Maria Callas

~ Person

Wikipedia

Maria Callas, Commendatore OMRI (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας; December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977), was a Greek-American soprano, and one of the most renowned and influential opera singers of the 20th century. Many critics praised her bel canto technique, wide-ranging voice and dramatic interpretations. Her repertoire ranged from classical opera seria to the bel canto operas of Donizetti, Bellini and Rossini and further, to the works of Verdi and Puccini; and, in her early career, to the music dramas of Wagner. Her musical and dramatic talents led to her being hailed as La Divina.

Born in New York City and raised by an overbearing mother, she received her musical education in Greece and established her career in Italy. Forced to deal with the exigencies of wartime poverty and with myopia that left her nearly blind onstage, she endured struggles and scandal over the course of her career. She turned herself from a heavy woman into a svelte and glamorous one after a mid-career weight loss, which might have contributed to her vocal decline and the premature end of her career. The press exulted in publicizing Callas's temperamental behavior, her supposed rivalry with Renata Tebaldi and her love affair with Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis. Although her dramatic life and personal tragedy have often overshadowed Callas the artist in the popular press, her artistic achievements were such that Leonard Bernstein called her "the Bible of opera" and her influence so enduring that, in 2006, Opera News wrote of her: "Nearly thirty years after her death, she's still the definition of the diva as artist—and still one of classical music's best-selling vocalists."

