Legal name: Antonín Leopold Dvořák

Wikipedia

Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/ˈdvɔrʒɑːk/ DVOR-zhahk or /dɨˈvɔrʒæk/ di-VOR-zhak; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk] ( ); September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer. Following the nationalist example of Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed features of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia (then parts of the Austrian Empire and now constituting the Czech Republic). Dvořák's own style has been described as 'the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them'.

Born in Nelahozeves, Dvořák displayed his musical gifts at an early age. His first surviving work, Forget-Me-Not Polka in C (Polka pomněnka) was written possibly as early as 1855. He graduated from the organ school in Prague in 1859. In the 1860s, he played as a violist in the Bohemian Provisional Theater Orchestra and taught piano lessons. In 1873, he married Anna Čermáková, and left the orchestra to pursue another career as a church organist. He wrote several compositions during this period. Dvořák's music attracted the interest of Johannes Brahms, who assisted his career; he was also supported by the critics Eduard Hanslick and Louis Ehlert.

After the premiere of his cantata Stabat Mater (1880), Dvořák visited the United Kingdom and became popular there; his Seventh Symphony was written for London. After a brief conducting stint in Russia in 1890, Dvořák was appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory in 1891. In 1892, Dvořák moved to the United States and became the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City, where he also composed. However, shortfalls in payment of his salary, along with increasing recognition in Europe and an onset of homesickness made him decide to return to Bohemia. From 1895 until his death, he composed mainly operatic and chamber music. At his death, he left several unfinished works.

Among Dvořák's best known works are his symphony From The New World, the American String Quartet, the opera Rusalka and his Cello Concerto in B minor. Among his smaller works, the seventh Humoresque and the song "Songs My Mother Taught Me" are also widely performed and recorded. He composed operas, choral music, a wide variety of chamber music, concerti and many other orchestral and vocal and instrumental pieces. He has been described as "arguably the most versatile...composer of his time".

  1. ^ Clapham (1995), 765
  2. ^ Burghauser 1966, pp. 49-50.
  3. ^ Burghauser 1996, p. 501.
  4. ^ Taruskin (2010), 754
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Discography

