Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák


Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/ˈdvɔːr.ʒɑːk/ DVOR-zhahk or /d.ˈvɔːr.ʒæk/ di-VOR-zhak; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk]; 8 September 1841 – 1 May 1904) was a Czech composer. Following the nationalist example of Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia. Dvořák’s own style has been described as ‘the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them’.

Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age, being an apt student of violin playing from age six. The first public performances of his works were in Prague in 1872 and, with special success, in 1873, when he was age 31. Seeking recognition beyond the Prague area, he first submitted a score of his First Symphony to a prize competition in Germany, but he did not win, and the manuscript, not returned, was lost until rediscovered many years later. Then in 1874 he first made a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition, including scores of two further symphonies and other works. Brahms, unbeknownst to Dvořák, was the leading member of the jury and was highly impressed. The prize was awarded to Dvořák for 1874 and again in 1876 and in 1877, when Brahms and the prominent critic Eduard Hanslick, also a member of the jury, made themselves known to him. Brahms recommended Dvořák to his publisher, Simrock, who soon afterward commissioned what became the Slavonic Dances, Op. 46. These were highly praised by the Berlin music critic Louis Ehlert in 1878, the sheet music (of the original piano 4-hands version) had excellent sales, and Dvořák’s international reputation at last was launched.

Dvořák’s first piece of a religious nature, his setting of Stabat Mater, was premiered in Prague in 1880. It was very successfully performed in London in 1883, leading to many other performances in the United Kingdom and United States. In his career, Dvořák made nine invited visits to England, often conducting performances of his own works. His Seventh Symphony was written for London. Visiting Russia in March 1890, he conducted concerts of his own music in Moscow and Saint Petersburg. In 1891 Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory. In 1890–91, he wrote his Dumky Trio, one of his most successful chamber music pieces. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City. While in the United States, Dvořák wrote his two most successful orchestral works. The Symphony From the New World spread his reputation worldwide. His Cello Concerto is one of the most highly regarded of all cello concerti. Also, he wrote his American String Quartet, his most appreciated piece of chamber music. But shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness, led him to leave the United States in 1895 and return to Bohemia.

Dvořák’s nine operas other than his first, Alfred, have librettos in Czech and were intended to convey Czech national spirit, as were some of his choral works. By far the most successful of the operas is Rusalka. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile... composer of his time".