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Discography

Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1953 Tosca (1953 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Tito Gobbi, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Victor de Sabata 11
1960 Norma (Highlights) Vincenzo Bellini; Maria Callas, Franco Corelli, Christa Ludwig, Nicola Zaccaria, Orchestra & Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Tullio Serafin 5 1
1963 Callas à Paris II Maria Callas, Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Georges Prêtre 2
1985 Carmen (1964 studio cast) Georges Bizet; Maria Callas, Nicolai Gedda, Andréa Guiot, Robert Massard, Chœurs René Duclos, Orchestre du Théâtre National de l'Opéra de Paris, Georges Prêtre 8
1986 Il Barbiere Di Siviglia: Highlights Rossini; Maria Callas, Tito Gobbi, Alva, Carturan, Ollendorff, Zaccaria, Philharmonia Orchestra & Chorus, Alceo Galliera 4
1987 The Maria Callas Collection Maria Callas 1
1987 Il Turco in Italia Rossini; Callas, Rossi-Lemeni, Gedda, Stabile, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Gavazzeni 1
1987 D' Art Et D' Amour Maria Callas 1
1987 Il Trovatore Giuseppe Verdi; Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Fedora Barbieri, Rolando Panerai, Coro e Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Herbert von Karajan 3
1987 La bohème (1956 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Rolando Panerai, Anna Moffo, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Antonino Votto 4 4
1987 Maria Callas The Unknown Recordings Maria Callas 1
1989 Norma (1960 recording) Bellini; Maria Callas, Christa Ludwig, Franco Corelli, Nicola Zaccaria, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Tullio Serafin 5
1989 Andrea Chenier Umberto Giordano; Maria Callas, Mario del Monaco & Antonino Votto 1
1989 Die Stimme Des Jahrhunderts Maria Callas 1
1989 La Sonnambula Vincenzo Bellini; Antonino Votto & Maria Callas 1
1989 Lucia di Lammermoor Giuseppe Donizetti, Orchestra del Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Tullio Serafin, Anna Morosini, Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Tito Gobbi, Raffaele Arié & Valiano Natali 1
1989 Maria Callas La Divina - Duetti d´amore con Di Stefano Maria Callas 1
1989 Tosca (1964 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Carlo Bergonzi, Tito Gobbi, Chœurs du Théâtre National de l'Opéra de Paris, Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Georges Prêtre 2
1991 La Gioconda Amilcare Ponchielli, Orchestra Sinfonica di Torino della RAI, Antonino Votto, Maria Callas, Fedora Barbieri, Giulio Neroni, Maria Amadini, Gianni Poggi, Paolo Silveri, Piero Poldi & Armando Benzi 1
1992 Madama Butterfly (1955 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Lucia Danieli, Nicolai Gedda, Mario Borriello, Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Herbert von Karajan 5
1992 I Puritani Vincenzo Bellini; Tullio Serafin, Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano & Rolando Panerai 1
1995 Die schönsten Arien Maria Callas 1
1995 María Callas vive Maria Callas 1
1997 La sonnambula Vincenzo Bellini; Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Antonino Votto, Maria Callas, Nicola Monti, Nicola Zaccaria, Eugenia Ratti, Fiorenza Cossotto 3
1997 Turandot (1957 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Eugenio Fernandi, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Nicola Zaccaria, Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Tullio Serafin 5
1997 Callas à Paris I Maria Callas, Orchestre National de la Radiodiffusion Française, Georges Prêtre 2
1997 Callas at La Scala Maria Callas, Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Tullio Serafin 1
1997 Lyric and Coloratura Arias Maria Callas, Philharmonia Orchestra, Tullio Serafin 2
1997 Mad Scenes Maria Callas, Philharmonia Orchestra and Chorus, Nicola Rescigno 1
1997 Mozart / Beethoven / Weber Arias Maria Callas, Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Nicola Rescigno 1
1997 Puccini Arias Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Philharmonia Orchestra, Tullio Serafin 1
1997 Rossini / Donizetti Arias Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti; Maria Callas, Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Nicola Rescigno 2
1997 Verdi Arias I Giuseppe Verdi; Maria Callas, Philharmonia Orchestra, Nicola Rescigno 2
1997 Verdi Arias II Giuseppe Verdi; Maria Callas, Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Nicola Rescigno 1
1997 Verdi Arias III Giuseppe Verdi; Maria Callas, Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire, Orchestre de l'Opéra National de Paris, Nicola Rescigno 1
1997 Cavalleria Rusticana / Pagliacci Mascagni, Leoncavallo; Maria Callas, Orchestra del Teatro alla Scalla di Milano, Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Tullio Serafin 1
