Maria Callas

~ Person


Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977), was an American-born Greek soprano and one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century. Critics praised her bel canto technique, wide-ranging voice and dramatic gifts. Her repertoire ranged from classical opera seria to the bel canto operas of Donizetti, Bellini and Rossini and further, to the works of Verdi and Puccini; and, in her early career, to the music dramas of Wagner. Her musical and dramatic talents led to her being hailed as La Divina.

Born in New York City and raised by an overbearing mother, she received her musical education in Greece and established her career in Italy. Forced to deal with the exigencies of wartime poverty and with myopia that left her nearly blind onstage, she endured struggles and scandal over the course of her career. She turned herself from a heavy woman into a svelte and glamorous one after a mid-career weight loss, which might have contributed to her vocal decline and the premature end of her career. The press exulted in publicizing Callas's allegedly temperamental behavior, her supposed rivalry with Renata Tebaldi and her love affair with Aristotle Onassis. Although her dramatic life and personal tragedy have often overshadowed Callas the artist in the popular press, her artistic achievements were such that Leonard Bernstein called her "the Bible of opera" and her influence so enduring that, in 2006, Opera News wrote of her: "Nearly thirty years after her death, she's still the definition of the diva as artist—and still one of classical music's best-selling vocalists."

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1953 Tosca (1953 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Tito Gobbi, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Victor de Sabata 9
1960 Vincenzo Bellini - Norma (Highlights, La Scala - Tulio Serafin) Maria Callas 1
1985 Carmen (1964 studio cast) Georges Bizet; Maria Callas, Nicolai Gedda, Andréa Guiot, Robert Massard, Chœurs René Duclos, Orchestre du Théâtre National de l'Opéra de Paris, Georges Prêtre 6
1986 Il Barbiere di Siviglia Gioachino Rossini; Maria Callas, Luigi Alva, Tito Gobbi, Philharmonia Orchestra & Chorus, Alceo Galliera 3
1987 The Maria Callas Collection Maria Callas 1
1989 Die Stimme Des Jahrhunderts Maria Callas 1
1989 Maria Callas La Divina - Duetti d´amore con Di Stefano Maria Callas 1
1989 Tosca (1964 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Carlo Bergonzi, Tito Gobbi, Chœurs du Théâtre National de l'Opéra de Paris, Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Georges Prêtre 2
1991 La Gioconda Amilcare Ponchielli, Orchestra Sinfonica di Torino della RAI, Antonino Votto, Maria Callas, Fedora Barbieri, Giulio Neroni, Maria Amadini, Gianni Poggi, Paolo Silveri, Piero Poldi & Armando Benzi 1
1992 Madama Butterfly (1955 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Lucia Danieli, Nicolai Gedda, Mario Borriello, Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Herbert von Karajan 4
1995 Die schönsten Arien Maria Callas 1
1995 María Callas vive Maria Callas 1
1997 La sonnambula Vincenzo Bellini; Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Antonino Votto, Maria Callas, Nicola Monti, Nicola Zaccaria, Eugenia Ratti, Fiorenza Cossotto 3
1997 Lyric and Coloratura Arias Maria Callas 1
1997 Norma (1954 recording) Vincenzo Bellini; Maria Callas, Mario Filippeschi, Ebe Stignani, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Tullio Serafin 1
1997 The Greatest Years of Maria Callas - Giuseppe Verdi: Aida Giuseppe Verdi; Maria Callas, Oliviero de Fabritiis 1
1997 The Greatest Years of Maria Callas - Tosca Maria Callas 1
2000 Maria Callas (Eyes) Maria Callas 1
2001 Ses plus belles scènes d'amour Maria Callas 1
2002 Callas Maria Callas 1
2005 Tosca Maria Callas 1
2005 Verdi: La traviata Maria Callas 1
2007 The Complete Studio Recordings 1949-1969 Maria Callas 2
2007 La Traviata Verdi; Maria Callas, RAI Symphony Orchestra of Torino 1
2008 Medea Luigi Cherubini; M. Callas, J. Vickers, T. Berganza, N. Zaccaria, E. Carron, Nicola Rescigno 1
Maria Callas Maria Callas 1
Romantic Callas. Arien Und Duette Maria Callas 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1986 Opera Arias Maria Callas 2
1987 Puccini & Bellini Arias Puccini, Bellini; Maria Callas 1
1991 Mad Scenes and Bel Canto Arias Maria Callas 1
1995 La Divina 3 Maria Callas 1
1996 Vive 2 Maria Callas 1
1997 Callas à Paris Maria Callas, Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion Française, Georges Prêtre 1
1997 100 Best Classics Maria Callas 1
1997 La voix du siècle (Maria Callas) Maria Callas 1
1997 Maria Callas: The Voice Within the Heart Maria Callas 4 1
1999 Die grosse Primadonna Maria Callas 1
2001 The Best of … Romantic Callas Maria Callas 2
2001 La Diva vol. 1 Maria Callas 1
2003 The Very Best of Maria Callas Maria Callas 1
2003 Anthology Maria Callas 1
2003 Maria Callas ... At Her Best Maria Callas 1
2004 Lo Mejor de la Ópera Maria Callas 1
2005 Die legendären Arien aus Lucia di Lammermoor, La Traviata, Macbeth, Lakmé Maria Callas 1
2005 The Artistic Genius Of Maria Callas 1
2005 The Platinum Collection Maria Callas 1
2006 Her Greatest Arias and Scenes Maria Callas 1
2006 DIE ZEIT Klassik-Edition 11: Maria Callas singt Wahnsinns-Szenen Maria Callas 1
2006 Maria Callas Sings Her Great Aria's Maria Callas 1
2007 Única Maria Callas 2

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