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Björk

~ Person

Wikipedia

Björk Guðmundsdóttir (Icelandic pronunciation: [ˈpjœr̥k ˈkvʏðmʏntsˌtoʊhtɪr], born 21 November 1965), known mononymously as Björk (/ˈbjɜrk/), is an Icelandic alternative rock singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, producer and occasional actress. She initially became known as the lead singer of the alternative rock band the Sugarcubes, whose 1987 single "Birthday" was a hit on US and UK indie stations and a favorite among music critics. Björk began her career as a solo artist in 1993. Her first album, Debut, was rooted in electronic dance music, house, jazz and trip-hop, and is widely credited as one of the first albums to introduce electronic dance music into mainstream pop. Now in the third decade of her solo career, Björk has developed an eclectic musical style that incorporates aspects of dance, rock, trip-hop, jazz, electronic, classical, experimental and avant-garde music.

Björk has had 30 singles reach the Top 40 on pop charts around the world, with 22 Top 40 hits in the UK (including the Top 10 hits "It's Oh So Quiet" (#4), "Army of Me" (#10), and "Hyperballad" (#8)), 11 in Ireland, eight in Italy, four in France, and two in Australia. Additionally, "Big Time Sensuality", "Hyperballad", and "I Miss You" were number one Dance Hits in the US. Björk's record label, One Little Indian, reported that she had sold more than 15 million albums by 2003, and prior to the release of Biophilia in 2011, media outlets reported that Björk's first six studio albums had sold more than 20 million copies worldwide. In 2013, NME reported that Debut alone had sold 4.7 million copies worldwide.

Björk has won four BRIT Awards, four MTV Video Music Awards, one MOJO Award, three UK Music Video Awards, 21 Icelandic Music Awards and, in 2010, the Polar Music Prize from the Royal Swedish Academy of Music in recognition of her "deeply personal music and lyrics, her precise arrangements and her unique voice." She has also been nominated for 14 Grammy Awards (plus two for art direction on her album sleeves, done by others), one Academy Award, and two Golden Globe Awards. She won the Best Actress Award at the 2000 Cannes Film Festival for her performance in Dancer in the Dark. Her 2011 album, Biophilia, was the first album to be released as a series of interactive apps, and in 2014 these apps were the first ever to be inducted into the Museum of Modern Art's permanent collection. A full-scale retrospective exhibition dedicated to Björk will be shown at the Museum of Modern Art in 2015, one of the few musicians to land one.

Music critics have consistently championed Björk's body of work, praising her innovative approach to singing and composition, her pioneering use of electronic beats, her groundbreaking music videos, and, above all, her singular voice, describing her as "the most important and forward-looking musician of her generation" and "the best non-pop female vocalist of the last 30 years." Björk has been ranked twenty-ninth in VH1's "The 100 Greatest Women in Music", eighth in MTV's "22 Greatest Voices in Music", sixtieth in Rolling Stone '​s "100 Greatest Singers of All Time", and was recognized in NPR's "50 Great Voices" feature for her "celestial voice."

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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1977 Björk Björk Guðmundsdóttir 4 2
1990 Gling-Gló Björk Guðmundsdóttir & Tríó Guðmundar Ingólfssonar 4.5 4
1993 Debut Björk 4.3 14
1995 Post Björk 4.4 18
1997 Homogenic Björk 4.4 12
2001 Vespertine Björk 4.25 14
2004 Medúlla Björk 3.85 13
2007 Volta Björk 3 9
2011 Biophilia Björk 3.5 11

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2002 Family Tree Björk 3.35 1
2002 Greatest Hits Björk 4.5 3
2003 Greatest Hits: Volumen 1993-2003 Björk 1
2003 Livebox Björk 1
2006 (____surrounded): Björk 2
2009 Voltaïc Björk 5
MTV History 2000: Björk Björk 1
The AUDIOPHILE Mix Björk 1

Album + Live

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2001 Shepherds Bush Empire Björk 1
2001 Cambridge Björk 1
2002 MTV Unplugged & Live Björk 2
2002 Vespertine Live at Royal Opera House Björk 1
2003 Debut Live Björk 3
2003 Homogenic Live Björk 4 4
2003 Post Live Björk 3
2003 Vespertine Live Björk 3
2003 Later Björk 1
2003 Vessel Björk 2
2014 Biophilia Live Björk 1
2001-09-18: Frankfurt, Germany Björk 1
2001-10-12: Wang, Boston, MA, USA Björk 1
Acoustic 1994 Björk 1
Celebrating Wood and Metal Björk 1
Live at the Wireless Björk 1
The Live Debut Björk 1

Album + Remix

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1993 Big Time Sensuality (Remixes) Björk 1
1994 The Best Mixes From the Album - Debut for All the People Who Don't Buy White-Labels Björk 5
1996 Telegram Björk 3.35 5
2012 Bastards Björk 2

Album + Soundtrack

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
2000 Selmasongs Björk 3.65 15
2005 Drawing Restraint 9 Björk 3 7

Single

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1991 Ooops 808 State feat. Björk 5
1993 Human Behaviour Björk 4 4
1993 Venus as a Boy Björk 3 5
1993 Big Time Sensuality Björk 5
1993 Play Dead Björk & David Arnold 3
1993 Violently Happy Björk 4
1995 Army of Me Björk 3.5 8
1995 Isobel Björk 6
1995 It's Oh So Quiet Björk 3
1995 Hyper‐Ballad Björk 3 8

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