Gustav Mahler

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Annotation

Wikipedia

Gustav Mahler (German: [ˈɡʊstaf ˈmaːlɐ]; 7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was a late-Romantic composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. He was born to a Jewish family in the village of Kalischt in Bohemia, in what was then the Austrian Empire, now Kaliště in the Czech Republic. His family later moved to nearby Iglau (now Jihlava), where Mahler grew up.

As a composer, Mahler acted as a bridge between the 19th-century Austro-German tradition and the modernism of the early 20th century. While in his lifetime his status as a conductor was established beyond question, his own music gained wide popularity only after periods of relative neglect which included a ban on its performance in much of Europe during the Nazi era. After 1945 the music was discovered and championed by a new generation of listeners; Mahler then became a frequently performed and recorded composer, a position he has sustained into the 21st century.

Born in humble circumstances, Mahler displayed his musical gifts at an early age. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatory in 1878, he held a succession of conducting posts of rising importance in the opera houses of Europe, culminating in his appointment in 1897 as director of the Vienna Court Opera (Hofoper). During his ten years in Vienna, Mahler—who had converted to Catholicism to secure the post—experienced regular opposition and hostility from the anti-Semitic press. Nevertheless, his innovative productions and insistence on the highest performance standards ensured his reputation as one of the greatest of opera conductors, particularly as an interpreter of the stage works of Wagner and Mozart. Late in his life he was briefly director of New York's Metropolitan Opera and the New York Philharmonic.

Mahler's œuvre is relatively small; for much of his life composing was necessarily a part-time activity while he earned his living as a conductor. Aside from early works such as a movement from a piano quartet composed when he was a student in Vienna, Mahler's works are designed for large orchestral forces, symphonic choruses and operatic soloists. Most of his twelve symphonic scores are very large-scale works, often employing vocal soloists and choruses in addition to augmented orchestral forces. These works were often controversial when first performed, and several were slow to receive critical and popular approval; exceptions included his Symphony No. 2, Symphony No. 3, and the triumphant premiere of his Eighth Symphony in 1910. Some of Mahler's immediate musical successors included the composers of the Second Viennese School, notably Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg and Anton Webern. Shostakovich and Benjamin Britten are among later 20th-century composers who admired and were influenced by Mahler. The International Gustav Mahler Institute was established in 1955, to honour the composer's life and work.

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1962 Symphony no. 1 in D major Gustav Mahler; Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Paul Kletzki 1
1967 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Christa Ludwig, Fritz Wunderlich, Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 4
1975 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Christa Ludwig, René Kollo, Berliner Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan 2
1978 Symphony No. 1 Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 2
1980 Symphony no. 9 Gustav Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1981 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Jessye Norman, Jon Vickers, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
1982 Symphonie No. 1 D-dur Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 5 1
1982 Symphony No. 2 in C minor "Resurrection" Gustav Mahler 1
1982 Symphony no. 4 Gustav Mahler; The Cleveland Orchestra, George Szell, Judith Raskin 1
1983 Symphony No. 4 in G major Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt, Lucia Popp 3
1983 Symphony No. 2 ''Resurrection'' Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1983 Symphony no. 9 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Georg Solti 2
1984 Symphonie No. 3 d-moll Gustav Mahler; Jessye Norman, Konzertvereinigung Wiener Staatsopernchor, Wiener Sängerknaben, Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1984 Das Lied von der Erde Gustav Mahler; Kathleen Ferrier, Julius Patzak, Wiener Philharmoniker, Bruno Walter 1
1984 Symphonie No. 4 Gustav Mahler; Frederica von Stade, Wiener Philharmoniker, Claudio Abbado 1
1984 Symphony No. 1 Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 2
1984 Symphony no. 4 in G major Gustav Mahler; Kiri Te Kanawa, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Sir Georg Solti 1
1985 Das klagende Lied Mahler; City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, Simon Rattle, Helena Döse, Alfreda Hodgson, Robert Tear, Sean Rea 4
1985 Symphony no. 1 / Adagietto from Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Vienna Philharmonic, Lorin Maazel 1
1985 Symphony no. 1 in D major Gustav Mahler; Columbia Symphony Orchestra, Bruno Walter 1
1985 Symphony No. 5 & 10 Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1986 Quartet no. 14 in D minor / Der Tod und das Mädchen (Lied) Franz Schubert, arr. Gustav Mahler; English Chamber Orchestra, Jeffrey Tate, Ann Murray 1
1986 Symphonie no. 4 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Helen Donath, Eliahu Inbal 1
1986 Symphonie no. 9 Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
1986 Symphonies Nos. 7, 9 & 10 Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 2
1986 Symphonies Nos. 8, 10 Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Leonard Bernstein 1
1986 Symphony no. 1 "Titan" Gustav Mahler; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1986 Symphony No. 7 Mahler; Leonard Bernstein 1
1987 Symphony No. 3 in D Minor (Wiener Philharmoniker feat. conductor: Lorin Maazel) Gustav Mahler 1
1987 Symphony No. 2 in C minor Mahler; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa 1
1987 Symphony No. 2 in C Minor, "Resurrection" Gustav Mahler 1
1987 Symphony no. 5 in C-sharp minor Gustav Mahler; Los Angeles Philharmonic, Zubin Mehta 2
1987 Symphony no. 8 Gustav Mahler; London Philharmonic Orchestra and Choir, Tiffin School Boys' Choir, Klaus Tennstedt 1
1987 Symphony no. 8 Gustav Mahler; Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra, Eliahu Inbal 1
1988 Symphonie No. 2 »Resurrection · Auferstehung« Gustav Mahler; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein 3 1
1988 Symphony No. 1 “Titan” Mahler; Slovak Philharmonic, Zdeněk Košler 2
1988 Symphonie No. 6 / Rückert-Lieder Gustav Mahler; Hanna Schwarz, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 1
1988 Des Knaben Wunderhorn Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, George Szell, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau 2
1988 Symphonie Nr. 1 "Der Titan" Mahler; Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Sir Colin Davis 1
1988 Symphony no. 1 Gustav Mahler; Berliner Symphoniker, Bernard Haitink 1
1988 Symphony No. 2 "Resurrection" Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Gilbert Kaplan 2
1988 Symphony no. 3 / Rückert-Lieder Gustav Mahler; Dame Janet Baker, London Symphony Orchestra, Michael Tilson Thomas 1
1988 Symphony No. 3 in D minor Gustav Mahler; London Symphony Orchestra, Jascha Horenstein, Norma Procter 2
1989 Symphonie No. 1 Mahler; Concertgebouworkest Amsterdam, Leonard Bernstein 5 2
1989 Symphonie no. 4 Mahler; Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Philharmonia Orchestra, Otto Klemperer 2
1989 Symphony no. 5 Gustav Mahler; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Claudio Abbado 2
1989 Symphonie Nr. 3 Mahler; New York Philharmonic, New York Choral Artists, Brooklyn Boys' Choir, Leonard Bernstein, Christa Ludwig 1
1989 Symphonie No. 3 / Symphonie No. 10 Gustav Mahler; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1989 Symphonie No. 6 (Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks feat. conductor: Rafael Kubelík) Gustav Mahler 1
1989 Symphonie No. 7 (Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks feat. conductor: Rafael Kubelík) Gustav Mahler 1

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