confined to an institution for the mentally ill and, by late 1847, friends had him moved back to Bergamo, where he died in April 1848.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1968 Bellini and Donizetti Heroines Gaetano Donizetti, Vincenzo Bellini; Beverly Sills, Orchester der Wiener Volksoper, Vienna Academy Chorus, Jussi Jalas 5 5
1969 Roberto Devereux (Elizabeth and Essex) Gaetano Donizetti; Beverly Sills, Robert Ilosfalvy, Peter Glossop, Beverly Wolff, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 5 6
1970 L'Elisir d'Amore Gaetano Donizetti 2
1971 Lucia Di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Beverly Sills, Carlo Bergonzi, Piero Cappuccilli, Justino Díaz, London Symphony Orchestra, Thomas Schippers 5 5
1971 Maria Stuarda Gaetano Donizetti, Beverly Sills, Eileen Farrell, Stuart Burrows, Louis Quilico, The John Alldis Choir, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Aldo Ceccato 5 5
1973 Anna Bolena Gaetano Donizetti; Beverly Sills, Shirley Verrett, Stuart Burrows, Paul Plishka, The John Alldis Choir, London Symphony Orchestra, Julius Rudel 5 2
1973 Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Dame Joan Sutherland, Luciano Pavarotti, Sherrill Milnes, Nicolaï Ghiaurov, Chorus and Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Richard Bonynge 5 7
1977 Lucia di Lammermoor (Ambrosian Opera Chorus, New Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Jesús López-Cobos) Gaetano Donizetti 2
1978 Don Pasquale Gaetano Donizetti; Beverly Sills, Donald Gramm, Alfredo Kraus, Alan Titus, Ambrosian Opera Chorus, London Symphony Orchestra, Sarah Caldwell 5 3
1985 L'Elisir d'Amore (Ambrosian Opera Chorus & English Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1986 La Fille Du Régiment Gaetano Donizetti 1
1986 La fille du régiment (Orchestra and Chorus of The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 2
1988 Anna Bolena (Orchestra and Chorus of the Welsh National Opera feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 2
1989 Lucia di Lammermoor (Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, feat. conductor: Tullio Serafin, singers: Callas, Di Stefano, Gobbi) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1989 Lucrezia Borgia Gaetano Donizetti; Joan Sutherland, Giacomo Aragall, Marilyn Horne, Ingvar Wixell, Richard Bonynge 1
1989 Lucrezia Borgia Gaetano Donizetti; Montserrat Caballé, Shirley Verrett, Alfredo Kraus, Ezio Flagello, Jonel Perlea 2
1990 L'elisir d'amore Gaetano Donizetti; Kathleen Battle, Luciano Pavarotti, Leo Nucci, Enzo Dara, Dawn Upshaw, Metropolitan Opera Chorus, Metropolitan Opera Orchestra , James Levine 5 1
1990 Maria Stuarda Donizetti; Sutherland. Tourangeau, Pavarotti; Orchestra e coro del Teatro Comunale di Bologna, Richard Bonynge 1
1991 Maria di Rohan Gaetano Donizetti 1
1992 Don Pasquale Gaetano Donizetti; Sesto Bruscantini, Alda Noni, Cesare Valletti, Mario Borriello, Orchestra Sinfonica e Coro di Torino della RAI, Mario Rossi 2
1993 Anna Bolena (L'Orchestra et Coro del Teatro alla Scala feat. conductor: Gianandrea Gavazzeni) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1993 Linda di Chamounix (Mikaeli Chamber Choir & Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Friedrich Haider) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1994 Donizetti - Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; London Symphony Orchestra, Richard Bonynge 1
1994 Il Duca d'Alba Gaetano Donizetti 1
1994 Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti 1
1995 String Sonatas 1-6 Rossini, Donizetti, Vincenzo Bellini, Luigi Cherubini; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
1995 Recital Gaetano Donizetti, Charles-François Gounod, Jacques Offenbach; Marilyn Horne, Lawrence Foster, Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte‐Carlo 1
1995 L'Elisir d'Amore Gaetano Donizetti; Gianandrea Gavazzeni 1