1997 Medea Luigi Cherubini; Orchestra of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Chorus of the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, Nicola Rescigno, Maria Callas, Jon Vickers, Fiorenza Cossotto 1
1997 Norma (1954 recording) Bellini; Maria Callas, Mario Filippeschi, Ebe Stignani, Orchestra e Coro del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Tullio Serafin 4
1997 The Greatest Years of Maria Callas - Giuseppe Verdi: Aida Giuseppe Verdi; Maria Callas, Oliviero de Fabritiis 1
1997 The Greatest Years of Maria Callas - Tosca Maria Callas 1
1998 Carmen Georges Bizet; Maria Callas, Nicolai Gedda, Andréa Guiot, Robert Massard, Nadine Sautereau, Jane Berbié, Claude Cales, Chœur René Duclos, Chœurs d'enfants Jean Pesneaud, Orchestre de l'Opéra National de Paris, Georges Prêtre 1
1998 Die Große Primadonna Die Legendären Arien Maria Callas 1
1998 Tosca Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas 1
2000 Maria Callas (Eyes) Maria Callas 1
2001 Ses plus belles scènes d'amour Maria Callas 1
2001 Il Trovatore Giuseppe Verdi; Guido Picco, Maria Callas, Giulietta Simionato, Leonard Warren, Nicolai Moscona & Anna Maria Feuss 1
2002 Callas Maria Callas 1
2005 Maria Callas: A Portrait Maria Callas 1
2005 Tosca Maria Callas 1
2005 Verdi: La traviata Maria Callas 1
2006 Cavalleria rusticana Pietro Mascagni; Maria Callas - Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Tullio Serafin 3
2006 Maria Callas: 10 Classic Opera Highlights Maria Callas 1
2007 Rigoletto Giuseppe Verdi; Maria Callas, Tito Gobbi, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Orchestra and Chorus of La Scala, Tullio Serafin 4
2007 The Complete Studio Recordings 1949-1969 Maria Callas 2
2007 La Traviata Verdi; Maria Callas, RAI Symphony Orchestra of Torino 1
2008 Medea Luigi Cherubini; M. Callas, J. Vickers, T. Berganza, N. Zaccaria, E. Carron, Nicola Rescigno 1
2014 La Gioconda Amilcare Ponchielli, Orchestra Sinfonica di Torino della RAI, Antonino Votto, Maria Callas, Fedora Barbieri, Giulio Neroni, Maria Amadini, Gianni Poggi, Paolo Silveri, Piero Poldi, Armando Benzi 1
2014 Manon Lescaut (1957 studio cast) Giacomo Puccini; Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Coro e Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala di Milano, Tullio Serafin 1
2014 Norma Vincenzo Bellini; Tullio Serafin, Maria Callas, Mario Filippeschi, Rina Cavallari, Paolo Caroli & Nicola Rossi-Lemeni 1
2014 La Traviata Giuseppe Verdi; Gabriele Santini, Maria Callas, Francesco Albanese, Ugo Savarese, Orchestra Sinfonica di Torino della RAI 1
Lucia di Lammermoor Gaetano Donizetti; Tullio Serafin, Maria Callas, Giuseppe Di Stefano, Tito Gobbi 1
Maria Callas Maria Callas 1
Poliuto Gaetano Donizetti, Maria Callas, Franco Corelli & Antonino Votto 1
Romantic Callas. Arien Und Duette Maria Callas 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1986 Opera Arias Maria Callas 2
1987 Puccini & Bellini Arias Puccini, Bellini; Maria Callas 1
1987 L'art de Maria Callas Maria Callas 2
1989 The Incomparable Callas Maria Callas 5 1
1990 Live Recordings 1957 - 1963 Maria Callas 1
1990 Viva Diva Maria Callas 1
1991 Mad Scenes and Bel Canto Arias Maria Callas 1
1993 La Divina 2 Maria Callas 1
1995 La Divina 3 Maria Callas 1
1996 Vive 2 Maria Callas 1
1997 100 Best Classics Maria Callas 1
1997 La voix du siècle (Maria Callas) Maria Callas 1
1997 Maria Callas: The Voice Within the Heart Maria Callas 4.5 1
1999 Die grosse Primadonna Maria Callas 1
2001 The Best of … Romantic Callas Maria Callas 3
2001 La Diva Vol. 1 Maria Callas 1
2003 The Very Best of Maria Callas Maria Callas 1
2003 Anthology Maria Callas 1
2003 Maria Callas ... At Her Best Maria Callas 1
2004 Lo Mejor de la Ópera Maria Callas 1
2005 Die legendären Arien aus Lucia di Lammermoor, La Traviata, Macbeth, Lakmé Maria Callas 1
2005 The Artistic Genius Of Maria Callas 1
2005 The Platinum Collection Maria Callas 3
2006 Her Greatest Arias and Scenes Maria Callas 1
2006 DIE ZEIT Klassik-Edition 11: Maria Callas singt Wahnsinns-Szenen Maria Callas 1
2006 Maria Callas Sings Her Great Aria's Maria Callas 1
2007 Única Maria Callas 2
2008 Passion Opéra Maria Callas, Plácido Domingo, Jessye Norman, Montserrat Caballé, Teresa Berganza, Mady Mesplé, Victoria de los Ángeles 1
2010 La Divina Maria Callas 1
2010 Arie Celebri Maria Callas 1
2012 Karajan and Callas: 4 Great Operas Herbert von Karajan, Maria Callas 1
2014 Maria Callas Remastered Maria Callas 2
2014 Pure Maria Callas 1
2014 BBC Music, Volume 22, Number 12: The Great Sopranos Maria Callas, Lucia Popp, Elisabeth Söderström 1
2014 La renaissance d'une voix Maria Callas 1
2014 The Callas Rarities (1953 - 1969) Maria Callas 2

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