Александр Николаевич Скрябин (Scriabin)
Legal name: Александр Николаевич Скрябинь
Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin (English pronunciation: /skriˈɑːbɪn/; Russian: Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Скря́бин, Russian pronunciation: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr nʲɪkəˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ ˈskrʲæbʲɪn]; 6 January 1872 [O.S. 25 December 1871] – 27 April [O.S. 14 April] 1915) was a Russian composer and pianist. Scriabin's early work is characterised by a lyrical and idiosyncratic tonal language influenced by Frédéric Chopin. Later in his career, independently of Arnold Schoenberg, Scriabin developed a substantially atonal and much more dissonant musical system, which accorded with his personal brand of mysticism. Scriabin was influenced by synesthesia, and associated colors with the various harmonic tones of his atonal scale, while his color-coded circle of fifths was also influenced by theosophy. He is considered by some to be the main Russian Symbolist composer.
Scriabin was one of the most innovative and most controversial of early modern composers. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia said of Scriabin that, "No composer has had more scorn heaped on him or greater love bestowed". Leo Tolstoy described Scriabin's music as "a sincere expression of genius". Scriabin had a major impact on the music world over time, and influenced composers such as Igor Stravinsky, Sergei Prokofiev, and Nikolai Roslavets. However Scriabin's importance in the Soviet musical scene, and internationally, drastically declined. According to his biographer, "No one was more famous during their lifetime, and few were more quickly ignored after death." Nevertheless, his musical aesthetics have been reevaluated, and his ten published sonatas, which arguably provided the most consistent contribution to the genre since the time of Beethoven's set, have been increasingly championed.
- ^ Scientific transliteration: Aleksandr Nikolajevič Skrjabin; also transliterated variously as Skriabin, Skryabin, and (in French) Scriabine.
- ^ "Scriabin". Merriam-Webster Online. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
"Scriabin". Random House Dictionary. Dictionary.com. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
- ^ The British historian Simon Sebag Montefiore, in footnote 62, page 39 of his book Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar (2003) takes issue with the common claim of Scriabin being a "cousin" or a "relative" of Vyacheslav Molotov, born Vyacheslav Mikhailovitch Skryabin. (Translated from a note of this article on the French WP.)
- ^ E. E. Garcia (2004): Rachmaninoff and Scriabin: Creativity and Suffering in Talent and Genius. Psychoanalytic Review, 91: 423–42.
- ^ Bowers, Faubion (1966). "Scriabin Again and Again". Aspen Magazine (New York: Roaring Fork Press) (2). OCLC 50534422. Retrieved 14 April 2008.
- ^ Bowers, Faubion (1996). Scriabin, a Biography. New York: Dover Publications. ISBN 978-0-486-28897-0. OCLC 33405309.
- ^ Powell, Jonathan. "Skryabin, Aleksandr Nikolayevich". Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 5 February 2014. (subscription required)