1996 Lucia di Lammermoor (Rumanian Opera Bucharest,feat. conductor: Constantin Petrovici, singers: Voinea, Herlea, Georgescu, Nastase) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Rossini / Donizetti Arias Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti; Maria Callas, Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Nicola Rescigno 2
1997 Anna Bolena (1968 studio cast) Gaetano Donizetti; Elena Souliotis, Marilyn Horne, John Alexander, Nicolaï Ghiaurov, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Opernorchester, Silvio Varviso 1
1997 Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra e Coro di Roma della Rai, feat. conductor: Tullio Serafin, singers: Callas, Panerai, Fernandi) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra Sinfonica e Coro di Torina della Rai, feat. conductor: Francesco Molinari Pradelli, singers: Cappuccilli, Scotto, Pavarotti) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Poliuto (Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala, feat. conductor: Antonino Votto, singers: Callas, Corelli, Bastianini, Zaccaria) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Rosmonda d'Inghilterra Gaetano Donizetti; Renée Fleming, Nelly Miricioiu, Bruce Ford, Alastair Miles, Diana Montague, Philharmonia Orchestra, David Parry 5 3
1998 Lucia Di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Oliviero de Fabritiis, Luciano Pavarotti & Cristina Deutekom 1
1999 La Favorita Gaetano Donizetti 1
1999 L'elisir d'amore Gaetano Donizetti 1
1999 Rossini: String Sonatas nos. 1, 2 and 3 / Donizetti: Allegro for Strings in C major Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti; Rossini Ensemble, Budapest 2
1999 Don Pasquale Gaetano Donizetti 1
1999 Lucia di Lammermoor Donizetti; Sutherland, Cioni, Merrill, Siepi 2
1999 Parisina Gaetano Donizetti 1
2000 La Favorite Donizetti; Kasarova, Vargas, Münchner Rundfunkorchester, Marcello Viotti 1
2001 Caterina Cornaro Gaetano Donizetti; Orchestra & Chorus of Covent Garden, Carlo Felice Cillario 1
2001 Anna Bolena Donizetti; Leyla Gencer, Giulietta Simionato, Gianandrea Gavazzeni 1
2002 Lucia di Lammermoor Selezione (1967 radio cast) Gaetano Donizetti; Luciano Pavarotti, Renata Scotto, Piero Cappuccilli, Gianfranco Manganotti, Agostino Ferrin, Anna di Stazio, Franco Ricciardi, Orchestra Sinfonica e Coro di Torino della RAI, Francesco Molinari-Pradelli 1
2002 Lucie de Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Orchestre National de Lyon, Evelino Pidò, Natalie Dessay 1
2002 Lucia of Lammermoor (Geoffrey Mitchell Choir, Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: David Parry) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2003 Maria Stuarda (Fondazione Orchestra Stabile di Bergamo feat. conductor: Fabrizio Maria Carminati) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2004 Double Concerto / Flute Concertino / Clarinet Concertino Gaetano Donizetti; Imre Kovács, Béla Kovács, András Kiss, Judit Kis Domonkos, Camerata Budapest, László Kovács 1
2004 Don Pasquale Gaetano Donizetti; Renato Bruson, Eva Mei, Frank Lopardo, Sir Thomas Allen, Münchner Rundfunkorchester, Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Roberto Abbado 1
2004 Lucia di Lammermoor (Maria Callas, Coro e Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Tullio Serafin) Gaetano Donizetti 2
2005 Un Italien à Paris - duos & mélodies (Les Demoiselles de...) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2014 Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti 1
2016 Le Duc d'Albe Gaetano Donizetti; Sir Mark Elder, Hallé Orchestra 1
Il Grande Pavarotti: La Favorita Gaetano Donizetti; Luciano Pavarotti, Maria Luisa Nave, Renato Bruson, Bonaldo Giaiotti, San Francisco Opera Orchestra & San Francisco Opera Chorus, Carlo Felice Cillario 1
L'elisir d'amore Gaetano Donizetti, Coro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino & Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino 1
L'elisir d'amore, Act I Gaetano Donizetti 1
L'elisir d'amore, Act II Gaetano Donizetti 1
La Figlia del Reggimento Gaetano Donizetti; Freni, Pavarotti, Ganzarolli, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala, Nino Sanzogno 1
Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Tullio Serafin, Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Tito Gobbi 1
Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Lina Pagliughi, Giovanni Malipiero, Giuseppe Manacchini, Luciano Neroni, Orchestra Sinfonica di Torino della RAI, Coro di Torino della RAI, Ugo Tansini 1
Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Armando Gianotti, Muzio Giovagnoli, Giovanni Malipiero, Giuseppe Manacchini, Luciano Neroni, Orchestra Sinfonica di Torino della RAI, Coro di Torino della RAI, Lina Pagliughi, Ugo Tansini, Maria Vinciguerra 1
Lucia di Lammermoor Donizetti; Moffo, Bergonzi, Sereni, Flagello, RCA Italiana Opera Orchestra and Chorus, Prêtre 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Callas, Tagliavini, Cappuccilli, Ladysz, Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus, Tullio Serafin) 1960 Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Complete) Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Luciano Pavarotti) Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra e coro del Teatro alla Scala, feat. conducter Herbert Van Karajan, Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano) Gaetano Donizetti 1
Mercadante - Donizetti - Rossini Saverio Mercadante, Gaetano Donizetti, Gioachino Rossini; Lucien Aubert 1
Messa Di Requiem Gaetano Donizetti 1
Poliuto Gaetano Donizetti, Maria Callas, Franco Corelli & Antonino Votto 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1996 Die Klassiksammlung 104: Donizetti: Opernmelodien Gaetano Donizetti 1
2007 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 17: Lucia di Lammermoor (Orquesta de la RAI de Turín feat. conductor: Francesco Molinari-Pradelli) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2007 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 37: L'elisir d'amore (Coro y Orquesta del Teatro de la Ópera de Roma feat. conductor: Gabriele Santini) Gaetano Donizetti 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1992 Don Pasquale Gaetano Donizetti;Renata Scotto, Fernando Corena, Walter Alberti, Luigi Alva, Orchestra e Coro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Bruno Rigacci 1
1997 L’elisir d’amore (1967 live cast) Gaetano Donizetti; Carlo Bergonzi, Renata Scotto, Giuseppe Taddei, Gianandrea Gavazzeni, Orchestra e Coro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Gianandrea Gavazzeni 2
1999 Lucrezia Borgia (American Opera Society feat. conductor: Jonel Perlea, soprano: Montserrat Caballé, tenor: Alain Vanzo, baritone: Kostas Paskalis) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2003 Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Piero Campolonghi, Carlo del Monte, Roberto Silva, Anna Maria Feuss, Chor & Orchester des Palacio de Las Bellas Artes, Guido Picco 1
2007 Lucia di Lammermoor (RIAS Symphony Orchestra Berlin, La Scala Chorus feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan, soprano: Maria Callas, tenor: Giuseppe di Stefano, baritone: Rolando Panerai) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2011 Anna Bolena Gaetano Donizetti; Анна Юрьевна Нетребко, Elīna Garanča, Ildebrando d'Arcangelo, Evelino Pidò, Orchester der Wiener Staatsoper & Chor der Wiener Staatsoper 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
L'elisir d'amore: Evelino Pido Gaetano Donizetti 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1989 Lucrezia Borgia / Sutherland, Horne, Aragall, Wixell - Bonynge Gaetano Donizetti 1
1996 Elisir d'amore Gaetano Donizetti; Vincenzo La Scola, Alessandra Ruffini, Simone Alaimo, Roberto Frontali, Mariangela Spotorno, Hungarian State Opera Chorus, Hungarian State Opera Orchestra, Pier Giorgio Morandi 1
2003 Anna Bolena Gaetano Donizetti 1
Anna Bolena Gaetano Donizetti 1
La Figlia del Reggimento Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra Sinfonica e Coro di Roma della RAI Radiotelevis feat. conductor: Francesco Molinari-Pradelli, tenor: Luciano Pavarotti) Gaetano Donizetti 1

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