The Who

~ Group


Annotation last modified on 2006-05-16 16:40 UTC.


The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. Their classic line-up consisted of lead singer Roger Daltrey, guitarist Pete Townshend, bassist John Entwistle, and drummer Keith Moon. They are considered one of the most influential rock bands of the 20th century, selling over 100 million records worldwide and establishing their reputation equally on live shows and studio work.

The Who developed from an earlier group, the Detours, and established themselves as part of the pop art and mod movements, featuring auto-destructive art by destroying guitars and drums on stage. Their first single as the Who, "I Can't Explain", reached the UK top ten, followed by a string of singles including "My Generation", "Substitute" and "Happy Jack". In 1967, they performed at the Monterey Pop Festival and released the US top ten single "I Can See for Miles", while touring extensively. The group's fourth album, 1969's rock opera Tommy, included the single "Pinball Wizard" and was a critical and commercial success. Live appearances at Woodstock and the Isle of Wight Festival, along with the live album Live at Leeds, cemented their reputation as a respected rock act. With their success came increased pressure on lead songwriter and visionary Townshend, and the follow-up to Tommy, Lifehouse, was abandoned. Songs from the project made up 1971's Who's Next, which included the hit "Won't Get Fooled Again". The group released the album Quadrophenia in 1973 as a celebration of their mod roots, and oversaw the film adaptation of Tommy in 1975. They continued to tour to large audiences before semi-retiring from live performances at the end of 1976. The release of Who Are You in 1978 was overshadowed by the death of Moon shortly after.

Kenney Jones replaced Moon and the group resumed activity, releasing a film adaptation of Quadrophenia and the retrospective documentary The Kids Are Alright. After Townshend became weary of touring, the group split in 1982. The Who occasionally re-formed for live appearances such as Live Aid in 1985, a 25th anniversary tour in 1989 and a tour of Quadrophenia in 1996. They resumed regular touring in 1999, with drummer Zak Starkey. After Entwistle's death in 2002, plans for a new album were delayed. Townshend and Daltrey continued as the Who, releasing Endless Wire in 2006, and continued to play live regularly.

The Who's major contributions to rock music include the development of the Marshall stack, large PA systems, use of the synthesizer, Entwistle and Moon's lead playing styles, Townshend's feedback and power chord guitar technique, and the development of the rock opera. They are cited as an influence by hard rock, punk rock and mod bands, and their songs still receive regular exposure.

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Year Title RatingReleases
1965 My Generation 4 16
1966 A Quick One 4 16
1967 The Who Sell Out 4 14
1969 Tommy 4.2 28
1971 Who’s Next 4.55 26
1973 Quadrophenia 4.25 17
1975 The Who by Numbers 4 10
1978 Who Are You 3 10
1981 Face Dances 3 10
1982 It’s Hard 11
2006 Endless Wire 6

Album + Compilation

Year Title RatingReleases
1968 Magic Bus: The Who on Tour 4
1968 Direct Hits 3
1970 Backtrack Fourteen: The Ox 1
1971 Meaty Beaty Big and Bouncy 7
1974 Odds & Sods 5 10
1974 Lo mejor de The Who 4 1
1975 ’64–’74 / The Best of the Last Ten Years 1
1975 The Who 1
1976 The Story of The Who 1
1980 The Who 4 2
1981 Hooligans 3
1982 Greatest Hits 1
1983 Who's Greatest Hits 1
1983 Rarities, Volume 1: “1966–1968” 1
1983 Rarities, Volume 2: “1970–1973” 1
1984 The Singles 4
1985 The Who Collection 3
1985 Who's Missing 4
1987 Two's Missing 2
1988 Who's Better, Who's Best 4 2
1991 Rarities 1966–1972 1
1994 Tommy: Highlights: Original Cast Recording 1
1994 Thirty Years of Maximum R&B 4
1996 My Generation – The Very Best of The Who 4
1997 The Best of the Who 1
1997 The Who 2
1999 20th Century Masters: The Millennium Collection: The Best of The Who 2
2002 The Ultimate Collection 6
2004 Then and Now 3
2008 My Generation Box 5 1
2008 Amazing Journey: The Story of the Who 1
2009 Greatest Hits 2
2011 Who’s Missing / Two’s Missing 1
2011 Icon 2 1
2011 ICON 1
2012 Pinball Wizard: The Collection 1
2014 The Who Hits 50! 3
Magic Bus / My Generation 1
Two originals 1

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