Wikipedia

Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (Italian: [doˈmeːniko ɡaeˈtaːno maˈria donidˈdzetti]; born 29 November 1797 – died 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer from Bergamo, Lombardy.

Donizetti came from a non-musical background but, at an early age, he was taken under the wing of composer Simon Mayr who had set up the Lezioni Caritatevoli and had enrolled him by means of a full scholarship. There he received detailed training in the arts of fugue and counterpoint, and it was from there that Mayr was instrumental in obtaining a place for the young man at the Bologna Academy. In Bologna, at the age of 19, he wrote his first one-act opera, the comedy Il Pigmalione, although it does not appear to have been performed during his lifetime.

Through his life, Donizetti wrote about 70 operas, but an offer in 1822 from Domenico Barbaja, the impresario of the Teatro San Carlo in Naples, which followed the composer's ninth opera, led to his move to that city and the composition of 28 operas which were given their premieres at that house or in one of the city's smaller houses including the Teatro Nuovo or the Teatro del Fondo. This continued until the production of Caterina Cornaro in January 1844. In all, Naples presented 51 of Donizetti's operas.

During this period, success came primarily with the comic operas, the serious ones failing to attract significant audiences. However, the situation changed with the appearance in 1830 of the serious opera, Anna Bolena which was the first to make a major impact on the Italian and international opera scene and, at the same time, to shift the balance for the composer away from success with only comedic operas. However, even after 1830, his best-known works did also include comedies such as L'elisir d'amore (1832) and Don Pasquale (1843). But significant historical dramas did appear and became successful, sometimes outside Naples before reaching that city. Most significantly, they included Lucia di Lammermoor (the first to be written by librettist Salvadore Cammarano) in 1835, as well as "one of [his] most successful Neapolitan operas", Roberto Devereux in 1837. Up to that point, all of his operas had been written to Italian librettos.

However, moving to Paris in 1838, Donizetti set his operas to French texts; these include La favorite and La fille du régiment and were first performed in that city from 1840 onward. It appears that much of the attraction of moving to Paris was not just for larger fees and prestige, but his chafing against the censorial limitations which existed in Italy, thus giving him a much greater freedom to choose subject matter. By 1845 severe illness caused him to be moved back to Bergamo to die in 1848.

Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, he was a leading composer of bel canto opera during the first fifty years of the Nineteenth Century.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1977 Lucia di Lammermoor (Ambrosian Opera Chorus, New Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: Jesús López-Cobos) Gaetano Donizetti 2
1985 Lucia di Lammermoor (Chorus and Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden feat. conductor Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1985 L'Elisir d'Amore (Ambrosian Opera Chorus & English Chamber Orchestra feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1986 La fille du régiment (Orchestra and Chorus of The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1988 Anna Bolena (Orchestra and Chorus of the Welsh National Opera feat. conductor: Richard Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1989 Lucia di Lammermoor (Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, feat. conductor: Tullio Serafin, singers: Callas, Di Stefano, Gobbi) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1989 Lucrezia Borgia Gaetano Donizetti; Joan Sutherland, Giacomo Aragall, Marilyn Horne, Ingvar Wixell, Richard Bonynge 1
1989 Lucrezia Borgia Gaetano Donizetti; Montserrat Caballé, Shirley Verrett, Alfredo Kraus, Ezio Flagello, Jonel Perlea 1
1990 L'elisir d'amore (The Metropolitan Opera Chorus & Opera feat. conductor: James Levine, soprano: Kathleen Battle, tenor: Luciano Pavarotti, baritone: Leo Nucci, bass: Enzo Dara, soprano: Dawn Upshaw) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1992 Don Pasquale (Orchestra e Coro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, feat. conductor: Bruno Rigacci, singers: Corena, Alberti, Alva, Scotto) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1993 Anna Bolena (L'Orchestra et Coro del Teatro alla Scala feat. conductor: Gianandrea Gavazzeni) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1993 Linda di Chamounix (Mikaeli Chamber Choir & Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra feat. conductor: Friedrich Haider) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1994 Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti 1
1995 Recital Gaetano Donizetti, Charles-François Gounod, Jacques Offenbach; Marilyn Horne, Lawrence Foster, Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte-Carlo 1
1996 Lucia di Lammermoor (Rumanian Opera Bucharest,feat. conductor: Constantin Petrovici, singers: Voinea, Herlea, Georgescu, Nastase) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra e Coro di Roma della Rai, feat. conductor: Tullio Serafin, singers: Callas, Panerai, Fernandi) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra Sinfonica e Coro di Torina della Rai, feat. conductor: Francesco Molinari Pradelli, singers: Cappuccilli, Scotto, Pavarotti) Gaetano Donizetti 1
1997 Poliuto (Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala, feat. conductor: Antonino Votto, singers: Callas, Corelli, Bastianini, Zaccaria) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2000 La Favorite (Münchner Rundfunkorchester feat. conductor: Marcello Viotti) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2001 Renée Fleming sings Rosmonda d'Inghilterra Gaetano Donizetti 1
2001 Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra e coro dell'Accademia di Santa Cecilia feat. conductor: John Pritchard) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2001 Don Pasquale (Orchestra Sinfonica e Coro di Torino della RAI feat. conductor: Mario Rossi) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2001 Maria Stuarda Gaetano Donizetti composer, London Philharmonic Orchestra, The John Alldis Choir & Aldo Ceccato 1
2002 Lucia Di Lammermoor (London Symphony Orchestra, feat. Conductor Thomas Schippers) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2002 Lucia of Lammermoor (Geoffrey Mitchell Choir, Philharmonia Orchestra feat. conductor: David Parry) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2002 Lucie de Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Orchestre National de Lyon, Evelino Pidò, Natalie Dessay 1
2003 Maria Stuarda (Fondazione Orchestra Stabile di Bergamo feat. conductor: Fabrizio Maria Carminati) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2004 Double Concerto / Flute Concertino / Clarinet Concertino Gaetano Donizetti; Imre Kovács, Béla Kovács, András Kiss, Judit Kis Domonkos, Camerata Budapest, László Kovács 1
2004 Lucia di Lammermoor (Maria Callas, Coro e Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Tullio Serafin) Gaetano Donizetti 1
2005 Un Italien à Paris - duos & mélodies (Les Demoiselles de...) Gaetano Donizetti 1
L'elisir d'amore Gaetano Donizetti, Coro del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino & Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino 1
L'elisir d'amore, Act I Gaetano Donizetti 1
L'elisir d'amore, Act II Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Callas, Tagliavini, Cappuccilli, Ladysz, Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus, Tullio Serafin) 1960 Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Complete) Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (feat. conductor: Tullio Serafin, soprano: Maria Callas, tenor: Giuseppe Di Stefano, baritone: Tito Gobbi) Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Luciano Pavarotti) Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Orchestra e coro del Teatro alla Scala, feat. conducter Herbert Van Karajan, Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano) Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (Sutherland, Pavarotti, Milnes, Bonynge) Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor Selezione Gaetano Donizetti 1
Messa Di Requiem Gaetano Donizetti 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1996 Die Klassiksammlung 104: Donizetti: Opernmelodien Compilation Gaetano Donizetti 1
2007 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 17: Lucia di Lammermoor (Orquesta de la RAI de Turín feat. conductor: Francesco Molinari-Pradelli) Compilation Gaetano Donizetti 1
2007 Los clásicos de la Ópera, No. 37: L'elisir d'amore (Coro y Orquesta del Teatro de la Ópera de Roma feat. conductor: Gabriele Santini) Compilation Gaetano Donizetti 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1999 Lucrezia Borgia (American Opera Society feat. conductor: Jonel Perlea, soprano: Montserrat Caballé, tenor: Alain Vanzo, baritone: Kostas Paskalis) Live Gaetano Donizetti 1
2007 Lucia di Lammermoor (RIAS Symphony Orchestra Berlin, La Scala Chorus feat. conductor: Herbert von Karajan, soprano: Maria Callas, tenor: Giuseppe di Stefano, baritone: Rolando Panerai) Live Gaetano Donizetti 1
Lucia di Lammermoor (feat. conductor: Guido Picco, soprano: Maria Callas, tenor: Giuseppe Di Stefano, baritone: Piero Campolonghi) Live Gaetano Donizetti 1

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
L'elisir d'amore: Evelino Pido Soundtrack Gaetano Donizetti 2

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1989 Lucrezia Borgia / Sutherland, Horne, Aragall, Wixell - Bonynge Gaetano Donizetti 1

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