The Who

~ Group


Annotation last modified on 2006-05-16 16:40 UTC.


The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. Their best known line-up consisted of lead singer Roger Daltrey, guitarist Pete Townshend, bassist John Entwistle and drummer Keith Moon. They are considered one of the most influential rock bands of the 20th century and are one of the world's best-selling bands.

The Who developed from an earlier group, the Detours, before stabilising around a line-up of Daltrey, Townshend, Entwistle and Moon. After releasing a single as the High Numbers, the group established themselves as part of the mod movement and featured auto-destructive art by destroying guitars and drums on stage. They achieved recognition in the UK after their first single as the Who, "I Can't Explain", reached the top ten. A string of successful singles followed, including "My Generation", "Substitute" and "Happy Jack". Although initially regarded as a singles act, they also found success with the albums My Generation and A Quick One. In 1967, they achieved success in the US after performing at the Monterey Pop Festival, and with the top ten single "I Can See for Miles". They released The Who Sell Out at the end of the year, and spent much of 1968 touring.

The group's fourth album, 1969's rock opera Tommy, was a major commercial and critical success. Subsequent live appearances at Woodstock and the Isle of Wight Festival, along with the live album Live At Leeds, transformed the Who's reputation from a hit-singles band into a respected rock act. With their success came increased pressure on lead songwriter Townshend, and the follow-up to Tommy, Lifehouse, was abandoned in favour of 1971's Who's Next. The group subsequently released Quadrophenia (1973) and The Who by Numbers (1975), oversaw the film adaptation of Tommy and toured to large audiences before semi-retiring from live performances at the end of 1976. The release of Who Are You in August 1978 was overshadowed by the death of Moon on 7 September.

Kenney Jones, formerly of the Small Faces and the Faces, replaced Moon and the group resumed touring. A film adaptation of Quadrophenia and the retrospective documentary The Kids Are Alright were released in 1979. The group continued recording, releasing Face Dances in 1981 and It's Hard the following year, before breaking up. They occasionally re-formed for live appearances such as Live Aid in 1985, a 25th anniversary tour in 1989 and for a tour of Quadrophenia in 1996. The Who resumed regular touring in 1999, with drummer Zak Starkey, to a positive response, and were considering the possibility of a new album, but these plans were stalled by Entwistle's death in June 2002. Townshend and Daltrey elected to continue as the Who, releasing Endless Wire (2006), which reached the top ten in the UK and US. The group continued to play live regularly, including the Quadrophenia and More tour in 2012, before announcing in 2014 their intention to retire from touring following a new album and accompanying live shows ending the following year.

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Year Title RatingReleases
1965 My Generation 3.65 13
1966 A Quick One 4 12
1967 The Who Sell Out 4 12
1969 Tommy 4 29
1971 Who’s Next 4.6 20
1973 Quadrophenia 4.35 16
1975 The Who by Numbers 4 7
1978 Who Are You 3 9
1981 Face Dances 3 9
1982 It’s Hard 9
2006 Endless Wire 5

Album + Compilation

Year Title RatingReleases
1968 Magic Bus: The Who on Tour 4
1968 Direct Hits 3
1970 Backtrack Fourteen: The Ox 1
1971 Meaty Beaty Big and Bouncy 6
1974 Odds & Sods 5 7
1974 Lo mejor de The Who 4 1
1975 ’64–’74 / The Best of the Last Ten Years 1
1976 The Story of The Who 1
1980 The Who 4 2
1981 Hooligans 3
1982 Greatest Hits 1
1983 Who's Greatest Hits 1
1983 Rarities, Volume 1: “1966–1968” 1
1983 Rarities, Volume 2: “1970–1973” 1
1984 The Singles 1
1985 The Who Collection 3
1985 Who's Missing 4
1987 Two's Missing 2
1988 Who's Better, Who's Best 4 2
1991 Rarities 1966–1972 1
1994 Tommy: Highlights: Original Cast Recording 1
1994 Thirty Years of Maximum R&B 3
1996 My Generation - The Very Best of The Who 2
1997 The Best of the Who 1
1997 The Who (Compilation) 1
1999 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection: The Best of The Who 1
2002 The Ultimate Collection 5
2004 Then and Now 3
2008 My Generation Box 5 1
2008 Amazing Journey: The Story of the Who 1
2009 Greatest Hits 2
2011 Who's Missing / Two's Missing 1
2011 Icon 2 1
2011 ICON 1
2011 The Singles 1
2012 Pinball Wizard: The Collection 1
2014 The Who Hits 50! 2
Magic Bus / My Generation 1
Two originals 1

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