Wikipedia

Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (Italian: [doˈmeːniko ɡaeˈtaːno maˈria donidˈdzetti]; 29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the nineteenth century.

Donizetti was born in Bergamo in Lombardy. Although he did not come from a musical background, at an early age he was taken under the wing of composer Simon Mayr who had enrolled him by means of a full scholarship in a school which he had set up. There he received detailed training in the arts of fugue and counterpoint. Mayr was also instrumental in obtaining a place for the young man at the Bologna Academy, where, at the age of 19, he wrote his first one-act opera, the comedy Il Pigmalione, which may not have ever been performed during his lifetime.

Over the course of his career, Donizetti wrote almost 70 operas. An offer in 1822 from Domenico Barbaja, the impresario of the Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, which followed the composer's ninth opera, led to his move to that city and his residency there which lasted until the production of Caterina Cornaro in January 1844. In all, Naples presented 51 of Donizetti's operas.

Before 1830, success came primarily with his comic operas, the serious ones failing to attract significant audiences. However, his first notable success came with an opera seria, Zoraida di Granata, which was presented in 1822 in Rome. In 1830, when Anna Bolena was premiered, Donizetti made a major impact on the Italian and international opera scene and this shifted the balance of success away from primarily comedic operas, although even after that date, his best-known works included comedies such as L'elisir d'amore (1832) and Don Pasquale (1843). Significant historical dramas did appear and became successful; they included Lucia di Lammermoor (the first to have a libretto written by Salvadore Cammarano) given in Naples in 1835, and one of the most successful Neapolitan operas, Roberto Devereux in 1837. Up to that point, all of his operas had been set to Italian libretti.

Donizetti found himself increasingly chafing against the censorial limitations which existed in Italy (and especially in Naples). From about 1836, he became interested in working in Paris, where he saw much greater freedom to choose subject matter, in addition to receiving larger fees and greater prestige. From 1838 onward, with an offer from the Paris Opéra for two new works, he spent a considerable period of the following ten years in that city, and set several operas to French texts as well as overseeing staging of his Italian works. The first opera was a French version of the then-unperformed Poliuto which, in April 1840, was revised to become Les martyrs. Two new operas were also given in Paris at that time.

As the 1840s progressed, Donizetti moved regularly between Naples, Rome, Paris, and Vienna continuing to compose and stage his own operas as well as those of other composers. But from around 1843, severe illness began to take hold and to limit his activities. Eventually, by early 1846 he was obliged to be confined to an institution for the mentally ill and, by late 1847, friends had him moved back to Bergamo, where he died in April 1848.

