Pierre Monteux

~ Person


Pierre Benjamin Monteux (pronounced: [pjɛʁ mɔ̃.tø]; 4 April 1875 – 1 July 1964) was a French (later American) conductor. After violin and viola studies, and a decade as an orchestral player and occasional conductor, he began to receive regular conducting engagements in 1907. He came to prominence when, for Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes company between 1911 and 1914, he conducted the world premieres of Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring and other prominent works including Petrushka, Ravel's Daphnis et Chloé, and Debussy's Jeux. Thereafter he directed orchestras around the world for more than half a century.

From 1917 to 1919 Monteux was the principal conductor of the French repertoire at the Metropolitan Opera in New York. He led the Boston Symphony Orchestra (1919–24), Amsterdam Concertgebouw Orchestra (1924–34), Orchestre Symphonique de Paris (1929–38) and San Francisco Symphony (1936–52). In 1961, aged eighty-six, he accepted the chief conductorship of the London Symphony Orchestra, a post which he held until his death three years later. Although known for his performances of the French repertoire, his chief love was the music of German composers, above all Brahms. He disliked recording, finding it incompatible with spontaneity, but he nevertheless made a substantial number of records.

Monteux was well known as a teacher. In 1932 he began a conducting class in Paris, which he developed into a summer school that was later moved to his summer home in Les Baux in the south of France. After moving permanently to the US in 1942, and taking American citizenship, he founded a school for conductors and orchestral musicians in Hancock, Maine. Among his students in France and America who went on to international fame were Igor Markevitch, Neville Marriner, André Previn, Lorin Maazel, Seiji Ozawa and David Zinman. The school in Hancock has continued since Monteux's death.

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1959 Symphony no. 2 Jean Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 2
1965 Violin Concerto / Havanaise Khachaturian; Saint‐Saëns, Kogan, Boston Symphony, Monteux 1
1975 Tchaikovsky Symphony No. 5 In E Minor Opus 64 Tchaikovsky; Pierre Monteux, Boston Symphony Orchestra 1
1979 Symphony no. 3 "Eroica" Ludwig van Beethoven; Vienna Philharmonic, Pierre Monteux 1
1981 Swan Lake Tchaikovsky; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 2
1994 Le sacre du printemps / Pétrouchka Stravinsky; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
1994 Symphony no. 3 "Eroica" / Symphony no. 6 "Pastoral" / Symphonies 1 & 8 Beethoven; Wiener Philharmoniker, Pierre Monteux 1
1995 Pierre Monteux Edition, Volume 14: Symphonies nos. 4, 5 & 6 “Pathétique” Tchaikovsky; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
1997 Romeo & Juliet / Symphonie fantastique Berlioz; Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Lorin Maazel, Pierre Monteux 1
1998 La Damnation de Faust Berlioz; Crespin, Turp, Roux, Shirley-Quirk, London Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Pierre Monteux 1
2001 Orchestral Favorites Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
2004 Pathétique Symphony Tchaikovsky; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
2006 Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faun / Nocturnes / Images Claude Debussy; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
2012 Symphonie 7, Enigma Variations Antonín Dvořák, Edward Elgar; Pierre Monteux, London Symphony Orchestra 1
2012 Symphony no. 2 / Karelia Suite Sibelius; Pierre Monteux, Lorin Maazel 1
2015 Symphony No. 2 / Variations on a Theme by Haydn Johannes Brahms; Wiener Philharmoniker, London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
Violin Concertos / Chaconne Bach; Yehudi Menuhin, George Enescu, Orchestre symphonique de Paris, Pierre Monteux 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1988 Violin Concerto / Alto Rhapsody / Haydn Variations Brahms; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux, The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1994 Brahms: Symphony no. 2 / Schicksalslied / Mahler: Kindertotenlieder Brahms, Mahler; San Francisco Symphony, Pierre Monteux, Marian Anderson 1
1996 Holst: The Planets, op.32 / Elgar: Enigma Variations Gustav Holst, Sir Edward Elgar; Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan, London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
2000 Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky / Khachaturian: Violin Concerto Prokofiev, Khachaturian; Elias, Chicago Symphony, Reiner, Kogan, Symphony Orchestra, Monteux 1
2000 Sibelius: Symphonie N°2 / Elgar: Variations Enigma Sibelius, Elgar; Pierre Monteux 1
2001 Violin Concertos Prokofiev, Gruenberg; Jascha Heifetz, Boston Symphony Orchestra, Serge Koussevitzky, San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
2004 Yehudi Menuhin interpreta Bach - Concierto para Violín n° 1 | n° 2 Bach; Yehudi Menuhin, Orquesta sinfónica de Paris, George Enescu, Pierre Monteux 1
2006 Le martyre de Saint Sebastien and Other Orchestral Works Debussy; Eduard van Beinum, Pierre Monteux, Bernard Haitink 1
2008 Symphony no. 2 in D major, op. 43 / The Swan of Tuonela / Finlandia Sibelius; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux, L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Horst Stein 1
2011 Daphnis et Chloé / Rapsodie espagnole / Pavane Ravel; London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1
2014 The Complete RCA Album Collection Pierre Monteux 1
The Best of Ravel Ravel; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta, London Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2001 Brahms: Symphony no. 3 / Schumann: Symphony no. 4 Brahms, Schumann; BBC Northern Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1989 The Firebird / Petrushka Stravinsky; Pierre Monteux 2
1999 Symphony / Pétrouchka Franck, Stravinsky; Pierre Monteux, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Boston Symphony Orchestra 1

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