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Album

Year Title Artist Rating Releases
1990 Symphonies Nos. 7 & 8 (The Philadelphia Orchestra feat. conductor: Wolfgang Sawallisch) Antonín Dvořák 1
1990 Symphonies Nos. 7 & 8 Tribute to Václav Neumann (Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, feat. cond: Václav Neumann) Antonín Dvořák 1
1990 Symphony no. 9 in E minor, op. 95 "From the New World" / Carnival Overture, op. 92 Dvořák; Los Angeles Philharmonic, André Previn 1
1990 Symphony No. 9 in E minor, Op. 95 "From the New World" / Scherzo capriccioso, Op. 66 Antonín Dvořák; Rafael Kubelík 1
1990 The Two Piano Quartets (Ames Piano Quartet) Antonín Dvořák 1
1990 Trio op. 90 “Dumky” / Piano Trio op. 65 Dvořák; Beaux Arts Trio 2 1
1990 Violin Concerto / Cello Concerto Antonín Dvořák; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, Isaac Stern, Leonard Rose 2
1991 Janáček: Glagolitic Mass / Dvořák: Te Deum Leoš Janáček / Antonín Dvořák 1
1991 Symphonies Nos. 3 & 6 Antonín Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic, Stephen Gunzenhauser 2
1991 Serenades for Strings Suk, Dvořák; Capella Istropolitana, Jaroslav Krček 1
1991 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Scherzo Capriccioso / Carnival Overture Antonín Dvořák; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1991 Symphony No. 9, "From the New World" / Serenade for Strings Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy 1
1991 String Quartet no. 13 in G major, op. 106 / Quartet Movement in F major, B 120 / 2 waltzes from op. 54 Antonín Dvořák; Chilingirian Quartet, Duncan McTier 1
1991 The Symphonies Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, István Kertész 1
1991 Dvořák - Mass in D major, Op. 86 / Liszt - Missa choralis Dvořák / Liszt 1
1991 Dvořák - Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / Carnival (Czech Philharmonic Orchestra feat. conductor: Jiří Bělohlávek) Antonín Dvořák 1
1991 Dvořák: Symphony No. 6 / Janáček: Taras Bulba Dvořák, Janáček; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1991 Great Summer of Music: Exclusive BBC Recordings Sibelius, Mozart, Dvorak; BBC Concert Orchestra, Barry Tuckwell, Owain Arwel Hughes 1
1991 Serenades for String and Wind Instruments Antonín Dvořák; Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra, Hugh Wolff 1
1991 Stabat Mater / Psalm 149 Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic, Jiří Bělohlávek 4 2
1991 Symphony No. 9 "From the New World" / "Háry János" - Suite Dvořák, Kodály; Klaus Tennstedt 1
1992 Overtures / Symphonic Poems / Symphonic Variations Antonín Dvořák; Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Rafael Kubelík 1
1992 Symphonies Nos. 7, 8 Antonín Dvořák; The Cleveland Orchestra, Christoph von Dohnányi 1
1992 Cello Concertos Antonín Dvořák, Sir Edward Elgar; Maria Kliegel, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Michael Halász 1
1992 Aus der Neuen Welt Antonín Dvořák; Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra, Zubin Mehta 1
1992 Brahms Piano Trio No. 1 in B major, Op.8 and Dvořák Piano Trio No. 4 in E minor "Dumky", Op. 90 Brahms / Dvořák 1
1992 Carnival Overture, op. 92 / Symphonic Variations, op. 78 / Slavonic Rhapsody no. 3 in A flat major, op. 45 / Biblical Songs, op. 99 Antonín Dvořák; Scottish National Orchestra, Neeme Järvi, Brian Rayner Cook 1
1992 Danses slaves Antonín Dvořák 1
1992 Piano Concerto in G Minor / Symphony No. 9 Antonín Dvořák; Václav Smetáček 1
1992 Requiem / 6 Biblischen Lieder Antonín Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Karel Ančerl 1
1992 Symphony No. 7 in D minor / Symphony No. 8 in G major Antonín Dvořák; London Symphony Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
1992 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" Antonín Dvořák 1
1992 Symphony no. 9 "From the New World" / Slavonic Dances Dvořák; New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Kurt Masur 2
1992 Symphony No. 9 “From the New World” / Te Deum Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Chorus and Orchestra, Václav Neumann, Beňačková, Souček 5 2
1993 Slavische Tänze Antonín Dvořák; Bamberger Symphoniker, Antal Doráti 1
1993 The Piano Trios Antonín Dvořák; Trio Fontenay 1
1993 Symphony No. 1 / Legends Op. 59, Nos. 1-5 Antonín Dvořák; Stephen Gunzenhauser 1
1993 Slavonic Rhapsodies Op. 45, Nos. 1-3 / Rhapsody, Op. 14 Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Zdeněk Košler, Libor Pešek 1
1993 Symphonies nos. 7 & 8 Antonín Dvořák; Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra, Mariss Jansons 1
1993 Symphonies Nos. 7, 8 & 9 "New World") Antonín Dvořák; Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis 1
1993 Complete Music for Violin and Piano Antonín Dvořák; Ivan Zenaty, Antonín Kubálek 1
1993 Brahms: 9 Hungarian Dances / Dvorak: Symphonic Variations / Czech Suite Brahms, Dvořák; NDR Sinfonieorchester, John Eliot Gardiner 1
1993 String Quartet no. 12, op. 96, "The American" / String Quartet no. 13, op. 106 Antonín Dvořák; Lindsay String Quartet 1
1993 A String Serenade Tchaikovsky, Dvořák; St Petersburg Conservatory Chamber Orchestra, Alexander Titov 1
1993 Barber / Dvořák / Glass Barber, Dvořák, Glass; The Duke Quartet 1
1993 Dvorak: Quartet no. 12 in F Major, op 96, 'The American' / Borodin String Quartet no. 2 in D Major Dvorak, Borodin; The Royal Philharmonic Chamber Ensemble, Jonathan Carney 2
1993 Klaviertrios Antonín Dvořák; Abegg Trio 1
1993 Slavonic Dances / American Suite Antonín Dvořák; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Antal Doráti 1
1993 Slavonic Dances op. 46 & op. 72 Antonín Dvořák; Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra, Zdeněk Košler 2
1993 Symphony no. 6 / The Wood Dove Dvořák; Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, Jiří Bělohlávek 5 1

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