ZZ Top /ˈziːziːtɒp/ is an American rock band that formed in 1969 in Houston, Texas. The band comprises guitarist and lead vocalist Billy Gibbons (the band's leader, main lyricist, and musical arranger), bassist and co-lead vocalist Dusty Hill, and drummer Frank Beard. One of the few major label recording groups to have held the same lineup for more than 40 years, ZZ Top has been praised by critics and fellow musicians alike for their technical mastery. Of the group, music writer Cub Koda said, "As genuine roots musicians, they have few peers; Gibbons is one of America's finest blues guitarists working in the arena rock idiom [...] while Hill and Beard provide the ultimate rhythm section support."
Since the release of the band's debut album in January 1971, ZZ Top has become known for its strong blues roots and humorous lyrical motifs, relying heavily on double entendres and innuendo. ZZ Top's musical style has changed over the years, beginning with blues-inspired rock on their early albums, then incorporating new wave, punk rock, and dance-rock, with heavy use of synthesizers. The band has had global album sales in excess of 50 million as of 2014.
ZZ Top was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2004, and has garnered 11 gold records and seven platinum records; their 1983 album, Eliminator, remains the group's most commercially successful record, selling over 10 million units. ZZ Top also ranks 80th in U.S. album sales, with 25 million units.
The band is known for Hill and Gibbons' long beards; despite his name, Frank Beard usually wears only a mustache.
- ^ a b Koda, Cub. "ZZ Top – Artist Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved July 28, 2014.
- ^ Bashe, Patricia; George-Warren, Holly, eds. (2001). The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (3rd ed.). Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-0120-9.
- ^ Talevski, Nick (2006). Rock Obituaries – Knocking On Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. p. 173. ISBN 978-1-8460-9091-2.
- ^ Bonson, Fred (August 31, 1996). "Wea's Greatest Hits". Billboard 108 (35): 34. ISSN 0006-2510.
It was the band's second album, "Tres Hombres," that established their boogie-rock credentials by peaking at No. 8 in 1974.
- ^ Cibula, Matt (January 4, 2004). "ZZ Top: Mescalero". PopMatters. Retrieved February 20, 2014.
- ^ McPadden, Mike (2012). "ZZ Top". If You Like Metallica... Backbeat Books.
- ^ Zalkind, Ronald (1980). Contemporary Music Almanac: 1980–1981 (1st ed.). Schirmer Books. p. 349.
- ^ "ZZ Top "Live At Montreux 2013″ DVD, Blu-ray, and Digital Formats Out July 22, 2014". Music Recall Magazine. June 16, 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
- ^ Johnson, Jr, Billy (September 11, 2012). "Story Behind ZZ Top’s Famous Beards". Yahoo! Music. Retrieved March 30, 2015.