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1968 Bellini and Donizetti Heroines Gaetano Donizetti, Vincenzo Bellini; Beverly Sills, Orchester der Wiener Volksoper, Vienna Academy Chorus, Jussi Jalas 5 5
1969 Roberto Devereux (Elizabeth and Essex) Gaetano Donizetti; Beverly Sills, Robert Ilosfalvy, Peter Glossop, Beverly Wolff, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Charles Mackerras 5 6
1971 Lucia Di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Beverly Sills, Carlo Bergonzi, Piero Cappuccilli, Justino Díaz, London Symphony Orchestra, Thomas Schippers 5 5
1971 Maria Stuarda Gaetano Donizetti, Beverly Sills, Eileen Farrell, Stuart Burrows, Louis Quilico, The John Alldis Choir, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Aldo Ceccato 5 5
1973 Anna Bolena Gaetano Donizetti; Beverly Sills, Shirley Verrett, Stuart Burrows, Paul Plishka, The John Alldis Choir, London Symphony Orchestra, Julius Rudel 5 2
1973 Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Dame Joan Sutherland, Luciano Pavarotti, Sherrill Milnes, Nicolaï Ghiaurov, Chorus andOrchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Richard Bonynge 5 7
1977 Lucia di Lammermoor (Ambrosian Opera Chorus, New Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Jesús López-Cobos) Gaetano Donizetti 2
1978 Don Pasquale Gaetano Donizetti; Beverly Sills, Donald Gramm, Alfredo Kraus, Alan Titus, Ambrosian Opera Chorus, London Symphony Orchestra, Sarah Caldwell 5 3
1985 L'Elisir d'Amore (Ambrosian Opera Chorus & English Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1986 La fille du régiment (Orchestra and Chorus of The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1988 Anna Bolena (Orchestra and Chorus of the Welsh National Opera feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 2
1989 Lucia di Lammermoor (Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, feat. conductor: Tullio Serafin, singers: Callas, Di Stefano, Gobbi) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1989 Lucrezia Borgia Gaetano Donizetti; Joan Sutherland, Giacomo Aragall, Marilyn Horne, Ingvar Wixell, Richard Bonynge 1
1989 Lucrezia Borgia Gaetano Donizetti; Montserrat Caballé, Shirley Verrett, Alfredo Kraus, Ezio Flagello, Jonel Perlea 1
1990 L'elisir d'amore Gaetano Donizetti; Kathleen Battle, Luciano Pavarotti, Leo Nucci, Enzo Dara, Dawn Upshaw, Metropolitan Opera Chorus, Metropolitan Opera Orchestra , James Levine 5 1
1990 Maria Stuarda Donizetti; Sutherland. Tourangeau, Pavarotti; Orchestra e coro del Teatro Comunale di Bologna, Richard Bonynge 1
1992 Don Pasquale Gaetano Donizetti; Sesto Bruscantini, Alda Noni, Cesare Valletti, Mario Borriello, Orchestra Sinfonica e Coro di Torino della RAI, Mario Rossi 2
1993 Anna Bolena (L'Orchestra et Coro del Teatro alla Scala feat. conductor: Gianandrea Gavazzeni) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1993 Linda di Chamounix (Mikaeli Chamber Choir & Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Friedrich Haider) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1994 Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti 1
1995 String Sonatas 1-6 Rossini, Donizetti, Vincenzo Bellini, Luigi Cherubini; Academy of St Martin in the Fields, Neville Marriner 1
1995 Recital Gaetano Donizetti, Charles-François Gounod, Jacques Offenbach; Marilyn Horne, Lawrence Foster, Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte‐Carlo 1
1996 Lucia di Lammermoor (Rumanian Opera Bucharest,feat. conductor: Constantin Petrovici, singers: Voinea, Herlea, Georgescu, Nastase) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Rossini / Donizetti Arias Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti; Maria Callas, Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Nicola Rescigno 1
1997 Anna Bolena (1968 studio cast) Gaetano Donizetti; Elena Souliotis, Marilyn Horne, John Alexander, Nicolaï Ghiaurov, Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Opernorchester, Silvio Varviso 1
1997 Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra e Coro di Roma della Rai, feat. conductor: Tullio Serafin, singers: Callas, Panerai, Fernandi) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra Sinfonica e Coro di Torina della Rai, feat. conductor: Francesco Molinari Pradelli, singers: Cappuccilli, Scotto, Pavarotti) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Poliuto (Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala, feat. conductor: Antonino Votto, singers: Callas, Corelli, Bastianini, Zaccaria) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Rosmonda d'Inghilterra Gaetano Donizetti; Renée Fleming, Nelly Miricioiu, Bruce Ford, Alastair Miles, Diana Montague, Philharmonia Orchestra, David Parry 5 3
1999 Rossini: String Sonatas nos. 1, 2 and 3 / Donizetti: Allegro for Strings in C major Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti; Rossini Ensemble, Budapest 2
1999 Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra e coro dell'Accademia di Santa Cecilia feat. conductor Sir John Pritchard; Joan Sutherland; Renato Cioni; Robert Merrill; Cesare Siepi) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2000 La Favorite (Münchner Rundfunkorchester feat. conductor: Marcello Viotti) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2001 Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra e coro dell'Accademia di Santa Cecilia feat. conductor: John Pritchard) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2001 Caterina Cornaro Gaetano Donizetti; Orchestra & Chorus of Covent Garden, Carlo Felice Cillario 1
2002 Lucia di Lammermoor Selezione Gaetano Donizetti 1
2002 Lucie de Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Orchestre National de Lyon, Evelino Pidò, Natalie Dessay 1
2002 Lucia of Lammermoor (Geoffrey Mitchell Choir, Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: David Parry) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2003 Maria Stuarda (Fondazione Orchestra Stabile di Bergamo feat. conductor: Fabrizio Maria Carminati) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2004 Double Concerto / Flute Concertino / Clarinet Concertino Gaetano Donizetti; Imre Kovács, Béla Kovács, András Kiss, Judit Kis Domonkos, Camerata Budapest, László Kovács 1
2004 Don Pasquale Gaetano Donizetti; Renato Bruson, Eva Mei, Frank Lopardo, Sir Thomas Allen, Münchner Rundfunkorchester, Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Roberto Abbado 1
2004 Lucia di Lammermoor (Maria Callas, Coro e Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Tullio Serafin) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2005 Un Italien à Paris - duos & mélodies (Les Demoiselles de...) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2014 Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti 1
L'elisir d'amore Gaetano Donizetti, Coro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino & Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino 1
L'elisir d'amore, Act I Gaetano Donizetti 1
L'elisir d'amore, Act II Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Callas, Tagliavini, Cappuccilli, Ladysz, Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus, Tullio Serafin) 1960 Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Complete) Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (feat. conductor: Tullio Serafin, soprano: Maria Callas, tenor: Giuseppe Di Stefano, baritone: Tito Gobbi) Gaetano Donizetti 1

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