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Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1990 Symphony No. 2 / Legends Op. 59, Nos. 6-10 (conductor: Stephen Gunzenhauser) Antonín Dvořák 2
1990 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Symphonic Variations (Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Stephen Gunzenhauser) Antonín Dvořák 1
1990 Slavonic Dances op. 46 & op. 72 Dvořák; Katia & Marielle Labèque 1
1990 Smetana / Dvořák: String Quartets Antonín Dvořák, Bedřich Smetana; Guarneri Quartet 1
1990 Aus der Neuen Welt Antonín Dvořák; Berliner Philharmoniker, Rudolf Kempe 1
1990 Dvořák: Cello Concerto in B minor, op. 104 / Bruch: Kol Nidrei / Tchaikovsky: Variations on a Rococo Theme Dvořák, Bruch, Tchaikovsky; Janos Starker, London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Dorati 2
1990 Dvořák: Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Schubert: Symphony No. 8 "Unfinished" Antonín Dvořák, Franz Schubert; Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Carlo Maria Giulini 1
1990 Piano Quintets (Smetana Quartet feat. piano: Jan Panenka) Antonín Dvořák 1
1990 Streichquartette, Volume 1: Quartett F-Dur, op. 96 "Amerikanisches" / Quartett G-Dur, op. 106 Dvořák; Stamitz-Quartett 1
1990 Streichquartette, Volume 2: Quartett Es-Dur, op. 51 "Slawisches" / Quartett As-Dur, op. 105 Dvořák; Stamitz-Quartett 1
1990 Symphonien Nos. 7 & 8 Antonín Dvořák; Wiener Philharmoniker, Lorin Maazel 1
1990 Symphonies nos. 7 & 8 Dvořák; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Wolfgang Sawallisch 1
1990 Symphony no. 9 in E minor, op. 95 "From the New World" / Carnival Overture, op. 92 Dvořák; Los Angeles Philharmonic, André Previn 1
1990 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 "From the New World" / Scherzo capriccioso, Op. 66 Antonín Dvořák; Rafael Kubelík 1
1990 The Two Piano Quartets (Ames Piano Quartet) Antonín Dvořák 1
1990 Tribute to Václav Neumann: Symphonies Nos. 7 & 8 Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Václav Neumann 1
1990 Trio op. 90 “Dumky” / Piano Trio op. 65 Dvořák; Beaux Arts Trio 2 1
1990 Violin Concerto / Cello Concerto Dvořák; Isaac Stern, Leonard Rose, Eugene Ormandy 1
1991 Janáček: Glagolitic Mass / Dvořák: Te Deum Leoš Janáček / Antonín Dvořák 1
1991 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 6 Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Stephen Gunzenhauser 2
1991 Symphonies: no. 5, op. 76 / no. 7, op. 70 Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Stephen Gunzenhauser 2
1991 Serenades for Strings Suk, Dvořák; Capella Istropolitana, Jaroslav Krček 1
1991 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Scherzo Capriccioso / Carnival Overture Antonín Dvořák; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1991 Symphony No. 9, "From the New World" / Serenade for Strings Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1991 String Quartet no. 13 in G major, op. 106 / Quartet Movement in F major, B 120 / 2 waltzes from op. 54 Antonín Dvořák; Chilingirian Quartet, Duncan McTier 1
1991 The Symphonies Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
1991 Dvořák - Mass in D major, Op. 86 / Liszt - Missa choralis Dvořák / Liszt 1
1991 Dvořák - Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Carnival (Czech Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Jiří Bělohlávek) Antonín Dvořák 1
1991 Dvořák: Symphony No. 6 / Janáček: Taras Bulba Dvořák, Janáček; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1991 Great Summer of Music: Exclusive BBC Recordings Sibelius, Mozart, Dvorak; BBC Concert Orchestra, Barry Tuckwell, Owain Arwel Hughes 1
1991 Serenades for String and Wind Instruments Antonín Dvořák; Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra, Hugh Wolff 1
1991 Stabat Mater / Psalm 149 Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic, Jiří Bělohlávek 4 2
1991 Symphonies Nos. 5, 7 & 8 / Czech Suite Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra, Libor Pešek 1
1991 Symphony no. 9 'From the New World' / 'The Bartered Bride' - Overture' Dvořák, Smetana; Radio Symphony Orchestra Ljubljana, Anton Nanut, Philharmonia Slavonica, Henry Adolph 1
1991 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / "Háry János" - Suite Dvořák, Kodály; Klaus Tennstedt 1
1992 Overtures / Symphonic Poems / Symphonic Variations Antonín Dvořák; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1992 Symphonies Nos. 7, 8 Antonín Dvořák; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1992 Cello Concertos Antonín Dvořák, Sir Edward Elgar; Maria Kliegel, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Michael Halász 1
1992 Aus der Neuen Welt Antonín Dvořák; Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 1
1992 Brahms Piano Trio No. 1 in B major, Op.8 and Dvořák Piano Trio No. 4 in E minor "Dumky", Op. 90 Brahms / Dvořák 1
1992 Carnival Overture, op. 92 / Symphonic Variations, op. 78 / Slavonic Rhapsody no. 3 in A flat major, op. 45 / Biblical Songs, op. 99 Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Brian Rayner Cook 1
1992 Danses slaves Antonín Dvořák 1
1992 Dvořák: Cello Concerto in B minor / Saint‐Saëns: Cello Concerto no. 1 in A minor Dvořák, Saint‐Saëns; London Symphony Orchestra, William Boughton, Alexander Michejew 1
1992 Piano Concerto in G Minor / Symphony No. 9 Antonín Dvořák; Václav Smetáček 1
1992 Requiem / 6 Biblischen Lieder Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 1
1992 String Quartet no. 10, op. 51 / String Quartet no. 14, op. 105 Dvořák; Lindsay String Quartet 1
1992 String Quartet no. 12, op. 96, "The American" / String Quartet no. 13, op. 106 Dvořák; Lindsay String Quartet 1
1992 Symphony No. 7 in D minor / Symphony No. 8 in G major Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
1992 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák 1
1992 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Slavonic Dances Dvořák; New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Kurt Masur 2

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